Guohua Chen, Wen Su, Jiayao Yang, Dan Luo, Ping Xia, Wen Jia, Xiuyang Li, Chuan Wang, Suping Lang, Qingbin Meng, Ying Zhang, Yuhe Ke, An Fan, Shuo Yang, Yujiao Zheng, Xuepeng Fan, Jie Qiao, Fengmei Lian, Li Wei, Xiaolin Tong
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in patients with severe/critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this retrospective study, data were collected from 662 patients with severe/critical COVID-19 who were admitted to a designated hospital to treat patients with severe COVID-19 in Wuhan before March 20, 2020. All patients were divided into an exposed group (CHM users) and a control group (non-users). After propensity score matching in a 1:1 ratio, 156 CHM users were matched by propensity score to 156 non-users...
September 14, 2020: Frontiers of Medicine
Zixin Shu, Yana Zhou, Kai Chang, Jifen Liu, Xiaojun Min, Qing Zhang, Jing Sun, Yajuan Xiong, Qunsheng Zou, Qiguang Zheng, Jinghui Ji, Josiah Poon, Baoyan Liu, Xuezhong Zhou, Xiaodong Li
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now pandemic worldwide and has heavily overloaded hospitals in Wuhan City, China during the time between late January and February. We reported the clinical features and therapeutic characteristics of moderate COVID-19 cases in Wuhan that were treated via the integration of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine. We collected electronic medical record (EMR) data, which included the full clinical profiles of patients, from a designated TCM hospital in Wuhan...
September 14, 2020: Frontiers of Medicine
R S Soumya, T Govindan Unni, K G Raghu
The recent emergence of the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in China is now a global health emergency. The transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is mainly via human-to-human contact. This virus is expected to be of zoonotic origin and has a high genome identity to that of bat derived SARS-like coronavirus. Various stringent measures have been implemented to lower person-to-person transmission of COVID-19. Particular observations and attempts have been made to reduce transmission in vulnerable populations, including older adults, children, and healthcare providers...
September 14, 2020: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Rubal Singla, Abhishek Mishra, Rupa Joshi, Sonali Jha, Amit Raj Sharma, Sujata Upadhyay, Phulen Sarma, Ajay Prakash, Bikash Medhi
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are known to infect both humans and animals. However, the evidence of inter-transmission of coronavirus between humans and companion animals is still a debatable issue. There is substantial evidence that the virus outbreak is fueled by zoonotic transmission because this new virus belongs to the same family of viruses as SARS-CoV associated with civet cats, and MERS-CoV associated with dromedary camels. While the whole world is investigating the possibility about the transmission of this virus, the transmission among humans is established, but the interface between humans and animals is not much evident...
September 14, 2020: Veterinary Research Communications
Ray Block, Arthur Berg, Robert P Lennon, Erin L Miller, Marcella Nunez-Smith
By mid-May 2020, most of the United States had been under shelter-in-place orders for several weeks to decrease the spread of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). As states begin to lift these orders to reopen the economy, the risk of a resurgence of COVID-19 may be related to the public's voluntary adherence to public health recommendations. We conducted a nationally representative survey of 604 African Americans to generate a risk assessment based on African Americans' compliance with public health recommendations to frequently wash hands, maintain social distancing, avoid touching face, and wear a mask in public...
August 6, 2020: Health Literacy Research and Practice
Robert P Lennon, Surav M Sakya, Erin L Miller, Bethany Snyder, Tonguç Yaman, Aleksandra E Zgierska, Mack T Ruffin, Lauren Jodi Van Scoy
Stay-at-home orders have been an essential component of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) management in the United States. As states start lifting these mandates to reopen the economy, voluntary public compliance with public health recommendations may significantly influence the extent of resurgence in COVID-19 infection rates. Population-level risk from reopening may therefore be predicted from public intent to comply with public health recommendations. We are conducting a global, convergent design mixed-methods survey on public knowledge, perceptions, preferred health information sources, and understanding of and intent to comply with public health recommendations...
