keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22154059/brodie-s-abscess-of-the-cuboid-in-a-pediatric-male
#441
Sharat Agarwal, Mohammad Nasim Akhtar, Jerryson Bareh
Brodie's abscess of the tarsal cuboid is a rare presentation of a common disease. In the present report, we describe the case of Brodie's abscess of the tarsal cuboid after a thorn prick in the foot of a 10-year-old boy. The patient was asymptomatic in the acute phase of the injury, and on presentation, no evidence was found of an open cutaneous wound. The foot radiographs showed a cavitary osteolytic lesion in the cuboid bone. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a classic penumbra sign and an abscess in the plantar intrinsic musculature...
March 2012: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22068074/lemierre-syndrome-in-a-22-month-old-due-to-streptococcus-pyogenes-a-case-report
#442
REVIEW
Meg A Frizzola, James H Hertzog
We report a case of Lemierre syndrome secondary to Streptococcus pyogenes in a 22-month-old girl. This case report and literature review took place at a pediatric intensive care unit at a freestanding tertiary children's hospital. Diagnosis occurred after the discovery of left internal jugular thrombus and multiple metastatic infection sites including the right knee, kidneys, lungs, and brain. Lemierre syndrome can occur in young children secondary to S. pyogenes, and a classic presentation may not occur. A high index of suspicion is crucial to the diagnosis...
November 2011: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22043778/acute-hematogenous-osteomyelitis-and-septic-arthritis-in-children-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-study
#443
Pisit Sukswai, Dool Kovitvanitcha, Veerasak Thumkunanon, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Varaporn Sangtawesin, Yongyot Jeerathanyasakun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features, causative pathogens and outcomes-related to acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in pediatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients under 15 years of age with diagnosis of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) and/or septic arthritis (SA), treated at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health from 1996 to 2006. Demographic data, clinical characteristics, bacterial spectrum, and outcomes were collected...
August 2011: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21960092/intraosseous-line-use-complications-and-outcomes-among-a-population-based-cohort-of-children-presenting-to-california-hospitals
#444
Matthew Hansen, Garth Meckler, David Spiro, Craig Newgard
OBJECTIVES: Intraosseous line (IO) use has been described in prehospital settings, with some studies in the emergency department (ED). However, population-based studies describing IO line use across diverse ED and hospital settings are sparse, and the true incidence of complications remains unknown. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using administrative data from 450 California hospitals and EDs. We included all children aged 0 to 18 years with ED or inpatient visits from 2005 through 2007...
October 2011: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21817950/trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-therapy-for-children-with-acute-osteomyelitis
#445
Allison F Messina, Katie Namtu, Michelle Guild, Juan A Dumois, David M Berman
BACKGROUND: The emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has complicated the conventional management of osteomyelitis. While oral clindamycin is commonly used to treat acute CA-MRSA osteomyelitis, the emergence of inducible clindamycin resistance among CA-MRSA isolates has made alternative therapy necessary. The excellent oral bioavailability, susceptibility profile, favorable palatability, and low cost of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) make this drug an attractive option for treating osteomyelitis, yet its clinical efficacy for osteomyelitis has not been established...
December 2011: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21789499/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-osteomyelitis
#446
Isaac Thomsen, C Buddy Creech
Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis is a common disease that affects previously healthy children of all age groups. Despite its importance, there are limited data in the current literature to guide many aspects of the diagnosis and therapy of this infection. Over the last decade, our understanding of the etiology of this infection has changed, with increased recognition of Kingella kingae and the dramatic increase in community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections. There is a need for the optimization of diagnostic strategies, such as MRI and serum inflammatory markers...
October 2011: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21589835/similar-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-and-c-reactive-protein-sensitivities-at-the-onset-of-septic-arthritis-osteomyelitis-acute-rheumatic-fever
#447
Jonathan E Reitzenstein, Loren G Yamamoto, Hareesh Mavoori
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are employed in the evaluation of patients with suspected septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and acute rheumatic fever. The purpose of this study is to determine if one test has greater sensitivity (rises earlier) than the other. Laboratory data were retrieved for pediatric patients hospitalized with one of the above three conditions, who had both ESR and CRP tests done on or shortly prior to admission. Sensitivity calculations were performed for mild, moderate, and severe degrees of ESR and CRP elevation...
