Constanza Mena, Francisca Cortés, Macarena Romero
Introduction. The hospitalization of a baby in the neonatal intensive care unit may be highly stressful for both mothers and fathers, and this was even more intense in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, no studies have been found that describe the experience of fathers who underwent the simultaneous hospitalization of their partner and newborn infant during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives. To explore the experience of fathers who had their babies hospitalized in the Neonatal Unit while their partner were hospitalized due to worsening of COVID-19...
September 21, 2023: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Joseph Lee, Jeffrey Leonard, Patrick Walz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the development of pediatric skull base surgical techniques and illustrate the advantages of pediatric endonasal skull base surgery (ESBS) when applied in appropriate settings. Additionally, this manuscript endeavors to define the pediatric skull base team components, highlight circumstances amenable to the development of a pediatric skull base surgery team, and describe the relative advantages of independent pediatric teams versus incorporation with adult skull base practices...
September 14, 2023: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
David J Fei-Zhang, Daniel C Chelius, Anthony M Sheyn, Jeff C Rastatter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prior investigations in social determinants of health (SDoH) and their impact on pediatric head and neck cancers are limited by the narrow scope of cancer types and SDoH being studied while lacking inquiry on the interrelational contribution of varied SDoH in real-world contexts. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current research tackling these shortcomings of SDoH-based studies in head and neck cancer and to discuss means of applying these findings in prospective initiatives and implementations...
September 15, 2023: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Bárbara Martins Saraiva, Susana Santos, Ana Cristina Ferreira, Mafalda Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric palliative care (PPC) has a significant role in improving the quality of life of children with life-limiting or life-threatening illnesses, diminishing symptom burden, and providing holistic support to patients and families. Inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) are a group of heterogeneous diseases that often present with severe neurologic impairment, needing lifelong care and challenging symptom management. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize the cohort of patients with IMD followed by the paediatric palliative care team (PPCT) and to describe the provision of care provided...
September 14, 2023: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
Monica C Tay, John V Rider
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an increasingly recognized pain condition in the pediatric population. Occupational therapy (OT) is a crucial component of a multidisciplinary approach to treating pediatric CRPS. Yet, there is limited evidence detailing these OT interventions. This review aimed to explore the existing literature on OT interventions and delivery methods for pediatric CRPS. We performed a scoping review of peer-reviewed articles that included pediatric participants with CRPS with no limitation on publication date...
September 14, 2023: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Lorraine M McKelvey, Anthony Goudie, Jialiang Li, Kanna N Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Healthy Families America (HFA) is an evidence-based home visiting program that provides parenting education with the overall goal of preventing child maltreatment and optimizing child development. This study compares the healthcare utilization and vaccination of infants enrolled in HFA with similar infants not in the program. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2020, 604 children served statewide by HFA in Arkansas were identified in vital statistics and administrative medical claims records...
September 12, 2023: Academic Pediatrics
Leah E Beland, Jennifer E Reifsnyder, Lane S Palmer
PURPOSE: To determine trends in hypospadias management, including surgical techniques and perioperative care, by pediatric urologists in North America. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was devised to assess approaches to hypospadias repair and management, including anesthetic considerations, catheter placement, choice of dressing, and postoperative antibiotic treatment. The survey was sent to all practicing members of the Societies for Pediatric Urology. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 133 (34...
September 14, 2023: World Journal of Urology
Fabio Cardinale, Francesco La Torre, Lucia Grazia Tricarico, Giuseppe Verriello, Carla Mastrorilli
Respiratory tract infections (RTI) represent a frequent condition, particularly among preschool children, with an important burden on the affected children and their families. It has been estimated that recurrent RTIs affect up to 25% of children during the first 4 years of life. These infections are mainly caused by viruses and are generally self-limiting. Social and environmental factors have been studied in determining the incidence of recurrent RTIs and the mostly recognized are precocious day care attendance, tobacco exposure and pollution...
