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semilunar granule cell

Thomas Kerloch, Solène Clavreul, Adeline Goron, Djoher Nora Abrous, Emilie Pacary
In nonhuman mammals and in particular in rodents, most granule neurons of the dentate gyrus (DG) are generated during development and yet little is known about their properties compared with adult-born neurons. Although it is generally admitted that these populations are morphologically indistinguishable once mature, a detailed analysis of developmentally born neurons is lacking. Here, we used in vivo electroporation to label dentate granule cells (DGCs) generated in mouse embryos (E14.5) or in neonates (P0) and followed their morphological development up to 6 months after birth...
September 12, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Laurène Save, Agnès Baude, Rosa Cossart
The dentate gyrus, the entry gate to the hippocampus, comprises 3 types of glutamatergic cells, the granule, the mossy and the semilunar granule cells. Whereas accumulating evidence indicates that specification of subclasses of neocortical neurons starts at the time of their final mitotic divisions, when cellular diversity is specified in the Dentate Gyrus remains largely unknown. Here we show that semilunar cells, like mossy cells, originate from the earliest stages of developmental neurogenesis and that early born neurons form age-matched circuits with each other...
June 6, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Akshay Gupta, Fatima S Elgammal, Archana Proddutur, Samik Shah, Vijayalakshmi Santhakumar
Brain injury is an etiological factor for temporal lobe epilepsy and can lead to memory and cognitive impairments. A recently characterized excitatory neuronal class in the dentate molecular layer, semilunar granule cell (SGC), has been proposed to regulate dentate network activity patterns and working memory formation. Although SGCs, like granule cells, project to CA3, their typical sustained firing and associational axon collaterals suggest that they are functionally distinct from granule cells. We find that brain injury results in an enhancement of SGC excitability associated with an increase in input resistance 1 week after trauma...
February 15, 2012: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Phillip Larimer, Ben W Strowbridge
Here we found that perforant path stimulation in rat hippocampal slices evoked long-lasting barrages of synaptic inputs in subpopulations of dentate gyrus mossy cells and hilar interneurons. Synaptic barrages triggered persistent firing in hilar neurons (hilar up-states). We found that synaptic barrages originate from semilunar granule cells (SGCs), glutamatergic neurons in the inner molecular layer that generate long-duration plateau potentials in response to excitatory synaptic input. MK801, nimodipine and nickel all abolished both stimulus-evoked plateau potentials in SGCs and synaptic barrages in downstream hilar neurons without blocking fast synaptic transmission...
February 2010: Nature Neuroscience
Philip A Williams, Phillip Larimer, Yuan Gao, Ben W Strowbridge
Synaptic reorganization of the dentate gyrus inner molecular layer (IML) is a pathophysiological process that may facilitate seizures in patients with temporal-lobe epilepsy. Two subtypes of IML neurons were originally described by Ramón y Cajal (1995), but have not been thoroughly studied. We used two-photon imaging, infrared-differential interference contrast microscopy and patch clamp recordings from rat hippocampal slices to define the intrinsic physiology and synaptic targets of spiny, granule-like neurons in the IML, termed semilunar granule cells (SGCs)...
December 12, 2007: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 1964: Kaibogaku Zasshi. Journal of Anatomy
Enrico Crivellato, Beatrice Nico, Angelo Vacca, Domenico Ribatti
Mast cells (MC) are critical for a number of pathological conditions, including acute and chronic inflammation and tumor angiogenesis. We have previously demonstrated in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) the presence of an heterogeneous population of MC characterized by granules with a morphological semilunar appearance, or piecemeal partial degranulation (PMD), and containing scrolls. With the aim to further elucidate the morphological features of MC in B-NHL, in the present study an ultrastructural analysis of MC recovery after secretion by PMD in B-NHL samples has been carried out...
March 2003: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Enrico Crivellato, Beatrice Nico, Angelo Vacca, Franco Dammacco, Domenico Rebatti
Mast cells (MC) are critical for a number of pathological conditions, including acute and chronic inflammation and tumor angiogenesis. We have previously demonstrated that in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) angiogenesis is correlated with total methachromatic and tryptase-positive MC and that both counts increase in step with the increase in malignancy, whereas the role of MC in malignant lymph nodes is not fully clear. An extensive ultrastructural study has been made of representative samples of 30 B-NHL and 10 benign lymphadenopathies...
