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Kishen Kartages, Guy C Wilson, Che Fornusek, Mark Halaki, Daniel A Hackett
Previous research has shown that kettlebell swings (KBS), utilizing the hip-hinge technique, exhibit similar lower-limb muscle activation patterns to sprint running. This study investigated whether the inclusion of KBS in the warm-up enhances sprint performance. Moderately trained males ( n = 12) and females ( n = 8) performed KBS and a control (CON) condition (passive rest) in random order before performing three 20-m sprint trials separated by 4 minutes. No condition (KBS versus CON) effects, time effects or condition by time interactions were found for sprint times at 5-m and 10-m...
February 10, 2019: Sports
Eric St-Onge, Andrew Robb, Tyson A C Beach, Samuel J Howarth
The Turkish Get-Up (TGU) is a complex and multi-planar exercise; the performer begins in a supine lying position, progresses toward upright standing through a series of 7 stages while holding a mass overhead in one hand, and returns to the original supine lying position through a reversal of the same 7 stages. A descriptive analysis of shoulder muscle activity during the TGU may provide insight toward its use in training and rehabilitation contexts. Our objectives were to: (1) describe the activity patterns from a subset of muscles that span the glenohumeral joint during individual stages of the TGU, and (2) interpret these patterns through comparisons between left- and right-side muscles, and between the up and down phases of the TGU...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Hong-Wen Wu, Chang-Feng Tsai, Kai-Han Liang, Yi-Wen Chang
CONTEXT: Squats and lunges are common exercises frequently applied in muscle strengthening and therapeutic exercises. The loading devices are often used to increase the training intensity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of loading devices on muscle activation in squat and lunge, and to compare the differences in muscle activation between squat and lunge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen healthy, male, recreationally active individuals without a history of lower limb injury...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Josh Henkin, Jessica Bento, Craig Liebenson
Functional movements are designed to look at how our body functions in different environments. Power is often performed in the vertical plane and very stable positions of the body. Both life and sport require a great deal more complexity of movement with direction and deceleration playing key roles. The Kettlebell Lunge Clean (KLC) exercise is a safe and powerful exercise to teach these qualities and progress the power development and force absorption capabilities of the individual.
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Leanne M Raymond, Derek Renshaw, Michael J Duncan
Raymond, LM, Renshaw, D, and Duncan, MJ. Acute hormonal response to kettlebell swing exercise differs depending on load, even when total work is normalized. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study examined the acute hormonal response to kettlebell (KB) swing exercise using 2 loads, but when total work was equalized. Ten strength-trained males (25 ± 6 years) completed 2 KB swing trials, with an 8- and 16-kg KB, respectively, in a counterbalanced order. Each protocol lasted 12 minutes comprising 30-second KB swings followed by 30-second rest...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Hung-Ting Chen, Huey-June Wu, Yu-Jen Chen, Sung-Yen Ho, Yu-Chun Chung
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of kettlebell training on body composition, muscle strength, pulmonary function, and chronic low-grade inflammatory markers among elderly people with sarcopenia. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center and research center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 33 elderly women with sarcopenia (aged 65-75 years) were recruited. INTERVENTION: The participants were randomly assigned to a kettlebell training (KT) group or a control (CON) group...
October 2, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Michael A Lawrence, Stephanie J Ostrowski, Daniel J Leib, Lara A Carlson
Lawrence, MA, Ostrowski, SJ, Leib, DJ, and Carlson, LA. Effect of unstable loads on stabilizing muscles and bar motion during the bench press. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Unstable loads are anecdotally used to increase muscle stabilizer strength and utilization; however, there is little evidence to support these claims. Twelve male powerlifters (age 28.6 ± 5.2 years, body mass 105.6 ± 14.5 kg, lifting experience 9.8 ± 6.0 years, and bench press 5 repetition maximum [5RM] 133.6 ± 30.9 kg) pressed their 5RM in one stable condition with a standard barbell, and 3 unstable conditions using a flexible barbell with weights suspended from elastic bands...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jeremy R Dicus, Michael E Holmstrup, Kyle T Shuler, Tyler T Rice, Shawn D Raybuck, Chelsea A Siddons
Kettlebells often replace dumbbells during common resistance training exercises such as the overhead press. When performing an overhead press, the center of mass of a dumbbell is in line with the glenohumeral joint. In comparison, the center of mass of the kettlebell is posterior to the glenohumeral joint. Posterior displacement of the kettlebell center of mass may result in less stability during the pressing motion. The purpose of this study was to examine muscle activity during an overhead press with resistance training implements of differing stability...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Alex Caravan, John O Scheffey, Sam J Briend, Kyle J Boddy
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the Electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the serratus anterior between 45° kettlebell carries and 90° kettlebell carries. Thirty-three men aged roughly between 19 and 23 and who were either college or professional baseball pitchers were chosen and randomly assigned to either perform the 45° kettlebell carry followed by the 90° kettlebell carry ( n = 17) or the 90° kettlebell carry followed by the 45° kettlebell carry ( n = 16). Each pitcher was instructed in the proper usage of the exercise and assigned a short break between the two carries...
