Nemat Hedayat-Evrigh, Reza Khalkhali-Evrigh, Mohammad Reza Bakhtiarizadeh
The population size of Bactrian camels is smaller than dromedary, and they are distributed in cold and mountain regions and are also at the risk of extinction in some countries such as Iran. To identify and investigate the genome-wide variations, whole-genome sequencing of two Iranian Bactrian camels were performed with 37.4- and 42.6-fold coverage for the first time. Along with Iranian Bactrian camels, sequencing data from two Mongolian domestic and two wild Bactrian camels deposited in the NCBI were reanalyzed...
2020: International Journal of Genomics
Fan-Bing Meng, Qian Zhang, Yun-Cheng Li, Shu-Yan Liu, Da-Yu Liu, Hua Yu
It is important to select an appropriate emulsifier to overcome the poor stability and dispersibility of the vegetable oils in food system. Previous studies suggest that OSA-modified konjac glucomannan (KGOS) has potential to be used as a food emulsifier. In this study, in vitro fermentation suggested that KGOS could promote the growth of the important intestinal probiotics Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and then promote intestinal fermentation to produce gas and short chain fatty acids. The emulsification experiments indicated that KGOS had good emulsification ability and stability for camellia oil...
July 2020: Food Science & Nutrition
Jixu Li, Yingna Jian, Lijun Jia, Eloiza May Galon, Byamukama Benedicto, Geping Wang, Qigang Cai, Mingming Liu, Yongchang Li, Shengwei Ji, Maria Agnes Tumwebaze, Liqing Ma, Xuenan Xuan
Due to the specific plateau climate, a variety of unique animals live in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Area (QTPA) including yaks (Bos grunniens), Tibetan sheep (Ovis aries) and Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus). However, information on tick-borne diseases (TBDs) in the QTPA and on the molecular characteristics of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) in the area is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Theileria spp., Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Rickettsia spp...
September 2020: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Yongchang Li, Xiuxiu Wen, Min Li, Paul Franck Adjou Moumouni, Eloiza May Galon, Qingyong Guo, Mohamed Abdo Rizk, Mingming Liu, Jixu Li, Shengwei Ji, Maria Agnes Tumwebaze, Benedicto Byamukama, Bayin Chahan, Xuenan Xuan
Ticks carry and transmit a wide range of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, and protozoa) that are of importance to humans and animals globally. However, information about the tick-borne pathogens harbored by ticks in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), northwestern China, is scarce. This study investigated the occurrence of tick species of domestic animals and tick-borne pathogens by using morphological molecular identification and sequence analysis in Turpan, Qitai, Altay, Hejing, Nileke, and Zhaosu counties (XUAR)...
September 2020: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
S S M Yousof, I E M El Zubeir
A hundred samples of milk from camels and cows were analysed for chemical composition and M1 contamination. The results indicated that camel milk from traditional nomadic systems revealed significantly (P[Formula: see text]0.05) higher values for protein, fat, lactose, solids-not-fat and density than that obtained from camel and cows kept in semi-intensive systems. Aflatoxin (AF) M1 was found in 33% of the milk samples with the highest occurrence (82.4%) in cow milk (35.3% ranged between 0.05 and 0.1 µ/kg and 47...
July 29, 2020: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Michele Faccia, Angela Gabriella D'Alessandro, Andrea Summer, Yonas Hailu
Milk processing is one of the most ancient food technologies, dating back around 6000 BC. The majority of dairy products are manufactured from cows, buffaloes, goats, and sheep; their production technologies are mostly standardized and have been widely investigated. Milk and dairy products from minor species are less important under the economic point of view, but they play a fundamental social role in many marginal and poor areas. Due to scarce interest of the dairy industry, their technological characteristics and related issues have been investigated less...
July 24, 2020: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Emmanuel O Ngbede, Anil Poudel, Anwar Kalalah, Yi Yang, Folasade Adekanmbi, Alex A Adikwu, Andrew M Adamu, Levi M Mamfe, Salem T Terwase, Nicodemus M Useh, Jacob K P Kwaga, Mohammed I Adah, Patrick Kelly, Patrick Butaye, Chengming Wang
Colistin is a last resort drug used to treat infections caused by multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria that have developed resistance to carbapenem. The emergence and rapid dissemination of the nine plasmid-mediated mobile colistin resistance genes (mcr-1 to mcr-9) has led to fear of pan-drug resistant infections occurring worldwide. To date, there is only limited information on colistin resistance in African countries where the drug is widely used in agriculture. In this study from Nigeria, 583 non-duplicate bacterial strains were isolated from 1,119 samples collected from humans, camels, cattle, dogs, pigs and poultry by the use of colistin-supplemented MacConkey agar, and 17...
