Mahboobeh Hashemi Juzdani, Casie H Morgan, David C Schwebel, Zahra Tabibi
OBJECTIVE: Child pedestrian injuries represent a global public health burden. To date, most research on psychosocial factors affecting children's risk of pedestrian injury focused on cognitive aspects of children's functioning in traffic. Recent evidence suggests, however, that emotional aspects such as temperament-based fear and anger/frustration, as well as executive function-based emotional decision making, may also affect children's safety in traffic. This study examined the role of emotions on children's pedestrian behavior...
September 20, 2020: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Kati Heinonen, Jari Lahti, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Maternal antenatal stress, including symptoms of depression, anxiety and perceived stress, is associated with mental and behavioral problems in children. Whether it is associated with child mental and behavioral disorders remains uncertain. We examined if maternal antenatal symptoms of depression, anxiety and perceived stress were associated with mental and behavioral disorders in their children, if the associations varied according to gestational week, stress type, fluctuating or consistently high symptoms, and if they were driven by maternal or paternal lifetime mood or anxiety disorders...
September 15, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Steve M Douglas, Grace M Hawkins, Kristoffer S Berlin, Scott E Crouter, Leonard H Epstein, John G Thomas, Hollie A Raynor
This publication describes the rationale and protocol, including design, aims, intervention, and measures, of Families Becoming Healthy Together, a randomized clinical trial examining the effect of a limited RED (non-nutrient-dense, energy-dense) food variety prescription delivered within an 18-month family-based behavioral obesity treatment (FBT) on body mass index (BMI) and habituation rate to RED foods. One hundred fifty-six children (ages: 8-12 y; BMI: ≥ 85th percentile-for-age) and a caregiver (BMI: ≥ 25 kg/m2 ), both with overweight or obesity, will be randomized to one of two, interventions: FBT or FBT + Variety...
September 17, 2020: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Laura A McGuinn, David C Bellinger, Elena Colicino, Brent A Coull, Allan C Just, Itai Kloog, Erika Osorio-Valencia, Lourdes Schnaas, Rosalind J Wright, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Megan K Horton
BACKGROUND: Childhood exposure to air pollution has been linked with maladaptive cognitive development; however, less is known about the association between prenatal fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) exposure and childhood behavior. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the association between prenatal PM2.5 exposure and behavioral development in 4-6 year old children residing in Mexico City. METHODS: We used data from 539 mother-child pairs enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Mexico City...
September 17, 2020: Neurotoxicology
Xiang Zhao, Katharina Prandstetter, Elena Jansen, Kurt Hahlweg, Wolfgang Schulz, Heather M Foran
Familial influences on children's cigarette smoking have been established, yet little is known about whether these influences in childhood relate to offspring's smoking behavior in adolescence. Drawing on prior work showing that children's emotional and behavioral problems (i.e., internalizing and externalizing behavior problems) are influenced by both interparental and parent-child relationships, we examined whether children's emotional and behavioral problems would further predict their smoking behavior in adolescence...
September 19, 2020: Family Process
Zamzuri Idris, Zaitun Zakaria, Sanihah Abdul Halim, Salmi Abd Razak, Abdul Rahman Izaini Ghani, Jafri Malin Abdullah
The neural basis for epilepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is currently incompletely known. We reported a young girl with both epilepsy and ADHD, who had a calcified lesion in the right basolateral amygdalo-hippocampal region extending to the ventral striatum. The child underwent disconnecting surgery and biopsy of the lesion. Fascinatingly, the child's behavior changed immediately after the surgery from inattentive and impulsive to nearly normal behavior experiencing no more breakthrough seizures since after 3 years of surgery...
September 19, 2020: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
JoAnne Cascia, Jason J Barr
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) show a heightened drive toward systemizing, which is the capability to analyze, or the drive to construct, a rule-based system. In addition, executive function deficits as well as diminished language capacity and vocabulary have been consistently demonstrated in individuals with ASD. The primary purpose of this study was to create a model to understand how these constructs interact in children with ASD. Forty-six children diagnosed with ASD along with their parents and teachers participated...
