Curtis Fedorchuk, Douglas Frank Lightstone, Robert DeVon Comer, Evan Katz, Justin Wilcox
Cervical spondylolisthesis indicates instability of the spine and can lead to pain, radiculopathy, myelopathy and vertebral artery stenosis. Currently degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis is a wait-and-watch condition with no treatment guidelines. A literature review and discussion will be provided. 8 females presented with neck pain, disability, and history of motor vehicle collision. Radiographs revealed abnormal cervical alignment, spinal canal narrowing, and spondylolistheses. After 30 sessions of Chiropractic BioPhysics® care over 12 weeks, patients reported improved symptoms and disabilities...
April 2020: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Luke McCarney, Alexander Andrews, Phoebe Henry, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Isaac Selva Raj, Noel Lythgo, Julie C Kendall
BACKGROUND: The hip abductor muscle group stabilises the pelvis during gait to prevent excessive pelvic drop. Hip abductor weakness has been linked to musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low-back pain. As such, it is important that practitioners can correctly diagnose hip abductor weakness in a clinical setting. Although the Trendelenburg test is commonly used by practitioners, the validity of this test to assess hip abductor weakness in the absence of musculoskeletal injury remains questionable...
October 19, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Peter C Emary, Mark Oremus, Taco A W Houweling, Martin Wangler, Noori Akhtar-Danesh
BACKGROUND: Swiss chiropractors have been licensed since 1995 to prescribe from a limited formulary of medications for treating musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. In January 2018, this formulary was expanded to include additional muscle relaxant, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory medications. Internationally, controversy remains over whether or not medication prescribing should be pursued within the chiropractic profession. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess Swiss chiropractors' attitudes, beliefs, and practices regarding their existing medication prescription privileges...
October 20, 2020: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Frédéric Zuhorn, Wolf-Rüdiger Schäbitz, Christian Oelschläger, Randolf Klingebiel, Andreas Rogalewski
BACKGROUND: Cervical artery dissection is an important cause of stroke in the young. The etiology is still discussed controversial. The most obvious reason for a dissection of extracranial arteries is due to a trauma, eg. after car accidents or other high speed traumas such as high-velocity road traffic accidents. Besides these clear cases, chiropractic neck maneuvers represent potential reasons for vessel injuries. CASE PRESENTATION: We here report a rare case of secondary cervical artery dissection after so-called cupping therapy and a preventive treatment with a direct oral anticoagulant...
November 2020: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Alice Kongsted, Orla Lund Nielsen, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Jan Hartvigsen, Klaus Doktor, Peter Kent, Tue Secher Jensen
Background: Back pain is among the most frequent reasons for care seeking globally. Observational clinical cohorts are useful for understanding why people seek care, the content of that care, and factors related to prognosis. This paper describes the Danish Chiropractic low back pain Cohort (ChiCo) and summarizes the primary characteristics of the population to inform the scientific community of the availability of these data as a resource for collaborative research projects. Methods: Adults seeking chiropractic care for a new episode of non-specific back pain were enrolled at the initial visit and followed up after 2, 13, and 52 weeks, with a subpopulation having weekly follow-ups for 1 year...
2020: Clinical Epidemiology
Carol Cancelliere, Jessica J Wong, Hainan Yu, Silvano Mior, Ginny Brunton, Heather M Shearer, David Rudoler, Lise Hestbæk, Efrosini Papaconstantinou, Christine Cedraschi, Michael Swain, Gaelan Connell, Leslie Verville, Anne Taylor-Vaisey, Pierre Côté
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about effective, efficient and acceptable management of back pain in children. A comprehensive and updated evidence synthesis can help to inform clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To inform clinical practice, we aim to conduct a systematic review of the literature and synthesise the evidence regarding effective, cost-effective and safe rehabilitation interventions for children with back pain to improve their functioning and other health outcomes...
October 14, 2020: BMJ Open
P Irgens, A Kongsted, B L Myhrvold, K Waagan, K B Engebretsen, B Natvig, N K Vøllestad, H S Robinson
BACKGROUND: Neck and low back pain represent dynamic conditions that change over time, often with an initial improvement after the onset of a new episode, followed by flare-ups or variations in intensity. Pain trajectories were previously defined based on longitudinal studies of temporal patterns and pain intensity of individuals with low back pain. In this study, we aimed to 1) investigate if the defined patterns and subgroups for low back pain were applicable to neck pain patients in chiropractic practice, 2) explore the robustness of the defined patterns, and 3) investigate if patients within the various patterns differ concerning characteristics and clinical findings...
October 14, 2020: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Pamela M Rist, Carolyn Bernstein, Matthew Kowalski, Kamila Osypiuk, Julie P Connor, Robert Vining, Cynthia R Long, Eric A Macklin, Peter M Wayne
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation may reduce migraine frequency, but effects of multimodal chiropractic care on migraine frequency have not been evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing multimodal chiropractic care + enhanced usual care (MCC+) versus enhanced usual care alone (EUC) among adult women with episodic migraine. EUC was comprised of usual medical care and migraine education literature. MCC+ participants received 10 sessions of chiropractic care over 14 weeks...
October 13, 2020: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Kelly A Kimball, Christopher B Roecker, Katie Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: Impostor phenomenon is expressed by feelings of self-doubt and the belief that one is unintelligent. The purpose of this research was to describe the prevalence of impostor phenomenon among students enrolled in a doctor of chiropractic program and to evaluate for any differences in the rates of impostor phenomenon between males and females. METHODS: We performed an anonymous cross-sectional, online survey of all students enrolled in the doctor of chiropractic program at 2 campuses of 1 chiropractic college...
