Di Wu, David Ham, Richard Rosedale
Objectives : Tinnitus is the perception of sound without any external auditory stimulus. Cervicogenic somatic tinnitus (CST) is a subset in which symptoms are modulated by maneuvers of the neck. The evidence for effective diagnosis and treatment of CST is limited. Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) is a biopsychosocial assessment and management system that uses the response to mechanical forces to classify clinical presentations accurately. The purpose of this case report is to describe the MDT assessment and management of a patient with chronic subjective tinnitus...
January 16, 2020: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Harry Minas
OBJECTIVE: There has been increased attention in recent years to mental health, quality of life, stress and academic performance among university students, and the possible influence of learning styles. Brief reliable questionnaires are useful in large-scale multivariate research designs, such as the largely survey-based research on well-being and academic performance of university students. The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a briefer version of the 39-item Adelaide Diagnostic Learning Inventory...
January 15, 2020: BMC Research Notes
Roanna Burgess, James Hall, Annette Bishop, Martyn Lewis, Jonathan Hill
Background: Identifying variation in musculoskeletal service costs requires the use of specific standardized metrics. There has been a large focus on costing, efficiency, and standardized metrics within the acute musculoskeletal setting, but far less attention in primary care and community settings. Objectives: To ( a ) assess the quality of costing methods used within musculoskeletal economic analyses based primarily in primary and community settings and ( b ) identify which cost variables are the key drivers of musculoskeletal health care costs within these settings...
January 2020: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Silvia Marazzi, Pawel Kiper, Katie Palmer, Michela Agostini, Andrea Turolla
INTRODUCTION: Among the different rehabilitative approaches to Parkinson's disease, there is conflicting evidence about the effects of vibratory stimulation and its capability to modulate the central elaboration of proprioceptive stimuli. The hypothesis is that the vibration-induced sensorial perturbation (through Whole Body Vibration (WBV) or localized vibration) can influence the motor response in complex tasks such as postural control and gait. Thus, the objective of this review was to evaluate the effect of different modalities of vibratory stimulation treatment on balance, gait signs and symptoms, and quality of life, in patients with Parkinson's disease...
January 14, 2020: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ahuva Even-Zohar, Shoshi Werner
The study examined the effect of an educational intervention on the willingness of Israeli social work students to work with older adults, comparing them to students of nursing, speech therapy, and physiotherapy. A sample of 187 first-year students were divided into two groups: a research group (n=83) exposed to an educational intervention on ageing, and a control group (n=104) that received no intervention of any kind. Following the intervention, ageism among social work students in the research group decreased and positive behavior toward older adults increased...
January 14, 2020: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Serkan Akan, Berna Urkmez, Ilker Artuk, Ahmet Urkmez
Lymphedema is defined as an abnormal accumulation of extracellular fluid in the subcutaneous compartment caused by impaired lymphatic drainage. Scrotal lymphedema is a rare condition characterised by swelling of the scrotal skin due to deterioration in lymphatic drainage. Over time, fibrosis may develop in the scrotum and genital malformations that impair the patient's quality of life. Here, we present the first case in our experience of scrotal lymphedema, which occurred in a 3-year child following circumcision, and subsequently was treated successfully with complex decongestive physiotherapy...
January 2020: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Abdulsalam Mohammed Yakasai, Musa Sani Danazumi, Usman Usman Zakari, Isa Lawal Usman, Auwal Abdullahi, Usman Tijjani Shehu
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists play a key role in the rehabilitation of children with epileptic seizures. Regular physical exercise generates psychological and physiological benefits for people with epilepsy. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional design. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and current practices of physiotherapists on the physical activity and exercise in the rehabilitation of children with epileptic seizures in Nigeria...
January 10, 2020: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Isabela Caroline Freitas Colombino, Almir José Sarri, Isabela Queiros Castro, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, René Aloisio da Costa Vieira
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of return to work on the quality of life of breast cancer patients and to identify factors related to nonreturn to work. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study was performed in breast cancer survivors who had worked before their breast cancer diagnosis. We evaluated factors related to return to work (patient perspective, disease, and work), EORTC quality of life questionnaires (general: EORTC QLQ-C30; and breast cancer-specific: EORTC QLQ-BR23), the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), and the Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 11, 2020: Supportive Care in Cancer
Mats C Ranebo, Hanna C Björnsson Hallgren, Theresa Holmgren, Lars E Adolfsson
BACKGROUND: Previous randomized trials on cuff repair have included mainly degenerative tears, but studies on acute traumatic tears are lacking. We aimed to compare early surgical repair with nonoperative treatment for traumatic supraspinatus tears. METHODS: We did a 2-center randomized controlled trial of patients with small rotator cuff tears mainly involving supraspinatus, comparing surgical repair (n = 32) and physiotherapy (n = 26). The primary outcome was a group difference in the Constant-Murley score at 12-month follow-up...
January 7, 2020: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Futao Chen, Xuemeng Liu, Tiantian Qiu, Chunxue Jia, Min Liu, Qianxiu Jin, Peihong Gao, Xiaodong Li
Herein, we described 2 patients with posterior spinal artery syndrome (PSAS) caused by vertebral artery dissection. The patients complained of sudden neck pain or walking instability. Neurological examination revealed sensory loss, muscle weakness, and sensory ataxia. Angiography showed double lumen sign or intimal flap in the vertebral artery. T2-weighted imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging of MRI showed a hyperintense lesion in the dorsal side of the cervical spinal cord at different times after onset...
