P Mateveke-Kuona, M F Bwakura, J Dzangare, I Pazvakavambwa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of peripheral haematological abnormalities in children receiving cotrimoxazole prophylaxis. DESIGN: An outpatient hospital based cross sectional study. SETTING: The study was conducted at two tertiary peadiatric HIV clinics that offer comprehensive care to children living with HIV. SUBJECTS: 202 HIV infected, antiretroviral therapy naive children aged between 3 months and 12 years who were receiving cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for at least 1 month with more than95% adherence to prophylaxis were included...
September 2010: Central African Journal of Medicine
Kian Chai Chiun, Ing Ping Tang, Tharumalingam Vikneswaran, H Kipli Nurshaline Pauline
OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual location of infrasellar craniopharyngioma in a peadiatric patient. CASE REPORT: A six-year-old boy presented with persistent bilateral nasal obstruction for one year. Clinical examination revealed a posterior choanal mass arising from septum and the finding was confirmed by paranasal sinuses computed tomography scan. He then underwent wide local excision. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of craniopharyngioma (adamantinomatous type)...
February 2012: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Joana Rocha, Filipa Ventura, Ana Paula Vieira, Ana Raquel Pinheiro, Susana Fernandes, Celeste Brito
INTRODUCTION: Alopecia areata usually presents as patchy, nonscarring hair loss. It seems to be an immune mediated disease, whereas genetic predisposition, environmental and psychological triggers may be involved in its aetiology. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology, clinical aspects, associations, and treatment of alopecia areata in the paediatric population of Peadiatric Dermatology outpatients over a 9-year period. Some psychologic characteristics were also assessed...
March 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Mariela Ivanova, Carlo Artusi, Giovanni Maria Boffa, Martina Zaninotto, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has been suggested as a possible marker of endothelial dysfunction, and interest in its use in clinical practice is increasing. However, the potential role of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) as an endogenous marker of renal function, has been less widely investigated. The aims of the present study were therefore to determine reference values for dimethylarginines in plasma after method validation, and to ascertain ADMA plasma concentrations in patients with disorders characterized by endothelial dysfunction; a further end-point was to investigate the relationship between SDMA plasma concentrations and estimated GFR (eGFR) as well as plasmatic creatinine in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
November 11, 2010: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Li-Qun Dong, Zheng Wang, Ping Yu, Yan-Nan Guo, Jin Wu, Shi-Pin Feng, Sha Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of glomerular heparin sulfate (HS) in paediatric patients with minimal change nephritic syndrome (MCNS). METHODS: The kidyney tissues were collected by biopsy from 13 paediatric patients with MCNS, while 5 normal renal biopsy samples were used as control. HS in glomeruli was analysed by indirect immunofluorescence staining using four different monoclonal antibodies, Hepss1, 3G10, JM403 and 10E4, which all recognize distinct HS species and each interacts with a specific HS domain...
January 2009: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Ling-Xin Wei, Xiao-Ming Deng, Ju-Hui Liu, Mao-Ping Luo, Shi-Yi Tong, Yan-Ming Zhang, Xu Liao, Kun-Lin Xu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effectiveness of inductions and tracheal intubating conditions with 3% sevoflurane and different doses of remifentanil without muscle relaxant in children. METHODS: Totally 120 peadiatric patients (aged 4-10 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I for inhalational induction) were randomly allocated into group I (remifentanil 1 microg/kg), group II (remifentanil 2 microg/kg), group III (remifentanil 3 microg/kg), and control group (vecuronium bromide 0...
December 2008: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
S Basu, M Chatterjee, P Kumar Chandra, S Basu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the misuse of antibiotics in the Pediatric outpatients department' (OPD) of a busy teaching hospital and to ascertain the probable reasons behind it. METHODS: Over a 6 months period, new cases primarily treated with antibiotics by Medical Officers (first contact physicians in Peadiatric Medicine and Surgery OPD) were recruited in the study after obtaining written consent from the parents. Various errors of antibiotic usage were noted. All Medical Officers were asked to fill up a preformed questionnaire and the parents/guardians were interviewed on their ideas about antibiotics...
March 2008: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Barbara Kramer, Elzbieta Dółka, Jadwiga Michalecka, Kinga Zentera
UNLABELLED: THE AIM of the study was the retrospective evaluation of causes of prolonged icterus in children treated in the Second Department of Peadiatrics and Allergology in Łódź during the last 16 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 361 children aged 3 weeks to 15 months of 12650 patients hospitalised in our Clinic were analysed. All the examined children were divided into two groups group I consisted of 314 children with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and group II of 47 patients with cholestasis Additionally the cholestatic group was divided into two subgroups: IIa consisted of 41 children with intrahepatic cholestasis and IIb--six children with extrahepatic cholestasis...