September 15, 2020: Research in Developmental Disabilities
John L Lyles, Jennifer A Hellmann, Stephanie B Oliveira
Micronutrient deficiencies are a major global health problem but are less common in developed nations. If left unidentified and untreated, micronutrient deficiencies can lead to serious, sometimes irreversible, sequelae such as with vitamin A deficiency and vision loss. Providers should recognize these issues not only in chronically ill and hospitalized patients but in those with non-illness-related malnutrition due to parent/child-selected restricted diets. Herein, we present a case of unrecognized chronic, severe, malnutrition due to severe behavioral food selectivity with associated neurologic deficits due to hypovitaminosis (vitamins A and B2 )...
September 18, 2020: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Nina Papalia, Susan Baidawi, Stefan Luebbers, Stephane Shepherd, James R P Ogloff
Child maltreatment research is increasingly recognizing the need to capture patterns of co-occurrence between different types of abuse/neglect and to consider their associations with psychosocial functioning. Few studies have examined these issues in justice-involved youth despite the fact that rates of maltreatment and trauma-related psychopathology are disproportionately high among this population. This study examined profiles of self-reported child physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect among incarcerated juveniles in Victoria, Australia, using latent class analysis...
September 18, 2020: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nina Ferrari, Laura Schmitz, Nikola Schmidt, Esther Mahabir, Patricia Van de Vondel, Waltraut M Merz, Walter Lehmacher, Stephanie Stock, Konrad Brockmeier, Regina Ensenauer, Tanja Fehm, Christine Joisten
Background: The prevalence of obesity in childhood is increasing worldwide and may be affected by genetic factors and the lifestyle (exercise, nutrition behavior) of expectant parents. Lifestyle factors affect adipokines, namely leptin, resistin, and adiponectin as well as cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), which are involved in the regulation of maternal metabolic homeostasis, glucose metabolism, and the development of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, gestational diabetes mellitus, and hypertension...
2020: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Ewelina Kowalewska, Mateusz Gola, Shane W Kraus, Michal Lew-Starowicz
Purpose of Review: World Health Organization recently included compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) to the upcoming 11th edition of International Classification of Diseases (6C72). Despite the potential benefits of this decision (eg, the acceleration of research in the field will allow the development of effective treatments), previous research focused mainly on men, and as a result, we do not have an accurate clinical picture of compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) among women. Therefore, in this systematic review, we aim to present available knowledge on this topical subject...
2020: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Lane Strathearn, Michele Giannotti, Ryan Mills, Steve Kisely, Jake Najman, Amanuel Abajobir
Potential long-lasting adverse effects of child maltreatment have been widely reported, although little is known about the distinctive long-term impact of differing types of maltreatment. Our objective for this special article is to integrate findings from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a longitudinal prenatal cohort study spanning 2 decades. We compare and contrast the associations of specific types of maltreatment with long-term cognitive, psychological, addiction, sexual health, and physical health outcomes assessed in up to 5200 offspring at 14 and/or 21 years of age...
September 17, 2020: Pediatrics
Hanne Marit Bjorgaas, Irene Bircow Elgen, Mari Hysing
BACKGROUND: Risk of psychiatric disorders has been reported for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) at different ages, however little is known regarding the long-term trajectories of these disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the trajectories of psychiatric disorders in children with CP, and to explore their association to risk factors. METHODS: We assessed a cohort of children with CP at age seven and again at age eleven with a child psychiatric diagnostic instrument, and parents were informants...
September 11, 2020: Disability and Health Journal
Karl W le Roux, Ellen Almirol, Panteha Hayati Rezvan, Ingrid M le Roux, Nokwanele Mbewu, Elaine Dippenaar, Linnea Stansert-Katzen, Venetia Baker, Mark Tomlinson, M J Rotheram-Borus
BACKGROUND: Home visits by paraprofessional community health workers (CHWs) has been shown to improve maternal and child health outcomes in research studies in many countries. Yet, when these are scaled or replicated, efficacy disappears. An effective CHW home visiting program in peri-urban Cape Town found maternal and child health benefits over the 5 years point but this study examines if these benefits occur in deeply rural communities. METHODS: A non-randomized, two-group comparison study evaluated the impact of CHW in the rural Eastern Cape from August 2014 to May 2017, with 1310 mother-infant pairs recruited in pregnancy and 89% were reassessed at 6 months post-birth...
