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depression and health behaviors

Joseph M Currier, Joshua D Foster, Charlotte vanOyen Witvliet, Alexis D Abernethy, Lindsey M Root Luna, Sarah A Schnitker, Karl VanHarn, Janet Carter
BACKGROUND: Persons contending with serious mental health difficulties often experience struggles with religious faith and/or spirituality that may also demand clinical attention. However, research has not examined the relative importance of specific forms of spiritual struggles in mental health status or treatment outcomes of psychiatric patients. METHODS: Focusing on 217 adults who completed a spiritually integrated inpatient program, this study examined (1) which struggles in Exline et al...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Wenche Ryberg, Per-Henrik Zahl, Lien My Diep, Nils Inge Landrø, Roar Fosse
BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention is a core task in mental health services. Our objective was to determine whether Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) reduced suicidal thoughts and behaviors and mental health distress more effectively than treatment as usual (TAU) in a heterogeneous patient population within specialized mental health care services. METHODS: In this observer-blinded pragmatic randomized controlled trial participants who scored 13 or above on Beck's Scale for Suicide Ideation-Current (BSSI-C) were included from seven in- and outpatient units...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sikandar Khan, Amira Amjad, David Rowland
INTRODUCTION: Psychosexual counseling may enhance sexual performance outcomes in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) treated with a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. AIM: To determine the potential long-term effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on Pakistani men with ED who had undergone treatment with a PDE5 inhibitor (PDE5i). METHODS: In a 15-18-month follow-up, we reassessed a subsample of 20 men who had been treated with either PDE5is (monotherapy group) or CBT + PDE5i (combined group) on 2 dimensions: sexual functioning and mental health functioning...
February 2019: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Emily D Gerstein, Wanjiku F M Njoroge, Rachel A Paul, Christopher D Smyser, Cynthia E Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that maternal postpartum mental health issues may impact parenting and child development in preterm infants, but have often not measured symptomatology in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) nor followed families through early childhood. This study examines how maternal depressive symptoms and stress in the NICU are related to parenting behaviors at age 5 years, in mothers of children born very preterm (≤30 weeks gestation). METHOD: This longitudinal study followed a diverse sample of 74 very preterm children and their mothers...
January 3, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Kelli Scott, Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti
OBJECTIVE: Depression is the most prominent mental health disorder among youth with profound impacts with respect to morbidity and mortality if not addressed. The Treatment for Adolescent Depression Study (TADS) is one of the largest randomized controlled trials that compared the effectiveness of four treatments: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), fluoxetine (FLX), combined Cognitive Behavioral and fluoxetine treatment (COMB), and placebo (PBO). However, meaningful heterogeneous treatment courses are masked by these group mean comparisons of treatment impact...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
June Cho, Xiaogang Su, Diane Holditch-Davis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the concurrent use of self-report questionnaires and hormonal biomarkers, specifically levels of testosterone and cortisol, along with demographic variables and corrected age (CA) in the assessment of mental health and healthy behaviors among mothers of very-low-birthweight (VLBW, BW < 1,500 g) infants at five time points over 2 years post birth. METHOD: Data on 40 mothers from a neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary medical center in the southeast United States were collected from the medical record, standard questionnaires for the mother (depressive symptoms, perceived stress, anxiety, mental health status, parenting stress, and healthy lifestyle behaviors), and biochemical measurement of maternal testosterone and cortisol using enzyme immunoassay at birth, 40 weeks' postmenstrual age, and 6, 12, and 24 months CA...
February 14, 2019: Biological Research for Nursing
Judith van der Waerden, Aurelie Nakamura, Laura Pryor, Marie-Aline Charles, Fabienne El-Khoury, Patricia Dargent-Molina
The potential beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on postpartum depressive symptoms (PPD) remain inconclusive. Using data from two prospective French birth cohorts, we aimed to examine the relationship between domain-specific physical activity (including leisure-time sedentary behavior) in pregnancy and the occurrence of PPD. Participants of the ELFE cohort (n = 15,538) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ), which assesses the following physical activity/sedentary behavior domains: household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation and leisure-time sedentary behavior during the third pregnancy trimester...
February 11, 2019: Preventive Medicine
Erin C Smith, Frederick M Burkle
IntroductionIn the years following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City (New York USA), otherwise known as 9/11, first responders began experiencing a range of health and psychosocial impacts. Publications documenting these largely focus on firefighters. This research explores paramedic and emergency medical technician (EMT) reflections on the long-term impact of responding to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used to conduct interviews with 54 paramedics and EMTs on the 15-year anniversary of 9/11...
February 2019: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Niccolò Principi, Pietro Magnoni, Ludovico Grimoldi, Davide Carnevali, Laura Cavazzana, Alberto Pellai
BACKGROUND: Nowadays adolescents and children are more and more exposed to sexually explicit internet material (SEIM), but most parents and healthcare professionals neglect this issue. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of online pornography on minors' health with a specific focus on the effects produced on their behavioural, psychophysical and social development. METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed and ScienceDirect in March 2018 with the query "(pornography OR sexually explicit internet material) AND (adolescent OR child OR young) AND (impact OR behaviour OR health)"...
