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Sprint Canoe

Fridolin Zinke, Torsten Warnke, Martijn Gäbler, Urs Granacher
In canoe sprint, the trunk muscles play an important role in stabilizing the body in an unstable environment (boat) and in generating forces that are transmitted through the shoulders and arms to the paddle for propulsion of the boat. Isokinetic training is well suited for sports in which propulsion is generated through water resistance due to similarities in the resistive mode. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of isokinetic training in addition to regular sport-specific training on trunk muscular fitness and body composition in world-class canoeists and to evaluate associations between trunk muscular fitness and canoe-specific performance...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
Myriam Paquette, François Bieuzen, François Billaut
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the relationships between muscle oxygenation and performance during on- and off-water tests in highly trained sprint canoe-kayak athletes. METHODS: Thirty athletes (19 kayakers and 11 canoeists) performed a maximal incremental test on a canoe or kayak ergometer for determination of VO2max and examination of the relation between peak power output (PPO) and physiological parameters. A subset of 21 athletes also performed a 200-m and a 500-m (for women) or 1000-m (for men) on-water time trials...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Craig W Pickett, Kazunori Nosaka, James Zois, Will G Hopkins, Anthony J, Blazevich
Current training and monitoring methods in sprint kayaking are based on the premise that upper-body muscular strength and aerobic power are both important for performance, but limited evidence exists to support this premise in high-level athletes. Relationships between measures of strength, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and 200-m race times in kayakers competing at national-to-international levels were examined. Data collected from Australian Canoeing training camps and competitions for 7 elite, 7 national and 8 club level male sprint kayakers were analyzed for relationships between maximal isoinertial strength (3-RM bench press, bench row, chin-up and deadlift), VO2max on a kayak ergometer, and 200-m race time...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Sheykhlouvand, M, Khalili, E, Gharaat, M, Arazi, H, Khalafi, M, and Tarverdizadeh, B. Practical model of low-volume paddling-based sprint interval training improves aerobic and anaerobic performances in professional female canoe polo athletes. J Strength Cond Res 32(8): 2375-2382, 2018-Brief, intense exercise training using running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from a wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper body is predominantly involved...
August 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Viktor Bielik, Leonard Lendvorský, Lukáš Lengvarský, Peter Lopata, Róbert Petriska, Jana Pelikánová
BACKGROUND: In this article we aimed to find out whether there is a difference in physiological, anthropometric and power variables between medalists in junior international Championship events (MJCH) and the remaining members of the national team (NT) in flat water canoe sprint. METHODS: Sixty male junior kayakers from Slovak NT were tested annually between years 1995 and 2016. Sixteen of them won at least one medal (gold, silver or bronze) at junior international Championship...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
This study aimed to identify the maturity-related differences and its influence on the physical fitness, morphological and performance characteristics of young elite paddlers. In total, 89 kayakers and 82 canoeists, aged 13.69 ± 0.57 years (mean ± s), were allocated in three groups depending on their age relative to the age at peak height velocity (pre-APHV, circum-APHV and post-APHV) and discipline (kayak and canoe). Nine anthropometric variables, a battery of four physical fitness tests (overhead medicine ball throw, countermovement jump, sit-and-reach test and 20 m multistage shuttle run test) and three specific performance tests (1000, 500 and 200 m) were assessed...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Saki Hamano, Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Erina Muramatsu, Kazuhiro Suzukawa, Shoji Igawa
OBJECTIVE: Canoe sprint is divided into canoe and kayak. The difference between the two competitions is in physical performance. The aim of the present study was to compare and investigate the relationship between physical characteristics and fitness between the two canoe sprint competitors. METHODS: Subjects were 11 canoe paddlers (C) and 12 kayak paddlers (K). They underwent anthropometric characteristics, body composition and fitness tests, and 120 s all-out tests using a canoe and kayak ergometer...
