Fabio Zaina, Pierre Côté, Carolina Cancelliere, Francesca Di Felice, Sabrina Donzelli, Alexandra Rauch, Leslie Verville, Stefano Negrini, Margareta Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To Identify evidence-based rehabilitation interventions for persons with non-specific low back pain (LBP) with and without radiculopathy and to develop recommendations from high-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to inform the World Health Organization's (WHO) Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation (PIR). DATA SOURCE: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), NIHR-HTA (Health Technology Assessment) Database, PEDro, the Trip Database, the Index to Chiropractic Literature and the grey literature...
March 22, 2023: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
N C Pocovi, P Kent, C-W C Lin, S D French, T F de Campos, T da Silva, M J Hancock
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of low back pain (LBP) is common. If clinicians could identify an individual's risk of recurrence, this would enhance clinical decision-making and tailored patient care. OBJECTIVE/DESIGN: To develop and validate a simple tool to predict the probability of a recurrence of LBP by 3- or 12-months following recovery. METHODS: Data utilised for the prediction model development came from a prospective inception cohort study of participants (n = 250) recently recovered from LBP, who had sought care from chiropractic or physiotherapy services...
March 11, 2023: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Wai Ting Lee, Cherie Chau, Emmanuel Wong, Hay Yeung Cheng
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are common and affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and surrounding musculoskeletal tissues. Although traditional rehabilitative treatments such as physiotherapy, occlusal splints, orthodontics, and electrotherapy effectively manage TMDs, chiropractic therapy is emerging as a promising non-invasive treatment option. We report a 39-year-old female patient with TMD who underwent chiropractic therapy, including spinal adjustments, soft tissue therapy, and exercise rehabilitation...
March 2023: Curēus
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Kevin Hsu Kai Huang, Gordon Cheung, Gabriel Ng, Andy Lin
Glucosamine chondroitin is a popular dietary supplement used for joint health and osteoarthritis pain and is one of the dietary supplements commonly recommended by chiropractors. Herein, we present the case of a 36-year-old woman who developed a skin rash with delayed onset after taking glucosamine and chondroitin pills for lumbar degenerative joint disease. Within 3 hours of taking the supplement, she developed an itchy rash on her torso and legs. Over the next few hours, the rash spread over her entire body, and facial swelling developed...
March 2023: Curēus
Carlos Gevers-Montoro, Bernard X W Liew, Zoha Deldar, Francisco Miguel Conesa-Buendia, Arantxa Ortega-De Mues, Deborah Falla, Ali Khatibi
Psychological stress, social isolation, physical inactivity, and reduced access to care during lockdowns throughout a pandemic negatively impact pain and function. In the context of the first COVID-19 lockdown in Spain, we aimed to investigate how different biopsychosocial factors influence chiropractic patients' pain-related outcomes and vice-versa. A total of 648 chiropractic patients completed online questionnaires including variables from the following categories: demographics, pain outcomes, pain beliefs, impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, stress/anxiety and self-efficacy...
March 16, 2023: Scientific Reports
Malcolm M Kates, Beena M Shah, Cole Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2023: Ophthalmology Retina
Ana P O C Miranda, Patrícia J Penha, Luciana G Pereira, Wallace C Pessoa, Sílvia M A João
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI) on the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis of adolescents and to assess the reliability and agreement of the flexicurve method for these measurements. METHODS: The study included 217 adolescents of both sexes, aged between 11 and 15 years, who were students from municipal schools in the city of São José dos Campos in São Paulo. The measurement of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis angles was performed using the flexicurve method...
September 2022: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Brent S Russell, Mackenzie Keller, Shari E Wynd, Ronald S Hosek, Edward F Owens, Kathryn T Hoiriis
OBJECTIVES: The primary purposes of this study were to measure axial rotation during supine cervical spinal manipulative therapy (cSMT) and to record recipients' and doctors' perceptions of rotational magnitudes. METHODS: Experienced doctors of chiropractic (DCs) provided supine cSMT and acted as recipients of cSMT. Participants who received SMT wore inertial measurement units attached to the forehead and sternum for motion capture. Afterward, recipients and DCs completed questionnaires asking about their perceptions of motion...
September 2022: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Hay Yeung Cheng, Kevin Huang, Kristy Yao, Jason Zhao
Scoliosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can cause significant pain and disability. RA has been extensively studied in relation to the cervical spine, yet the pathology of the thoracic and lumbar spine in RA patients has been largely overlooked. A 66-year-old woman, with longstanding RA and severe scoliosis, presented to the chiropractic clinic with a five-month history of exacerbated low back pain radiating to the right lower limb. The patient was treated with a combination of full-spine mechanical spinal distraction, spinal manipulative therapy, mechanical distraction of the cervical spine, and soft tissue treatment (scraping therapy)...
March 2023: Curēus
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Robert J Trager, Wai Ting Lee, Benjamin Kah Chun Cheong, Steve Yun Ming Hei
Lung cancer commonly metastasizes to the skeletal system, and when affecting the spine, it may initially be mistaken for a typical musculoskeletal source of back pain. We report a previously healthy 52-year-old male non-smoker with an eight-week history of low back pain that radiated into his left thigh and recent weight loss, yet no respiratory symptoms. Initially, the patient visited his primary care physician, who suspected a musculoskeletal condition and prescribed a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and muscle relaxant, then referred the patient to the chiropractor...