July 25, 2020: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Ramona Iseppi, Stefania Camellini, Carla Sabia, Patrizia Messi
The antilisterial activity of Thymus vulgaris, Salvia officinalis essential oils (EOs) and bacteriocin bacLP17 (previously isolated from seafood) was determined, using the compounds alone and in combination. The Disk Diffusion, Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Agar Well Diffusion assays were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the compounds against 12 Listeria monocytogenes in planktonic form, whereas the anti-Listeria biofilm activity was determined against the same strains in optical density (O...
July 25, 2020: Research in Microbiology
Ichen Tsai, Chia-Lin Chung, Shiou-Ruei Lin, Ting-Hsuan Hung, Tang-Long Shen, Chih-Yi Hu, Wael N Hozzein, Hiran Anjana Ariyawansa
Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, commonly known as tea, is widely cultivated around the world in tropical and subtropical areas. Tea is mainly manufactured using young shoots of tea plants. Therefore, it is essential to control foliar diseases. Grey blight disease is caused by Pestalotiopsis-like taxa and is known as one of the most destructive tea diseases. Although several studies have provided the groundwork for the fungal diseases associated with C. sinensis in Taiwan, grey blight disease has not been characterised based on diversity, molecular systematics, or pathogenicity...
July 28, 2020: Plant Disease
Simone Bohnert, Anja Seiffert, Stefanie Trella, Michael Bohnert, Luitpold Distel, Benjamin Ondruschka, Camelia-Maria Monoranu
The aim of the present study was a refined analysis of neuroinflammation including TMEM119 as a useful microglia-specific marker in forensic assessments of traumatic causes of death, e.g., traumatic brain injury (TBI). Human brain tissue samples were obtained from autopsies and divided into cases with lethal TBI (n = 25) and subdivided into three groups according to their trauma survival time and compared with an age-, gender-, and postmortem interval-matched cohort of sudden cardiovascular fatalities as controls (n = 23)...
July 27, 2020: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Maurilia Marcacci, Abdelmalik I Khalafalla, Zulaikha M Al Hammadi, Federica Monaco, Cesare Cammà, Mohammed F Yusof, Saeed M Al Yammahi, Iolanda Mangone, Fabrizia Valleriani, Mohamed A Alhosani, Nicola Decaro, Alessio Lorusso, Salama S Almuhairi, Giovanni Savini
Camelpox is a viral contagious disease of Old-World camelids sustained by Camelpox virus (CMLV). The disease is characterized by mild, local skin or severe systemic infections and may have a major economic impact due to significant losses in terms of morbidity and mortality, weight loss, and low milk yield. Prevention of camelpox is performed by vaccination. In this study, we investigated the composition of a CMLV-based, live-attenuated commercial vaccine using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. The results of this analysis revealed genomic sequences of Modified Vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)...
July 23, 2020: Viruses
Aziza Thamer El-Khaldi, Abdelgadir Musa Homeida
A series of experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of rutting season on metabolism of testosterone (T) and its effect on drug metabolizing enzymes in dromedary camels. Serum and tissue samples were collected from liver, testes and poll glands of rutting and non- rutting camels treated with T at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) at a dose of 0.2 mg/kg, given intramuscularly for 7 days. Liver samples were also used to monitor drug metabolizing enzymes. Testosterone and DHT concentrations were significantly ( P <0...
May 20, 2020: Animal Reproduction
Joane Isis Travassos Vieira, Taylane Alves da Silva, Williane Maria Pereira Barbosa, Gabriela Lima de Azevêdo, Lúcia Cristina Pereira Arruda, Maria Madalena Pessoa Guerra, Pierre Castro Soares, Ellen Cordeiro Bento da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of green tea extract (GTE) on the spermatic parameters of Wistar rats, submitted or not to testicular heat shock (HS). For this, 48 animals were treated according to the experimental groups (G1: not exposed to HS and untreated; G2: exposed to HS and untreated; G3: not exposed to HS and treated with GTE; G4: exposed to HS and treated with GTE). Subgroups of rats were euthanized on days 15, 30, and 60 to recover the spermatozoa. The total motility (TM), vigor, spermatic morphology and concentration, mitochondrial membrane potential, plasma membrane integrity, and acrosome integrity (ACi) were analyzed...
May 28, 2020: Animal Reproduction
LillyBelle K Deer, Paul D Hastings, Camelia E Hostinar
This study utilized data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (N = 14,860) to examine whether early-life family income (age 0-5) predicted long-term academic achievement (age 16-18) and to investigate the role of executive function (EF) assessed multiple times across age 7-11 in explaining this association. Task-based EF was a significant mediator between early-life family income and later academic achievement in every model. This mediating pathway persisted when adjusting for a comprehensive panel of covariates including verbal IQ, sex, family income at ages 8 and 18, and early-life temperament...
