Kelly Cheever, Jeffery King, Keisuke Kawata
BACKGROUND: While morphological changes to the cervical spine have been observed for over 40 years in response to contact sport participation, little is known about the secondary effects of the cervical impairment on future musculoskeletal injury and disability. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to discuss the relationship between contact sport participation and morphological changes to the cervical spine. Moreover, the correlation between morphological changes in the musculoskeletal structures of the cervical spine and resultant deficits in cervical sensorimotor and neuromotor function are discussed...
November 24, 2022: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Shannon Schueren, Hugh Hunger, Huong Pham, Dean L Smith, Charles Layne, Christopher A Malaya
Objective: This study explored the influence of lower extremity manipulation on the postural after-effects of standing on an inclined surface. Methods: Eight healthy individuals (28.0 ± 4.1 years) were recruited for this open-label, crossover study. Participants stood on an incline board for 3 min to develop a known form of somatosensory illusion. After randomization to either a lower-extremity joint manipulation or no intervention, participants immediately stood on a force plate for 3 min with eyes closed...
2022: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Mark W Morningstar, Megan N Strauchman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case study is to describe the history, presentation, treatment, and outcome of a patient receiving manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) followed by prolotherapy for adhesive capsulitis and rotator cuff tear. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 50-year-old male patient had a 6-month history of chronic shoulder pain. His range of motion was markedly reduced in all planes. His intractable shoulder pain and dysfunction were refractory to chiropractic manipulation, physical therapy, and steroid injections...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Jozélio de Carvalho, Aaron Lerner, Daniel Feingold
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the management of 2 long-term users of cannabis with nutrition and psychotherapy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 28-year-old man presented with a medical history of asthma, depression, anxiety, and smoking, and was a long-term user of cannabis for 9 years (usually 3 times a week). A 39-year-old man presented with a medical history of anxiety and fatigue, and was a long-term user of cannabis for 14 years (usually twice a week)...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Mohammadreza Ansari, Sadegh Baradaran Mahdavi, Babak Vahdatpour, Atieh Lahijanian, Saeid Khosrawi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of low-power laser therapy, dry needling, and exercise therapy on treating patients with neck and back pain and a diagnosis of the myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in Isfahan, Iran, in 2019. The study sample (78 participants) was randomly allocated to 3 groups of 26, including stretching exercises (3 times a day for 2 weeks, control group), low-power laser (3 sessions for 2 weeks, 6 J/cm2 , mean power of 100 MW in each point), and dry needling (4 sessions, with 25 × 0...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Décio G Oliveira, Gabriel M Oliveira, Renata N Kirkwood
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the intra- and interexaminer reliability, concurrent validity, and responsiveness of the applied kinesiology manual muscle test (AK-MMT) to discriminate gluteus medius muscle strength and latency. METHODS: A cross-sectional and methodological study was conducted in 38 participants using electromyography, electrogoniometry, and hand-held dynamometry to measure latency, angular displacement, and muscle force during the assessment of the gluteus medius by AK-MMT...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Sasha Lee King, Aadil Docrat, Ashura Abdul-Rasheed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of cervical spine manipulation (SM) compared with muscle energy technique (MET) on neck muscle activity and range of motion in asymptomatic people. METHODS: A randomized parallel-group study was conducted at a chiropractic teaching clinic in Durban, South Africa. Fifty asymptomatic participants between 18 and 35 years of age were randomly assigned into group 1 or group 2. Group 1 received cervical SM, and group 2 received MET...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Morris Kahere, Grant Matkovich, Charmaine Korporaal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare Functional and Kinetic Treatment with Rehabilitation (FAKTR) combined with cryotherapy to cryotherapy alone in the treatment of acute grade I or II inversion ankle sprains. METHODS: This prospective, randomized clinical trial of adult (18-40 years of age) participants (n = 40) with acute grade I or II inversion ankle sprain of less than 3 weeks, who were randomly allocated into a FAKTR and cryotherapy group (n = 20) or a cryotherapy only group (n = 20)...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Yan-Wen Liu, Yu-Li Su, Chia-Lo Chang, Ming-Yen Tsai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of moving cupping therapy in people with colorectal cancer (CRC) experiencing chemotherapy-related side effects. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in people diagnosed with CRC who were treated for the side effects of their chemotherapy. Participants received cupping therapy 3 times a week for 10 consecutive weeks at our traditional Chinese medicine ward. Their quality of life and meridian energies were evaluated both at baseline and at 3 months after the treatment course...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Jonathan B Slater, Matthew R Skalski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the presentation of a patient with a previously undiagnosed Lisfranc injury to a chiropractic practice. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 56-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic clinic with traumatic right midfoot pain 6 months after her injury. She previously jumped out of bed, landing with her ankle inverted and causing severe pain. Before visiting the chiropractor, she saw 2 orthopedists shortly after onset and was told the imaging was normal; medicine and exercises were prescribed...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Jeslin T Achens, Vijay S Raj Victor, Jakson K Joseph
