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Diabetes Cure

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30878011/adjuvant-antibiotic-loaded-bio-composite-in-the-management-of-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis-a-multicentre-study
#1
Noman Shakeel Niazi, Efstathios Drampalos, Natasha Morrissey, Noman Jahangir, Alexander Wee, Anand Pillai
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcers are associated with a high morbidity and are common cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations. The effect of debridement and the use of an adjuvant local antibiotic carrier in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers with osteomyelitis was evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with diabetic foot ulceration and osteomyelitis treated by debridement with adjuvant local antibiotic was performed. Seventy patients with Texas Grade 3B & 3D lesions were included, with a mean age of 68 years...
January 11, 2019: Foot
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851160/aip-mutated-acromegaly-resistant-to-first-generation-somatostatin-analogs-long-term-control-with-pasireotide-lar-in-two-patients
#2
Adrian Daly, Liliya Rostomyan, Daniela Betea, Jean Francois Bonneville, Chiara Villa, Natalia S Pellegata, Beatrice Waser, Jean Claude Reubi, Catherine Waeber Stephan, Emanuel Christ, Albert Beckers
Acromegaly is a rare disease due to chronic excess growth hormone (GH) and IGF-1. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) mutations are associated with an aggressive, inheritable form of acromegaly that responds poorly to SST2-specific somatostatin analogs (SSA). The role of pasireotide, an SSA with affinity for multiple SSTs, in patients with AIP mutations has not been reported. We studied two AIP-mutation positive acromegaly patients with early-onset, invasive macroadenomas and inoperable residues after neurosurgery...
March 1, 2019: Endocrine Connections
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30845927/comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-patients-65-years-of-age-versus-%C3%A2-65-years-of-age
#3
Jia Zhang, Zhaoqing Du, Jianbin Bi, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv, Xufeng Zhang, Rongqian Wu
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in the elderly is insufficiently elucidated. A few studies attempted to investigate the role of age in PLA have yielded controversial results. The purpose of this study was to explore the possible differences in the comorbidity, microbiological characteristics and clinical course between elderly and young PLA patients. METHODS: The clinical data of 332 adult PLA patients who received treatment at our hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were collected...
March 7, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30843181/diagnostics-and-treatment-of-acromegaly-updated-recommendations-of-the-polish-society-of-endocrinology
#4
Marek Bolanowski, Marek Ruchała, Wojciech Zgliczyński, Beata Kos-Kudła, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Andrzej Lewiński
Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by excessive production of growth hormone (GH), typically by a pituitary tumour. The diagnosis is usually delayed, and patients frequently develop various complications that cause premature mortality. In patients with hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, and arthropathies that are not age-specific, attention should be paid to signs of acromegaly. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) assay should be used as a screening test whenever acromegaly is suspected. Further diagnostic investigations and treatment should be carried out at specialist centres...
2019: Endokrynologia Polska
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30841445/high-glucose-induces-retinal-pigment-epithelium-mitochondrial-pathways-of-apoptosis-and-inhibits-mitophagy-by-regulating-ros-pink1-parkin-signal-pathway
#5
Yuanping Zhang, Xiaoting Xi, Yan Mei, Xueying Zhao, Liqiong Zhou, Minjun Ma, Sili Liu, Xu Zha, Yanni Yang
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) seriously endangers human beings' health, uncovering the underlying mechanism might help to cure DR. In this study, we found that the effects of glucose on retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) varies in a dose dependent manner, high-glucose (50mM) promotes reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and cell apoptosis, inhibits cell mitophagy as well as proliferative abilities, while low-glucose (15mM) induces ROS production and cell mitophagy, but has little impacts on cell apoptosis and proliferation...
March 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840917/progress-in-the-discovery-of-naturally-occurring-anti-diabetic-drugs-and-in-the-identification-of-their-molecular-targets
#6
REVIEW
Jian-Hua He, Li-Xia Chen, Hua Li
Diabetes mellitus (DM), a chronic metabolic disease, severely affects patients' life and intensively increases risks of developing other diseases. It is estimated that 0.4 billion individuals worldwide are subjected to diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes mellitus. At present, although various synthetic drugs for diabetes such as Alogliptin and Rosiglitazone, etc. have been used to manage diabetes, some of them showed severe side effects. Given that the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, natural occurring drugs are beneficial alternatives for diabetes therapy with low adverse effects or toxicity...
