Physical Activity + Public Health

Sueyla Ferreira da Silva Dos Santos, Drenya Bordin, Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior
Physical activity promotes positive effects on people's health, but most adolescents do not engage in sufficient physical activity to receive the benefits. Studies suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in increasing physical activity in adolescents. However, the literature is inconsistent on the effect size and the type of intervention. This paper presents the design of the SCHOOL IN ACTION program to increase physical activity engagement and healthy eating habits. The cluster randomized controlled trial was performed during a period of six months of intervention and 12 months of follow-up in adolescents from four Brazilian public schools...
March 2020: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Hansa Patel, Luke Sammut, Hayley Denison, Paul Teesdale-Spittle, Elaine Dennison
Introduction: Osteoporotic fractures represent a major public health burden. The risk of fragility fractures in late adulthood is strongly impacted by peak bone mass acquisition by the third decade. Weight-bearing sporting activity may be beneficial to peak bone mass accrual, but previous studies have focused on elite sporting activity and have used dual energy X-ray absorptiometry as a measure of bone density. The authors performed a narrative systematic review of individual sports (performed non-competitively or at local level) and calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (cQUS) bone measures in young people...
2020: Frontiers in Physiology
Alice J Owen, Michael J Abramson, Jill F Ikin, Tracy A McCaffrey, Sylvia Pomeroy, Brigitte M Borg, Caroline X Gao, David Brown, Danny Liew
This study examined the relationship between diet quality scores and cardiometabolic risk factors in regionally-dwelling older Australian adults with increased cardiovascular risk. This study was a cross-sectional analysis of demographic, anthropometric, and cardiometabolic risk factor data from 458 participants of the Cardiovascular Stream of the Hazelwood Health Study. Participants completed a 120 item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression adjusting for age, sex, smoking, physical activity, education, diabetes, and body mass index was used to examine the relationship between diet and cardiometabolic risk factors...
March 23, 2020: Nutrients
María Mendoza-Muñoz, José Carmelo Adsuar, Jorge Pérez-Gómez, Laura Muñoz-Bermejo, Miguel Ángel Garcia-Gordillo, Jorge Carlos-Vivas
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the greatest public health problems facing advanced societies, and Spain is one of the countries with the highest incidence. There are many studies that monitor at the national level, but given the lack of specificity, lack of updating and scarcity of epidemiological data on overweight, obesity, physical condition and well-being of children and adolescents in Extremadura, it seems necessary to create a Well-being, Obesity and Motricity Observatory in Childhood and Youth (WOMO) in Extremadura in order to follow up on the evolution of this problem and to propose strategies to combat it...
March 23, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Lorenzo Maria Donini, Aldo Rosano, Luca Di Lazzaro, Carla Lubrano, Mariagrazia Carbonelli, Alessandro Pinto, Anna Maria Giusti, Andrea Lenzi, Mario Siervo
Obesity is a rapidly growing public health problem affecting an increasing number of countries worldwide and creating substantial financial and health burdens. Obesity has a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with reference to physical and mental health status, social relationships, and economic factors. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of number of comorbidities, psychological status, and disability level with HRQoL in a sample of subjects with obesity. METHODS: A total of 273 subjects with obesity (199 women and 74 men) were recruited...
March 24, 2020: Obesity Facts
Zengchao Guo, Yun Chen, Yihan Wang, Hui Jiang, Xuemei Wang
Multi-drug resistant bacterial infection has become one of the most serious threats to global public health. The preparation and application of new antibacterial materials are of great significance for solving the infection problem of bacteria, especially multi-drug resistant bacteria. The exceptional antibacterial effects of metal nanoparticles based on their unique physical and chemical properties make such systems ideal for application as antibacterial drug carriers or self-modified therapeutic agents both in vitro and in vivo...
