Melissa Kimber, Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet L MacMillan
Child maltreatment encompasses a constellation of adverse parental behaviors that include physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, physical or emotional neglect, as well as exposure to violence between parents. A growing body of literature indicates that exposure to child maltreatment is a significant risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs) and that practitioners experience challenges related to recognizing and responding to various forms of child maltreatment in their practice...
2020: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Tyler O Riley, Micah E Johnson
Justice-involved children (JIC) are a subset of at-risk youth highly susceptible to the ill-consequences of opioid misuse (OM), especially for younger JIC. Parental practices and attitudes towards delinquency are known to influence a child's behavior, however the relationship between parental attitudes towards youth delinquent behavior and odds of OM has yet to be investigated. The current study used a sample from the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (age 10-18; M=14; n=79,960) to investigate how parental attitudes towards youth delinquent behavior influence the likelihood JIC meet criteria for past-30 day (P30D) OM...
September 2020: Children and Youth Services Review
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura
Limited research has examined the relationship between neighborhood environment and mental health outcomes in elementary school students (middle childhood). In countries with high relative poverty, little is known about how neighborhood conditions are related to children's health after controlling for family socioeconomic status; thus, it is necessary to distinguish the particular neighborhood characteristics relevant to behavioral risk in children, independent of socioeconomic position. Using a self-report survey completed by parents, we assessed neighborhood environment characteristics, children's behavioral outcomes, and family socioeconomic status in fourth grade students from Nagoya, in Aichi prefecture, Japan ( n = 695)...
July 29, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Frances M Nilsen, Jazmin D C Ruiz, Nicolle S Tulve
General cognitive ability, often referred to as 'general intelligence', comprises a variety of correlated abilities. Childhood general cognitive ability is a well-studied area of research and can be used to predict social outcomes and perceived success. Early life stage (e.g., prenatal, postnatal, toddler) exposures to stressors (i.e., chemical and non-chemical stressors from the total (built, natural, social) environment) can impact the development of childhood cognitive ability. Building from our systematic scoping review (Ruiz et al...
July 29, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Amanda Lahti, Björn Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Magnus Dencker, Magnus Karlsson
Only one fifth of children aged 11-17 years are physically active for 60 min (min)/day. As physical activity (PA) levels track from childhood to adulthood, it is important to establish healthy PA behavior early in life. This study aims to evaluate whether daily school PA is associated with objectively measured PA independently of other socioecological factors. This study includes 209 children (120 boys) aged 9.8 ± 0.6 (mean ± SD) years from four government-funded schools in Sweden. One school including 113 children (70 boys) had 40 min of daily school PA (intervention) and three schools including 96 children (50 boys) had 60 min of school PA/week (control)...
July 29, 2020: Sports
Catherine M Crespi, Shuang Gao, Alexandra Payne, Tabashir Z Nobari, Analissa Avila, Claudia Nau, Shannon E Whaley, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: We estimated longitudinal trajectories of body mass index (BMI) z-score and percentile, weight for height (WFH) z-score and percentile, and percentage of the 95th BMI percentile (BMIp95) among low-income Hispanic children ages 2-5 years to provide normative data for this population and compare the behavior of different measures. METHODS: Longitudinal height and weight measurements obtained from 18,072 Hispanic children aged 2-5 years enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children in Los Angeles County were analyzed...
August 4, 2020: Pediatric Research
Lisann Helbig, Philipp Caffier, Lea Sarrar
Parental evaluation of behavioral problems in children with developmental language disorder Abstract. Objective: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) often suffer from problems in everyday communication and react with social withdrawal or oppositional behavior. In light of the lack of studies in preschool children regarding this topic, the present study analyzes the occurrence of behavioral problems in children with DLD aged 4;0 to 5;11 years. Furthermore, we assessed differences in parental perception regarding their child's behavior...
August 4, 2020: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Melinda S Kavanaugh, Young Cho, Dominic Fee, Paul E Barkhaus
Aim: Pilot study of a novel caregiving training and support intervention for children and youth <19 years, who provide care for person living with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Materials & methods: Youth (n = 19) between the ages of 8-19 years, participated in skills training and support program (basic care, feeding/communication, assistive devices and social support). Results: Participants reported significant increase in confidence in tasks, including communication systems and respiratory equipment...
August 4, 2020: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
Marie Camerota, Noa Gueron-Sela, Melissa Grimes, Cathi B Propper
The current study examined the moderating role of infant sleep in the link between maternal factors (i.e., maternal education, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance) and infant cognition. Data come from 95 African American parent-child dyads. At 3 months of age, infant sleep was objectively measured using videosomnography and actigraphy, from which measures of sleep regulation and consolidation were calculated. Mothers also self-reported their level of education, depressive symptoms, and sleep quality. At 6 months of age, infants completed cognitive assessments, including a measure of general cognitive ability and observed attention behavior...
March 2020: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
Florence Vorspan, Pauline de Witt, El-Hadi Zerdazi, Emily Karsinti, Kamilia Ksouda, Romain Icick, Frank Bellivier, Nicolas Marie, Georges Brousse, Vanessa Bloch
RATIONALE: Behavioral disturbances (BD) are prevalent in patients with substance use disorders (SUD). OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that chronic exposure to cocaine could favor the acquisition of BD that were not present in childhood. METHODS: We used child and adult ADHD self-report screening scales (WURS-25 and ASRS-6, respectively, with their usual threshold) as assessment tools for significant BD. In a cross-sectional assessment of 382 patients with multiple SUD, we investigated BD and then "de novo" BD (i...