October 9, 2020: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Leonard J Faye, Brian S Budgell
Objective: To describe a case of a patient with chronic pruritus of the upper back and arms who underwent complete resolution of his complaint following a short course of chiropractic care. Case Presentation: A 36-year-old male suffering with chronic, severe pruritus affecting the upper back and both arms, presented for chiropractic treatment after pharmacological treatment and dietary restrictions failed to resolve his complaint. Physical examination revealed restrictions of thoracic and cervical intervertebral motion...
August 2020: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Peter C Emary, Mark Oremus, Taco A W Houweling, Martin Wangler, Noori Akhtar-Danesh
Background: Since 1995, chiropractors in Switzerland have been licensed to prescribe medications for treating musculoskeletal conditions. However, controversy remains over whether or not medication prescribing should be pursued within the chiropractic profession internationally. Objective: To assess Swiss chiropractors' attitudes, beliefs, and practices regarding their existing medication prescription privileges. Methods: A Q-methodology approach will be used to collect data for the assessment...
August 2020: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Gaelan Connell, Lesley Bainbridge
Introduction: Trust is a key component of any therapeutic relationship and correlates with treatment satisfaction. Patients with high levels of trust in their healthcare providers report more beneficial heath behaviours, fewer symptoms, and a higher quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore how chiropractors in British Columbia (BC) understand the process of building trust with patients. Design: This was a sequential exploratory mixed-methods design...
August 2020: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Yan Zhu, Ying Xiong, Yun Gu, Qain Li, Yu Liu
BACKGROUND As a type of traditional Chinese massage, chiropractic therapy is applied to prevent and treat children with asthma in China. However, its mechanism of action is unclear. Allergic airway inflammation plays a key role in the occurrence and development of asthma, in which changes in gut microbiota are involved. The present study investigated the influence of chiropractic therapy on allergic airway inflammation (AAI) and gut microbiota in an immature rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into control (CN), AAI, and chiropractic (CP) groups...
September 29, 2020: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Paul A Oakley, Niousha Navid Ehsani, Ibrahim M Moustafa, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To systematically review controlled trial evidence for the use of lumbar extension traction by Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods for the purpose of increasing lumbar lordosis in those with hypolordosis and low back disorders. [Methods] Literature searches were performed in Pubmed, PEDro, CINAHL, Cochrane, and ICL databases. Search terms included iterations related to the lumbar spine, low back pain and extension traction rehabilitation. [Results] Four articles detailing 2 randomized and 1 non-randomized trial were located...
September 2020: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Toby Steven Waterstone, Imran Khan Niazi, Muhammad Samran Navid, Imran Amjad, Muhammad Shafique, Kelly Holt, Heidi Haavik, Afshin Samani
Stroke impairments often present as cognitive and motor deficits, leading to a decline in quality of life. Recovery strategy and mechanisms, such as neuroplasticity, are important factors, as these can help improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation. The present study investigated chiropractic spinal manipulation (SM) and its effects on resting-state functional connectivity in 24 subacute to chronic stroke patients monitored by electroencephalography (EEG). Functional connectivity of both linear and non-linear coupling was estimated by coherence and phase lag index (PLI), respectively...
September 17, 2020: Brain Sciences
Eric Chun Pu Chu, Diya Midhun Chakkaravarthy, Kevin Hsu Kai Huang, Vicky Wei Kye Ho, Fa-Sain Lo, Amiya Bhaumik
This retrospective chart review was undertaken to investigate the role of chiropractic intervention for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Ten cases of patients with AIS, mean age 13.3 years, undergoing chiropractic adjustment were retrospectively evaluated. Chart review was performed to extract age, medical history and treatment intervention. The magnitude of scoliosis was quantified using the Cobb method on standing radiographs. A comparison of the measurements from pre- and post-treatment radiographs revealed that Cobb angle reduced from average 29...
September 4, 2020: Clinics and Practice
Justin Jefferson-Falardeau, Sébastien Houle
Objective: This report describes the case of a patient with chronic radial nerve entrapment symptoms managed with chiropractic care. We propose a complementary functional neurologic assessment of muscle function in different positions that could reveal muscle dysfunctions absent with standard test position. Clinical Features: A 45-year-old man presented to a private chiropractic clinic with a throbbing pain 5 cm above the right lateral elbow epicondyle radiating onto the back of the lower arm and increasing after using a mouse when working on a computer...
December 2019: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Peter C Emary, Hannah Lamont, John A Taylor
Objective: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the general attitudes of students and faculty in the chiropractic department of D'Youville College, Buffalo, New York, toward the inclusion of medication prescription rights in the chiropractic scope of practice. Methods: A 15-item questionnaire was adapted from a previous instrument used in assessing chiropractors' opinions toward medication prescription rights. Invitations were sent by e-mail to all 123 chiropractic students and faculty at D'Youville College in September 2018...
December 2019: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Mégane Pasquier, Charlène Chéron, Gaëtan Barbier, Claude Dugas, Arnaud Lardon, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between objective spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) biomechanical parameters and subjective assessments provided by patients, clinicians, and expert assessors. METHODS: Chiropractic students (N = 137) and expert instructors (N = 14) were recruited. Students were asked to perform a thoracic SMT alternately on each other on a force-sensing table while being observed by an expert instructor...
March 2020: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Joel Alcantara, Andrew Whetten, Junjoe Alcantara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2020: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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