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Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome

James D Triplett, Katherine A Buzzard, Michal Lubomski, D Sean Riminton, Michael H Barnett, Miriam S Welgampola, G Michael Halmagyi, MaiAnh Nguyen, Klara Landau, Andrew G Lee, Gordon T Plant, Clare L Fraser, Stephen W Reddel, Todd A Hardy
The triad of central nervous system symptoms, visual disturbance and hearing impairment is an oft-encountered clinical scenario. A number of immune-mediated diseases should be considered among the differential diagnoses including: Susac syndrome, Cogan syndrome or Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease; demyelinating conditions such as multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder; systemic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome or Behcet disease and granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Masaru Takeuchi, Takayuki Kanda, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Rie Tanaka, Kenichi Namba, Koju Kamoi, Kazuichi Maruyama, Etsuko Shibuya, Nobuhisa Mizuki
Noninfectious uveitis (NIU), which pathogenesis is often autoimmune nature, occurs as a symptom of systemic syndromes or only in the eye. The standard treatment of NIU is local, topical, and oral administration of corticosteroids (CS) in combination with immunomodulatory therapy (IMT). However, additional therapeutic strategies involving topical and systemic administration of CS or others to treat relapse or exacerbation of ocular inflammation in NIU which present as various ocular manifestations have not been established...
March 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rajan Gupta, Mudit Tyagi, Divya Balakrishnan, Padmaja Kumari Rani
A 36-year-old woman presented with diminution of vision and floaters in both the eyes. Both eyes had disc oedema, multiple pockets of neurosensory detachments along with vitritis. Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography showed characteristic features of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome (figure 1). She was started on corticosteroid pulse therapy and immunosuppressants following which her VKH lesions resolved. However, she developed chickenpox after 2 weeks and after 1 month she developed discrete yellowish white retinitis patches in the periphery of the right eye which were consistent with a diagnosis of acute retinal necrosis...
November 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Gamze Türkoğlu, Rukiye Berkem, Ayşe Esra Karakoç
Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are the autoantibodies that are produced against nuclear antigens in the cell nucleus and/or cytoplasm, and are one of the important diagnostic criteria in systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD). Until today, several methods have been developed for detecting ANA's. However, indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) technique, that is also known as one of the oldest methods, is still the most commonly used one. Typically, anti-dense fine speckled 70/Lens epithelium derived growth factor p75 (anti-DFS70/LEDGF p75) autoantibody can be detected via IIF method where in HEp-2 (human larynx carcinoma) cells are used...
October 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Chiyo Morita, Tetsuji Yanase, Tetsuo Shiohara, Yumi Aoyama
We experienced a 6-year-old case of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DiHS)/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) with subsequent development autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), type 1 diabetes with antithyroglobulin, thyroid peroxidase, insulinoma-associated antigen and anti-insulin antibodies at 4 months, alopecia at 7 months, vitiligo, uveitis due to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease at 8 months after clinical resolution of the DiHS/DRESS. He was diagnosed as type III polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (PASIII) after DiHS/DRESS...
October 27, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Laura Girasoli, Diego Cazzador, Roberto Padoan, Ennio Nardello, Mara Felicetti, Elisabetta Zanoletti, Franco Schiavon, Roberto Bovo
The prevalence of autoimmune diseases has been increasing over the last 20 years. The clinical presentation of this large and heterogeneous group of disorders depends on whether the involvement is organ-specific or non-organ-specific. Dizziness, vertigo, and disequilibrium are common symptoms reported by patients with vestibulocochlear involvement. The association of vertigo and autoimmune diseases has been largely documented, suggesting that autoimmune disorders could be overrepresented in patients with vertigo in comparison to the general population...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Maximilian W M Wintergerst, Philipp Herrmann, Robert P Finger
The authors report a case of acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome with massively impaired perfusion in the Sattler's layer on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The hypoperfusion fully resolved during a period of 4 weeks and correlated well with hypofluorescent spots on indocyanine green angiography. This is the first time reduced perfusion in Sattler's layer has been observed on OCTA. This finding may aid further understanding of the pathology underlying VKH syndrome and indicates that evaluation of deeper choroidal layers like Sattler's layer may be of importance for disease monitoring and predicting prognosis in choroidal diseases...
August 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Andrew Matthew Hsiao, Netan Choudhry
PURPOSE: Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare condition characterized by six main features. It has been previously observed that WS is also associated with hypopigmentation of the choroid through multimodal imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first report of using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) on a patient with known WS. METHODS: Report of a single case. The swept-source OCT images were captured using Topcon DRI OCT Triton (Topcon, Inc, Tokyo, Japan), whereas swept-source OCTA images were captured by Optovue AngioVue (Optovue, Inc, Fremont, CA) using DualTrack Motion Correction Technology...
July 16, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Gustavo A Budmann, Ludmila García Franco, Alejandra Pringe
Purpose: To report a case of pediatric Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) successfully treated with infliximab and methotrexate for ten years. Observations: A 9-year-old Hispanic girl with VKH disease, was successfully treated with oral methotrexate 15 mg/week and oral prednisone 40 mg/day (1mg/kg/day). But when oral prednisone was tapered to 10 mg/day over a 3-month period, inflammation recurred. Patient was considered as corticosteroid-dependent thus infliximab 7mg/kg/pulse was started on days 0, 15, 60 and every 60 days thereafter...