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the possible role of pressure biofeedback in the early activation of quadriceps following lower limb orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: This was a proof of concept clinical trial. A single-blinded randomized controlled study was conducted on 24 patients who underwent lower limb surgeries. The experimental group received standardized physiotherapy treatment in addition to pressure biofeedback for quadriceps retraining...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
José Diego Sales Do Nascimento, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Liziane Mafra Vale de Souza, Catarina de Oliveira Sousa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between the presence and number of active myofascial trigger points (MTPs) in shoulder muscles and physical and demographic characteristics, depressive symptoms, pain and function, range of motion (ROM), and strength in individuals with shoulder pain. METHODS: Fifty-eight individuals were assessed for physical and demographic characteristics, depressive symptoms, shoulder pain and function, MTPs (upper and lower trapezius, infraspinatus, and supraspinatus), shoulder ROM and strength test, and pain during ROM and strength test...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Marcelo B Botelho, Marcio A Barbosa, Celso S Junior, Jerusa P R Lara, Alexandre Moreira, Abrahão F Baptista
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the procedures' routine, the recruiting rate, the presence of any significant detrimental impact on the players' training routine, and the sham efficacy in achieving blinding. METHODS: A parallel randomized controlled clinical trial was performed with 20 elite soccer players who were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and sham SMT. All players were from the same team, were injury free, and were naive to SMT...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Rick Chiang
The purpose of this case report was to benefit the clinical recognition and conservative management of giant cell arteritis (GCA) in temporal arteries associated with jaw claudication. Giant cell arteritis is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis that affects medium-to-large-sized arteries. Primarily affecting arteries in heads, especially in temples, chronic GCA can result in secondary headaches and even polymyalgia rheumatica. This is a case report of a 68-year-old female with a 10-year history of GCA. The patient presented jaw claudication, headache, and joint stiffness over 6 months...
October 2022: Journal of Medicine and Life
Pietro Bini, David Hohenschurz-Schmidt, Vincenzo Masullo, Diana Pitt, Jerry Draper-Rodi
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache, and manual therapy is one of the most common treatment choices for this and other types of headache. Nonetheless, recent guidelines on the management of cervicogenic headache underlined the lack of trials comparing manual and exercise therapy to sham or no-treatment controls. The main objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of different forms of manual and exercise therapy in people living with cervicogenic headache, when compared to other treatments, sham, or no treatment controls...
November 23, 2022: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Eric C Chu, Robert J Trager, Colin R Lai, Benson K Leung
Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer in men and may metastasize to the spine and pelvis, causing back and/or radicular pain that appears to be musculoskeletal. This presents a diagnostic challenge and can be complicated by a lack of routine screening for prostate cancer. In two similar cases, elderly males (ages 78 and 82) with no known history of cancer and no previous prostate-specific antigen screening presented to a chiropractor with chronic, worsening radiating low back pain. In each case, a previous provider obtained radiographs and ascribed symptoms to a non-cancerous etiology (i...
October 2022: Curēus
Robert J Trager, Gabriel A Smith, Collin M Labak, Patrick J Battaglia, Jeffery A Dusek
Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction, yet it may be challenging to identify as it presents with variable symptoms. A 62-year-old woman presented to a chiropractor with a three-month exacerbation of neck pain, hand/finger numbness, and torso dysesthesia. She had previously seen primary care, physical therapy, rheumatology, and pain management. Previous cervical magnetic resonance imaging showed moderate cervical canal stenosis; however, previous providers had diagnosed her with radiculopathy and possible carpal tunnel syndrome yet had not requested neurosurgical consultation...
October 2022: Curēus
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December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Claire D Johnson, Bart N Green, Richard A Brown, Ana Facchinato, Stephen A Foster, Martha A Kaeser, Randy L Swenson, Michael J Tunning
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the growth of chiropractic education globally and a chronological list of current training programs. Another purpose is to provide exemplars of enduring programs and offer suggestions for how chiropractic practitioners may celebrate education on Chiropractic Day, which is September 18. DISCUSSION: Chiropractic education has transformed considerably over the past 125 years, and there are now 52 programs globally...
December 2022: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Robert J Trager
BACKGROUND Pineal gland tumors are rare central nervous system tumors, and while neck pain and headaches may be common among those who have had these tumors removed, there is little research regarding management of these symptoms. CASE REPORT A 45-year-old man with a history of pineal germinoma treated with pinealectomy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement at age 21 presented with chronic neck pain and headaches, which initially improved following his surgery and concurrent therapies, yet progressively worsened over the following years...
November 19, 2022: American Journal of Case Reports
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