January 6, 2020: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Alda Marques, Cátia Pinho, Silvia De Francesco, Paula Martins, Joana Neves, Ana Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapy may play a role in the recovery of signs, symptoms and function of patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) but its effectiveness is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of respiratory physiotherapy compared with standard pharmacological care on symptoms and function in outpatients with LRTI. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatients were recruited from the casualties of a central hospital...
January 1, 2020: Respiratory Medicine
Prashant K Jamwal, Shahid Hussain, Mergen H Ghayesh
The application of robotic devices in providing physiotherapies to post-stroke patients and people suffering from incomplete spinal cord injuries is rapidly expanding. It is crucial to provide valid rehabilitation for people who are experiencing abnormality in their gait performance; therefore, design and development of newer robotic devices for the purpose of facilitating patients' recovery is being actively researched. In order to advance the traditional gait treatment among patients, exoskeletons and orthoses were introduced over the last two decades...
January 9, 2020: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Anabela G Silva, Patrícia Simões, Alexandra Queirós, Mário Rodrigues, Nelson P Rocha
The purpose of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the evidence on the accuracy (validity) and consistency (reliability) of mobile apps used to quantify physical activity. Systematic literature searches were conducted in Pubmed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Academic Search Complete and IEEE Xplore. Studies were included if they reported on the validity and/or reliability of a mobile application aiming primarily at measuring physical activity in humans with or without pathology...
January 8, 2020: Journal of Medical Systems
Seoyoung Choi, Kun Hyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff disease (RCD) consists of subacromial impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tendinopathy or tendinitis, partial or full rotator cuff tear, calcific tendinitis, and subacromial bursitis. Acupuncture has been suggested as a meaningful nonsurgical intervention for managing shoulder pain and dysfunction. However, previous reviews have not completely addressed the role of acupuncture in the management of RCDs. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing symptoms in patients with RCD...
January 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chuyao Huang, Yijun Chen, Guoming Chen, Yaying Xie, Jiahao Mo, Keyi Li, RuiLan Huang, Guanghua Pan, Yong Cai, Lei Zhou
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common disability in children featured with pathological gait and limb function limitation due to muscle weakness. Improving limb function and quality of life is currently considered to be highlighted. Physiotherapy is a chief component of rehabilitation for children with CP, correcting gait and improve walking capacity through muscle strength training. Standard rehabilitation programs for CP have not been determined. Core stability training (CST), which coordinates limb balance via trunk control, is widely used in sports competition...
January 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
Neelam Noel Andrade, Shibani Abhay Nerurkar, Paul Mathai, Neha Aggarwal
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is a debilitating disease affecting the function, esthetics and psychology of the patient. Treatment of this condition aims at establishing not only the function and esthetics but also aims to prevent reankylosis. Among the different treatment modalities, interpositional gap arthroplasty followed by aggressive jaw physiotherapy is considered most effective. This is achieved by making two horizontal osteotomy cuts at a distance of 10-15 mm in the TMJ region. The gap is then interposed with an autogenous or alloplastic graft material...
July 2019: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Fagner Luiz Pacheco Salles, Marcia Juliana d'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: Describe how psychological capital in the workplace impacts job satisfaction and quality life among Brazilian physiotherapists. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to physiotherapists of the Brazilian Physical Therapists Association working in clinical or managerial positions in the public or private sector. The response rate was 12%, with 389 participants. RESULTS: Job satisfaction was associated with self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience, showing a direct relationship between satisfaction and psychological capital in the workplace...
January 6, 2020: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Özlem Feyzioğlu, Selvi Dinçer, Arzu Akan, Zeliha Candan Algun
PURPOSE: Breast cancer surgery may be associated with pain and physical symptoms in the upper limbs. Functional impairment and pain-related avoidance of movement may further increase disability level. This study aimed to investigate the potential effects of early postoperative virtual reality (VR) therapy on pain, range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, functionality, and fear of movement. METHODS: Forty women with breast cancer who had undergone unilateral mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection and who were receiving adjuvant therapy were included in the study and randomly assigned to two groups: the Kinect-based rehabilitation group (KBRG) and the standardized physical therapy group (SPTG)...
January 6, 2020: Supportive Care in Cancer
Gerard Rubí-Sans, Lourdes Recha-Sancho, Soledad Pérez-Amodio, Miguel Ángel Mateos-Timoneda, Carlos Eduardo Semino, Elisabeth Engel
Degenerative cartilage pathologies are nowadays a major problem for the world population. Factors such as age, genetics or obesity can predispose people to suffer from articular cartilage degeneration, which involves severe pain, loss of mobility and consequently, a loss of quality of life. Current strategies in medicine are focused on the partial or total replacement of affected joints, physiotherapy and analgesics that do not address the underlying pathology. In an attempt to find an alternative therapy to restore or repair articular cartilage functions, the use of bioengineered tissues is proposed...
December 28, 2019: Biomolecules
Krzysztof Małecki, Kryspin Niedzielski, Paweł Flont, Anna Fabis-Strobin, Jarosław Fabis
We perform prospective study to evaluate the isokinetic performance of quadriceps before and 1 year after medial patella-femoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction with the adductor magnus tendon in the case of recurrent patellar dislocation. The present study is the first to describe the isokinetic function of the quadriceps of the involved and uninvolved extremity, in such a wide range. The MPFL is a crucial passive stabilizer of patella and, along with the conditions of the anatomical shape of the femoral-patellar joint and the function of quadriceps, influences the overall patellar stability...
January 6, 2020: Journal of Knee Surgery
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