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Perianesthesia

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/32215294/the-effects-of-repeated-propofol-anesthesia-on-spatial-memory-and-long-term-potentiation-in-infant-rats-under-hypoxic-conditions
#1
Mang Sun, Ruixue Yuan, Hui Liu, Jing Zhang, Shengfen Tu
Propofol is widely used as an intravenous drug for induction and maintenance in general anesthesia. Hypoxemia is a common complication during perianesthesia. We want to know the effect of propofol on spatial memory and LTP (Long-term potentiation) under hypoxic conditions. In this study, 84 seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 14)-four control groups: lipid emulsion solvent + 50% oxygen (CO), lipid emulsion solvent + room air (CA), lipid emulsion solvent + 18% oxygen (CH), and propofol + 50% oxygen (propofol-oxygen, PO); and two experiment groups: propofol + room air (propofol-air, PA), and propofol + 18% oxygen (propofol-hypoxia, PH)...
June 2020: Genes & Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32097222/preventing-hypothermia-during-cesarean-birth-an-integrative-review
#2
Michelle Dendis, Katie Hooven
PURPOSE: The purpose of this integrative review was to assess common warming measures used for prevention of hypothermia during the perioperative period for women having cesarean birth and to determine their efficacy. METHODS: A literature search was conducted via electronic databases EBSCO, PUBMED, Academic Search Premier, Google Scholar, and CINAHL using keyword search terms hypothermia, cesarean, and warming. Inclusion criteria were articles written in English and published between 2006 and 2018...
March 2020: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32008718/the-opiate-crisis-effects-on-perianesthesia-nursing
#3
EDITORIAL
Cecil B Drain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2020: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31959506/anesthetic-management-of-elderly-patients-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Matthew D Muller, Angela M Capp, James Hill, Alan Hoffer, James R Otworth, Patrick M McQuillan, Anthony S Bonavia
In 1930, the life expectancy of patients with Down syndrome was about 10 years; today, their life expectancy is more than 60 years. With aging, there is an increased need for anesthesia and surgery. There is, however, no published information regarding the anesthetic management of older adults with Down syndrome. In this report, we described the anesthetic management of a 50-year-old woman with Down syndrome undergoing major cervical spine surgery. Components of the anesthetic that we thought would be difficult such as intravenous line placement and endotracheal intubation were accomplished without difficulty...
January 17, 2020: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31955897/perianesthesia-implications-and-considerations-for-drug-induced-qt-interval-prolongation
#5
Edwin N Aroke, Rolland Z Nkemazeh
Prolongation of the QT interval can predispose patients to fatal arrhythmias such as torsade de pointes. While arrhythmias can occur spontaneously in patients with a genetic predisposition, drugs such as ondansetron and droperidol, which are frequently used in the perioperative period, have been implicated in the prolongation of the QT interval. As the list of medications that cause QT prolongation grows, anesthesia providers and perioperative nurses must be informed regarding the importance of the QT interval...
January 16, 2020: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31952891/evidence-based-education-for-perianesthesia-rns-to-increase-knowledge-and-change-attitudes-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#6
Lois M Hayworth, Kristiina E Hyrkas
PURPOSE: To increase perianesthesia registered nurses (RNs') knowledge and change attitudes of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). DESIGN: A pretest/post-test design was used. METHODS: An interprofessional team collaborated in the development of a 1-hour teaching session, which included PowerPoint presentation, case studies, and online resources. The education was offered four times from December 2017 to April 2018. Data were collected on self-reported learning outcomes and the Questionnaire on Attitudes and Knowledge of ECT...
January 14, 2020: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31587721/perioperative-considerations-in-patients-with-concussion
#7
Daniel King, Angela Collins-Yoder
Concussions affect the normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system and glucose metabolism, impair cerebral autoregulation to Paco₂, and produce abnormal variances in myogenic and vagal tone. Because anesthesia also has an impact on these same processes, it is vital to delineate the best practice in the perianesthesia period to minimize additional damage to the concussed brain. There are currently no practice guidelines surrounding perianesthesia management of patients with concussion to guide practice...
April 2019: AANA Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31495557/implementation-science-incorporating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-and-capnography-into-everyday-practice
#8
Kathryn R Scully, Jennifer Rickerby, Jessica Dunn
PURPOSE: This article describes the implementation and maintenance of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening and capnography monitoring. DESIGN: A quality improvement project. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team provided staff education to three perianesthesia care units. Using the STOP-Bang screening tool, five or more positive responses indicated high risk for OSA. A postanesthesia care unit audit tool tracked STOP-Bang scores, capnography use, hypoventilation events, nursing interventions, and respiratory complications...
September 5, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492604/burnout-and-resiliency-in-perianesthesia-nurses-findings-and-recommendations-from-a-national-study-of-members-of-the-american-society-of-perianesthesia-nurses
#9
Elizabeth Borg Card, Steve Alan Hyman, Nancy Wells, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Matthew B Weinger
PURPOSE: Describe prevalence of burnout in perianesthesia nurses, explore risks, mitigating factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. METHODS: Survey containing Maslach Burnout Inventory, Short Form-12, and Social Support and Personal Coping was emailed to American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses. Regression analysis examined relationships between burnout and health, social support, personal coping, substance use, and demographics. FINDINGS: Of 2,837 respondents, 18% were currently and 35% were formerly burned out, with lower incidence in those >40 years...