February 2023: Curēus
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Robert J Trager, Wai Ting Lee, Damien Ming Yan Tam, Ronald Kwok
Dropped head syndrome is a rare disorder involving an inability to hold the head upright. It may be caused by a variety of neuromuscular disorders and occasionally by pathological vertebral fractures. A 79-year-old man presented to a chiropractor with a two-year history of gradual-onset chin-on-chest posture and increased thoracic kyphosis, which had failed to respond to physical therapy. The chiropractor ordered whole spine computed tomography which revealed extensive mixed lytic and sclerotic changes and multiple thoracic compression fractures suggestive of metastasis...
February 2023: Curēus
Robert J Trager, Anthony Baumann
A 72-year-old man with cardiovascular disease, depression, and anxiety presented to a chiropractor with a six-year history of anorgasmia, anejaculation, and erectile dysfunction as well as chronic, episodic low back pain. He previously saw a neurologist, two urologists, and had extensive and expensive testing, including brain, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic imaging and electrodiagnostic testing. The patient had a disc bulge at L5/S1 causing moderate spinal canal stenosis while other testing was relatively normal...
February 2023: Curēus
Evan A Katz, Seana B Katz, Michael D Freeman
Injury to the head and neck resulting from whiplash trauma can result in upper cervical instability (UCIS), in which excessive movement at C1 on C2 is observed radiologically. In some cases of UCIS there is also a loss of normal cervical lordosis. We postulate that improvement or restoration of the normal mid to lower cervical lordosis in patients with UCIS can improve the biomechanical function of the upper cervical spine, and thus potentially improve symptoms and radiographic findings associated with UCIS...
February 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Robert J Trager, Clinton J Daniels, Kevin W Meyer, Amber C Stout, Jeffery A Dusek
BACKGROUND: This review aimed to identify variables influencing clinicians' application of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for persistent spine pain after lumbar surgery (PSPS-2). We hypothesized markers of reduced clinical/surgical complexity would be associated with greater odds of applying SMT to the lumbar region, use of manual-thrust lumbar SMT, and SMT within 1-year post-surgery as primary outcomes; and chiropractors would have increased odds of using lumbar manual-thrust-SMT compared to other practitioners...
March 9, 2023: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Wai Ting Lee, Damien Ming Yan Tam, Natalie Y Ng, Aimen B Nur
Cervical dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by continuous and involuntary muscular contractions that result in aberrant head and neck motions or postures. A recent study indicates that persons with a history of scoliosis may be at a higher risk of acquiring cervical dystonia later in life. Although muscular tension and contraction abnormalities are linked in both illnesses, the pathophysiological pathways linking these two ailments are not entirely understood. A 13-year-old boy previously diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis developed symptoms of cervical dystonia, including moderate neck pain, left-sided migraines, and tingling in the neck and shoulders...
March 2023: Curēus
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Robert J Trager, Cliff Tao
There is a lack of research regarding the effectiveness and safety of manual therapies, including spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), for patients with previous cervical spine surgery. A 66-year-old, otherwise healthy, woman who underwent C1/2 posterior surgical fusion for rotatory instability during adolescence presented to a chiropractor with a six-month history of progressive worsening of chronic neck pain and headaches despite acetaminophen, tramadol, and physical therapy. Upon examination, the chiropractor noted postural changes, limited cervical range of motion, and muscle hypertonicity...
February 2023: Curēus
Tim C Norton, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To document the re-establishment of the cervical lordosis following radiographically verified altered sagittal plane alignment both prior to, and following a motor vehicle collision. [Participant and Methods] A 16-year-old male presented for a non-motor collision complaint of low back pain. Initial lateral cervical radiograph demonstrated cervical hypo-lordosis. The patient was treated with a 6-week plan (18 visits) utilizing Chiropractic BioPhysics® (CBP) methods to increase the cervical lordosis...
March 2023: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Robert J Trager, Sara Jia Mei Goh, John Sing Fai Shum
An 80-year-old man under combination therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis presented to a chiropractor with a one-month history of worsening chronic low back pain, yet denied having any respiratory symptoms, weight loss, or night sweats. Two weeks prior, he saw an orthopedist who ordered lumbar radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), showing degenerative changes and subtle findings of spondylodiscitis, but was treated conservatively with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The patient was afebrile, yet considering his older age and worsening symptoms, the chiropractor ordered a repeat MRI with contrast, which revealed more advanced findings of spondylodiscitis, psoas abscesses, and epidural phlegmon, and referred the patient to the emergency department...
February 2023: Curēus
Eric Chun-Pu Chu, Colin Lai, Kevin S Huang, Andy Fu Chieh Lin
Bilateral lower-extremity cellulitis is a rare but serious condition that can lead to long-term health complications if left untreated. Herein, we report a case of a 71-year-old obese male with a two-month history of lower-extremity pain and ankle swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of bilateral lower-extremity cellulitis, which was confirmed through blood culture by the patient's family doctor. The patient's initial presentation of musculoskeletal pain, limited mobility, and other features coupled with MRI findings served as indications for timely referral to the patient's family doctor for further evaluation and management...
February 2023: Curēus
Bruna Nichele da Rosa, Eduardo Nunes Camargo, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this literature review was to identify knee alignment assessment methods using radiography in the sagittal and frontal planes and to identify normality values for classifying knee alignment using these methods. METHODS: A systematic review with a meta-analysis was conducted. The eligibility criterion was studies that performed radiographic examinations to assess the knee alignment of adults without a history of hip or knee prosthesis surgery...
March 2023: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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