Physical Activity + Public Health

Shirley Maria Santos Mergulhão Freitas, Cláudia Fonseca de Lima, Ana Karlla Albuquerque, Ricardo Altino de Freitas Júnior, Gustavo Fonseca de Albuquerque Souza, Alex Sandro Rolland Souza
AIM: analyze the influence of deep-degree burns on the quality of life (QoL) of women at treatment in ambulatory after hospital discharge. METHOD: a cross-sectional study was conducted at a reference public hospital for burns in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, from August 2017 to May 2018. Fifty adult women over 20 years old who suffered deep burns and were in outpatient rehabilitation treatment were included. The variables studied were biological, sociodemographic and clinical...
November 15, 2019: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Paulina Bondaronek, April Slee, Fiona L Hamilton, Elizabeth Murray
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between popularity of mobile application (apps) for physical activity (PA) and their likely efficacy. The primary objective was to assess the association between app popularity (indicated by user ratings) and likely efficacy (indicated by the number of Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) present). The secondary objective was to assess the relationship between user ratings and those BCTs that have been shown to be effective in increasing PA. DESIGN: Observational study...
November 14, 2019: BMJ Open
Anna V Wilkinson, Amanda Davé, Elif Ozdemir, Limairy Rodriquez, Belinda M Reininger
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation of Make Your Move Experience (MYME) between 2015 and 2017. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Make Your Move Experience is a culturally sensitive worksite wellness program in South Texas designed to encourage sedentary workers to engage in physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 681 individuals from 19 different organizations. INTERVENTION: UTHealth School of Public Health in Brownsville staff recruited individuals within local organizations to join MYME...
November 14, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Thomas J Wilkinson, Amy L Clarke, Daniel G D Nixon, Katherine L Hull, Yan Song, James O Burton, Thomas Yates, Alice C Smith
BACKGROUND: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) report high levels of physical inactivity, a major modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Understanding the biological, psychosocial and demographic causes of physical activity behaviour is essential for the development and improvement of potential health interventions and promotional initiatives. This study investigated the prevalence of physical inactivity and determined individual correlates of this behaviour in a large sample of patients across the spectrum of kidney disease...
November 14, 2019: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Karla J Canuto, Edoardo Aromataris, Teresa Burgess, Carol Davy, Andrea McKivett, Kate Schwartzkopff, Kootsy Canuto, Catalin Tufanaru, Craig Lockwood, Alex Brown
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Non-communicable chronic disease underlies much of the life expectancy gap experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Modifying contributing risk factors; tobacco smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, physical activity, social and emotional wellbeing (SNAPS) could help close this disease gap. This scoping review identified and describes SNAPS health promotion programs implemented for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. METHODS: Databases PubMed, CINAHL, Informit (Health Collection and Indigenous Peoples Collection), Scopus, Trove, and relevant websites and clearing houses were searched for eligible studies until June 2015...
November 14, 2019: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Sneha Mehrotra, Megan Rowland, Hanyu Zhang, Beth Russell, Louis Fox, Katharina Beyer, Elke Rammant, Nicola Peat, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Cecilia Bosco
INTRODUCTION: Patients with bladder cancer (BC) have been found to have worse experiences than those with other cancers which may partly be due to impact on quality of life. Currently, little is known about the impact of physical activity (PA) on BC outcomes. This scoping review aims to identify what interventions are available, their reported efficacy and feasibility, and a description of potential underlying biological mechanisms for their effects. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Scoping Review (ScR) guidelines and the Levac methodology framework will be followed/used...
November 12, 2019: BMJ Open
Gareth Lingham, David A Mackey, Robyn Lucas, Seyhan Yazar
Myopia is an increasingly common condition that is associated with significant costs to individuals and society. Moreover, myopia is associated with increased risk of glaucoma, retinal detachment and myopic maculopathy, which in turn can lead to blindness. It is now well established that spending more time outdoors during childhood lowers the risk of developing myopia and may delay progression of myopia. There has been great interest in further exploring this relationship and exploiting it as a public health intervention aimed at preventing myopia in children...
November 13, 2019: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Emily R Shull, Marsha Dowda, Ruth P Saunders, Kerry McIver, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between sport participation, and objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior in youth during the transition from middle school to high school. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with 2-year follow-up. METHODS: Sport participation and accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed in 306 children (122 males, 184 females) when they were in 7th and 9th grades (mean age of 12...
November 1, 2019: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Ti-Ti Xu, Li-Wei Zeng, Jian-Qiong Wen, Li Wan, Xiao-Yan Ou
OBJECTIVE: We provided baseline data for oral public health through epidemiological surveys to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment proportion in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents in Jiangxi province, China. METHODS: Multi-stage random cluster sampling was used. A total of 5 387 12- to 14-year-old adolescents were examined by three professional dentists according to Angle's classification of malocclusion. The subjects were recruited from 30 secondary schools in five counties in Jiangxi Province...
October 1, 2019: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Ming-Kai Chin, Elizabeth Anderson, J Hans de Ridder, Ricardo R Uvinha, J Larry Durstine
•A brief historical summary of BRICS countries and the BRICS Council of Exercise and Sport Science (BRICSCESS) is presented.•BRICSCESS functions to facilitate the accomplishment of the various tasks such as to establish links between institutions and organizations; establish an active and sustainable future leader/volunteer program; promote collaboration in research, teaching, and mentoring between international scientists; develop, organize, and promote conferences, seminars, workshops, symposiums, round-table discussions and training courses; and publish new scientific information related to exercise, physical activity, sports science, lifestyle management, and nutrition...