August 6, 2020: Health Literacy Research and Practice
Pengfei Li, Aqsa Ikram, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Zhongren Ma, Qiuwei Pan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2020: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Gregorio P Milani, Ilaria Bottino, Alessia Rocchi, Paola Marchisio, Silvia Elli, Carlo Agostoni, Giorgio Costantino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2020: JAMA Pediatrics
Coraline Radermecker, Nancy Detrembleur, Julien Guiot, Etienne Cavalier, Monique Henket, Céline d'Emal, Céline Vanwinge, Didier Cataldo, Cécile Oury, Philippe Delvenne, Thomas Marichal
Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is causing a deadly and pandemic disease called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). While SARS-CoV-2-triggered hyperinflammatory tissue-damaging and immunothrombotic responses are thought to be major causes of respiratory failure and death, how they relate to lung immunopathological changes remains unclear. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) can contribute to inflammation-associated lung damage, thrombosis, and fibrosis. However, whether NETs infiltrate particular compartments in severe COVID-19 lungs remains to be clarified...
December 7, 2020: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Stephane Ayache, Sebastien Schmerber
: Since the beginning of 2020, the world has been confronted by the Covid-19 pandemic. The lock-down aims to limit the circulation of the virus and thus avoid overwhelming healthcare systems. Healthcare workers have had to adapt by postponing consultation and surgical activities. Otolaryngologists are particularly exposed to infection from the upper airway where the virus is highly concentrated. Literature has previously reported other human coronaviruses in the middle ear and mastoid, suggesting a risk of infection to staff during ear surgery where aerosolizing procedures are usually used...
October 2020: Otology & Neurotology
Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider, Nikolas H Blevins, Taha A Jan, Alicia M Quesnel, Divya A Chari, Bradley W Kesser, Jaqueline E Weinstein, Syed F Ahsan, Fred F Telischi, Oliver F Adunka, Peter Weber, Renata M Knoll, Daniel H Coelho, Samantha Anne, Kevin H Franck, Daniele Marchioni, Frederick G Barker, Bob S Carter, Lawrence R Lustig, Dennis I Bojrab, Sanjay A Bhansali, Brian D Westerberg, Larry Lundy, Robert K Jackler, J Thomas Roland, Sujana S Chandrasekhar, Patrick J Antonelli, John P Carey, D Bradley Welling, William H Slattery, Daniel J Lee
: This combined American Neurotology Society, American Otological Society, and American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Foundation document aims to provide guidance during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) on 1) "priority" of care for otologic and neurotologic patients in the office and operating room, and 2) optimal utilization of personal protective equipment. Given the paucity of evidence to inform otologic and neurotologic best practices during COVID-19, the recommendations herein are based on relevant peer-reviewed articles, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 guidelines, United States and international hospital policies, and expert opinion...
October 2020: Otology & Neurotology
Wei Gao, Jingfei Li, Guoxiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Assessing the effectiveness and safety of plum-blossom needle for (COVID-19) related headache is the main purpose of this systematic review protocol. METHODS: We will search the following sources for the identification of trials: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database (VIP), and the Wanfang Database. The searches were limited to articles published in 2020, but no language restrictions were imposed...
September 11, 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuying Wang, Yinghua Zhang, Xia Chen, Kun Xue, Tianjing Zhang, Xiaohong Ren
BACKGROUND: Bromhexine hydrochloride tablets may be effective in the treatment of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. This study will further evaluate the efficacy and safety of bromhexine hydrochloride tablets in the treatment of COVID-19 in children. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched, with all relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to August 2020 to be included: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chongqing VIP China Science and Technology Database (VIP), Wanfang, the Technology Periodical Database, and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM)...
