Read by QxMD icon Read

GCF saliva

Rudra Mohan, Jothi Varghese, Vinutha Bhat, Yousef Rezaei Chianeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva of smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis and to compare these levels before and after initial nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Forty subjects were divided into 2 groups with chronic periodontitis (smokers and nonsmokers) and 2 clinically healthy groups (smokers and nonsmokers). At baseline, clinical periodontal parameters, including plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, and clinical attachment levels, were assessed...
March 2019: General Dentistry
Yveth Marlene Ortiz-García, Trinidad García-Iglesias, Gabriela Morales-Velazquez, Blanca Patricia Lazalde-Ramos, Guillermo Moisés Zúñiga-González, Ramón Guillermo Ortiz-García, Ana Lourdes Zamora-Perez
Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an infection that affects the teeth supporting structure. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important effector cytokine of the innate immune system. Due to its functional characteristics, MIF may be involved in the immunopathology of CP. The aim of the present study was to evaluate MIF levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), saliva, and serum of CP patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 60 subjects divided into two groups: subjects with CP (n= 30) and periodontally healthy subjects without CP (n=30)...
2019: BioMed Research International
Petros Papagerakis, Li Zheng, Doohak Kim, Raed Said, Amber A Ehlert, Kevin K M Chung, Silvana Papagerakis
Assaying different biological markers (biomarkers) is commonly used to monitor health status and aid in the diagnosis of diseases. With the recent advances in highly sensitive protein assays, whole saliva (WS) and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) appear to be fluids that may contain important biomarkers with various applications in dentistry and medicine. Herein, we describe the process of GCF and WS sample collection and preparation for assaying clinically relevant biomarkers in clinical screening trials. Analysis of biomarkers in WS and GCF represents an easy and practical approach for the diagnosis and screening of different pathological conditions particularly in epidemiological surveys...
2019: Methods in Molecular Biology
Esra Baltacioglu, Erkan Sukuroglu
Objective: This study aims at evaluating the degree of protein carbonyl (PC) levels in serum, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva in patients who suffer from chronic periodontitis (CP) and generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP). Materials and methods: A total of 110 individuals took part in the study. Of this number, 35 were CP patients, 43 GAP patients, and the remaining 32 were healthy controls. Measurements regarding the serum, saliva and GCF PC levels were obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography...
January 2019: Saudi Dental Journal
Beral Afacan, Veli Özgen Öztürk, Çiğdem Paşalı, Emir Bozkurt, Timur Köse, Gülnur Emingil
AIM: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) is expressed as an adaptive response to hypoxia, mediates angiogenesis through the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and can be induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). This study aimed to investigate the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and salivary HIF-1α, VEGF, and TNF-α levels in periodontal health and disease. METHODS: A total of 87 individuals, 20 generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP), 20 chronic periodontitis (CP), 26 gingivitis patients, and 21 periodontally healthy individuals, were included...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Salwa Aldahlawi, Abdel-Rahman Youssef, Syed Shahabuddin
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate CXCL10 as a biomarker for periodontitis by determining the CXCL10 levels in saliva, serum, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from periodontally healthy control subjects and adult subjects with chronic periodontitis. Patients and methods: Adult patients seeking dental treatment at Umm Al-Qura University dental clinic underwent a complete periodontal examination, and saliva, serum, and GCF samples were collected...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
Ceren Gürlek, Fahinur Ertuğrul, Christopher Nile, David F Lappin, Nurcan Buduneli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical, biochemical, and microbiological reactions to nanocomposite containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) in comparison to a traditional composite restorative material in early childhood caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen teeth were restored with the test material (ACP-containing resin) and 18 teeth were restored with the control material (traditional composite, TC) in fourteen paediatric patients using a split-mouth design...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ahmed Al-Majid, Saeed Alassiri, Nilminie Rathnayake, Taina Tervahartiala, Dirk-Rolf Gieselmann, Timo Sorsa
Levels of and especially the degree of activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-8) in oral fluids (i.e., saliva, mouth rinse, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and peri-implantitis sulcular fluid (PISF)) increase to pathologically elevated levels in the periodontal and peri-implant diseases. This study aimed at collecting and collating data from previously published studies and determining whether active MMP-8 (aMMP-8) could serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prevention of periodontal and peri-implant diseases...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Fatma Ucan Yarkac, Ozge Gokturk, Osman Demir
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of periodontal treatment on the inflammatory markers in gingival crevicular fluid and the concentration of salivary cortisol between non-pregnant and pregnant women with gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 30 non-pregnant women (mean age 27.93 ± 6.61 years) and 30 pregnant women (mean age 28.93 ± 4.04 years). Each participant presented with the clinical symptoms of generalized, moderate-to-severe gingivitis...
July 31, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Fatma Ucan Yarkac, Ozge Gokturk, Osman Demir
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy considering the salivary stress-related hormone and cytokine levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on pregnant and nonpregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty non-pregnant (control group) and 30 pregnant women (test group) that met the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Only participants with gingivitis were included. Clinical data and samples of GCF and saliva were collected at baseline and after periodontal therapy...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Danae A Apatzidou, Achilleas Iskas, Antonis Konstantinidis, Abeer M Alghamdi, Maria Tumelty, David F Lappin, Christopher J Nile
AIM: The oral mucosa possesses a non-neuronal cholinergic system. This study aimed to determine clinical evidence for a role of cholinergic mechanisms in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty healthy participants, 52 patients with gingivitis and 49 with periodontitis were recruited. Full periodontal parameters were recorded and saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) collected. Levels of acetylcholine and inflammatory mediators were quantified using commercially available assay kits...