January 2007: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
I Farnetani, F Farnetani
Alessandro Laurinsich was one of the greatest Italian paediatricians of the 20(th) century. He was born in Monfalcone (it was the province of Trieste, but now it belongs to Gorizia) on 29(th) May 1899. After having completed secondary school in Trieste, he obtained a medical degree with honours in 1922 at the University of Naples and entered the paediatric clinic run by Rocco Jemma. Laurinsich was in charge of teaching at the clinic of infectious diseases from 1937 to 1940. During this period he focused on the study of tuberculosis in children, the first applications of pnemoencephalography in Italy, but also studied different malignant tumors of the kidney, neurological and psychological disorders in children, as well as educational problems...
February 2007: Minerva Pediatrica
Elizabeth C Suddaby, Scott D Barnett, Lorna Facteau
The purpose of this study was to develop a simple, single-page measurement tool that evaluates risk of skin breakdown in the peadiatric population and apply it to the acutely hospitalized child. Data were collected over a 15-month period from 347 patients on four in-patient units (PICU, medical-surgical, oncology, and adolescents) on skin breakdown using the AHCPR staging guidelines and compared to the total score on the Starkid SkinScale in order to determine its ability to predict skin breakdown. The inter-rater reliability of the Starkid Skin Scale was r2 = 0...
April 2006: Dermatology Nursing
Berit Woldseth, Terje Rootwelt
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial beta-oxidation of fatty acids is an important source of energy for the cells, especially during fasting. Since 1973 several inherited defects in beta-oxidation have been described. Defects in mitochondrial beta-oxidation are one of the largest groups of inborn errors of metabolism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review article is based on the experience of the authors and on literature studies. The authors' experience is from laboratory diagnostics and clinical experience in the departments of medical biochemistry and peadiatrics at our hospital...
March 9, 2006: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Laura Tanner, Kendall Agius, Philip Darbyshire
Hospitalisation can be a traumatic experience for any child and family but the experience can be significantly more so for Indigenous parents and children from remote areas of Australia. Despite the importance of this issue for child and family health and for Indigenous health, the hospitalisation experiences of Indigenous families and children have received almost no research attention. This paper describes selected findings from a recently completed Honours research study which used the participatory and collaborative Indigenous research approach of Dadirri to explore this question...
December 2004: Contemporary Nurse
J L Tizón, J Artigué, B Parra, M Gomá, J Ferrando, F Pareja, M Sorribes, C Pérez, A Parés
OBJECTIVES: To contribute to the knowledge of the alert signs and precursors of the schizophrenia, just as they can appear in the childhood, and of the prodromic signs other ages. DESIGN: Five descriptive studies: three retrospective, one transversal and one longitudinal study, based in the revision of clinical histories of an Community Mental Health Unit closely linked with the APS, additional revisions of the clinical histories of Family Doctors and Peadiatrics of Primary Care, and structured interviews with patients, patient's offspring, and PHC professionals...
November 30, 2004: Atencion Primaria
A Narberhaus, M D Segarra-Castells, K Verger-Maestre, J M Serra-Grabulosa, P Salgado-Pineda, F Bartomeus-Jené, J M Mercader-Sobrequés
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse damage secondary to traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be studied through volumetric analysis of several structures that are sensible to this kind of injury, such as corpus callosum, ventricular system, hippocampus, basal ganglia and the volume of cerebrospinal fluid spaces. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to describe how closed head injury (CHI) occurred in early years produce diffuse damage, and how this damage affects general cognitive functioning at long term...
May 16, 2003: Revista de Neurologia
M E Höllwarth, M Rivosecchi, J Schleef, S Deluggi, G Fasching, E Ceriati, G Ciprandi, F DePeppo
The transanal approach (TAA) is a new technique for surgery of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) that was introduced by de la Torre in 1998. The purpose of this multicenter study, including experience from three Austrian and one Italian departments of peadiatric surgery, was to evaluate the role of this approach in HD in 18 children aged 1-72 months. In 14 children the TAA only was performed; in 3 an additional laparoscopy was performed and in 1 conversion to a laparotomy was necessary. One complication (abscess) occurred after laparoscopic-assisted pull-through...
September 2002: Pediatric Surgery International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2002: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
A Pásztor
Age-dependent characteristics of the clinical course of traumatic epidural haematomas of the infant and child have been summarized in a survey of 34 cases. Establishing the diagnosis of epidural haematoma is not an immediate indication for surgery in the infant, because there are cases of spontaneous drainage of the haematoma from the intracranial spaces (3 cases), when after 2-3 days of observation surgery can be carried out in an improved peadiatric condition (8 cases) and, as in the presented survey, there were only 9 cases when an immediate surgery had to be done...
1987: Acta Chirurgica Hungarica
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