August 3, 2020: Psychopharmacology
Rebecca Elias, Haley G Murphy, K Amber Turner, Susan W White
Few psychological interventions exist to target executive function difficulties in children and adolescents. The current study modified the Unstuck and On Target! intervention protocol for use in an outpatient clinic setting with a diagnostically diverse group of participants. Participants engaged in a 10-week child and parent group treatment with assessment measurement at pre- and post-treatment. Assessments consisted of parent-report questionnaires, clinician-administered tasks, and treatment fidelity ratings...
November 1, 2019: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
Carolyn A Greene, Lauren Haisley, Cara Wallace, Julian D Ford
A history of maltreatment in childhood may influence adults' parenting practices, potentially affecting their children. This systematic review examines 97 studies investigating associations of parental childhood victimization with a range of parenting behaviors that may contribute to the intergenerational effects of abuse: abusive parenting, problematic parenting, positive parenting, and positive parental affect. Key findings include: (1) parents who report experiencing physical abuse or witnessing violence in the home during childhood are at increased risk for reporting that they engage in abusive or neglectful parenting; (2) a cumulative effect of maltreatment experiences, such that adults who report experiencing multiple types or repeated instances of victimization are at greatest risk for perpetrating child abuse; (3) associations between reported childhood maltreatment experiences and parents' problematic role reversal with, rejection of, and withdrawal from their children; (4) indirect effects between reported childhood maltreatment and abusive parenting via adult intimate partner violence; and (5) indirect effects between reported childhood maltreatment and lower levels of positive parenting behaviors and affect via mothers' mental health...
July 23, 2020: Clinical Psychology Review
Shirley Y Hill, Bobby L Jones, Gretchen L Haas
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors have been studied in association with a variety of risk factors. The aim of the present study was to determine if levels of child/adolescent aggression and/or variation in candidate genes previously associated with suicidal behaviors in adults would influence the presence of suicidal ideation in childhood/adolescence, and to determine if ideation was associated with young adult depression. METHODS: A longitudinal study of children, adolescents and young adults who were at high or low risk for alcohol and other substance use disorders by familial background were assessed...
July 24, 2020: Journal of Affective Disorders
Umar Toseeb, Gillian McChesney, Slava Dantchev, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that sibling bullying is associated with various social, emotional, and mental health difficulties. It is, however, unclear which factors predict sibling bullying in middle childhood and whether child-level individual differences make some children more susceptible to sibling bullying involvement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the precursors of sibling bullying in middle childhood in a UK based population sample. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Existing data from the prospective Millennium Cohort Study (N = 16,987) were used...
July 31, 2020: Child Abuse & Neglect
Nicholas J Wagner, Rebecca Waller
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are implicated in the development of severe and persistent antisocial behavior, and appear to arise from distinct behavioral, temperament, physiological, and neural risk factors to other types of externalizing psychopathology. Although existing etiological models have attempted to characterize specific mechanisms underlying the emergence of CU traits, prior empirical work is plagued by a host of inconsistent results. This inconsistency is particularly apparent in research that has investigated variation in physiological functioning, arousal, and reactivity...
July 31, 2020: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Sadiq Naveed, Sundas Saboor, Muhammad Zeshan
Attachment is an emotional bond that connects children to their caregivers. The psychology of attachment suggests that children with a stronger relationship with their primary caregivers are considered secure in their attachment patterns, whereas children with a strained relationship with their early caregivers and who had felt rejected in their childhood are considered insecure. The quality of the nurturing environment in the early stages of life of children and the relationship of parents themselves (e.g...
August 1, 2020: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Anqi Shen, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of baseline prevalence of thinness or stunting and the incidence of dental caries among preschool children in Liaoning Province, China. METHODS: Children were recruited from 15 kindergartens in Liaoning Province. A total of 772 children were assessed at baseline and follow-up. The mean age of children at baseline was 50.82 months, and the median follow-up time was 10.12 months. Anthropometric measurement, dental caries, and questionnaire were assessed overtime, whereas only baseline questionnaire was used in the data analysis...
August 2, 2020: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Irène Mathieu, Kate Wallis, Ingrid Japa, Ramona Cordero, Adriana Deverlis, Andrew P Steenhoff, Elizabeth Lowenthal
Background . Parents' beliefs about and engagement in reading aloud to young children and other positive parenting practices have been associated with early childhood development (ECD) and later achievement. Aim . This exploratory study sought to assess parental attitudes and self-reported practices regarding ECD in a rural, low-income community in the Dominican Republic with many risk factors for ECD delays, including high rates of poverty, iron-deficiency anemia, and malnutrition. Methods . We used the Parent Reading Belief Inventory and open-ended questions to evaluate parental beliefs regarding reading, self-efficacy in promoting child development, current positive parenting practices, and parents' concerns about the development of their 0- to 5-year-old children in Consuelo, Dominican Republic...
2020: Global Pediatric Health
Rosemary D Meza, Sharon Kiche, Caroline Soi, Alya N Khairuzzaman, Cristian J Rivera Nales, Kathryn Whetten, Augustine I Wasonga, Cyrilla Amanya, Shannon Dorsey
Background: Globally, nearly 140 million children have experienced the death of one or both parents, and as a result many experience higher rates of mental health problems. Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) delivered by lay counselors has been shown to improve mental health outcomes for children experiencing traumatic grief due to parental loss; however, challenges with treatment attendance limit the public health impact of mental health services. This study used qualitative methods to assess barriers and facilitators of child and guardian attendance of school-based lay counselor delivered TF-CBT...
2020: Global Mental Health
Elizabeth Karberg, Natasha Cabrera
Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study ( n = 1,553), the present study examined whether father involvement and co-parenting quality mediated the association between union instability (number of residential romantic partner changes) over the first 5 years of life and children's externalizing problem behaviors (EPB) at 5 years. The results indicate that only co-parenting support mediated the association between union instability and children's EPB, controlling for known covariates of children's EPB...
2020: Journal of Family Studies
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