2015: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Fernando Alacid, Michael Marfell-Jones, José Maria Muyor, Pedro Angel López-Miñarro, Ignacio Martínez
The aims of this study were to describe and compare kinanthropometric characteristics of elite young kayakers and canoeists and to compare their proportionality with Olympic paddlers. One hundred and twenty young elite sprint paddlers (66 kayakers and 58 canoeists), aged 13- and 14-years-old, were assessed using a battery of 32 anthropometric dimensions. Somatotypes, Phantom Z-scores and corrected girths were calculated. Comparison between kayakers and canoeists showed that kayakers had greater height, body weight, sitting height, arm span and upper body lengths, breadths and girths than canoeists...
March 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Joanna Orysiak, Dariusz Sitkowski, Piotr Zmijewski, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska, Pawel Cieszczyk, Agnieszka Zembron-Lacny, Andrzej Pokrywka
The aim of the study was to examine the association between the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in canoe sprint athletes (canoe and kayak paddlers) and their results at 200- or 1000-m distance. Eighty-six European white male athletes divided into 2 groups-successful, who were outstanding at national championships, and nonsuccessful in these competitions-and 354 nonathletic controls were included in this study. The R577X polymorphism of ACTN3 was typed using PCR-RFLP. ACTN3 genotype distribution among all tested athletes and controls was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
April 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Fernando Alacid, Daniel López-Plaza, José María Muyor, Pedro A López-Miñarro
The objective of this research was to determine the kinematic variables evolution in a sprint canoeing maximal test over 200 m, comparing women and men kayak paddlers and men canoeists. Speed evolution, cycle frequency, cycle length and cycle index were analysed each 50 m section in fifty-two young paddlers (20 male kayakers, 17 female kayakers and 15 male canoeists; 13-14 years-old). Recordings were taken from a boat which followed each paddler trial in order to measure the variables cited above. Kinematic evolution was similar in the three categories, the speed and cycle index decreased through the test after the first 50 m...
2013: Journal of Human Kinetics
Lars Engebretsen, Torbjørn Soligard, Kathrin Steffen, Juan Manuel Alonso, Mark Aubry, Richard Budgett, Jiri Dvorak, Manikavasagam Jegathesan, Willem H Meeuwisse, Margo Mountjoy, Debbie Palmer-Green, Ivor Vanhegan, Per A Renström
BACKGROUND: The Olympic Movement Medical Code encourages all stakeholders to ensure that sport is practised without danger to the health of the athletes. Systematic surveillance of injuries and illnesses is the foundation for developing preventive measures in sport. AIM: To analyse the injuries and illnesses that occurred during the Games of the XXX Olympiad, held in London in 2012. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses (1) through the reporting of all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) in the polyclinic and medical venues by the London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games' (LOCOG) medical staff...
May 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Scott C Forbes, Michael D Kennedy, Gordon J Bell
To evaluate the time international canoe polo players spend performing various game activities, measure heart rate (HR) responses during games, and describe the physiological profile of elite players. Eight national canoe polo players were videotaped and wore HR monitors during 3 games at a World Championship and underwent fitness testing. The mean age, height, and weight were 25 ± 1 years, 1.82 ± 0.04 m, and 81.9 ± 10.9 kg, respectively. Time-motion analysis of 3 games indicated that the players spent 29 ± 3% of the game slow and moderate forward paddling, 28 ± 5% contesting, 27 ± 5% resting and gliding, 7 ± 1% turning, 5 ± 1% backward paddling, 2 ± 1% sprinting, and 2 ± 1% dribbling...
October 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves, Leonardo Pasqua, Guilherme Gianinni Artioli, Hamilton Roschel, Marina Solis, Gabriel Tobias, Christian Klansener, Rômulo Bertuzzi, Emerson Franchini, Antonio Herbert Lancha Junior, Bruno Gualano
The purpose of this study was to determine the physiological, anthropometric, performance, and nutritional characteristics of the Brazil Canoe Polo National Team. Ten male canoe polo athletes (age 26.7 ± 4.1 years) performed a battery of tests including assessments of anthropometric parameters, upper-body anaerobic power (Wingate), muscular strength, aerobic power, and nutritional profile. In addition, we characterized heart rate and plasma lactate responses and the temporal pattern of the effort/recovery during a simulated canoe polo match...