October 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Subash Chandra Raj, Subhashree Manaswini Panda, Muktikesh Dash, Kaushik Patnaik, Devapratim Mohanty, Neelima Katti, Annuroopa Mahapatra, Debasish Mishra, Kamdev Praharaj
Background: Innovating newer methods to diagnose a multifactorial disease such as periodontitis is always challenging for a clinician. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) which is closely associated with the periodontal tissue environment has been used a viable alternative to saliva for the diagnosis of periodontitis. Aim: The aim of the present study was to estimate and compare the interleukin-35 (IL-35) levels in GCF and serum among healthy, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (CP) individuals as well as to evaluate the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) on IL-35 level among patients with CP...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Alejandra Chaparro, Edgardo Zúñiga, Manuel Varas-Godoy, Daniela Albers, Valeria Ramírez, Marcela Hernández, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Stephanie Acuña-Gallardo, Gregory Rice, Sebastián E Illanes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects around 7% to 10% of all pregnancies. Early detection of predisposition to GDM is the first step in developing efficacious preventive treatment. The objective of the present study was to establish the utility of placental proteins presents in oral fluids (gingival crevicular fluid [GCF] and saliva), and periodontal disease status as early pregnancy predictors of GDM. METHODS: A nested case control within a prospective cohort was conducted...
September 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Noha Ayman Ghallab
OBJECTIVES: The holy grail of biomarker research in periodontology is to develop a high impact diagnostics which have a significant impact on clinical decision-making, patient outcomes and healthcare providers. In the field of periodontal diagnostics, oral fluid-based biomarkers have been studied mainly in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the Cochrane library and PubMed databases from 2000 to January 2017...
March 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Ceren Gokmenoglu, Nurdan Ozmeric, Caglar Sungur, Raziye Sahin Bildik, Imge Erguder, Serenay Elgun
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline by NO synthase (NOS). Arginase can compete with NOS for the common substrate L-arginine, and thus inhibit NO production. NO levels and arginase ezyme might affect the bone remodeling cycle around implants. The aim of this studywas to investigate NO and arginase levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF), and saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with one or more implants (Straumann® ; Institute Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) restored with fixed crown prostheses were included in the study...
January 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Nancy Srivastava, Prathibha Anand Nayak, Shivendra Rana
Periodontal disease, one of the prevalent oral diseases, is characterized by gingival inflammation and periodontal tissue destruction. Diagnosing this disease is challenging to the clinicians as the disease process is discontinuous and shows periods of exacerbation and remission. Traditional diagnostic methods basically tells about the past tissue destruction so new diagnostic methods are required which is able to detect the active state of the disease, determine the future progression and also estimates the response to the therapy, thereby helping in the better clinical management of the patient...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mojtaba Bayani, Mohammad Pourali, Mohammad Keivan
Gingivitis and periodontitis are common bacterial infections caused by a variety of microorganisms. Despite the microorganisms' roles as etiologic agents, inflammation-induced substances also have crucial parts in the loss of connective tissue and the supporting alveolar bone. Visfatin is a pleiotropic mediator, which acts as growth factor, cytokine, and pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor. A positive correlation was detected between the serum/plasma levels of visfatin and inflammatory disorders such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
M Mauramo, A M Ramseier, E Mauramo, A Buser, T Tervahartiala, T Sorsa, T Waltimo
OBJECTIVE: MMP-8 is a prominent collagenase in periodontal disease. This cross-sectional study examined whether MMP-8 levels in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) are associated with periodontitis in a Swiss population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 258 subjects (107 m, 151 f, mean age: 43.5 yr; range: 21-58 yr) acquired from the Swiss bone marrow donor registry participated in the study. Saliva and GCF samples were collected from subjects followed by a thorough dental and periodontal examination...
April 2018: Oral Diseases
Nishi Singh, Siddhartha Chandel, Harmurti Singh, Amiya Agrawal, A N Savitha
INTRODUCTION: Host response and environmental factors are known to modify periodontal status adversely. Presently serum, saliva, and GCF are being investigated for its biochemical constituents. GCF contains array of biochemical factors, offering potential use as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of the biologic state of the periodontium in health and disease. Alkaline phosphatase is produced locally in the periodontium and shows positive correlation with disease activity and PD. Present study was designed to analyze the levels of ALP in GCF and serum of patients with gingivitis, chronic & aggressive periodontitis before and after SRP & to compare the difference within the study groups...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Livia S Finoti, Rafael Nepomuceno, Suzane C Pigossi, Sâmia Ct Corbi, Rodrigo Secolin, Raquel M Scarel-Caminaga
BACKGROUND: Current publications present contradictory findings regarding interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). This systematic review compile evidences of the IL8 mRNA and protein levels in gingival tissue, saliva, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) investigated in patients with CP. Moreover, 2 meta-analyses were made focusing on the IL-8 levels in GCF and saliva of patients with or without CP. METHODS: Electronic searches of the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were conducted for publications up to February 2016 that investigated the levels of IL-8 detected in individuals with CP compared with health individuals...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"