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Pediatric rehab

Ashraf Fouda, Shaimaa Kandil, Suzy Abdelmabood, Khadijah Boujettif, Rehab Albakri, Mohamed Mahfouz, Mohamed Abdelaziz
Overweight and obesity in the pediatric population remains a growing worldwide health burden. The extent to which this trend extends to childhood cancer survivors (CCS) remains less well explored. We conducted a retrospective observational study from a single institution in Saudi Arabia to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obese status among CCS over a five-year period. A total of 91 CCS patients were identified, 63 of whom had complete weight data from their treatment to the time of the study. Of these patients, 29 (46...
February 22, 2019: Nutrition and Cancer
Molly E Hubbard, Abdullah Bin Zahid, Kathleen Vonderhaar, David Freeman, Rachel M Nygaard, Andrew Kiragu, Daniel Guillaume
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem, particularly in children. Prognostication of injury severity at the time of presentation is difficult. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is a commonly used anatomical-based coding system created to classify and describe injury severity after initial presentation, once test results are able to better define the anatomical characteristics of the injury. We hypothesize that the Head AIS can predict discharge destination in children after TBI...
January 19, 2019: Brain Injury: [BI]
Mary A Khetani, Heather K Lim, Marya E Corden
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/rehab.7566.].
December 21, 2017: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Rehab Rashad Kassem
A case of dissociated vertical deviation, ptosis, and juvenile glaucoma is described. J deformity anteriorization of the normally acting inferior oblique muscles was chosen to preserve the superior fornix for glaucoma surgeries by avoiding superior rectus recession and to prevent narrowing of the palpebral fissure by avoiding an inferior rectus tuck. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e63-e66.].
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Mona Hassan, Noha Musa, Rehab Abdel Hai, Ashgan Fathy, Amany Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a serious chronic illness that imposes significant morbidity and mortality with a major impact on the quality of life (QoL) that became a core issue in diabetes care. Understanding the effect of diabetes on QoL is important for day-to-day clinical management and also for public health policy initiatives aiming at improving health outcomes for those with diabetes. The objective of the study was to assess the QoL in adolescents with T1D and assess the applicability of the use of the "Quality of Life for Youth" questionnaire at the Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU) clinic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Rehab Abdel Raof, Shahira Ahmed El Metainy, Doaa Abou Alia, Moataza Abdel Wahab
BACKGROUND: The effect of dexmedetomidine on the potency of bupivacaine for transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in pediatric patients has not been investigated. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine to decrease the concentration of bupivacaine needed for analgesia for ultrasound-guided TAP block in a pediatric patient undergoing hernia repair or hydrocelectomy. DESIGN: This is a randomized, double-blind, up-down, dose-finding study...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Ahmed Ragab, Taghreed Farahat, Ghada Al-Hendawy, Rehab Samaka, Seham Ragab, Amira El-Ghobashy
OBJECTIVES: Acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) is a common pediatric problem. Our aim was to determine the efficacy of normal nasal saline irrigation (NSI) with or without amoxicillin in treatment of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) in children. METHODS: It is a prospective randomized, blind placebo-controlled trial. Children with uncomplicated ARS were recruited. One group received (amoxacillin 100mg/kg/day) and 0.9% NSI. The second group received placebo and 0.9% NSI. The primary outcome was the effect of treatment on clinical response...
December 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Zeinab A El-Sayed, Shereen S El-Sayed, Rehab M Zaki, Mervat A Salama
BACKGROUND: Latex allergy is one of the major health concerns and allergic reactions to latex may be serious and fatal. PURPOSE: In this study, we sought to determine the frequency of latex hypersensitivity in a group of allergic Egyptian infants and children and its relation to the history provided by the patients or caregivers. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 400 patients with physician diagnosed allergic diseases. The study measurements included clinical evaluation for the site and duration of allergy, history suggestive of latex allergy, family history of allergy, and skin prick testing (SPT) using a commercial latex extract...
2014: Pulmonary Medicine
Sahar I Al-Niemat, Tareq M Aljbouri, Lana S Goussous, Rania A Efaishat, Rehab K Salah
OBJECTIVE: To investigate antibiotics prescribing patterns in the outpatient pediatric emergency clinic at Queen Rania Al Abdullah II Children's Hospital at Royal Medical Services in Amman, Jordan. METHODS: The data was collected from the emergency pharmacy over the period of a -five consecutive months. The methodology recommended by the World Health Organization for investigating drug use in a health facility was followed. The study measures the percentage of encounter with a prescribed antibiotic and the percentage share of each antibiotic category...
July 2014: Oman Medical Journal
Rehab Shamma, Nermeen Elkasabgy
Spironolactone (SL) is a poorly water-soluble drug. Being poorly soluble affects its dissolution rate which in turn affects its oral bioavailability. This work aimed to prepare freeze-dried SL-Soluplus/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) oral thin film in an attempt to enhance the drug solubility on one hand and at the same time prepare a solid dosage form convenient for the pediatric use. SL-Soluplus/PVA films were prepared using polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) as a plasticizer applying the solvent-casting technique...
2016: Drug Delivery
Ghada Ibrahim Gad, Somaia Tawfik Mohamed, Khaled Salah Awwad, Rehab Fetoh Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Inner ear dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosis patients has been reported but audiovestibular involvement is not well documented especially in pediatrics. This study was designed to evaluate silent audiovestibular dysfunction among SLE children. METHODS: Case control study examined in allergy and immunology clinic; pediatrics hospital and audiovestibular clinic; Ain Shams University from January 2009 to December 2010. Thirty-five systemic lupus erythematosus children (diagnosed according to American College of Rheumatology); age group 8-16 years, were randomly selected...
