Physical Activity + Public Health

Harriet Koorts, Patti-Jean Naylor, Rachel Laws, Penelope Love, Jaimie-Lee Maple, Femke van Nassau
BACKGROUND: Ineffective research-practice translation is a major challenge to population health improvement. This paper presents an international perspective on the barriers and facilitators associated with the uptake of and engagement in Dissemination and Implementation (D&I) research in the fields of physical activity and nutrition. METHODS: A mixed methods study involving participants from the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA) network...
January 16, 2020: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jin-Hong Park, Jeong-Yol Lee, Sang-Wan Shin, Hyun-Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: This review evaluated the change in treatment outcomes after conversion from conventional removable partial denture (RPD) to implant-assisted removable partial denture (IARPD). The patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), objective parameters for evaluation of functional performance, and biological and mechanical complication were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was based on the Cochrane review methodology and followed the criteria of the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA)...
January 16, 2020: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Jana A Hirsch, Yuzhe Zhao, Usama Bilal, Kathryn M Neckerman, Yvonne L Michael
Objectives. To characterize health and health-related resources in the new qualified opportunity zones (QOZs) relative to tracts not selected or not eligible for this federal investment incentive. Methods. We used tract-level data from the 498 largest cities in the contiguous United States (n = 24 409), categorized using designations from the Department of Treasury. We compiled data on population characteristics, health-related resources, and health from the American Community Survey, the National Establishment Time Series, the National Land Cover Dataset, and the US Small-Area Life Expectancy Estimates Project and the 500 Cities projects...
January 16, 2020: American Journal of Public Health
Sharleen L O'Reilly, Yvonne Leonard, Kaberi Dasgupta, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
Diabetes prevention intervention studies in women with previous gestational diabetes have increased, but no consensus exists on core outcomes to support comparisons and synthesis of findings. We aimed to systematically catalogue outcomes in diabetes after pregnancy prevention interventions with the goal of developing a core outcome set. Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Trials Register, and CINAHL were searched from inception to October 2017. Post-partum lifestyle and diabetes screening intervention studies in women with previous gestational diabetes and/or their families were eligible...
January 14, 2020: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Conor Lambert, Belinda R Beck, Steven L Watson, Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Osteoporosis presents a serious public health issue and physical activity is recognised as the most effective modifiable risk factor for the condition. The reasons behind physical activity participation, however, are complex. We therefore aimed to explore the experiences related to a bone-targeted exercise intervention, determine enjoyment and acceptability of each exercise mode, and identify barriers and facilitators to osteogenic exercise for young adult women. METHODS: The present study was conducted within the XXXXXX trial, a three-arm RCT comparing musculoskeletal outcomes from two supervised, high-intensity, exercise programs (impact and resistance training) with an unsupervised low-intensity exercise control...
January 13, 2020: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Xuecheng He, Shijie Yang, Tailin Xu, Yongchao Song, Xueji Zhang
Simple, effective, and rapid detection of chemically relevant hazards is a highly desirable research goal, which can provide early-warning information to improve the patient-care outcomes for public health. Here, we introduce a microdroplet-captured tape toward rapid SERS screening of food contaminants. The dominant sensing unit lies on functionalized microwell in conductive carbon tapes, which is simply prepared by physical punching, magnetron sputtering and electrochemical deposition of Au nanodendrites. The tape-based sensors not only possess highly branched Au nanodendrites in microwell for promoting SERS activity, but also enable anchoring the microdroplets via direct dip-pulling from pristine analytes solutions upon sticky incorporated on a glove...
January 9, 2020: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Michael D Garber, Kari E Watkins, Michael R Kramer
Increasing population levels of cycling has the potential to improve public health by increasing physical activity. As cyclists have begun using smartphone apps to record trips, researchers have begun using data generated from these apps to monitor cycling levels and evaluate cycling-related interventions. The goal of this research is to assess the extent to which app-using cyclists represent the broader cycling population to inform whether use of app-generated data in bike-infrastructure intervention research may bias effect estimates...
December 2019: Journal of Transport & Health
Z Qin, Z Wang, Q Ye, P Jia, Y Xiong, F Xu
OBJECTIVES: The interest in built environment attributes on physical activity has been rapidly increasing over recent decades. This study aimed to investigate the associations between residential density (RD) and walking time (WT), a common mode of physical activity, among urban adults in China. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Locally registered adults aged 35-74 years were randomly selected from eight urban neighbourhoods in Nanjing, China, in 2017...
January 11, 2020: Public Health
Levina Chandra Khoe, Grace Wangge, Pradana Soewondo, Dicky L Tahapary, Indah Suci Widyahening
Since 2010, Indonesian government has initiated a chronic disease management program, Prolanis (Program Pengendalian Penyakit Kronis) targeted for diabetes and hypertension. The program is continued at the commencement of universal health coverage (UHC) in 2014. "This study aimed to report the utilization and cost of the implementation of Prolanis in Indonesia from 2014 to 2016, or two years since the commencement of Indonesian universal health coverage." Secondary data analysis was performed using publicly available data and data obtained from the national health insurance agency (BPJS); while data on disease prevalence were collected from basic national health survey...
2020: PloS One
Taru Manyanga
The emergency of malnutrition and physical inactivity among children as serious public health challenges in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is concerning and requires urgent attention. The main objective of this dissertation was to examine relationships between lifestyle behaviours and weight status among schoolchildren in Mozambique and use findings to highlight important data gaps that exist in LMICs. Narrative literature searches conducted identified data gaps and research needs. A published protocol was used for this dissertation ( n = 683) to facilitate data comparability...