2010: Pediatric Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21553040/relationship-between-the-clinical-characteristics-of-osteomyelitis-and-the-finding-of-extraosseous-fat-on-mri-in-pediatric-patients
#448
Tod A Mattis, Heather L Borders, Doug M Ellinger, Joseph J Junewick
BACKGROUND: MRI is frequently utilized to evaluate patients for osteomyelitis. The findings of intramedullary and extramedullary fat globules as well as extramedullary fat-fluid levels can help improve the specificity of MRI for this diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To correlate these MRI findings with the clinical characteristics in children with osteomyelitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective electronic medical record search for pediatric patient charts from March 2004 to November 2009 that contained the word "osteomyelitis" in the "principal diagnosis" portion of the international classification of disease (ICD) billing code...
October 2011: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21552012/tc-99m-exametazime-hmpao-labeled-leukocyte-scintigraphy-in-premature-infants-detection-and-localization-of-necrotic-enterocolitis-and-osteomyelitis
#449
Pavel Koranda, Jarmila Drymlová, Tomáš Malý, Lumír Kantor, Jaroslav Ptáček, Miroslav Mysliveček
Two cases of successful detection of inflammatory foci using Tc-99m exametazime (HMPAO)-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy in premature infants were reported. Necrotizing enterocolitis was detected in a child with a body weight of 1.6 kg. Scintigraphy confirmed a neonatal osteomyelitis in the distal part of the leg of another patient weighing 2.2 kg. These 2 cases indicate that it is feasible to perform Tc-99m HMPAO-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy even if the blood sample volume is lower than the minimal volumes required by the guidelines for pediatric patients...
June 2011: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21541834/-autoinflammatory-syndromes-fever-syndromes
#450
J Schedel, B Bach, J B Kümmerle-Deschner, I Kötter
Hereditary periodic (fever) syndromes, also called autoinflammatory syndromes, are characterized by relapsing fever and additional manifestations such as skin rashes, mucosal manifestations, or joint symptoms. Some of these disorders present with organ involvement and serological signs of inflammation without fever. There is a strong serological inflammatory response with an elevation of serum amyloid A (SAA), resulting in an increased risk of secondary amyloidosis. There are monogenic disorders (familial mediterranean fever (FMF), hyper-IgD-syndrome (HIDS), cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), "pyogenic arthritis, acne, pyoderma gangrenosum" (PAPA), and "pediatric granulomatous arthritis (PGA) where mutations in genes have been described, which in part by influencing the function of the inflammasome, in part by other means, lead to the induction of the production of IL-1β...
May 2011: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21489642/mandibular-osteomyelitis-in-children-mimicking-juvenile-recurrent-parotitis
#451
Riitta T Saarinen, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Risto Kontio, Riste Saat, Eeva Salo, Anne Pitkäranta
OBJECTIVE: To describe pediatric cases with mandibular osteomyelitis initially diagnosed and treated as juvenile recurrent parotitis. METHODS: We reviewed the patient data of all our pediatric patients treated at Helsinki University Central Hospital, a tertiary care hospital, between 1998 and 2010 who had the initial diagnosis of recurrent parotitis which in fact was osteomyelitis. RESULTS: Over a period of 12 years, six children (aged 5-17 years, five girls) presented with mandibular osteomyelitis primarily diagnosed as recurrent parotitis...
June 2011: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21460736/a-treatment-strategy-for-complex-cases-of-osteomyelitis-in-children-and-its-applicability-on-three-exemplary-cases
#452
Sebastian F Baumbach, Lukas Hobohm, Gerald E Wozasek
The aim of this study was to carry out a two-step surgical approach for complex cases of pediatric osteomyelitis. The surgical technique used here involved initial bone debridement and stabilization by a customized spacer (intramedullary Kirschner wires mantled with refobacin-palacosa cement). After infection eradication, the spacer was removed and distraction osteogenesis performed. This study included one boy and two girls (aged 7-10 years) with severe osteomyelitis (tibia: two, femur: one). At least 50% of the bone was initially resected, and either a bifocal physeal distraction (tibia) or callus distraction (subtrochanteric osteotomy) was performed...
November 2011: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21458708/-kingella-kingae-infections-in-the-pediatric-age
#453
REVIEW
M Carmen Otero Reigada, Laura Fernández Silveira, Sergio Negre Policarpo, M Amparo Pérez Tamarit, Ana Ortí Martín, María Santos Durántez
Kingella kingae infections have aroused great interest in the last few years because of the increasing number of identified cases. Although considered an emerging pathogen, the increase in diagnosis of these infections can probably be explained by better knowledge of the bacteria, improved microbiological diagnostic techniques and greater awareness among clinicians. K. kingae is an aerobic cocobacillus with high tropism for osteoarticular tissue, endocardium, and vascular space. This pathogen mainly produces osteomyelitis, endocarditis, septic arthritis and bacteriemias...
