Somar A Hadid, Laila Noor, Tamar Baer, Ronald I Jacobson, Erika Brutsaert
OBJECTIVES: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous disorder that is characterized by a segmental dermatomal facial port-wine stain birthmark and is frequently accompanied by ipsilateral brain and eye abnormalities. We present a case of a patient with SWS who exhibited hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, growth hormone (GH) deficiency, and central hypothyroidism at the age of 20 despite the absence of radiographic findings in the pituitary and hypothalamus...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Reka Borka Balas, Lorena Elena Meliț, Ancuța Lupu, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, Cristina Oana Mărginean
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem worldwide with an increasing prevalence, associated not only with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but also with psychosocial problems. Gut microbiota is a new factor in childhood obesity, which can modulate the blood lipopolysaccharide levels, the satiety, and fat distribution, and can ensure additional calories to the host. The aim of this review was to assess the differences and the impact of the gut microbial composition on several obesity-related complications such as metabolic syndrome, NAFLD, or insulin resistance...
October 28, 2023: Microorganisms
Camila Farías, Camila Cisternas, Juan Cristobal Gana, Gigliola Alberti, Francisca Echeverría, Luis A Videla, Lorena Mercado, Yasna Muñoz, Rodrigo Valenzuela
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is pediatrics' most common chronic liver disease. The incidence is high in children and adolescents with obesity, which is associated with an increased risk of disease progression. Currently, there is no effective drug therapy in pediatrics; therefore, lifestyle interventions remain the first line of treatment. This review aims to present an updated compilation of the scientific evidence for treating this pathology, including lifestyle modifications, such as exercise and dietary changes, highlighting specific nutritional strategies...
November 18, 2023: Nutrients
Valeria Calcaterra, Virginia Rossi, Veronica Maria Tagi, Paola Baldassarre, Roberta Grazi, Silvia Taranto, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
Over the last few decades, numerous scientific studies have investigated the possible association between sleep duration and adiposity during childhood, since it has been reported that sleep deprivation causes a related increase in caloric intake. Even though the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms are still under study and not completely known, the effect of dietetic habits and nutrient intake on sleep quality and patterns has been reported. The aim of this study is to explore the intricate interplay between food intake/diet patterns and pediatric sleep disturbances in children and adolescents with obesity, emphasizing the importance of not underestimating this aspect in the prevention and treatment of this complex disease...
November 9, 2023: Nutrients
Eleni P Kotanidou, Vasiliki Rengina Tsinopoulou, Styliani Giza, Stergianna Ntouma, Chrysanthi Angeli, Michail Chatziandreou, Konstantinos Tsopelas, Ioulia Tseti, Assimina Galli-Tsinopoulou
Global rates of adolescent obesity have led the World Health Organization to consider the disease a pandemic that needs focus. In search of new anti-obesity agents, Crocus sativus, popularly known as saffron, is a nutraceutical agent, praised for its beneficial effects. The study aimed to investigate the possible effect of Kozanis saffron administration on weight management of obese prediabetic adolescents. Seventy-four obese prediabetic adolescents participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of three arms, randomly assigned to receive either Kozanis saffron ( n = 25, 60 mg/day), metformin ( n = 25, 1000 mg/day) or a placebo ( n = 24), for twelve weeks...
November 15, 2023: Children
Francesca Destro, Ugo Maria Pierucci, Eleonora Durante, Anna Maria Caruso, Vincenza Girgenti, Carlotta Paola Maria Canonica, Irene Degrassi, Alessandro Campari, Alessandro Pellegrinelli, Marta Barisella, Manuela Nebuloni, Marco Brunero, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Valeria Calcaterra, Gloria Pelizzo
BACKGROUND: In children, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is now considered the gold standard for gallbladder (GB) removal. In the past, hemolytic disorders associated with cholelithiasis represented the most frequent conditions requiring LC; this is being overtaken by cholelithiasis and biliary conditions in overweight or ex-premature children. AIMS: This study aims to describe current indications and timing for LC in pediatric patients. METHODS: Retrospective study...
