Anna Nevalainen, Olli Nevalainen
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance risk signals have proposed a relationship between the use of acid-suppressive medications and the development of certain autoimmune and immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and a meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: We reviewed MEDLINE (Ovid) and Scopus for comparative observational studies between these diseases and previous exposure to proton-pump inhibitors (PPI), H2-receptor antagonists (H2RA), and antacids...
November 15, 2022: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Eleanor Mitchell, Harneek Chohan, Jonathan P Bestwick, Alastair J Noyce
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of research has examined the relationship between alcohol consumption and risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies examining the relationship between alcohol consumption and risk of PD. METHODS: Eligible studies comparing PD risk in ever vs. never alcohol drinkers were sourced from six databases. Outcomes were pooled using standard meta-analysis techniques...
November 25, 2022: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Negin Badihian, Lauren M Jackson, Bryan T Klassen, Anhar Hassan, Phillip A Low, Wolfgang Singer, Elizabeth A Coon
The course of patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) who undergo deep brain stimulation (DBS) is unclear. In a retrospective review of 1,496 patients with MSA evaluated at our institutions from 1998-2021, 12 patients underwent DBS; 9 had a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease at the time of surgery. Nine patients reported initial improvement in at least one symptom and 7 experienced overall worsening following DBS. All patients had at least one red flag sign or symptom suggesting atypical parkinsonism prior to surgery...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Mohammad Rafi Khezri, Morteza Ghasemnejad-Berenji
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder worldwide. Although the main cause of the onset and development of AD is not known yet, neuronal death due to pathologic changes such as amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition, tau aggregation, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and calcium dyshomeostasis are considered to be the main cause. At the present, there is no cure for this insidious disorder. However, accurate identification of molecular changes in AD can help provide new therapeutic goals...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Yumiao Chen, Ziting Wu
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) is a combination of technologies that allow the user to interact with a computer-simulated environment with the experience of immersion, interactivity, and imagination. However, ergonomic problems related to virtual reality have adverse effects on the health and experience of users, which restrict the application of virtual reality technology. OBJECTIVE: The paper aims to provide an overview of the ergonomics evaluation of VR for further development of software and hardware of VR...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Andrzej M Żak
Transmission electron microscopy is a basic technique used for examining matter at the highest magnification scale available. One of its most challenging branches is in situ microscopy, in which dynamic processes are observed in real time. Among the various stimuli, like strain, temperature, and magnetic or electric fields, the light-matter interaction is rarely observed. However, in recent years, a significant increase in the interest in this technique has been observed. Therefore, I present a summary and critical review of all the in situ experiments performed with light, various technical possibilities for bringing radiation inside the transmission electron microscope, and the most important differences between the effects of light and electrons on the studied matter...
November 28, 2022: Nano Letters
Stephanie Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
Amir Qaseem, Jennifer Yost, Matthew C Miller, Rebecca Andrews, Janet A Jokela, Mary Ann Forciea, George M Abraham, Linda L Humphrey
Description: Strategies to manage COVID-19 in the outpatient setting continue to evolve as new data emerge on SARS-CoV-2 variants and the availability of newer treatments. The Scientific Medical Policy Committee (SMPC) of the American College of Physicians (ACP) developed these living, rapid practice points to summarize the best available evidence on the treatment of adults with confirmed COVID-19 in an outpatient setting. These practice points do not evaluate COVID-19 treatments in the inpatient setting or adjunctive COVID-19 treatments in the outpatient setting...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
Haley K Holmer, Katherine Mackey, Celia V Fiordalisi, Mark Helfand
BACKGROUND: The durability of the antibody response after SARS-CoV-2 infection and the role of antibodies in protection against reinfection are unclear. PURPOSE: To synthesize evidence on the SARS-CoV-2 antibody response and reinfection risk with a focus on gaps identified in our prior reports. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE, CINAHL, World Health Organization Research Database, and reference lists from 16 December 2021 through 8 July 2022, with surveillance through 22 August 2022...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
Isolde Sommer, Andreea Dobrescu, Dominic Ledinger, Isabel Moser, Kylie Thaler, Emma Persad, Martin Fangmeyer, Robert Emprechtinger, Irma Klerings, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Clinicians and patients want to know the benefits and harms of outpatient treatment options for SARS-CoV-2 infection. PURPOSE: To assess the benefits and harms of 12 different COVID-19 treatments in the outpatient setting. DATA SOURCES: Epistemonikos COVID-19 L·OVE Platform, searched on 4 April 2022. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and full texts against a priori-defined criteria...