September 12, 2023: Current Pediatric Reviews
Carolyn C Foster, Aaron J Kaat, Avani V Shah, Caroline A Hodgson, Lindsey P Hird-McCorry, Angela Janus, Philip Swanson, Liana F Massey, Anna De Sonia, David Cella, Denise M Goodman, Matthew M Davis, Theresa A Laguna
INTRODUCTION: Outpatient monitoring of children using invasive home mechanical ventilation (IHMV) is recommended, but access to care can be difficult. This study tested if remote (home-based) data collection was feasible and acceptable in chronic IHMV management. METHODS: A codesign study was conducted with an IHMV program, home nurses, and English- and Spanish-speaking parent-guardians of children using IHMV (0-17 years; n = 19). After prototyping, parents used a remote patient monitoring (RPM) bundle to collect patient heart rate, respiratory rate (RR), oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2 ), and ventilator pressure/volume over 8 weeks...
September 13, 2023: Pediatric Pulmonology
Nicole E St Clair, Najla Ba Sharahil, Lisa Umphrey, Stephen Merry, Jack Koueik, Arij Beshish, Benjamin Acheampong, Heidi Kloster, James H Conway
Health care providers engaging in cross-cultural work will likely experience culture shock, a psychological, behavioral, and physiologic response to new cultural environments that can significantly affect travelers. Culture shock has the potential for both negative and positive outcomes. Well-being, health, and professionalism can be negatively influenced during the peak of culture shock, but the experience may also positively promote transformative learning and professional identity formation. Culture shock has been carefully researched for different types of sojourners, such as undergraduate students and business personnel, but minimally for health care providers...
September 2023: Pediatric Annals
Steven C Mehl, Jorge I Portuondo, Yao Tian, Mehul V Raval, Sohail R Shah, Adam M Vogel, David Wesson, Nader N Massarweh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between pediatric hospital performances in terms of failure to rescue (FTR), defined as postoperative mortality after a surgical complication, and mortality among patients without a surgical complication. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Forty-eight academic, pediatric hospitals; data obtained from Pediatric Health Information System database (Child Health Corporation of America, Shawnee Mission, KS) (2012-2020)...
September 11, 2023: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Yehudis Stokes, Krystina B Lewis, Andrea C Tricco, Erin Hambrick, Jean Daniel Jacob, Melissa Demery Varin, Justine Gould, Dhiraj Aggarwal, Paula Cloutier, Catherine Landriault, Stephanie Greenham, Michelle Ward, Allison Kennedy, Jennifer Boggett, Roxanna Sheppard, David Murphy, Marjorie Robb, Hazen Gandy, Sonia Lavergne, Ian D Graham
Trauma-informed care (TIC) is an approach to care emerging in research and in practice that involves addressing the needs of individuals with histories of trauma. The aim of this scoping review was to examine the current literature relating to TIC interventions used in pediatric mental health inpatient and residential settings. We sought to answer the following two research questions: (a) What are the TIC interventions used in pediatric inpatient and residential treatment mental healthcare settings and what are their components? and (b) What are the implementation goals and strategies used with these TIC interventions? We conducted this scoping review according to JBI (formerly Joanna Briggs Institute) methodology for scoping reviews...
September 11, 2023: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Erika Erlandson, Carrie Ramirez, Wendy Dean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Nikhil R Shah, Hannah C Cockrell, Noah E Keller, Jose Diaz-Miron, Teerin T Meckmongkol, Peter Yu, Brian Englum, Morgan K Richards, Kathryn Martin
As the transgender population in the United States grows, gender-affirming care is becoming increasingly relevant to the practice of pediatric surgery. Medical care for the transgender and gender diverse population is a politically charged topic with significant complexity and opportunities for clarification. It is important for providers to better understand this population's unique health and social needs. This review aims to debunk long-standing myths regarding gender-affirming care and highlight the current therapeutic and legislative landscapes within the scope of pediatric surgical practice...