2012: Journal of Sports Sciences
Hesha J Duggirala, Naomi D Herz, Daniel Arthur Caños, Roberta A Sullivan, Richard Schaaf, Ellen Pinnow, Danica Marinac-Dabic
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) became aware of lead fracture and inappropriate shock events related to Sprint Fidelis leads in January 2007. The manufacturer announced a voluntary market withdrawal in October 2007. AIM: Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate this safety signal using disproportionality analysis to estimate whether disproportionality analysis could have detected this particular safety signal earlier than actually occurred. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database contains reports on device-related adverse events, of which, FDA receives several hundred thousand every year...
January 2012: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Amanda Haley, Andrew Nichols
UNLABELLED: Outrigger canoe paddling is a very popular competitive sport in the Hawaiian Islands and Polynesia. The sport is growing rapidly in Australia and the mainland US. PURPOSE: To assess the types and severity of musculoskeletal injuries and medical conditions that affect adult outrigger canoe paddlers on O'ahu, Hawai'i. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A survey was designed to assess outrigger canoe paddling injuries and medical conditions based upon a literature review of medical conditions that affect other paddling sport athletes (e...
August 2009: Hawaii Medical Journal
Rebecca Kerr, Warwick Spinks, Anthony Leicht, Wade Sinclair, Louise Woodside
Graded exercise tests are commonly used to assess peak physiological capacities of athletes. However, unlike time trials, these tests do not provide performance information. The aim of this study was to examine the peak physiological responses of female outrigger canoeists to a 1000-m ergometer time trial and compare the time-trial performance to two graded exercise tests performed at increments of 7.5 W each minute and 15 W each two minutes respectively. 17 trained female outrigger canoeists completed the time trial on an outrigger canoe ergometer with heart rate (HR), stroke rate, power output, and oxygen consumption (VO2) determined every 15 s...
September 2008: Journal of Sports Sciences
T R Ackland, K B Ong, D A Kerr, B Ridge
Canoe and kayak paddlers (n = 50 M & 20 F) who competed in the sprint events at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney were measured on a battery of 38 anthropometry dimensions prior to competition. The ensuing analysis aimed to identify common physical characteristics that provide these elite paddlers with a competitive advantage. This study demonstrated that participants in Olympic sprint paddling events can be considered homogeneous in shape and physical size; male and female paddlers have SAMs of 1.1 and 1.0 respectively...
September 2003: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
A J Daley, B Hunter
Few studies have examined sex differences in body perceptions in sports where the pressure to display a certain physique is reduced. The aim of the present study was to investigate sex differences in physical self-perceptions and body image in junior athletes who are involved in sprint kayaking, a sport where a low body weight is relatively unimportant. 12 male and 13 female members (aged 13-17 yr.) of the British Canoe Union Junior Development Squad for sprint-kayak racing completed the Physical Self-perception Profile for Children and the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire...
December 2001: Perceptual and Motor Skills
B Humphries, G A Abt, R Stanton, N Sly
We describe the physiological characteristics of amateur outrigger canoe paddlers. Twenty-one paddlers (13 males, 8 females) were evaluated for body stature, aerobic power, muscular strength and endurance, peak paddle force, flexibility and 250 m sprint paddle performance at the end of the outrigging season. The mean variables (+/- s) for the males were: age 27 +/- 9 years, height 175 +/- 5 cm, body mass 80 +/- 5 kg, arm span 178 +/- 7 cm, sitting height 100 +/- 2 cm, aerobic power 3.0 +/- 0.4 l x min(-1), maximum bench press strength 85 +/- 19 kg, right peak paddle force 382 +/- 66 N and left peak paddle force 369 +/- 69 N...
June 2000: Journal of Sports Sciences
G L Gray, G O Matheson, D C McKenzie
A common technique employed in flatwater kayak and canoe races is "wash riding", in which a paddler positions his/her boat on the wake of a leading boat and, at a strategic moment, drops off the wake to sprint ahead. It was hypothesized that this manoeuver was energy efficient, analogous to drafting in cycling. To study this hypothesis, minute ventilation (VE), heart rate (HR) and oxygen consumption (VO2) were measured in 10 elite male kayak paddlers (age = 25 +/- 6.5 yrs, height = 183.6 +/- 4.4 cm, mass = 83...
May 1995: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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