September 11, 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
Behzad Amoozgar, Varun Kaushal, Umair Mubashar, Shuvendu Sen, Shakeel Yousaf, Matthew Yotsuya
RATIONALE: Infection with the severe acute respiratory coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been shown to cause multi-organ involvement including cardiopulmonary serosal layers infection and inflammation. As a result, pericarditis and pericardial effusion may occur with or without COVID-19 related respiratory signs. Due to limitations in sensitivity and specificity of current COVID-19 diagnostic studies, cases that trigger high clinical intuition, even with negative serologic and polymerase chain reaction testing results, may necessitate further diagnostic workup to discover the underlying etiology...
September 11, 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
Thomas M Kennedy, Laurie Malia, Almaz Dessie, David O Kessler, Lorraine Ng, Elaine L Chiang, Joni E Rabiner
Lung point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been shown to be useful for identifying pulmonary pathology in adult patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, pediatric literature for POCUS in COVID-19 is limited. The objective of this case series was to describe lung POCUS findings in pediatric patients with COVID-19. Three patients with COVID-19 who had lung POCUS performed in a pediatric emergency department were included. Point-of-care ultrasound revealed bilateral abnormalities in all patients, including pleural line irregularities, scattered and coalescing B-lines, consolidations, and pleural effusions...
September 10, 2020: Pediatric Emergency Care
Regina D Owen, JoEllen Schimmels
Nursing leaders have voiced concern about the health and well-being of nurses and other healthcare providers during the recovery phase of disaster response after the coronavirus pandemic. There is much that can be learned from the experiences of our military colleagues. Behavioral health military nurses serving on readiness teams have educated leaders on how to apply psychological first aid (PFA) within their units during the recovery phase of disasters. This article will describe how nursing leaders can use PFA to enhance psychological support and resilience in their staff...
October 2020: Journal of Nursing Administration
M Maureen Lal
When the coronavirus hit the United States earlier this year, hospitals across the country were forced to quickly convert to crisis mode. Overnight, health systems transformed clinical and administrative operations to care for rising numbers of COVID-19 patients. Now, as the country slowly reopens and we move back to "normal," hospitals again face a major reboot to regroup and recover. Those that meet this challenge successfully will survive. Many others will not. This month's Magnet Perspectives column examines how Magnet hospitals are uniquely positioned to ride the waves and manage the chaos...
October 2020: Journal of Nursing Administration
Andreas German Loth, Daniela Brigitta Guderian, Birgit Haake, Kai Zacharowski, Timo Stöver, Martin Leinung
INTRODUCTION: Since December 2019, the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has been spreading worldwide. Since the main route of infection with SARS-CoV-2 is probably via contact with virus-containing droplets of the exhaled air, any method of securing the airway is of extremely high risk for the health care professionals involved. We evaluated the aerosol exposure to the interventional team during a tracheotomy in a semi-quantitative fashion. In addition, we present novel protective measures...
September 9, 2020: Shock
Catherine R Ratliff, Robbin Shifflett, April Howell, Cindy Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Cardiovascular Surgery (CV) service of an academic medical center conducted a quality improvement project to decrease readmissions to the hospital from 2 rehabilitation facilities using telehealth via video calling. This initiative became of great importance with the COVID-19 pandemic because it helped the CV service better navigate and more efficiently meet the patient care needs associated with patient care restrictions. The CV service had to quickly evaluate and implement measures to reduce the rate of transmission of the coronavirus, which included adapting the clinic workflow to comply with state and federal recommendations...
September 9, 2020: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Terran W Sims, Karie Wilson
BACKGROUND: Surgical creation of a urostomy with or without radical cystectomy is a common urologic procedure. Despite advances in techniques, ostomy and surgical-related postoperative complications are prevalent and may impair physical recovery and health quality of life. Restrictions in face-to-face clinic visits created by the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have dramatically altered care for patients with a new urostomy. CASE: This case report describes our management approaches using telemedicine and complementary communication strategies during the recent COVID-19 pandemic for a patient with multiple complex chronic conditions and multiple stoma and related postoperative complications...
September 9, 2020: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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