March 24, 2020: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
Lauren B Shomaker, Lauren D Gulley, Emma L M Clark, Allison M Hilkin, Bernadette Pivarunas, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Kristen J Nadeau, Linda A Barbour, Stephen M Scott, Jeanelle L Sheeder
Background: Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) in pregnant adolescents is a major public health concern. Excess GWG increases risk of pregnancy complications as well as postpartum and offspring obesity and cardiometabolic disease. Prevention interventions for pregnant adults that target lifestyle modification (i.e., healthy eating/physical activity) show insufficient effectiveness. Pregnant adolescents have distinct social-emotional needs, which may contribute to excess GWG. From an interpersonal theoretical framework, conflict and low social support increase negative emotions, which in turn promote excess GWG through mechanisms such as overeating and physical inactivity...
2020: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Christopher L Crowe, Sneha Kannoth, Howard Andrews, David Strogatz, Guohua Li, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Linda Hill, David W Eby, Lisa J Molnar, Thelma J Mielenz
The US older adult population is projected to considerably increase in the future, and continued driving mobility is important for health aspects in populations with fewer transportation alternatives. This study evaluated whether frailty is associated with low-mileage driving (<1865 miles per year) and driving cessation among older adults. Baseline demographics and health data were collected for 2990 older drivers via in-person assessments and questionnaires, with 2964 reporting baseline frailty data. Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to evaluate the association between baseline frailty status and low-mileage driving...
March 19, 2020: Geriatrics
M Lindström, M Rosvall
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between sexual identity and low leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The 2012 public health survey was conducted with a postal questionnaire in southern Sweden with 28,029 respondents, aged 18-80 years. Analyses were conducted with logistic regressions. RESULTS: The prevalence of low LTPA among men and women were as follows: 13.9% and 12...
March 18, 2020: Public Health
Ashleigh L Murriel, Sahra Kahin, Anu Pejavara, Terrence O'Toole
The burden of obesity and other chronic diseases negatively affects the nation's health, businesses, economy, and military readiness. The prevalence is higher in certain geographic locations. Beginning in 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity awarded funding to 11 land-grant universities through the High Obesity Program. This program implemented evidence- and practice-based strategies with a goal to increase access to nutritious foods and places to be physically active in counties in which the prevalence of obesity among adults was more than 40%...
March 19, 2020: Preventing Chronic Disease
Briony Hill, Helen Skouteris, Jacqueline A Boyle, Cate Bailey, Ruth Walker, Shakila Thangaratinam, Hildrun Sundseth, Judith Stephenson, Eric Steegers, Leanne M Redman, Cynthia Montanaro, Siew Lim, Laura Jorgensen, Brian Jack, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Heidi J Bergmeier, Jo-Anna B Baxter, Cheryce L Harrison, Helena J Teede
In this article, we describe the process of establishing agreed international pregnancy research priorities to address the global issues of unhealthy lifestyles and rising maternal obesity. We focus specifically on the prevention of maternal obesity to improve related clinical pregnancy and long-term complications. A team of multidisciplinary, international experts in preconception and pregnancy health, including consumers, were invited to form the Health in Preconception, Pregnancy and Postpartum (HiPPP) Global Alliance...
March 18, 2020: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Antonio Moreno-Llamas, Jesús García-Mayor, Ernesto De la Cruz-Sánchez
An extensive number of self-reported methods for physical activity (PA) measurement are available, including short and long recall questionnaires ranging from a few to tens of questions. Due to the fact that simple, time-saving methods could be more practical and desirable for use in a busy clinical context, as well as in public health surveys, we evaluated how a single-item question might be a useful and cost-effective method for assessing compliance with PA guidelines. Using multiple receiver operating characteristics (ROC), we assessed the classification performance of a single brief question, employing the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire as criterion instrument, in a total of 55,950 people (30,601 women and 25,349 men)...
March 18, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yu-Mi Gi, Boyoung Jung, Koh-Woon Kim, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Anemia, which is a major public health problem worldwide, represents a decline in the oxygenation function, and can therefore be related to low strength. However, hemoglobin cannot repair muscles directly, but is beneficial only in a supportive role. Previous studies on the relationship between handgrip strength and anemia have been controversial. Thus, we aimed to analyze the association between handgrip strength and anemia in Korean adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the 2013-2017 data from the 6th and 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that included 16,638 Korean adults, aged ≥19 years, who met the inclusion or exclusion criteria...