September 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Richa Ranjan, Manisha Agarwal
A 43-year-old male with chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) presented with subfoveal choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) in the right eye with no evidence of active inflammation. He underwent intravitreal bevacizumab and dexamethasone injections. Postinjection he developed fresh keratic precipitates and exudative retinal detachment (RD). He received two more bevacizumab injections with oral corticosteroids and immunosuppressants causing resolution of exudative RD with scarred CNVM. We report this case to highlight that intravitreal injection may act as a trigger for rebound inflammation in VKH patients and may require anti-inflammatory drugs to be started even in the absence of an active inflammation...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Tomoki Tamura, Etsuko Akimoto, Chiaki Matsumoto, Syunta Mori, Tatuya Nishi, Kennichiro Kudo, Syouichi Kuyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Mansour Rahimi, Ali Azimi, Masoud Hosseinzadeh
Purpose: We report the clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes of two cases of intraocular lens (IOL) calcification along with a review of the current literature. Case Report: The first patient was a 53-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus (type 2) who underwent phacoemulsification with posterior chamber IOL insertion (PCIOL), and pars plana vitrectomy. Significant clouding of the IOL was first noted after 1.5 years, and the IOL was replaced with an Artisan lens...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Miyuki Hasegawa, Akira Fukutomi, Akiko Jinno, Kyoko Fujita, Motohiro Kamei
A 66-year-old Japanese woman who was diagnosed with synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome presented with bilateral blurred vision 4 months prior to visiting our hospital. She had visited a local ophthalmology clinic first. She was diagnosed with conjunctivitis and was prescribed antibacterial eye drops. The symptoms persisted in spite of treatment. She was then referred to our hospital. At her initial visit, the visual acuities were 0.6 in both eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed bilateral shallow anterior chamber, and intraocular pressures of 18 mm Hg in the right eye and 16 mm Hg in the left eye...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Muhammad Mateen Amir, Atif Masood, Zarmina Khan
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome is a rare disease that occurs commonly in pigmented individuals of Asian origin. A 25-year female presented in medical outpatient department (OPD) of Al-Khidmat Teaching Hospital, Mansoora, Lahore with headache and neck stiffness. She was referred to eye OPD for the complaint of decreased vision. On examination, there was 6/24 vision, sluggish pupillary reaction and disc hyperemia in both eyes. She was treated as a case of optic neuritis. Few days later, she developed bilateral panuveitis, shallow exudative detachments and alopecia...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Sandra Rodrigues-Barros, Jacqueline Martins Sousa, Bruno Carvalho, Gabriel Andrade, Heloísa Nascimento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ke-Hao Huang, Ming-Cheng Tai, Lung-Chi Lee, Tzu-Heng Weng, Yi-Hao Chen, Li-Fan Lin, Jiann-Torng Chen, Da-Wen Lu, Ching-Long Chen
RATIONALE: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is a rare disease and could be associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). This report was aimed to investigate the utility of F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) for the diagnosis of VKH syndrome with AITD and to perform a literature review on the association between the 2 diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman without the history of ocular trauma suffered from chronic headache...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yan Jiang, Ling Cheng, Xin Li, Wenke Zhou, Li Zhang
The present study was designed to explore the interrelationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF) and its respective receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) genes and Behcet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) in Han Chinese. The study sample included 796 patients with BD, 792 patients with VKH syndrome, and 1604 healthy controls. The genotyping of 35 SNPs was performed by MassARRAY platform (Sequenom), iPLEX Gold Assay, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay and TaqMan SNP assay...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Laurel J Gershwin
There are many autoimmune diseases that are recognized in domestic animals. The descriptions of diseases provide examples of the magnitude of immune targets and the variable nature of autoimmune diseases. Other autoimmune diseases that are recognized in dogs, cats, and horses include immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, VKH (Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada) ocular disease (dogs), and Evans syndrome (which includes both immune-mediated anemia and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia).
March 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Matthew T Witmer
The author presents a retrospective case report of a 54-year-old male with ipilimumab (Yervoy; Bristol-Myers Squibb, New York City, NY)-induced Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease (VKH), which consisted of uveitis, optic neuritis, and choroiditis that was successfully treated with oral dexamethasone. The patient demonstrated resolution of uveitis, optic neuritis, and choroiditis 1 month following initiation of oral dexamethasone. Ipilimumab is a recently approved therapy for malignant melanoma. Reports have identified that VKH disease is a potential side effect of the medication...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Sushmita Kaushik, Ramandeep Singh, Atul Arora, Gunjan Joshi, Kusum Sharma, Basavraj Tigari
Acute angle closure is usually thought to be secondary to pupillary block, which is relieved by laser iridotomy. Anterior rotation of the ciliary body at the scleral spur following development of an inflammatory ciliochoroidal detachment may result in a presentation of acute angle closure. It is imperative to recognize this condition correctly, because the management is with cycloplegics and anti-inflammatory drugs, which is diametrically opposite to the treatment of primary angle closure. More importantly, it has been reported as a consequence of serious systemic disease such as HIV infection and Vogt Koyanagi Harada (VKH) syndrome...
December 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
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