2018: PeerJ
Martin R Williams, Dustin S Hendricks, Michael J Dannen, Andrea M Arnold, Michael A Lawrence
Williams, MR Jr, Hendricks, DS, Dannen, MJ, Arnold, AM, and Lawrence, MA. Activity of shoulder stabilizers and prime movers during an unstable overhead press. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Overhead reaching is a common movement that relies heavily on muscles for dynamic stability. Stabilizer muscle activation increased during squatting and bench pressing with an unstable load, but the overhead press (OHP) has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study is to compare muscle activity of the shoulder stabilizers and prime movers and excursions of the center of pressure (CoP) during the OHP in 2 unstable and one stable conditions...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Timothy J Suchomel, Sophia Nimphius, Christopher R Bellon, Michael H Stone
This review covers underlying physiological characteristics and training considerations that may affect muscular strength including improving maximal force expression and time-limited force expression. Strength is underpinned by a combination of morphological and neural factors including muscle cross-sectional area and architecture, musculotendinous stiffness, motor unit recruitment, rate coding, motor unit synchronization, and neuromuscular inhibition. Although single- and multi-targeted block periodization models may produce the greatest strength-power benefits, concepts within each model must be considered within the limitations of the sport, athletes, and schedules...
April 2018: Sports Medicine
Alexei Wong, Michael Nordvall, Michelle Walters-Edwards, Kevin Lastova, Gwendolyn Francavillo, Liane Summerfield, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez
Kettlebell (KB) training has become an extremely popular exercise program for improving both muscle strength and aerobic fitness. However, the cardiac autonomic modulation and blood pressure (BP) responses induced by an acute KB exercise session are currently unknown. Understanding the impact of this exercise modality on the post-exercise autonomic modulation and BP would facilitate appropriate exercise prescription in susceptible populations. The present study evaluated the effects of an acute session of KB exercise on heart rate variability (HRV) and BP responses in healthy individuals...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Michael J Del Monte, David A Opar, Ryan G Timmins, James Ross, Justin Wl Keogh, Christian Lorenzen
Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat and double knee extension) and were assessed for medial hamstrings (MH) and biceps femoris (BF) myoelectrical activity via surface electromyography (sEMG). Bipolar pre-gelled Ag/AgCl surface electromyography (sEMG) electrodes (10mm diameter, 20mm inter-electrode distance) were placed on the participant's dominant limb after correct skin preparation...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Lance Coffel, D C Craig Liebenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Garrett S Bullock, Abigail C Schmitt, Jason M Shutt, Gray Cook, Robert J Butler
BACKGROUND: Kettlebell (KB) and indian club swings (ICS) are used diversely for developing strength and power. It has been proposed that multiple swing techniques can be used interchangeably to elicit similar adaptations within performance training. Hypothesis/Purpose: It was hypothesized that there will be not be a difference in peak joint angles between types of swings. Furthermore, given the nature of the overhead kettlebell swing (OKS), it was hypothesized that the OKS will be associated with a greater cycle time and a greater vertical impulse compared to shoulder height swing (SKS) and ICS...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Brian C Lyons, Jerry J Mayo, W Steven Tucker, Ben Wax, Russell C Hendrix
Lyons, BC, Mayo, JJ, Tucker, WS, Wax, B, and Hendrix, RC. Electromyographical comparison of muscle activation patterns across 3 commonly performed kettlebell exercises. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2363-2370, 2017-The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle activation patterns of 3 different kettlebell (KB) exercises using electromyography (EMG). Fourteen resistance-trained subjects completed a 1-arm swing (Swing), 1-arm swing style snatch (Snatch), and a 1-arm clean (Clean) using a self-selected 8 to 10 repetition maximum load for each exercise...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
James A Ross, Justin W L Keogh, Cameron J Wilson, Christian Lorenzen
BACKGROUND: Kettlebell lifting has gained increased popularity as both a form of resistance training and as a sport, despite the paucity of literature validating its use as a training tool. Kettlebell sport requires participants to complete the kettlebell snatch continuously over prolonged periods of time. Kettlebell sport and weightlifting involve similar exercises, however, their traditional uses suggest they are better suited to training different fitness qualities. This study examined the three-dimensional ground reaction force (GRF) and force applied to the kettlebell over a 6 min kettlebell snatch set in 12 kettlebell-trained males...
2017: PeerJ
Mette K Zebis, Christoffer H Andersen, Jesper Bencke, Christina Ørntoft, Connie Linnebjerg, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg, Per Aagaard, Lars L Andersen
The aim of the present single-case study was to investigate the effect of 6 weeks' kettlebell training on the neuromuscular risk profile for ACL injury in a high-risk athlete returning to sport after ACL reconstruction. A female elite soccer player (age 21 years) with no previous history of ACL injury went through neuromuscular screening as measured by EMG preactivity of vastus lateralis and semitendinosus during a standardized sidecutting maneuver. Subsequently, the player experienced a noncontact ACL injury...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Molly Wade, Reginald O'Hara, Lydia Caldwell, Jason Ordway, Darryn Bryant
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of continuous one-arm kettlebell (KB) swing training on various US Air Force physical fitness testing components. Thirty trained male (n = 15) and female (n = 15) US Air Force (USAF) personnel volunteered and were sequentially assigned to one of three groups based on 1.5-mile run time: (1) KB one-arm swing training, (2) KB one-arm swing training plus highintensity running (KB + run), and (3) traditional USAF physical training (PT) according to Air Force Instruction 36-2905...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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