Read by QxMD icon Read


Tudor Popescu, Monja P Neuser, Markus Neuwirth, Fernando Bravo, Wolfgang Mende, Oren Boneh, Fabian C Moss, Martin Rohrmeier
Western musical styles use a large variety of chords and vertical sonorities. Based on objective acoustical properties, chords can be situated on a dissonant-consonant continuum. While this might to some extent converge with the unpleasant-pleasant continuum, subjective liking might diverge for various chord forms from music across different styles. Our study aimed to investigate how well appraisals of the roughness and pleasantness dimensions of isolated chords taken from real-world music are predicted by Parncutt's established model of sensory dissonance...
January 31, 2019: Scientific Reports
Kiran Dhakal, Martin Norgaard, Bhim Mani Adhikari, Kristy S Yun, Mukesh Dhamala
Musical improvisation is one of the most complex forms of creative behavior, which offers a realistic task paradigm for the investigation of real-time creativity where revision is not possible. Despite some previous studies on musical improvisation and brain activity, what and how brain areas are involved during musical improvisation are not clearly understood. Here, we designed a new functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, in which, while being in the MRI scanner, advanced jazz improvisers performed improvisatory vocalization and imagery as main tasks and performed a pre-learned melody as a control task...
January 8, 2019: Brain Connectivity
Jeanine Young-Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Jazz Croft, Jon Heron, Christoph Teufel, Mary Cannon, Dieter Wolke, Andrew Thompson, Lotte Houtepen, Stanley Zammit
Importance: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have consistently reported associations between childhood trauma and psychotic experiences and disorders. However, few studies have examined whether the age of exposure or specific trauma types are differently associated with the risk of developing psychotic experiences. Objective: To examine whether exposure to trauma, assessed at multiple age periods between 0 and 17 years of age, is associated with an increased risk of psychotic experiences by age 18 years and whether this association varies according to trauma type as well as age and frequency of exposure...
November 21, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Robin Gordon, Jonathan MacDonald, Nagy Darwish
Posterior reduction and fusion of spondylolisthesis has a number of recognized and accepted procedural difficulties dependent on its severity. The Jazz™ Band is a novel system designed primarily for posterior fixation of the spine; however, its uses can be applied to a breadth of spinal conditions. Its benefits include that one size will fit all spinal levels; the connector is designed for multiple union rod diameters and reduced comorbidity when compared with other surgical methods. We present a case of a 26-year-old female with an L5/S1 spondylolisthesis slip angle of 117...
July 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Vivien C Abad, Christian Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent and constitutes a major health hazard. Current pharmacotherapy is ineffective in correcting sleep-disordered breathing and is used adjunctively to address residual sleepiness. A new drug, solriamfetol, a selective norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, is the first drug of its class that is being considered by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat excessive sleepiness in OSA and narcolepsy patients. Areas covered: This review covers drug chemistry, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and metabolism of solriamfetol...
November 2, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Biniam Kebede, Pui Yee Lee, Sze Ying Leong, Vidya Kethireddy, Qianli Ma, Kemal Aganovic, Graham T Eyres, Nazimah Hamid, Indrawati Oey
High-Pressure Processing (HPP) and Pulsed Electric Fields (PEF) processing technologies are being used increasingly on a commercial basis, with high-quality labelled fruit juices being one of the most important promotion strategies. Quality-related enzymes, which might still be active after HPP and PEF pasteurization, can cause undesirable aroma changes during storage. This study investigated volatile changes during the shelf life of PEF (15.5 kV/cm and specific energy of 158 kJ/L), HPP (600 MPa for 3 min), and thermally (72 °C for 15 s) pasteurized Jazz apple juices-up to five weeks...
October 17, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Aydin Anic, Kirk N Olsen, William Forde Thompson
Neuroscientific research has revealed interconnected brain networks implicated in musical creativity, such as the executive control network, the default mode network, and premotor cortices. The present study employed brain stimulation to evaluate the role of the primary motor cortex (M1) in creative and technically fluent jazz piano improvisations. We implemented transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to alter the neural activation patterns of the left hemispheric M1 whilst pianists performed improvisations with their right hand...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Roy S Hwang, Vishad Sukul, Claire Collison, Julia Prusik, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal (IT) Baclofen is beneficial for spasticity, but if pumps become infected necessitating removal, baclofen withdrawal is difficult to manage and life-threatening. Furthermore there is no consistency between dosing and severity of withdrawal. Case reports detail full baclofen withdrawal at dosages of 260 μg/day. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that in patients on stable IT baclofen for prolonged periods, externalizing a patient's original IT pump is a safe, effective way to wean IT doses...
October 16, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Steven Falowski, Jason E Pope, Adil Raza
BACKGROUND: Peripheral neuropathy is a chronic pain disorder involving physical, chemical, or metabolic damage to peripheral nerves. Its pain can be intense and disabling. Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation is an effective treatment for neuropathic pain, including cases with the limited regional distributions that often characterize peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was completed. Patients were included on the basis of having chronic intractable peripheral neuropathy of the legs and/or feet and responding successfully to a trial of DRG stimulation with leads at L4-S1...
September 28, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Giuseppe Plazzi, Chad Ruoff, Michel Lecendreux, Yves Dauvilliers, Carol L Rosen, Jed Black, Rupa Parvataneni, Diane Guinta, Youyu Grace Wang, Emmanuel Mignot
BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a lifelong neurological disorder with onset commonly in childhood or adolescence. No drugs are indicated for cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness in paediatric patients with narcolepsy. Sodium oxybate is approved for use in adult patients with excessive daytime sleepiness or cataplexy, or both, in narcolepsy. We aimed to examine the safety and efficacy of sodium oxybate oral solution treatment in children and adolescents who have narcolepsy with cataplexy...
