Stanley I Innes, Amanda Kimpton
BACKGROUND: The Council on Chiropractic Education Australasia (CCE-A) is tasked with assessment and accreditation of chiropractic programs (CPs) in the Australasian community. To achieve this process the CCE-A has developed educational standards and graduate competencies which include minimum expectations of graduates prior to entry into the workforce. We sought to explore if these are changing overtime, and if so are these changes for the better. METHOD: The CCE-A 2009 and 2017 Competency Standards were located and downloaded...
May 24, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Marine Demortier, Guillaume Goncalves, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Christine Le Scanff, Niels Wedderkopp
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic technique systems ('prescriptive' techniques) might be interpreted as helpful guidelines. However, 'prescriptive' techniques, such as Functional Neurology (FN), Sacro-Occipital Technique, and Applied Kinesiology are more concerned with the 'technical' diagnosis than the condition and its symptoms and, thus, seem to provide easy solutions. DESIGN AND OBJECTIVES: In a voluntary anonymous questionnaire survey carried out late 2017, we explored interest in 'prescriptive' techniques, particularly FN, among French chiropractic students in grades 3-6, and the possible link with chiropractic conservatism...
May 19, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
Since the 1980s, increased utilization of medical radiology, primarily computed tomography, has doubled medically sourced radiation exposures. Ensuing fear-mongering media headlines of iatrogenic cancers from these essential medical diagnostic tools has led the public and medical professionals alike to display escalating radiophobia. Problematically, several campaigns including Image Gently, Image Wisely, and facets of Choosing Wisely propagate fears of all medical radiation, which is necessary for the delivery of effective and efficient health care...
April 2020: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Fa-Sain Lo, Amiya Bhaumik
Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions resulting in twisting, repetitive movements or painful postures. Cervical dystonia (CD), an isolated dystonia of the cervical musculature, can predispose the atlantoaxial joint to unstable changes. Symptomatic treatment of dystonia through local injections of botulinum toxin clearly reduces pain in most clinical settings. However, repeated chemodenervation of the involved muscles with neurotoxin is expensive and not available to the complicated cases of CD...
2020: AME Case Reports
Patricia M Herman, Sarah E Edgington, Eric L Hurwitz, Ian D Coulter
BACKGROUND: Chronic spinal pain is prevalent, expensive and long-lasting. Several provider-based nonpharmacologic therapies have now been recommended for chronic low-back pain (CLBP) and chronic neck pain (CNP). However, healthcare and coverage policies provide little guidance or evidence regarding the long-term use of this care. To provide one glimpse into the long-term use of nonpharmacologic provider-based care, this study examines the predictors of visit frequency in a large sample of patients with CLBP and CNP using ongoing chiropractic care...
May 13, 2020: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Claire D Johnson, Craig S Little, Tamara A Sterling, Scott Gojkovich, Karlos Boghosian, Michael A Ciolfi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe actions by chiropractic entities during the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: Large entities that support chiropractic education or practice were invited to participate in this report. Leaders of various entities were emailed an invitation. A designee who was assigned by the leader provided a brief synopsis of actions the entity had taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic...
April 20, 2020: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Joel Alcantara, Andrew Whetten, Jeanne Ohm, Junjoe Alcantara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2020: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Tanja T Glucina, Christian U Krägeloh, Panteá Farvid, Kelly Holt
Since the inception of the chiropractic profession, debate has continued on differing practice objectives and philosophical approaches to patient care. While the political and academic leaders of the profession continue to dominate the discourse, little is known on the perspectives of the everyday practising chiropractor on their professional identity. In this paper, professional identity within the profession of chiropractic was evaluated using a systematised search strategy of the literature from the year 2000 through to May 2019...
May 2020: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Yechan Kim, Adeel M Akhtar, Shane Natalwalla, Anna Goshua, Kumanan Wilson, Jason W Busse
BACKGROUND: Historically, some chiropractors have been critical of vaccination, and this has been the subject of recent media attention in Canada. We explored the association between media attention and public dissemination of vaccination information on Canadian chiropractors' websites. METHODS: In 2016, we identified all Canadian chiropractors' websites that provided information on vaccination by extracting details from the regulatory college website for each province using the search engine on their "find a chiropractor" page...
April 2020: CMAJ Open
Christine Meckamalil, Lydia Brodie, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Linda J Carroll, Craig Jacobs, Pierre Côté
Objectives: (1) Determine the one-week prevalence of moderate to extreme symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression in chiropractic undergraduate students. (2) Determine whether the prevalence varies across gender and year of study. Participants: Undergraduate students at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in fall 2017 to measure self-reported symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression using the DASS-21. Results: The participation rate was 67.0% (510/766)...
May 5, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Olivia J Green, Joseph P Green, Patrick J Carroll
The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) appears to be increasing, especially among college students. We surveyed 146 undergraduate and graduate students with the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire and obtained credibility and frequency ratings for a select group of CAM therapies: yoga, meditation, massage, chiropractic medicine, biofeedback, hypnosis, acupuncture, spirituality/religion, therapeutic touch, the use of herbs/vitamins, and aromatherapy/essential oils. Graduate students held more favorable views about integrating CAM into conventional medical practice...