September 2013: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mona E Fahmy, Mahmoud A Osman, Rehab A Mahmoud, Lamiaa K Mohamed, Khaled I Seif-elnasr, Ayman E Eskander
BACKGROUND/AIM: Among the various methods for evaluating gastric emptying, the real-time ultrasound is safe, does not require intubation, or rely on either radiologic or radionuclide technique. The aim of our work was to measure the gastric emptying in pediatric patients with portal hypertension by using the real-time ultrasound. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with portal hypertension with mean age 7 ± 2.8 years and 20 healthy children as a control group underwent gastric emptying study by using real-time ultrasound...
January 2012: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Sandra H Arnold, Beth Werner DeGrace, Kathleen K Qualls
Professional occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) programs traditionally instruct students using volunteers, including children who have disabilities. Presenting a child before a classroom of students may deprive the child of dignity and may limit students' understanding of the child's disability and the importance of family-centered service delivery. An alternative approach that respects the child's privacy and promotes dignity is student observation in the context of the child's daily living...
2011: Journal of Allied Health
Cindy Bruce-Barrett, Alastair Hodinott, Arbelle Manicat-Emo, Tonya Flaming, Daune Macgregor, Iris Hogan, Chris Carew, Sandi Cox
Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital (formerly Bloorview Kids Rehab) is Canada's largest teaching hospital for pediatric rehabilitation and the only in-patient pediatric rehabilitation centre in Ontario. SickKids is a quaternary-level academic health sciences centre. The acute care neuroscience and trauma patient population at SickKids represents the largest volume of transitioning clients between the two organizations. For years, the number of medically unnecessary days associated with patients awaiting transfer from SickKids to Holland Bloorview for off-site rehabilitation was consistently driven by inefficient processes, multiple handovers, duplicitous efforts, fragmented communication and a lack of timely or complete referral information...
2011: Healthcare Quarterly
George M Testerman
BACKGROUND: All-terrain vehicle (ATV) riding is a popular recreation in the mountainous areas of Southeastern Kentucky, Southwest Virginia and East Tennessee. We hypothesized that admissions for serious injuries have increased among ATV riders. A retrospective data review from a Level 1 trauma center trauma registry presents injury characteristics and outcomes, comparing patients in earlier and later time periods. METHODS: Patient demographics, drug and alcohol positivity, helmet use, injury type and location, internal disposition (admission to the Operating Room or Intensive Care Unit [ICU]), Injury Severity Score (ISS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), hospital length of stay, ICU length of stay, ventilator days, Abbreviate Injury Score (AIS), scores for head and neck, chest, abdomen, and extremities, procedures performed, complications, and discharge destination were analyzed among individuals who had sustained ATV crash-related injuries between March 1997 and March 2007...
August 2009: Tennessee Medicine: Journal of the Tennessee Medical Association
Alex G Cuenca, Alexandra Wiggins, Mike K Chen, David W Kays, Saleem Islam, Elizabeth A Beierle
PURPOSE: Equestrian activities are regarded by some as high-risk sports, and our recent experience suggested this to be true. We undertook this study to review our experience with pediatric equestrian injuries. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we reviewed emergency department and hospital admissions for children 0 to 18 years, with equestrian trauma, over an 11-year period. RESULTS: There were 164 encounters with 135 girls and 29 boys...
January 2009: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
S Alfandari, I Baudlot, M Caillaux, E Senneville, L Thirard, E Zawadzki, O Leroy
AIMS OF THE STUDY: We evaluated the compliance to the antibiotic committee guidelines of Tourcoing Hospital. METHODS: A national nosocomial infections prevalence study was conducted in June 2006. We collected additional data on the name and indication of prescribed antibiotics compared to recommended drugs in our therapeutic guidelines. Endpoints were antibiotic indication, compliance to local guidelines, unjustified combination therapy and deescalation therapy if possible...
December 2007: Pathologie-biologie
Deborah I Cox
A pediatric wheelchair is indeed a smaller seating system mounted over a mobility base that helps a child get from point A to point B. The important thing to recognize is that the child is every day learning new things about how he or she fits in with the world. That child is making friends and exploring the playground and going to music or art class. He or she may be starting and ending the day with a parent, but midday is spent interacting with the school's bus driver, teachers, counselor, and therapists...
August 2004: Rehab Management
T Field, J Pickens, M Prodromidis, J Malphurs, N Fox, D Bendell, R Yando, S Schanberg, C Kuhn
Infants of mothers with depressive symptoms show developmental delays if symptoms persist over the first 6 months of the infant's life, thus highlighting the importance of identifying those mothers for early intervention. In Study 1, mothers with depressive symptoms (n = 160) and mothers without depressive symptoms (n = 100) and their infants were monitored to identify variables from the first 3 months that predict which mothers would still be symptomatic at 6 months. A "dysregulation" profile was noted for the infants of depressed mothers, including lower Brazelton scores, more indeterminate sleep, and elevated norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine levels at the neonatal period, and greater right frontal EEG activation, lower vagal tone, and negative interactions at the 3- and 6-month periods...
2000: Adolescence
H L Iwanicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1999: Rehab Management
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