November 29, 2022: Annals of Internal Medicine
Morgan Yuan, Jeremy Wu, Allen Li, Lucas Gallo, Brian Chin, Jessica Murphy, Christopher J Coroneos, Sophocles Voineskos, Achilleas Thoma
BACKGROUND: "Spin" refers to a manipulation of language that implies benefit for an intervention when none may exist. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in other fields have been demonstrated to employ spin, which can mislead clinicians to use ineffective or unsafe interventions. This study's objective was to determine the strategies, severity, and extent of spin in plastic surgery RCTs with non-significant primary outcomes. METHODS: A literature search of the top 15 plastic surgery journals using MEDLINE was performed (2000-2020)...
November 29, 2022: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Arthi D Bharadwaj, Sasha Kravets, Joelle Hallak, Pooja Bhat, Ann-Marie Lobo-Chan
TITLE: Patient Adherence to Immunosuppressive Therapy for Chronic Inflammatory Eye Disease. PURPOSE: To investigate adherence rates to immunosuppressive therapy (IMT) for treatment of noninfectious inflammatory eye disease (IED), adherence and disease control, and factors associated with nonadherence. METHOD: Retrospective review of medical charts from 2015 to 2020 was conducted on patients with IED at 6 months, 1 and 2 years after initiation of IMT...
November 28, 2022: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Patricia Figueiredo, Eduarda Ramião, Ricardo Barroso, Fernando Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Precursors of antisocial behavior in children may be associated with neuropsychological deficits, namely in executive functions (EF). The main objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence of the relation between EF performance and early manifestations of antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. METHOD: The procedures of this systematic review and meta-analysis were based on the PRISMA recommendations. The review was based on a systematic search in the EBSCOhost and Pubmed databases...
November 28, 2022: Neuropsychology
Julia E Maietta, Brenna N Renn, Grace J Goodwin, Luke N Maietta, Sara A Moore, Nia A Hopkins, Bradley Donohue, Daniel N Allen
OBJECTIVE: Sport concussion is a common injury, and athletes with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or learning disorder (LD) are at increased risk and require specialized attention in clinical settings. Although systematic reviews of the relationship between ADHD/LD and concussion are reported in the literature, these reviews do not include quantitative syntheses. Additionally, no reviews have focused on the most commonly utilized concussion assessment, Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT)...
November 28, 2022: Neuropsychology
Kanghoon Lee, Soyeon Jung, Hee Seung Chin
PURPOSE: Frosted branch angiitis (FBA) is a rare form of retinal vasculitis. Four case series and an extensive literature review of 236 cases were conducted to clarify the characteristics of this rare condition. METHODS: Case series and literature review. RESULTS: An analysis of the reported cases revealed that a majority (54.6%) developed FBA in the presence of an underlying disease, with recurrence and complications requiring surgical intervention being rare...
November 28, 2022: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Mujeeb U Shad
Objective: To examine the impact of antipsychotic dose adjustments (mainly reduction) on the efficacy and tolerability of antipsychotic medications (APMs) to facilitate hospital discharge in long-term hospitalized forensic patients with treatment-refractory psychosis. Methods: This was a retrospective review of the medical charts of 22 patients with psychosis who were discharged from January 2020 to August 2020 from a long-term state psychiatric facility after restoration of their competency to stand trial...
November 24, 2022: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Yingying Zhong, Xin Ting Zheng, Suqing Zhao, Xiaodi Su, Xian Jun Loh
Bacterial infections remain the leading cause of death worldwide today. The emergence of antibiotic resistance has urged the development of alternative antibacterial technologies to complement or replace traditional antibiotic treatments. In this regard, metal nanomaterials have attracted great attention for their controllable antibacterial functions that are less prone to resistance. This review discusses a particular family of stimuli-activable metal-bearing nanomaterials (denoted as SAMNs) and the associated on-demand antibacterial strategies...
November 28, 2022: ACS Nano
Fabio Santanelli Di Pompeo, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Guido Firmani, Michail Sorotos
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic picture of Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is unclear, with no high-level evidence, as only case reports and series are available. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at updating the BIA-ALCL epidemiology by using all available data through a systematic review of scientific literature. METHODS: A search on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted between October 2021 and April 2022...
November 29, 2022: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
David J Ponting, Krista L Dobo, Michelle O Kenyon, Amit S Kalgutkar
The detection of N -nitrosamines, derived from solvents and reagents and, on occasion, the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) at higher than acceptable levels in drug products, has led regulators to request a detailed review for their presence in all medicinal products. In the absence of rodent carcinogenicity data for novel N -nitrosamines derived from amine-containing APIs, a conservative class limit of 18 ng/day (based on the most carcinogenic N -nitrosamines) or the derivation of acceptable intakes (AIs) using structurally related surrogates with robust rodent carcinogenicity data is recommended...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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