September 3, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31447091/delphi-study-aspan-adult-patient-pain-and-comfort-practices
#10
Dina A Krenzischek, Elizabeth Card, Jacque Crosson, Theresa Clifford, Susan Russell, Ryan MacDonald, Linda Wilson
PURPOSE: The American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN) is responsible for establishing evidence-based standards to guide perianesthesia nursing practice. The ASPAN model for evidence-based practice acknowledges the potential for the Delphi technique to identify priorities for perianesthesia research. The purpose of this Delphi study was to generate a consensus on pain and comfort among a panel of experts. DESIGN: ASPAN convened a panel of experts to provide recommendations based on seven categories, this led to the development of a questionnaire to build consensus...
August 22, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31331804/perianesthesia-nurses-knowledge-and-promotion-of-safe-use-storage-and-disposal-of-opioids
#11
Jan Odom-Forren, Joni Brady, Mary Kay Rayens, Paul Sloan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine perianesthesia nurses' knowledge and promotion of safe use, storage, and disposal of opioids to patients in the ambulatory surgery setting. DESIGN: A mixed methods descriptive survey. METHODS: Perianesthesia nurses who have responsibility for discharge education of patients after ambulatory surgery were eligible to participate. An evidence-based survey was e-mailed to all American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses members...
July 19, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31301963/the-effects-of-prayer-as-a-coping-strategy-for-nurses
#12
Cynthia D Cain
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of prayer as a coping strategy for nurses. DESIGN: Quantitative descriptive design. METHODS: The population was the 15,000 members of the American Society of Perianesthesia Nurses. Twelve hundred fifty nine subjects completed a demographic questionnaire and the Prayer Functions Scale. The surveys were available on SurveyMonkey.com for 2 weeks in the fall of 2014. FINDINGS: Results indicated at α = 0...
July 10, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31230930/adult-perianesthesia-do-not-resuscitate-orders-a-systematic-review
#13
Joshua Hardin, Barbara Forshier
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review is to assess if Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) orders should be routinely rescinded during anesthesia, determine if consensus on retaining DNR orders exists in the literature, and explore the current state of clinical practice. DESIGN: This systematic review followed preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. METHODS: In June 2018, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PubMed databases were systematically searched using defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
June 20, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31082969/chronic-calcineurin-inhibition-via-cyclosporine-a-impairs-visuospatial-learning-after-isoflurane-anesthesia
#14
Iris A Speigel, Christopher M Ma, Edyta K Bichler, Jennifer L Gooch, Paul S García
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies implicate the perioperative period in cognitive complications, and increasing experimental evidence shows that the anesthetic agents can affect neuronal processes that underpin learning and memory. Calcineurin, a Ca-dependent phosphatase critically involved in synaptic plasticity, is activated after isoflurane exposure, but its role in the neurological response to anesthesia is unclear. METHODS: We investigated the effect of chronic calcineurin inhibition on postanesthetic cognitive function...
May 9, 2019: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30894293/educating-patients-about-opioid-disposal-a-key-role-for-perianesthesia-nurses
#15
Katreena C Merrill, Valynn Christina Haslam, Karlen E Beth Luthy, Craig Nuttall
PURPOSE: To examine opioid prescription practices, patient use of opioids after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and patient knowledge about disposal of unused medication. DESIGN: Mixed methods design with a chart review and structured phone interview. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were interviewed by phone and asked how many opioids were prescribed, how many excess pills they had 6 to 10 days postoperatively, and if they knew how to dispose of them...
March 17, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30718164/performance-improvement-project-increasing-nursing-knowledge-of-the-impact-of-sugammadex-in-female-patients-taking-steroidal-contraceptives
#16
Lisa O'Driscoll, Justice Parrott
PURPOSE: This process-improvement project improved postoperative education for female patients by facilitating the development of a topic-specific education program to improve knowledge and confidence among perianesthesia nurses in a military treatment facility. DESIGN: An educational program was developed and presented which reviewed the impact sugammadex has on steroidal contraceptive efficacy, evidence-based postoperative teaching strategies, and specific patient education recommendations for female sugammadex-exposed patients taking steroidal contraceptives...
June 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686376/expanding-perianesthesia-practice-with-connected-care
#17
Matthew D Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30660370/perioperative-care-of-children-undergoing-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-retinoblastoma
#18
Esmihan Almontaser, Carmel Ritchie, John Madison, Pascal Jabbour
Retinoblastoma (RB) is a rare cancer of the eye, most commonly seen in children. Intra-arterial chemotherapy for RB is a relatively new treatment modality that has gained increasing popularity worldwide. The principal underlying the intra-arterial approach is delivery of chemotherapeutic agents directly to the site of the tumor. This avoids system toxicities normally associated with higher dose of these drugs. The purpose of this continuing education article was to review the features of RB and its treatment, with a focus on the perioperative management of children undergoing intra-arterial chemotherapy at our institution...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30578045/perianesthesia-nursing-malpractice-reducing-the-risk-of-litigation
#19
Lyerla Frank, Jamie Danks
Nursing malpractice claims are escalating, which equates to a higher risk of being named in a lawsuit and possibly defending one's actions in court. The perianesthesia nurse is at particular risk because of patient involvement before, during, and after surgical procedures. To minimize this risk nurses should have a clear understanding of how a malpractice claim proceeds and the common incidents involved. Three perianesthesia case studies are presented that identify potential nursing litigation threats and strategies to reduce those threats...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30449436/the-power-of-topical-anesthetics-and-distraction-for-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-placement-in-the-pediatric-perianesthesia-area
#20
Heather A Martin
Placing a peripheral intravenous catheter is a painful procedure and produces much anxiety for the pediatric patient, as well as for their parents and nursing staff. There is a heightened need for having effective pain control during this process, which will lead to increased cooperation and decreased anxiety for the patient, making the placement of a peripheral intravenous catheter successful. Topical analgesics and distraction are powerful tools that can make inserting a peripheral intravenous catheter easier for the patient, and also easier for a nurse with limited pediatric experience...
December 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
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