March 3, 2019: Fitoterapia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30837360/construction-of-a-dietary-cure-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-expressing-long-acting-glucagon-like-peptide-1-and-investigation-of-its-hypoglycemic-activity-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-mouse-model
#7
Pingzhe Jiang, Chao Ma, Junfeng Hao, Yike Han, Minggang Li
Bio-drug is a new type of beneficial biology expressing therapeutic peptides (protein) as orally administrated medicine to treat diseases, in particular, chronic diseases like diabetes. In order to develop recombinant yeast strains as a bio-drug which could effectively ameliorate type 2 diabetes, an integrating expression vector pNK1-PGK that could successfully express green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was constructed to demonstrate the normality of the function. A pNK1-PGK vector, which expresses 10 tandem repeats of long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1(10laGLP-1), was cloned and then transformed into the S...
March 2019: Journal of Biosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30816664/-lifestyle-medicine-effective-cure-or-just-snake-oil
#8
Jaap C Seidell, Jutka Halberstadt
Many chronic non-communicable diseases are at least partly caused by unhealthy lifestyles; an example is type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Lifestyle interventions have been shown to substantially reduce the risk of T2DM in high-risk patients. The risk reduction diminishes over time, but a long-term (> ten years) reduction is still achieved. Better compliance with the intervention and higher quality of lifestyle counselling during a longer period of time are predictors of improved long-term risk reduction...
February 19, 2019: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30815570/diabetes-mellitus-induced-by-somatostatin-analogue-therapy-is-not-permanent-in-acromegalic-patients
#9
Daniele Cappellani, Claudio Urbani, Chiara Sardella, Ilaria Scattina, Giulia Marconcini, Isabella Lupi, Luca Manetti, Claudio Marcocci, Fausto Bogazzi
Context: Therapy with somatostatin analogues (SSAs) may have deleterious effects on glucose metabolism in patients with acromegaly, often leading to the development of diabetes mellitus (DM). Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether DM, developed during therapy with SSAs, may revert after drug withdrawal and cure of acromegaly with pituitary adenomectomy. Design: Retrospective cohort study, in a tertiary referral centre. Patients: Eighteen acromegalic patients without DM at the diagnosis of acromegaly treated with SSAs as a primary therapy, and then cured by pituitary adenomectomy...
January 2019: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30799801/exploration-of-the-effect-and-mechanism-of-shenqi-compound-in-a-spontaneous-diabetic-rat-model
#10
Ya Liu, Jian Kang, Hong Gao, Xiyu Zhang, Jun Chao, Guangming Gong, Haipo Yuan, Chunguang Xie
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a world-wide metabolic disease with no cure from drugs and treatment. In China, The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herbal formulations have been used to treat T2DM for centuries. METHODS: In this study, we proposed a formula called ShenQi compound (SQC), which has been used in clinical therapeutics in China for several years. We evaluated the effect of SQC in a spontaneous diabetic rat model (GK rats) by detecting a series of blood indicators and performing histological observations...
February 24, 2019: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30791894/use-of-ceftaroline-fosamil-in-osteomyelitis-capture-study-experience
#11
Leonard B Johnson, Ananthakrishnan Ramani, David J Guervil
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis is often challenging to treat. This analysis examined the clinical experience of patients with gram-positive osteomyelitis treated with ceftaroline fosamil in the phase 4 Clinical Assessment Program and Teflaro® Utilization Registry (CAPTURE) study. METHODS: Data including patient demographics, past illnesses, risk factors, disease characteristics, antibiotic use, pathogens isolated, and clinical outcome were collected between September 2013 and February 2015 by review of randomly ordered patient charts from participating sites in the United States...
February 21, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30791850/hydrogel-materials-for-the-application-of-islet-transplantation
#12
Liancheng Xu, Yibing Guo, Yan Huang, Yang Xu, Yuhua Lu, Zhiwei Wang
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a serious disease comprising approximately 10% of all diabetes cases, and the global incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus is steadily rising without any promise of a cure in the near future. Although islet transplantation has proven to be an effective means of treating type 1 diabetes mellitus and promoting insulin independence in patients, its widespread implementation has been severely constrained by instances of post-transplantation islet cell death, rejection, and severe adverse immune responses...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30790280/generation-of-insulin-producing-hepatocyte-like-cells-from-human-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells-as-an-alternative-source-of-islet-cells
#13
Leila Beikmohammadi, Mojgan Bandehpour, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi, Bahram Kazemi
Islet cell transplantation, as a treatment of type 1 diabetes, has a lot of complexity such as allograft rejections and an insufficient number of donors. The liver can be used as a replacement for endogenous insulin production. Hepatocytes can inherently respond to glucose levels and secrete proteins. Utilization of mesenchymal stem cells for curing diabetes represents a major focus of recent investigations. As a new choice for transplantation, we have proposed glucose-regulated insulin-producing hepatocyte-like cells, which produce insulin dependent on glucose levels...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30787069/targeting-the-brain-to-cure-type-2-diabetes
#14
Bernard Thorens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Diabetes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784919/mechanistic-insight-into-diabetic-wounds-pathogenesis-molecular-targets-and-treatment-strategies-to-pace-wound-healing
#15
REVIEW
Satish Patel, Shikha Srivastava, Manju Rawat Singh, Deependra Singh
Wound management in diabetic patient is of an extreme clinical and social concern. The delayed and impaired healing makes it more critical for research focus. The research on impaired healing process is proceeding hastily evident by new therapeutic approaches other than conventional such as single growth factor, dual growth factor, skin substitutes, cytokine stimulators, cytokine inhibitors, matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, gene and stem cell therapy, extracellular matrix and angiogenesis stimulators. Although numerous studies are available that support delayed wound healing in diabetes but detailed mechanistic insight including factors involved and their role still needs to be revealed...