July 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Mary Wiktorowicz, Kathy Moscou, Joel Lexchin
BACKGROUND: As a transnational policy network, the International Council for Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) aligns international regulatory standards to address the pressures of globalization on the pharmaceutical industry and increase access to new medicines. Founding ICH members include regulators and pharmaceutical industry trade associations in the European Union, the United States and Japan. In this paper we explore the manner in which state interdependence fosters the conditions for regulatory harmonization by tracing the underlying parallels between ICH and member state pharmacogovernance to clarify emergent patterns in regulatory policy convergence...
August 22, 2018: Globalization and Health
Yunyun Di, Ellen K Wasan, Jacqueline Cawthray, Kishor M Wasan
PURPOSE: CPX-351 is a liposomal formulation of cytarabine and daunorubicin encapsulated at a 5:1 molar ratio, for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. The Scavenger Receptor class B type I (SR-BI) plays an important role in mediating the uptake of high-density lipoproteins. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of the cell surface lipoprotein receptor SR-BI in the uptake of CPX-351 liposomes (Jazz Pharmaceuticals) into K562 leukemia cells. METHODS: K562 cells were pre-treated with 10 nM siRNA for 48 h and then treated with varying amount of CPX-351 for 24, 48 and 72 h...
September 5, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Amy M Belfi, Anna Kasdan, Jess Rowland, Edward A Vessel, G Gabrielle Starr, David Poeppel
In recent years, psychological models of perception have undergone reevaluation due to a broadening of focus toward understanding not only how observers perceive stimuli but also how they subjectively evaluate stimuli. Here, we investigated the time course of such aesthetic evaluations using a gating paradigm. In a series of experiments, participants heard excerpts of classical, jazz, and electronica music. Excerpts were of different durations (250 ms, 500 ms, 750 ms, 1,000 ms, 2,000 ms, 10,000 ms) or note values (eighth note, quarter note, half note, dotted-half note, whole note, and entire 10,000 ms excerpt)...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Oswald J Schmitz
Ecosystem ecologists explore how different kinds of species fit together to drive ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling and productivity. This research is motivated by theories that assume that the suite of traits that characterize a species' form determines its function, that these traits have become fixed over evolutionary time, and that ensuing ecosystem process are not resilient to environmental change. Here, I explore new research that re-evaluates this theory. Recent results suggest that functional traits are malleable, enabling species to rapidly respond and adapt to each other as environmental conditions change with predictable effects on ecosystem processes...
July 2018: PLoS Biology
Ziheng Wang, Guanghui An, Wanting Zhang, Guang Yang
BACKGROUND: The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline worldwide. Thus, improving their health is necessary. Jazz dance may be one of the effective exercises to improve one's health. However, the effect of jazz dance exercise on different physical fitness level and whether the intensity of jazz dance exercises can improve physical and mental health simultaneously and efficiently need to be investigated. In this study, we systematically assessed the effect of jazz dance on physical and mental health of college students by a rigorous randomized, parallel-controlled design...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Patrick Monette, Richard Brach, Annie Cowan, Roger Winters, Jazz Weisman, Foster Seybert, Kelsey Goguen, James Chen, Arthur Glasfeld, Grace Spatafora
Streptococcus mutans , one of ∼600 bacterial species in the human oral cavity, is among the most acidogenic constituents of the plaque biofilm. Considered to be the primary causative agent of dental caries, S. mutans harbors a 25kDa SloR metalloregulatory protein which controls metal ion transport across the bacterial cell membrane to maintain essential metal ion homeostasis. The expression of SloR derives, in part, from transcriptional readthrough of the sloABC operon which encodes a Mn2+ /Fe2+ ABC transport system...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Catarina Vila Pouca, Culum Brown
The marine environment is filled with biotic and abiotic sounds. Some of these sounds predict important events that influence fitness while others are unimportant. Individuals can learn specific sound cues and 'soundscapes' and use them for vital activities such as foraging, predator avoidance, communication and orientation. Most research with sounds in elasmobranchs has focused on hearing thresholds and attractiveness to sound sources, but very little is known about their abilities to learn about sounds, especially in benthic species...
July 2018: Animal Cognition
Allard E van Ark, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer
BACKGROUND: The worlds of a physician and a jazz musician seem entirely different. Various studies, however, relating the concepts behind jazz music to medical practice and education, have been published. The aim of this essayistic review is to summarize previously described concepts behind jazz music and its required artistic skills that could be translated to medicine, encouraging doctors, medical students and medical educators to see their professional environment from a different perspective...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
Siw G Nielsen, Guro G Johansen, Harald Jørgensen
In higher music education (HME), the notion of "private teaching, private learning" has a long tradition, where the learning part rests on the student's individual practicing between instrumental lessons. However, recent research suggests that collaborative learning among peers is beneficial in several aspects, such as sense of belonging, motivation and self-efficacy. This is consistent with the concept of vicarious learning. In this study, we conducted a survey among bachelor music students in church music, performance or music education programs enrolled in a music academy ( N = 96), where parts of the questionnaire addressed peer learning and peer's influence on the students's instrumental practicing, and the degree of satisfaction with their practicing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"