October 31, 2023: Children
Mosebudi Olga Hlahla, Lindy Agatha Kunene, Peter Modupi Mphekgwana, Sphiwe Madiba, Kotsedi Dan Monyeki, Perpetua Modjadji
Most children in South Africa attending public schools are predisposed to malnutrition due to poor infrastructure and social inequality. This is despite the implementation of the National School Nutrition Programme to address barriers to learning associated with hunger and malnutrition and the National Development Plan to reduce child malnutrition through provision of social grants. In view of this, we compared malnutrition indicators and associated socio-demographic factors among children in rural Mpumalanga and urban Gauteng in South African public primary schools selected using a multistage cluster random sampling...
October 27, 2023: Children
Mihai Octavian Negrea, Gabriel Octavian Negrea, Gabriela Săndulescu, Bogdan Neamtu, Raluca Maria Costea, Minodora Teodoru, Călin Remus Cipăian, Adelaida Solomon, Mirela Livia Popa, Carmen Daniela Domnariu
The impact of the school environment on childhood weight status has garnered significant attention in recent years. This study aimed to adapt and validate the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) School and Environment questionnaire in order to assess the potential obesogenic impact of school environments in Sibiu County, Romania. The ISCOLE questionnaire was chosen for its rigorous methodology. It was derived from a comprehensive study conducted across 12 countries which aimed to capture multifaceted influences on childhood weight while emphasizing educational settings in the collection of data...
October 27, 2023: Children
Mihaela-Andreea Podeanu, Adina Turcu-Stiolica, Mihaela Simona Subțirelu, Mioara Desdemona Stepan, Claudiu-Marinel Ionele, Dan-Ionuț Gheonea, Bianca Ștefănița Vintilescu, Raluca Elena Sandu
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the pediatric population has been reported in many studies to be associated with an inflammatory response. However, to our knowledge, there is no definitive conclusion in the form of a meta-analysis. The issue we aimed to address is whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is a trustworthy marker in detecting inflammation in children and adolescents with MetS. We systematically searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS until 31 June 2023 for studies involving children and adolescents with MetS where hsCRP or CRP were measured...
November 2, 2023: Biomedicines
Chijioke Ikomi, Carissa M Baker-Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article outlines what is currently known regarding the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and pediatric obesity. It discusses the intersectionality between neighborhood deprivation, race, ethnicity, and pediatric obesity. We conclude by proposing several potential solutions to disparities in pediatric obesity related to neighborhood deprivation. RECENT FINDINGS MAIN THEMES: Neighborhood deprivation, independent of individual socioeconomic status, is a risk factor for pediatric obesity...
November 27, 2023: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Begoña de Cuevillas, Judith Lubrecht, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Anita Vreugdenhil, J Alfredo Martinez
UNLABELLED: Sleep is a factor associated with overweight/obesity risk, wherein interactions with fatty liver should be ascertained. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the possible relationships of sleep with liver health and whether this interplay is related to body adiposity distribution in children and adolescents. Anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical measurements were performed in children and adolescents (2-18 years old) with overweight/obesity (n = 854)...
November 25, 2023: European Journal of Pediatrics
Catherine C Cohen, Kylie K Harrall, Houchun Hu, Deborah H Glueck, Wei Perng, Kartik Shankar, Dana Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding patterns have been linked with obesity risk in childhood, but associations with precise measures of body fat distribution are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of infant feeding with abdominal fat and hepatic fat trajectories in childhood. METHODS: This study included 356 children in the Healthy Start Study, a prospective pre-birth cohort in Colorado. Infant feeding practices were assessed by postnatal interviews and categorized as: any human milk <6 compared with ≥6 months; complementary foods introduced ≤4 compared with >4 months; soda introduced ≤18 compared with >18 months...
November 22, 2023: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
J M Alfaro, R Manrique, A Santamaría, E Álvarez, C Manes, M Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To establish the influence of overweight/obesity, medicated hypothyroidism, and medicated non-syndromic hypogrowth on maxillary and mandibular growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relation between 10 craniofacial anthropometric measurements and hypothyroidism (n = 216), overweight/obesity (n = 108), and non-syndromic hypogrowth (n = 250) were evaluated in patients aged 1-19 years and a control group of healthy patients (n = 587)...