March 2011: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21441060/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis
#454
REVIEW
Julien Wipff, Catherine Adamsbaum, André Kahan, Chantal Job-Deslandre
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), also known as chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis, is an orphan disease that manifests as recurrent flares of inflammatory bone pain with or without a fever. The pain is related to one or more foci of nonbacterial osteomyelitis. To distinguish unifocal CRMO from a tumor or an infection, a bone biopsy is required in nearly all patients and a trial of antibiotic therapy in many. CRMO is now considered the pediatric equivalent of SAPHO syndrome, and recent data suggest that CRMO should be classified among the autoinflammatory diseases...
December 2011: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21380513/pott-s-puffy-tumor-intracranial-and-orbital-complications-as-the-initial-presentation-of-sinusitis-in-healthy-adolescents-a-case-series
#455
Einat Blumfield, Monika Misra
Pott's puffy tumor (PPT) and intracranial complications of sinusitis are considered rare in the post-antibiotic era. We present a series of pediatric patients who were diagnosed with these complications. The purpose of this study is to discuss the clinical presentations and imaging findings in order to increase awareness of pediatricians and radiologists. A computer search identified nine pediatric patients who were admitted to our hospital between October 2006 and July 2009. The patients' charts and imaging studies were reviewed...
June 2011: Emergency Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21373913/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pediatric-chronic-osteomyelitis-in-developing-countries-prospective-study-of-96-patients-treated-in-kenya
#456
E Mantero, M Carbone, M G Calevo, S Boero
The authors carried out a prospective study on 96 patients they treated in Kenya for chronic osteomyelitis from 2000 to 2009. All the patients received orthopedic surgery and antibiotic therapy, when possible based on the antibiotic sensitivity test. Among the 90 patients with at least 12 months' follow-up, 11 had osteomyelitis relapse (12.2%) and recovery rate was therefore 87.8% with no resulting disability. Risk factors for osteomyelitis relapse were investigated and previous treatment with beta-lactamines, predisposing to onset of methycillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections (P = 0...
April 2011: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21331456/magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-osseous-biopsy-in-children-with-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis
#457
Jan Fritz, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Christoph Thomas, Manfred Wehrmann, Marius S Horger, John A Carrino, Claudius W König, Philippe L Pereira
PURPOSE: To report the safety and diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance (MRI)--guided core biopsy of osseous lesions in children with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) that were visible on MRI but were occult on radiography and computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of MRI-guided osseous biopsy performed in seven children (four girls and three boys; mean age 13 years (range 11 to 14) with CRMO was performed...
February 2012: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21320813/-aspects-of-the-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-sickle-cell-osteomyelitis-in-children-in-africa
#458
Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Marcellin Ngowe Ngowe, Ondobo Gervais Andze, Maurice Aurélien Sosso
IntroductionSickle cell osteomyelitis in children is one of the complications of osteoarthritis in sickle cell disease.ObjectiveTo describe the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of sickle cell osteomyelitis in children in Africa to improve management.Tools and methodA review of records showed that from April 2004 through September 2009, eleven cases of osteomyelitis in children aged 0 to 15 years who carried the sickle cell trait were treated in the surgical and pediatric unit of the Women's and Children's Hospital of Yaounde...
October 2010: Santé: Cahiers D'étude et de Recherches Francophones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21318568/duration-of-post-surgical-antibiotic-therapy-for-adult-chronic-osteomyelitis-a-single-centre-experience
#459
Thierry Rod-Fleury, Nathalie Dunkel, Mathieu Assal, Peter Rohner, Phedon Tahintzi, Louis Bernard, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Daniel Lew, Ilker Uçkay
PURPOSE: The optimal duration of concomitant antibiotic therapy after surgical intervention for implant-free chronic osteomyelitis is unknown. No randomized data exist. Available recommendations are based on expert's opinion. We evaluated the duration of post-surgical antibiotic treatment related to remission of chronic osteomyelitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-centre study at Geneva University Hospitals with a minimal follow-up of two years after treatment...
November 2011: International Orthopaedics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21305761/-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-tc-99m-ciprofloxacin-scan-in-pediatric-osteomyelitis
#460
Félix Gustavo Mora Ríos, Agustín Isunza Ramírez, Alberto López Marmolejo, Rosa María Palma Rosillo, Sergio Guízar Cuevas, Ignacio Mora Magaña, Víctor Hugo Velázquez Pedroza
INTRODUCTION: The Tc-99m-ciprofloxacin complex, introduced in 1993, has been extensively evaluated all over the world with good results for the diagnosis of active bacterial osteoarticular infections. There are only a few publications on the use of this procedure in pediatric ages. In our study we evaluated the efficacy of the Tc-99m ciprofloxacin scan for the diagnosis of osteoarticular infections in the pediatric population assessing its sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value...
July 2010: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
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