January 14, 2020: Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
Laura M Lessard, Katilyn Wilkins, Jessica Rose-Malm, M Chaplin Mazzocchi
Background: More than two million early care and education (ECE) providers care for young children in the USA each day. These providers tend to earn low wages and many are enrolled in public assistance programs. Nearly all ECE providers are female and they are disproportionately women of color. Despite the fact that these attributes place the ECE workforce at greater risk of chronic disease, the health status of the workforce is not established and the availability and effectiveness of interventions to improve their health status is also not known...
2020: Public Health Reviews
Nuryil Yilmaz, Sanem Nemmezi Karaca
BACKGROUND: Depression is a major public health problem in all ages. Besides other chronic physical diseases, it is one of the most common psychiatric disorders observed in the elderly. In this study, it was aimed to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and related factors and to draw attention to occult suicide probability in elderly people without significant disabling disease. METHODS: Individuals aged 65 and over, who were randomly selected from a family healthcare centre, were enrolled into the study...
January 12, 2020: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Hikaru Ihira, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shigeru Inoue, Manami Inoue, Motoki Iwasaki, Shoichiro Tsugane
Although occupational sitting time has been associated with adverse health outcomes and mortality, the association with cancer incidence remains unknown. This study investigated the association between occupational sitting time and risk of total and site-specific cancer in a Japanese population. We evaluated 33,307 participants aged 50-79 years who responded to a questionnaire in 2000-2003 in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study and were followed until 2013. Participants were grouped by sitting time at work...
January 11, 2020: Cancer Science
Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Rishi Baldeo, Hamish Fibbins, Rebecca Jarman, Oscar Lederman, Amy Perram, Josephine Poole, Elisa Rossimel, Gabriella Smith, Scott Teasdale, Tammy Wade, Andrew Watkins, Annette White, David Pearce, Jackie Curtis
ISSUE ADDRESSED: People living with mental illness die on average 15 years earlier than the general population, primarily due to preventable and premature cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle interventions can be effective in reducing cardiovascular risk, yet mental health services do not routinely provide targeted lifestyle interventions. Exposing mental health staff to lifestyle interventions prior to targeting patients may be critical to changing culture and improving patient outcomes...
January 11, 2020: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Linda Schreiner, Eva Ortner, Andrea Buettner
The significance of wood odors beyond flavoring effects for barbecues and wine aged in barrels has recently been under discussion. Wood has an immense influence on our physical and mental condition through our palate, such as positive health and mood-stimulating effects. As a result of increased public interest, the key odorants from various natural wood species were recently decoded. To gain profound insights into the contribution of single odorants to the overall scent of distinct wood types, this study compares several softwood species (Scots pine, incense cedar, European larch, Norway spruce, and white fir) by odor profile analysis...
December 24, 2019: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Shanshan Guo, Yiru Huang, Yan Zhang, He Huang, Shangyu Hong, Tiemin Liu
Background: In recent years, much evidence has emerged to indicate that exercise can benefit people when performed properly. This review summarizes the exercise interventions used in studies involving mice as they are related to special diseases or physiological status. To further understand the effects of exercise interventions in treating or preventing diseases, it is important to establish a template for exercise interventions that can be used in future exercise-related studies. Methods: PubMed was used as the data resource for articles...
January 2020: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Arun Nanditha, Hazel Thomson, Priscilla Susairaj, Weerachai Srivanichakorn, Nick Oliver, Ian F Godsland, Azeem Majeed, Ara Darzi, Krishnamoorthy Satheesh, Mary Simon, Arun Raghavan, Ramachandran Vinitha, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Kate Westgate, Soren Brage, Stephen J Sharp, Nicholas J Wareham, Desmond G Johnston, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This randomised controlled trial was performed in India and the UK in people with prediabetes to study whether mobile phone short message service (SMS) text messages can be used to motivate and educate people to follow lifestyle modifications, to prevent type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The study was performed in people with prediabetes (n = 2062; control: n = 1031; intervention: n = 1031) defined by HbA1c ≥42 and ≤47 mmol/mol (≥6.0% and ≤6...
January 9, 2020: Diabetologia
Alessandro H Nicolai Ré, Anthony D Okely, Samuel W Logan, Mellina M L M da Silva, Maria T Cattuzzo, David F Stodden
OBJECTIVES: Global health guidelines suggest that youth should accumulate at least 60min of daily, moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA). The relationship between meeting physical activity (PA) guidelines and motor competence (MC) in youth is relatively unknown. This study assessed levels of MVPA and MC among socially vulnerable youth and determined if meeting the PA guidelines was associated with MC. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A total of 1017 youths aged 3-14 years from three schools participated in the study...
December 19, 2019: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Azadeh Lak, Parichehr Rashidghalam, Phyo K Myint, Hamid R Bradaran
BACKGROUND: "Active aging" is an inclusive term and has been defined from a variety of aspects in different domains throughout the literature. The aim of this review was to identify those aspects that play significant roles in building this concept using an ecological approach. METHODS: In this study, seven online databases, including JSTOR, Pub-Med, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ProQuest, EBSCO, and Scopus, were searched from 2002 to 2018 for both qualitative and quantitative articles published in English...
January 9, 2020: BMC Public Health
Koji Tamai, Akito Yabu, Kazushi Takayama, Teruo Kita, Hideki Sakanaka, Akinobu Suzuki, Hiroaki Nakamura
As the number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has been increasing, the number of cervical spine surgeries for the patients with ESRD has also been increasing. The purpose is to identify the differences in cervical disease-specific patient-reported outcomes (PROs) between a healthy population and patients with ESRD, adjusting for subjects' age and physical activity. METHODS: The ESRD group included patients with ESRD who were treated with hemodialysis in our outpatient clinic and healthy volunteers were individuals who attended public health lectures...
January 6, 2020: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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