November 2002: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Enrico Crivellato, Beatrice Nico, Laura Perissin, Domenico Ribatti
Chromaffin cells of the mouse adrenal medulla were found by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to exhibit ultrastructural changes suggestive of piecemeal degranulation (PMD), a unique model of cell secretion characterized by the slow release of granule materials without granules opening to the cell exterior. The expression of PMD was recognized in both adrenaline- and noradrenaline-containing cells. Ultrastructural changes included specific granule and cytoplasmic morphologies. In adrenaline-releasing cells the granule content was loosely packed or condensed, and surrounded by a clear halo...
February 2003: Anatomical Record. Part A, Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology
S Suzuki, H Mifune, T Nishida, T Obara, R Kamimura, H Sakamoto, A Mohammad Abdul, H Nishinakagawa
The parotid glands of Tupaia glis were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. The acinar cells were seromucous in nature, and contained many acidophilic granules with strong affinity for periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and weak affinity for alcian blue (AB). These granules consisted of a fine granular matrix of moderate density in which a denser corpuscles or semilunar materials were present. Intercalated duct cells had a few fine vesicles, vacuoles and very few dense granules in the apical region...
October 1995: Experimental Animals
C Grøndahl, P Hyttel, M L Grøndahl, T Eriksen, P Gotfredsen, T Greve
The objectives were to describe the ultrastructure of equine oocytes aspirated from small and preovulatory follicles, and to relate the ultrastructural features to follicle size and follicular fluid steroid concentrations. Mares were examined every second day by transrectal ultrasonography, and follicles measuring > 30 mm were aspirated (in vivo) using a 20-cm-long 12-gauge needle through the flank. Following slaughter, both large and small follicles were aspirated (in vitro) from six mares. The oocytes were isolated under a stereomicroscope and processed for transmission electron microscopy, and the follicular fluid was assayed for progesterone (P4) amd estradiol-17 beta (E2)...
September 1995: Molecular Reproduction and Development
J W Mills, B E Prum
Frog skin contains three distinct types of exocrine glands: granular (poison), mucous, and seromucous. The granular gland forms a syncytial secretory compartment within the acinus, which is surrounded by smooth muscle cells. The mucous and seromucous glands are easily identifiable as distinct glands. The serous and mucous secretory cells are arranged in a semilunar configuration opposite the ductal end and are filled with granules. Within the acinus, located at the ductal pole of the gland, are distinct groups of cells with few or no granules in the cytoplasm...
September 1984: American Journal of Anatomy
K Liedel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1972: Gegenbaurs Morphologisches Jahrbuch
F P Cantatore, F Benazzo, D Ribatti, G Lapadula, S D'Amico, A Tursi, V Pipitone
Biopsy specimens of the synovial membrane were obtained during arthroscopy and surgical meniscectomy from the knees of 20 patients with meniscus lesions. The aim of this study was to identify the morphological and immunological changes which appear in the synovium during the earliest phase of osteoarthrosis. Interstitial deposits of IgG and, in some cases, C3 were found not only in patients with evident arthrotic degeneration (cartilaginous lesions and synovitis), but also in patients who showed no overt arthrotic changes...
June 1988: Clinical Rheumatology
A S Kirshenbaum, R B Bressler, M M Friedman, D D Metcalfe
In order to determine whether mast cells or basophils could be derived from nonhuman primate bone marrow, cells from bone marrow aspirates were cultured in the presence of concanavalin A-stimulated nonhuman primate spleen cell supernatants (CAS). Culture conditions were identical to those used for culturing mucosal-like mast cells from mouse bone marrow. In this situation, basophil-like cells (BLC) could be identified in liquid cultures and averaged 14-19 microM in size, were round or oval in appearance, had lobulated nuclei, and contained less than 100 metachromatically staining granules per cell...
1988: International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
B Iványi, J Nagy, G Varga, E Búzás
The authors deal with the clinicopathology of the renal, alterations in light-chain disease in connection with 6 cases. The disease was recognized by the monotype (in 5 cases kappa, in 1 case lambda) immunoreactivity of the light-chain paraprotein deposited in the basal membranes of the renal tissue. Electron microscopic examinations proved the fine-granulated, electrodense character of the paraprotein. Multiple myeloma was found in 3 cases and plasma cell dyscrasia of non-tumorous characteristic in 3 cases in the background of the deposition...
August 19, 1990: Orvosi Hetilap
W Lee
Ultrastructural changes in the rat endometrium under several conditions including experiments of the inhibition of implantation were studied to clarify the sequential changes of the endometrium and their endocrinologic background during ovoimplantation. The following pertinent findings were noted. 1) Normal pregnancy. In the luminal surfaces, the microvilli were short and arranged rather irregularly and lost their so-called glycocalyx on L3. The large fungus-like protrusions appeared on L4. On L5, the luminal surfaces were completely covered with small serrated cytoplasmic protrusions...
November 20, 1975: Nihon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi
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