September 17, 2020: BMC Public Health
Carolyn E Clausen, Bennett L Leventhal, Øystein Nytrø, Roman Koposov, Odd Sverre Westbye, Thomas Brox Røst, Victoria Bakken, Kaban Koochakpour, Ketil Thorvik, Norbert Skokauskas
BACKGROUND: Nearly half of all mental health disorders develop prior to the age of 15. Early assessments, diagnosis, and treatment are critical to shortening single episodes of care, reducing possible comorbidity and long-term disability. In Norway, approximately 20% of all children and adolescents are experiencing mental health problems. To address this, health officials in Norway have called for the integration of innovative approaches. A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is an innovative, computer-based program that provides health professionals with clinical decision support as they care for patients...
September 17, 2020: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Juliana Alba-Suarez, Savannah L Davidson, Courtney Priebe, Puja Patel, Emily Greenspahn, Lori Boucher, Erin M Rodríguez
PURPOSE: Pediatric cancer may impact parents' partner relationship and increase patient, parent, and sibling distress. This study examined parents' reports of their relationship adjustment and depressive symptoms and their association with their ratings of patients' and siblings' emotional/behavioral problems in families of recently diagnosed pediatric cancer patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SAMPLE: A total of 31 parents (87% female; 71% Latino) of pediatric cancer patients...
September 17, 2020: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Sung Hyun Kim, In Young Sung, Eun Jae Ko, Jieun Park, Nayoung Heo
This study aimed to evaluate the stress levels of caregivers and children with developmental disorders who were receiving rehabilitation treatment. The relationships between stress levels and factors such as early rehabilitation and home rehabilitation were quantified. METHODS: This study was conducted in children with development disorders, aged from 1.5 years to 18 years, who were undergoing rehabilitation. The Korean version of the Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL) and the Adult Self-Report (K-ASR) were used to evaluate stress levels in children and caregivers, respectively...
September 15, 2020: Children
Robert M Post, Michael Rowe, Robert Findling
Background: There is a paucity of studies on treatment of childhood-onset bipolar disorder and its associated comorbidities, which leads to a wide diversity of opinion on choice and sequencing of treatment options. Methods: From December 2018 to January 2019, a graphic depiction of medications and weekly ratings of symptoms of mania, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional behavior that parents had rated on their 9-year-old child over a period of several years was sent to experts in child and adult bipolar disorder...
September 17, 2020: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Susan Golombok, Sophie Zadeh, Tabitha Freeman, Joanna Lysons, Sarah Foley
Findings are presented of the second phase of a longitudinal study of families created by single mothers by choice. Forty-four single heterosexual mothers were compared with 37 partnered heterosexual mothers, all with a donor-conceived child aged around 8-10 years. Standardized interview, observational, and questionnaire measures of maternal wellbeing, mother-child relationships and child adjustment were administered to mothers, children, and teachers. There were no differences in maternal mental health, the quality of mother-child relationships or children's emotional and behavioral problems between family types...
September 17, 2020: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
MathildeMathilde van Gerwena, Tineke Vandenbrouckec, Magali Verheeckec, Kristel Van Calsteren, Michael J Halaska, Monica Fumagalli, Robert Fruscio, Amarendra Gandhi, Margreet Veening, Lieven Lagae, Petronella B Ottevanger, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Jorine de Haan, Mina M Gziri, Charlotte Maggen, Luc Mertens, Gunnar Naulaers, Laurence Claes, Frédéric Amant
This manuscript is an accompanying resource of the original research article entitled "Child development at 6 years after maternal cancer diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy" and present data that compare the outcome of 6-year-old-children born to women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy (with or without treatment during pregnancy) (study group) with children born after an uncomplicated pregnancy (control group). Oncological, obstetrical and neonatal data were collected. Neurodevelopment was examined by clinical evaluation and neuropsychological testing (including intelligence, attention and memory tests) and by general health and behavior questionnaires...
October 2020: Data in Brief
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