November 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Yuriy Timofeyev, Natalia V Ekkert, Julia V Fedorova, Galina Skvirskaya, Sergey Bolevich, Vladimir A Reshetnikov
•Experiencing a rapid economic growth, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS nations) are now confronting a growing aging population and an increasing prevalence of noncommunicable diseases.•The health care spending share of the economy in the BRICS nations is growing and constitutes an important part of governmental efforts to address population health and health care systems.•Even with the growth in health expenditures, there remains a significant challenge in balancing the need for promoting public health, controlling noncommunicable diseases, and improving population health in these emerging economies...
November 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Fuzhong Li, Lijuan Mao, Peijie Chen
•The proportion of school-aged children and adolescents in China who engage in recommended levels of physical activity (PA), in or outside of school time, has been declining for decades.•Current PA promotion policies for Chinese schools are primarily "stand-alone" approaches and their efficacy appears limited.•Re-evaluating the problem from a comprehensive social-ecological perspective within a public health model offers greater potential for developing effective and culturally appropriate interventions to increase PA among Chinese youth...
November 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Carol Ewing Garber
•Rapid urbanization and its environmental impact have led to challenges to health and well-being of residents in BRICS nations.•Physical activity should be a priority public health target for primary and secondary prevention because of the high prevalence of chronic diseases and cardiometabolic risk factors in BRICS nations.•BRICS nations can harness scientific evidence prospectively to promote environmental and policy supports for physical activity.•Physical activity interventions engaging the members of the community and that are culturally relevant are more likely to be effective...
November 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Barbara E Ainsworth, Fuzhong Li, J Larry Durstine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Delwyn Catley, Thandi Puoane, Lungiswa Tsolekile, Ken Resnicow, Kandace Fleming, Emily A Hurley, Joshua M Smyth, Mara Z Vitolins, Estelle V Lambert, Naomi Levitt, Kathy Goggin
INTRODUCTION: Low and middle-income countries like South Africa are experiencing major increases in burden of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions. However, evidence-based interventions to address behavioural factors related to these diseases are lacking. Our study aims to adapt the CDC's National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) within the context of an under-resourced urban community in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS/ANALYSIS: The new intervention ( Lifestyle Africa ) consists of 17 weekly sessions delivered by trained community health workers (CHWs)...
November 11, 2019: BMJ Open
Zongjian Yang, Hai Phung, Ann-Maree Hughes, Sommer Sherwood, Emily Harper, Paul Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence and adverse consequences, overweight and obesity in children continues to be a major public health concern worldwide. Socioeconomic background and health-related behaviours (such as diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors) are important factors associated with weight status in children. Using a series of height and weight assessments from the Australian Capital Territory Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (ACTPANS), trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status were examined in ACT Year 6 school children between 2006 and 2018...
November 12, 2019: BMC Public Health
Laurens Holmes, Chinacherem Chinaka, Hikma Elmi, Kerti Deepika, Lavisha Pelaez, Michael Enwere, Olumuyiwa T Akinola, Kirk W Dabney
With challenges in understanding the multifactorial etiologies of disease and individual treatment effect heterogeneities over the past four decades, much has been acquired on how physical, chemical and social environments affect human health, predisposing certain subpopulations to adverse health outcomes, especially the socio-environmentally disadvantaged (SED). Current translational data on gene and adverse environment interaction have revealed how adverse gene-environment interaction, termed aberrant epigenomic modulation, translates into impaired gene expression via messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) dysregulation, reflecting abnormal protein synthesis and hence dysfunctional cellular differentiation and maturation...
October 25, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Judith G M Jelsma, Joanne Gale, Anne Loyen, Femke van Nassau, Adrian Bauman, Hidde P van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: This study explores trends in the prevalence of high sitting time and its correlates among "high sitting" and "high sitting-least active" European adults from 2002 to 2017. Both groups have merit for future public health interventions to prevent development of a range of prevalent non-communicable diseases. METHODS: Data collected in the 2002 (15 countries), 2005 (30 countries), 2013 (28 countries) and 2017 (28 countries) Eurobarometer surveys were used, including around 15,000 respondents in 2002 and >26,000 respondents in the other years...
2019: PloS One
Russell Jago, Ruth Salway, Lydia Emm-Collison, Simon J Sebire, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of body mass index (BMI) with change in children's physical activity and sedentary time between ages 6 and 11. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2132 children participated from 57 schools in Southwest England, from the B-PROACT1V study. METHODS: Mean minutes of MVPA and sedentary time per day were derived from accelerometer-based measurements at ages 6, 9 and 11. Linear multilevel models examined the association of BMI categories with MVPA and sedentary time between 6 and 11, adjusting for seasonality, wear time, gender and household education...
November 12, 2019: International Journal of Obesity
Kelly E Dunn, Frederick S Barrett, Bruna Brands, David C Marsh, George E Bigelow
BACKGROUND: Opioids have high abuse potential and pose a major public health concern. Yet, a large percentage of individuals exposed to opioids do not develop problematic use. Individual differences in opioid abuse potential are not well understood. METHODS: This within-subject (N = 16), double-blind, double-dummy, human laboratory study evaluated individual differences in response to dose (placebo, low, medium, high) following administration of heroin and hydromorphone through intravenous and subcutaneous routes, in opioid-experienced but non physically-dependent participants...
October 28, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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