February 13, 2019: Minerva Pediatrica
Matthew R Jamnik, Lisabeth F DiLalla
Physical and mental health problems are becoming more common among the general population. Studies examining mental and physical health often indicate that mental illness early in life is associated with more detrimental health outcomes later. However, additional work is needed to better identity which psychological problems may contribute to poorer health outcomes. Given recent increases in childhood anxiety and depression specifically, it is beneficial to further investigate the relationship between internalizing problems, both early and later in life, and related health problems...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Danielle L Terry, Christopher P Terry
Behavioral health issues like anxiety and depression negatively impact numerous aspects of primary care, including medical regimen adherence, communication, physical well-being, and engagement in beneficial health behaviors. This study aimed to examine internal and family medicine residents': (1) patterns of addressing mental health concerns (e.g., frequency of referral for psychotherapy and/or medication), (2) self-perceptions of competency in assessment and treatment of specific mental health disorders, and (3) frequency of utilization of efficacious therapeutic strategies during clinical encounters...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Gabriella Gobbi, Tobias Atkin, Tomasz Zytynski, Shouao Wang, Sorayya Askari, Jill Boruff, Mark Ware, Naomi Marmorstein, Andrea Cipriani, Nandini Dendukuri, Nancy Mayo
Importance: Cannabis is the most commonly used drug of abuse by adolescents in the world. While the impact of adolescent cannabis use on the development of psychosis has been investigated in depth, little is known about the impact of cannabis use on mood and suicidality in young adulthood. Objective: To provide a summary estimate of the extent to which cannabis use during adolescence is associated with the risk of developing subsequent major depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior...
February 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
Marina X Carpena, Samuel C Dumith, Christian Loret de Mola, Lucas Neiva-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of depression and sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related risk factors therefor in a southern Brazilian city. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of adults from Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Individuals (n=1,295) were selected using a multistage sampling procedure. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to screen for major depressive episodes (MDEs). We used a conceptual causal framework to organize and assess risk factors for MDE and calculated prevalence ratios (PR) using regression models...
February 7, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Robert C Kollmorgen, Carolyn A Hutyra, Cindy Green, Brian Lewis, Steven A Olson, Richard C Mather
BACKGROUND: Legacy hip outcome measures may be burdensome to patients and sometimes yield floor or ceiling effects. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) computer adaptive tests (CATs) allow for low-burden data capture and limited ceiling and floor effects. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the PROMIS CAT domains demonstrate correlation against commonly used legacy patient-reported outcome measures in a population of patients presenting to a tertiary care hip preservation center...
February 12, 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Susan J Curry, Alex H Krist, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, David C Grossman, Alex R Kemper, Martha Kubik, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng, John B Wong
Importance: Perinatal depression, which is the occurrence of a depressive disorder during pregnancy or following childbirth, affects as many as 1 in 7 women and is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and the postpartum period. It is well established that perinatal depression can result in adverse short- and long-term effects on both the woman and child. Objective: To issue a new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on interventions to prevent perinatal depression...
February 12, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Elizabeth O'Connor, Caitlyn A Senger, Michelle L Henninger, Erin Coppola, Bradley N Gaynes
Importance: Depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period is relatively common and can have adverse effects on both mother and child. Objective: To systematically review benefits and harms of primary care-relevant interventions to prevent perinatal depression, a major or minor depressive episode during pregnancy or up to 1 year after childbirth, to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMED (for publisher-supplied records only), PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; surveillance through December 5, 2018...
February 12, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Rinad S Beidas, Kevin G Volpp, Alison N Buttenheim, Steven C Marcus, Mark Olfson, Melanie Pellecchia, Rebecca E Stewart, Nathaniel J Williams, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Molly Candon, Zuleyha Cidav, Jessica Fishman, Adina Lieberman, Kelly Zentgraf, David Mandell
BACKGROUND: Efficacious psychiatric treatments are not consistently deployed in community practice, and clinical outcomes are attenuated compared with those achieved in clinical trials. A major focus for mental health services research is to develop effective and cost-effective strategies that increase the use of evidence-based assessment, prevention, and treatment approaches in community settings. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this program of research is to apply insights from behavioral economics and participatory design to advance the science and practice of implementing evidence-based practice (EBP) for individuals with psychiatric disorders across the life span...
February 12, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Nadav Antebi-Gruszka, Eric W Schrimshaw
Substantial evidence exists about the negative role of internalized homonegativity on the health and well-being of lesbian women and gay men. However, existing measures of internalized homonegativity assume a gay or lesbian sexual identity ("I wish I wasn't gay") and therefore may be inappropriate for non-gay identified individuals, including bisexual people. Therefore, we developed and tested the psychometric properties of the Negative Attitudes Towards Same-Sex Behavior Inventory (NATSBI) which was designed to assess one's negative attitudes towards their same-sex behavior, regardless of their self-identification...
June 2018: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Pasquale Caponnetto
The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Each year, almost one in three adults in the non-institutionalized community has a diagnosable mental or addictive disorder, and this figure climbs to approximately 40% among emergency departments patients. We described the principal cardiovascular acute disease and their emotional and behavioral consequences where psychological intervention could improve the care pathway and clinical outcome. Peer-reviewed articles from Medline, Psycinfo, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane library, about psychological and psychopathological sequelae in cardiovascular acute disease were searched...
November 6, 2018: Mental Illness
Mojtaba Rezaei, Moein Khormali, Samaneh Akbarpour, Khosro Sadeghniiat-Hagighi, Mansour Shamsipour
Objective: This study aimed to investigate subjective sleep quality and its association with demographics, psychological health, and sleep hygiene related behaviors in pre-clinical medical students. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographics, sleep hygiene behaviors, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS21) was handed out to all medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences at pre-clinical stage...
July 2018: Sleep Science
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