February 19, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760321/the-role-of-the-vasculature-niche-on-insulin-producing-cells-generated-by-transdifferentiation-of-adult-human-liver-cells
#16
Irit Meivar-Levy, Fatima Zoabi, Gil Nardini, Eugenia Manevitz-Mendelson, Gil S Leichner, Oranit Zadok, Michael Gurevich, Eytan Mor, Simona Dima, Irinel Popescu, Aviv Barzilai, Sarah Ferber, Shoshana Greenberger
BACKGROUND: Insulin-dependent diabetes is a multifactorial disorder that could be theoretically cured by functional pancreatic islets and insulin-producing cell (IPC) implantation. Regenerative medicine approaches include the potential for growing tissues and organs in the laboratory and transplanting them when the body cannot heal itself. However, several obstacles remain to be overcome in order to bring regenerative medicine approach for diabetes closer to its clinical implementation; the cells generated in vitro are typically of heterogenic and immature nature and the site of implantation should be readily vascularized for the implanted cells to survive in vivo...
February 13, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744426/rhodotorula-glutinis-as-a-living-cell-liposome-to-deliver-polypeptide-drugs-in-vivo
#17
Zhengbin Fei, Shiyu Li, Jiajia Wang, Yuzhe Wang, Zhenyou Jiang, Wenhua Huang, Hanxiao Sun
The potential advantages of recombinant microbes as oral drug carriers for curing diseases have attracted much attention. The use of recombinant oil microbes as living cell liposomes to carry polypeptide drugs may be an ideal polypeptide oral drug delivery system. GM4-ΔTS was constructed by LFH-PCR from Rhodotorula glutinis GM4, which was screened and preserved in our laboratory, and then transferred into choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (CCT), which is a rate-limiting enzyme for lecithin synthesis. The results showed that the CCT gene was highly expressed in the GM4-ΔTS strain and could significantly increase fatty acid and lecithin contents in GM4-ΔTS-PGK1-CCT...
December 2019: Drug Delivery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740406/mitochondrial-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Shibani Kanungo, Jacob Morton, Mekala Neelakantan, Kevin Ching, Jasmine Saeedian, Amy Goldstein
Primary mitochondrial disorders are a group of clinically variable and heterogeneous inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), resulting from defects in cellular energy, and can affect every organ system of the body. Clinical presentations vary and may include symptoms of fatigue, skeletal muscle weakness, exercise intolerance, short stature, failure to thrive, blindness, ptosis and ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, hearing loss, hypoglycemia, diabetes mellitus, learning difficulties, intellectual disability, seizures, stroke-like episodes, spasticity, dystonia, hypotonia, pain, neuropsychiatric symptoms, gastrointestinal reflux, dysmotility, gastrointestinal pseudo-obstruction, cardiomyopathy, cardiac conduction defects, and other endocrine, renal, cardiac, and liver problems...
December 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738330/the-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-imperative-role-of-natural-products-against-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-sodium-dependent-glucose-co-transporter-2-sglt2
#19
REVIEW
Ghulam Abbas, Ahmed Al Harrasi, Hidayat Hussain, Ahmed Hamaed, Claudiu T Supuran
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder which is rapidly spreading worldwide. It is characterized by persistent elevated blood glucose level above normal values (hyperglycemia) due to defect in either insulin secretion or in insulin action or both of them. Currently approved oral synthetic antidiabetic drugs such as biguanides, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, and meglitinides have shown undesirable side effects. Therefore, newer approaches and targets for the management of diabetes mellitus are highly desirable...
February 4, 2019: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735144/evaluating-the-quality-of-health-information-in-a-changing-digital-ecosystem
#20
Alla Keselman, Catherine Arnott Smith, Anita C Murcko, David R Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Critical evaluation of online health information has always been central to consumer health informatics. However, with the emergence of new Web media platforms and the ubiquity of social media, the issue has taken on a new dimension and urgency. At the same time, many established existing information quality evaluation guidelines address information characteristics other than the content (eg, authority and currency), target information creators rather than users as their main audience, or do not address information presented via novel Web technologies...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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