August 19, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Alexandra Jóni Nogueira, Maria Teresa Ribeiro
Portugal has been identified as the European country with the most rapid evolution of Pediatric Palliative Care provision, where approximately 7800 children have life-limiting conditions. This is a highly complex experience not only for the children and their parental caregivers, but also for their healthy siblings and grandparents. The present descriptive-exploratory study seeks to contribute to the understanding of the psychological experience of life-limiting conditions in grandparents. A total of 19 families, consisting of 15 grandmothers and 4 grandfathers, completed a sociodemographic and clinical data sheet and a semi-structured interview was conducted in which they shared their testimony...
August 25, 2023: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Ariel Tarrell, Lisa Giles, Brian Smith, Chani Traube, Kevin Watt
Delirium in the NICU is an underrecognized phenomenon in infants who are often complex and critically ill. The current understanding of NICU delirium is developing and can be informed by adult and pediatric literature. The NICU population faces many potential risk factors for delirium, including young age, developmental delay, mechanical ventilation, severe illness, and surgery. There are no diagnostic tools specific to infants. The mainstay of delirium treatment is to treat the underlying cause, address modifiable risk factors, and supportive care...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Rachel B Tenenbaum, Danita Czyzewski, Ann McMeans, Vishnu Narayana, Bruno P Chumpitazi, Rona L Levy, Robert J Shulman, Salma Musaad, Yiming Zhang Mirabile, Mariella Self
BACKGROUND: The low FODMAP diet (LFD) has been associated with reduced symptomology in pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The LFD is a complex dietary intervention that may be difficult to follow; thus, there is great interest in determining factors that contribute to adherence. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether baseline abdominal pain, emotional/behavioral problems, and/or quality of life predict adherence to the LFD in children with FGIDs. DESIGN: This was a single group pre-post intervention design within a larger randomized controlled trial...
September 6, 2023: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kathrin Rottermann, Ulrike Doll, Simon Pfenning, Marc Reichenbach, Dietmar Fey, Alexander Dobler, Céline Siauw, Fabian Reif, Julia Gnibl, Robert Cesnjevar, Sven Dittrich
BACKGROUND: Patients with complex congenital heart disease frequently undergo a life-long ambulatory therapy with the need for repeated hospital interventions. To optimize this manifold interplay, we designed and implemented a tele-medical service, the Congenital Cardiology Cloud (CCC). This study aims to analyse the requirements for its implementation through the comprehensive assessment of design, installation and impact on patient´s care. METHODS: CCC's development comprised the analysis of historically raised admission and discharge management and the definition of technical and organizational requirements...
September 8, 2023: Klinische Pädiatrie
Garrett Keim, Jesse Y Hsu, Neethi P Pinto, Megan L McSherry, Annie Laurie Gula, Jason D Christie, Nadir Yehya
IMPORTANCE: An increasing number of children survive after acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The long-term morbidity affecting these survivors, including the burden of hospital readmission and key factors associated with readmission, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine 1-year readmission rates among survivors of pediatric ARDS and to investigate the associations of 3 key index hospitalization factors (presence or development of a complex chronic condition, receipt of a tracheostomy, and hospital length of stay [LOS]) with readmission...
September 5, 2023: JAMA Network Open
Andrés Tajan, Andrea Riebel, María Jesús Zavala, Lily Quiroz, Paula Monzón, Leopoldo Ardiles, Paola Krall, Paula Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Anemia exhibits complex causation mechanisms and genetic heterogeneity. Some cases result in poor outcomes with multisystemic dysfunction, including renal tubulopathy. Early diagnosis is crucial to improve management. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: A 21-month-old female patient was admitted with severe anemia. Persistent neutropenia and dysplastic signs suggested myelodysplastic syndrome, but targeted gene panel results were negative. After multiple transfusions, spontaneous hematologic recovery was observed...
September 8, 2023: Pediatric Nephrology
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