July 25, 2020: Child Development
Huda Mohamed, Peter Nagy, Jelena Agbaba, Afaf Kamal-Eldin
Milk samples (150 cow and 217 camel milk samples) were analyzed for protein, fat, lactose and total solids by near and mid-infrared transmission spectroscopy. Excellent positive correlations between the two methods were obtained for both types of milk (p < 0.001); for protein (r ≥ 0.96), fat (r ≥ 0.99), lactose (r = 0.82) and total solids (r = 0.90). The mean of the relative difference ((MIR values - NIR values)/0.5 (MIR values + NIR values) × 100%) for cow and camel milk were, for protein (+8...
July 2, 2020: Food Chemistry
Pedram Ahmadpoor, Cedric Aglae, Sylvain Cariou, Emilie Pambrun, Sophie Renaud, Florian Garo, Ruben Darmon, Celine Schultz, Camelia Prelipcean, Pascal Reboul, Olivier Moranne
Nowadays, therapeutic plasmapheresis (TP) is accepted as part of the treatment for specific groups of diseases. The availability of different methods, including double filtration and adsorption, increases selectivity for the removal of substances. However, the use of these techniques requires a thorough understanding of the characteristics and components of plasma. By considering pivotal papers from several databases, the aim of this narrative review is to describe the characteristics of plasma related to apheresis techniques...
July 25, 2020: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Gina Gheorghe, Peter P Toth, Simona Bungau, Tapan Behl, Madalina Ilie, Anca Pantea Stoian, Ovidiu Gabriel Bratu, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Marius Rus, Camelia Cristina Diaconu
Despite major progress in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, women remain an underdiagnosed and insufficiently treated group, with higher hospitalization and death rates compared to men. Obesity, more frequently encountered in women, raises the risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases as women age. There are some differences based on sex regarding the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of dyslipidemia, as it has been observed that women are less frequently prescribed statins and, when they are, they receive lower doses, even after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization...
July 16, 2020: Diagnostics
Irina Zarafu, Lilia Matei, Coralia Bleotu, Petre Ionita, Arnaud Tatibouët, Anca Păun, Ioana Nicolau, Anamaria Hanganu, Carmen Limban, Diana Camelia Nuta, Roxana Maria Nemeș, Carmen Cristina Diaconu, Cristiana Radulescu
Starting from isoniazid and carboxylic acids as precursors, thirteen new hydrazides and 1,3,4-oxadiazoles of 2-(4-substituted-phenoxymethyl)-benzoic acids were synthesized and characterized by appropriate means. Their biological properties were evaluated in terms of apoptosis, cell cycle blocking, and drug metabolism gene expression on HCT-8 and HT-29 cell lines. In vitro antimicrobial tests were performed by the microplate Alamar Blue assay for the anti-mycobacterial activities and an adapted agar disk diffusion technique for other non-tubercular bacterial strains...
July 21, 2020: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wen-Jun Duan, Lei Liang, Ming-Hai Pan, Dan-Hua Lu, Ting-Mei Wang, Shan-Bing Li, Han-Bing Zhong, Xuan-Jun Yang, Yan Cheng, Bo Liu, Wei-Xi Li, Hiroshi Kurihara, Wei Bi, Yi-Fang Li, Rong-Rong He
BACKGROUND: Oxidative damage of dopaminergic neurons is the fundamental causes of Parkinson's disease (PD) that has no standard cure at present. Theacrine, a purine alkaloid from Chinese tea Kucha, has been speculated to benefit the neurodegeneration in PD, through similar actions to its chemical analogue caffeine, albeit excluding side effects. Theacrine has nowadays gained a lot of interest for its multiple benefits, while the investigations are weak and insufficient. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: It is well-known that tea has a wide range of functions, especially in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases...
July 10, 2020: Phytomedicine
Matteo Cameli, Maria Concetta Pastore, Michael Henein, Hatem Soliman Aboumarie, Giulia Elena Mandoli, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Paolo Cameli, Federico Franchi, Sergio Mondillo, Serafina Valente
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has become a worldwide healthcare emergency, with continuously growing number of infected subjects. Considering the easy virus spread through respiratory droplets produced with cough, sneezes or spit or through close contact with infected people or surfaces, healthcare workers are further exposed to COVID-19. Particularly, echocardiography remains an essential diagnostic service which, due to the close contact with patients during the exam, provides echocardiographers high-risk of contagion...
June 30, 2020: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
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