May 4, 2020: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Caroline C Rodgers
The hypothesis presented here explores the possibility that X-ray imaging commonly used in dental practices may be a shared risk factor for sporadic dementias and motor-neuron diseases. As the evidence will suggest, the brain is ill-equipped to manage the intrusion of low-dose ionizing radiation (IR) beyond that which is naturally occurring. When the brain's antioxidant defenses are overwhelmed by IR, it produces an abundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can lead to oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, loss of synaptic plasticity, altered neuronal structure and microvascular impairment that have been identified as early signs of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, vascular dementia and other diseases that progressively damage the brain and central nervous system...
April 13, 2020: Medical Hypotheses
Charlene Hl Wong, Tobias Sundberg, Vincent Ch Chung, Petra Voiss, Holger Cramer
BACKGROUND: In the USA, colorectal cancer is among the top diagnosed cancers. The current study specifically targets the US adult population that have a history of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We used the 2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to investigate the prevalence and predictors of colorectal cancer survivors using complementary medicine in the past 12 months in a representative sample of the US population (N = 26,742). We descriptively analyzed the 12-month prevalence of any complementary medicine use separately for individuals with a prior diagnosis of colorectal cancer and those without...
May 1, 2020: Supportive Care in Cancer
Muhammad Samran Navid, Imran Khan Niazi, Dina Lelic, Rasmus Bach Nedergaard, Kelly Holt, Imran Amjad, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Heidi Haavik
: Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of chiropractic spinal manipulation on the early somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) recorded from chronic stroke patients. Methods: Seventeen male patients (53 ± 12 years old) participated in this randomized cross-over study. The patients received chiropractic spinal manipulation and control intervention, in random order, separated by at least 24 hours. EEG was recorded before and after each intervention during rest and stimulation of the non-paretic median nerve...
April 27, 2020: Brain Sciences
Robert D Vining, Timothy Millard
OBJECTIVE: To report the development and initial testing of a questionnaire designed to assess the concept of learning alignment within chiropractic college courses. METHODS: A 36-item questionnaire, Educator's Learning Alignment Instrument (ELAI), was created to evaluate how learning goals, course activities, and assessments align within a college course. Questionnaire development was informed by learning theories and tested using a 2-phased electronic survey mechanism among a chiropractic college faculty...
April 29, 2020: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Jacqueline Rix
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of active learning strategies using analogical models versus didactic lectures on student learning of spinal anatomy and biomechanics. METHODS: Students enrolled into year 1 of a chiropractic program in 2014 and 2015 were eligible to participate. The 2014 cohort received didactic lectures. Active learning approaches using analogical models were incorporated into the 2015 cohort. Both groups received an identical written assessment at the end of the 3rd lecture...
April 27, 2020: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Katrine K Colton, Lia M Nightingale
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify chiropractic students' cooking skills, perceptions of healthy eating, and influence of prior nutrition training on dietary intake. METHODS: Two cohorts of incoming graduate students were surveyed to assess nutritional training prior to matriculation, perceptions of healthy eating behaviors, cooking skills, current dietary intake, and barriers to healthy eating. Using independent t tests, correlations, and descriptive statistics, data from the cohorts were assessed...
April 27, 2020: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Andreas Eklund, Jan Hagberg, Irene Jensen, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Alice Kongsted, Peter Lövgren, Mattias Jonsson, Jakob Petersen-Klingberg, Christian Calvert, Iben Axén
BACKGROUND: A recent study showed that chiropractic patients had fewer days with bothersome (activity-limiting) low back pain (LBP) when receiving care at regular pre-planned intervals regardless of symptoms ('maintenance care', MC) compared to receiving treatment only with a new episode of LBP. Benefit varied across psychological subgroups. The aims of this study were to investigate 1) pain trajectories around treatments, 2) recurrence of new episodes of LBP, and 3) length of consecutive pain-free periods and total number of pain-free weeks, for all study participants as well as for each psychological subgroup...
April 21, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Ronald Koh, Christina Montalbano, Lauri Jo Gamble, Katherine Walden, Jennifer Rouse, Chin-Chi Liu, Lauren G Wakshlag, Joseph J Wakshlag
A survey was designed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of feeding, dietary supplement use, and rehabilitative management use in flyball dogs. The survey was completed by 394 respondents. There were 12.5% ( n = 49/392) and 33.4% ( n = 131/392) of owners who fed home-cooked and raw diets, respectively, to their dogs. About 77.7% ( n = 306/394) and 56.6% ( n = 223/394) of owners used dietary supplement and rehabilitative management, respectively, primarily joint supplements (89.8%, n = 275/306) and chiropractic (73...
April 2020: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors use words and phrases in unique ways to express traditional, chiropractic-specific theories. This lexicon represents concepts that reinforce the separation of chiropractic from other health care professions. It may impact referrals both to and from chiropractors, lead to public confusion about health care issues, and reduce cross-disciplinary research. Therefore, it is important to understand how prevalent chiropractic-specific terms are in publicly available media...
April 7, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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