2020: PloS One
Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Cassiano Ricardo Rech, Lisandra Maria Konrad, Fabio Araujo Almeida, Fabiana A Brito, Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko, Andiara Schwingel
Background: Explored the role of public health centers in the delivery of physical activity programs to older Brazilians. Methods: Total of 114 older adults (81% women) from public health centers across the city of Florianopolis, Brazil, were randomized into three groups: behavior change group ( n = 36), traditional exercise group ( n = 52), and control group ( n = 26). The behavioral change group included 12 weekly meetings (2 h each). The traditional exercise group offered a 12-week exercise class. Individuals in the control group participated only in measurements...
2020: Frontiers in Public Health
(no author information available yet)
Background: Chronic pain is costly for patients and for the health care system. It negatively affects people's physical, emotional, social, and mental health. We conducted a health technology assessment of 10-kHz high-frequency spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in adults with chronic noncancer pain that was refractory to medical management, which included an evaluation of effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness, the budget impact of publicly funding 10-kHz high-frequency SCS, and patient preferences and values...
2020: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Cuina Zhang, Ruobing Li, Yun Xia, Yixing Yuan, Hasan Dinçer, Serhat Yüksel
The design of elements which exert pivotal effects on leisurely physical activity (LPA) in open space is an important part of urban development. However, little research has been done about the influence and discrepancies of those elements in different types of open space. To research these issues and to guide the design of urban open space, a survey from 8 open spaces (2 curtilage, 2 neighborhood squares (NS), 2 parks, and 2 campus) is conducted and a questionnaire is administered. Simultaneous analysis of several groups (SASG) of Structure equation model (SEM) is used, and the effects and discrepancies are acquired...
March 17, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Benjamin P Rigby, Caroline J Dodd-Reynolds, Emily J Oliver
Background: Outdoor walking groups are widely-used programmes aimed at improving physical activity and health outcomes. Despite being promoted as accessible and inclusive, emerging work highlights participation biases based on gender, age and socioeconomic status, for example. To explicate the impact of outdoor walking groups on physical activity inequities, we conducted a scoping review of published outdoor walking group literatures. Specifically, we critically examined: (a) equity integration strategies; (b) intervention reach; (c) effectiveness; and (d) potential social determinants of engagement relating to the World Health Organization's conceptual framework...
2020: Public Health Reviews
Charlotte Lanhers, Stéphane Poizat, Bruno Pereira, Candy Auclair, Christophe Perrier, Jeannot Schmidt, Laurent Gerbaud, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Whiplash-associated disorders have been the subject of much attention in the scientific literature and remain a major public health problem. OBJECTIVE: Measure the impact of a validated information booklet on the fear-avoidance beliefs of emergency physicians and their approach to management regarding the treatment of whiplash-associated disorders. METHODS: A prospective cluster randomized controlled study conducted with a sample of emergency medicine physicians...
2020: PloS One
Aysha Lukmanji, Jeanne V A Williams, Andrew G M Bulloch, Ashley K Dores, Scott B Patten
Environments that promote use of active transport (walking, biking, and public transport use) are known as "active living environments" (ALE). Using a Canadian national sample, our aim was to determine if ALEs were associated with mental health outcomes, including depressive symptoms, and mood and anxiety disorders. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey from 2015-2016 was used for demographic characteristics and mental health outcomes ( n ≈ 110,000). This data was linked to datasets from the Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium, reporting ALE and social and material deprivation...
March 15, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Aina M Yañez, Jordi Pericas, Lluis Ballester, Juan Carlos Fernandez-Dominguez, Pedro Tauler, Antoni Aguilo
Health-related lifestyles in young adults are a public health concern because they affect the risk for developing noncommunicable diseases. Although unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together, most studies have analyzed their effects as independent factors. This study assessed the prevalence, association, and clustering of health-related lifestyles (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and quality of diet) among university students. This cross-sectional study examined a sample of student participants from the University of the Balearic Islands (n = 444; 67...
March 9, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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