November 24, 2023: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Belavendra Antonisamy, Harshita Shailesh, Yahya Hani, Lina Hayati M Ahmed, Safa Noor, Salma Yahya Ahmed, Mohamed Alfaki, Abidan Muhayimana, Shana Sunny Jacob, Saroja Kotegar Balayya, Oleksandr Soloviov, Li Liu, Lisa Sara Mathew, Kun Wang, Sara Tomei, Alia Al Massih, Rebecca Mathew, Mohammed Yousuf Karim, Manjunath Ramanjaneya, Stefan Worgall, Ibrahim A Janahi
Asthma and obesity are two of the most common chronic conditions in children and adolescents. There is increasing evidence that sphingolipid metabolism is altered in childhood asthma and is linked to airway hyperreactivity. Dysregulated sphingolipid metabolism is also reported in obesity. However, the functional link between sphingolipid metabolism, asthma, and obesity is not completely understood. This paper describes the protocol of an ongoing study on sphingolipids that aims to examine the pathophysiology of sphingolipids in childhood asthma and obesity...
November 11, 2023: Metabolites
Daniel A Zaltz, Noel T Mueller, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding during infancy is associated with healthier beverage consumption later in childhood, but little is known about this relation during infancy. This was a longitudinal study of breastfeeding and less healthy beverage consumption during the first year of life, in a birth cohort study conducted 2013-2018 in the Southeastern United States (n = 666). METHODS: We estimated monthly rates of 100% juice and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption comparing infants who were exclusively or partially breastfed, versus those who were not, in multivariable adjusted models...
November 23, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
John P Carlson, Kayla Peña, Sathyaprasad Burjonrappa
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic disease that adversely impacts patient outcomes and increasingly affecting the pediatric population. According to the CDC, in 2020 the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents was estimated to be as high as 19.7%. The obesity paradox is the increased survival for overweight and obese adult trauma patients when compared to patients with healthy weights. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of BMI and outcomes in the pediatric trauma population...
October 21, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Amar D Desai, Noelle Desir, Shari R Lipner
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic status and comorbidities are associated with increased mortality in patients with external surface burn patients, however differences between pediatric and adult burn populations have not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to explore the presentation, management, and outcomes of external surface burns across age groups. METHODS: The 2017 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was queried for patients with any diagnosis of external body surface burns...
October 1, 2023: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Matthew K Paponetti, Christin Zwolski, Rose Porter, Mark V Paterno
BACKGROUND: Promoting physical activity has been identified as a pillar of obesity treatment and prevention. However, youth with obesity often present with physical, affective, and environmental barriers to physical activity engagement. The construct of physical literacy, which has garnered international attention as a holistic approach to understanding human movement, may improve physical activity promotion strategies for youth with obesity. However, literature has shown that healthcare providers are not engaged with the construct of physical literacy...
March 2023: Obes Pillars
Gitanjali Srivastava
BACKGROUND: A 15-year-old patient suffering from severe obesity (400 pounds, BMI 71.6 kg/m2 ) with a clinical phenotype suggestive of syndromic obesity was hospitalized for severe heart failure and cardiogenic shock. The hospital admission prompted a palliative care and heart transplant consultation given end-stage-disease and poor prognosis. It further necessitated a pediatric inpatient obesity consult, which was complicated by several significant hurdles including lack of insurance coverage, FDA approvals, availability of medications, and inadequate knowledge among the medical community...
September 2023: Obes Pillars
Beau L Mansker, Katherine Schwartzkopf, Jose A Velez, Anthony J Perkins, Sara K Naramore
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a negative impact on the physical and psychosocial quality of life of children. As rates of obesity continue to increase, it is important to recognize the widespread effects obesity has on children and their families. METHODS: This clinical investigation evaluated the self-reported quality of life of children with obesity in a weight management program and compared this to a parent/guardian's perspective of the child's quality of life using the Pediatric Quality of Life survey 4...
September 2023: Obes Pillars
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