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Total psoas area index

Toshiaki Shichinohe, Shion Uemura, Satoshi Hirano, Masao Hosokawa
BACKGROUND: Preoperative muscle volume and body mass index (BMI) are associated with postoperative outcomes. Because esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC) is associated with high morbidity and because EC has a poor prognosis, this study investigated the association of preoperative skeletal muscle mass and nutritional status with postoperative outcomes. METHODS: The study analyzed 483 patients who underwent esophagectomy from 2009 to 2012. The cross-sectional area of the psoas muscle index (PMI) was measured at the third lumbar vertebral level using computed tomography...
February 6, 2019: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Mohammad Hamidi, Cathy Ho, Muhammad Zeeshan, Terence O'Keeffe, Ali Hamza, Narong Kulvatunyou, Faisal Jehan, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia (a decline of skeletal muscle mass) has been identified as a predictor of poor postoperative outcomes. The impact of sarcopenia in emergency general surgery (EGS) remains undetermined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sarcopenia and outcomes after EGS. METHODS: A 3-y (2012-15) review of all EGS patients aged ≥45 y was presented to our institution. Patients who underwent computer tomography-abdomen were included...
March 2019: Journal of Surgical Research
Markus Kofler, Sebastian J Reinstadler, Agnes Mayr, Lukas Stastny, Martin Reindl, Julia Dumfarth, Theresa M Dachs, Kristina Wachter, Christian J Rustenbach, Guy Friedrich, Gudrun Feuchtner, Gert Klug, Peter Bramlage, Bernhard Metzler, Michael Grimm, Hardy Baumbach, Nikolaos Bonaros
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the incremental prognostic value of the psoas muscle area in patients scheduled for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: A total of 1076 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI at 2 centres between 2010 and 2017 were prospectively included in this study. Computed tomography-derived cross-sectional area of the psoas muscle was measured at the superior border of the third (L3) and fourth (L4) lumbar vertebra and indexed to body surface area (PMAi) as well as stratified into tertiles...
July 25, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Seong-Eun Byun, Sujin Kim, Kyu-Hwang Kim, Yong-Chan Ha
This study aimed to determine: (1) the association between psoas cross-sectional area (PCA) and mortality in hip fracture patients, and (2) the usefulness of PCA as a diagnostic tool for sarcopenia. A total of 373 female and 121 male hip fracture patients aged 50 years or more who had surgical repair of their hip fracture between 2011 and 2017 were analyzed. PCA was measured at L4-L5 disc level using CT. PCA of gender-specific 20th percentile determined from this study cohort was used as a cutoff value. The effect of decreased PCA on mortality was analyzed...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Erik Brandt, Line Toft Tengberg, Morten Bay-Nielsen
PURPOSE: Image-based measurement of sarcopenia is an established predictor of a decreased outcome for a large variety of surgical procedures. Sarcopenia in elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery has not been well studied. This study aims to investigate the association between the total psoas area (TPA) and postoperative mortality after 90 days in a group of elderly emergency laparotomy patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the emergency CT-scans of 150 elderly patients from a consecutive cohort undergoing emergency abdominal surgery at our surgical center...
January 1, 2019: Abdominal Radiology
Scott C Wagner, Arjun S Sebastian, James C McKenzie, Joseph S Butler, Ian D Kaye, Patrick B Morrissey, Alexander R Vaccaro, Christopher K Kepler
Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Objectives: Alterations in lumbar paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) may correlate with lumbar pathology. The purpose of this study was to compare paraspinal CSA in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and severe lumbar disability to those with mild or moderate lumbar disability, as determined by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 101 patients undergoing lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
D Takamoto, T Kawahara, T Mochizuki, K Makiyama, J Teranishi, H Uemura
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a condition in which the amount of skeletal muscle decreases. Recent studies have suggested that sarcopenia is a risk factor for the incidence of postoperative complications, longer hospitalization, and a poorer prognosis. In this study, we examined the impact of sarcopenia in association with a history of hemodialysis in renal transplantation patients. METHODS: A total of 157 patients who underwent renal transplantation at Yokohama City University Medical Center (Yokohama, Japan) from 2005 to 2016 were analyzed in this study...
October 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Elizabeth S Aby, Edward Lee, Satvir S Saggi, Matthew R Viramontes, Jonathan F Grotts, Vatche G Agopian, Ronald W Busuttil, Sammy Saab
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and muscle wasting are common in patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD), yet go underdiagnosed. Frequently used indices of nutritional status, such as body mass index, are inflated in patients with ESLD due to a fluid overloaded state. Previous work has demonstrated a strong association between psoas muscle area, a surrogate for sarcopenia, and worse survival following liver transplantation; however, the impact of sarcopenia on post liver transplant outcomes in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis has not been evaluated...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Leon Lenchik, Kristin M Lenoir, Josh Tan, Robert D Boutin, Kathryn E Callahan, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Brian J Wells
Background: Opportunistic assessment of sarcopenia on CT examinations is becoming increasingly common. This study aimed to determine relationships between CT-measured skeletal muscle size and attenuation with one-year risk of mortality in older adults enrolled in a Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP). Methods: Relationships between skeletal muscle metrics and all-cause mortality were determined in 436 participants (52% women, mean age 75 years) who had abdominopelvic CT examinations...
August 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Ashley Mccusker, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Muhammad Zeeshan, Joseph V Sakran, Haya Hayek, Terence O'Keeffe, Mohammad Hamidi, Andrew Tang, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to assess the correlation between frailty & sarcopenia and impact of each condition on outcomes in geriatric trauma patients. METHODS: We performed a four-year (2013-2016) secondary analysis of our prospectively maintained frailty database and included all trauma patients age ≥65 y who had CT-abdomen. Trauma-Specific-Frailty-Index (TSFI) was used to calculate frailty. Patients were classified as non-frail or frail. Sarcopenia was defined as the lowest sex-specific-quartile of total-psoas-index (TPI)...
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Elizabeth M Cespedes Feliciano, Egor Avrutin, Bette J Caan, Adam Boroian, Marina Mourtzakis
BACKGROUND: Low skeletal muscle quantified using computed tomography (CT) scans is associated with morbidity and mortality among cancer patients. However, existing methods to assess skeletal muscle from CT are time-consuming, expensive, and require training. Clinic-friendly tools to screen for low skeletal muscle in cancer patients are urgently needed. METHODS: We included 807 scans from non-metastatic colorectal cancer patients. With the digital ruler available in most radiological software, we implemented an abbreviated method to assess skeletal muscle area at the third lumbar vertebra (L3), which consisted of assessing the height and width of the psoas and paraspinal muscles and computing their combined 'linear area' in centimetres squared (cm2 )...
October 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Cameron I Wells, John L McCall, Lindsay D Plank
Sarcopenia as defined by reduced skeletal muscle area (SMA) on cross-sectional abdominal imaging has been proposed as an objective measure of malnutrition, and is associated with both waitlist mortality and post-transplant complications in patients with cirrhosis. SMA, however, has never been validated against the gold-standard measurement of total body protein (TBP) by in vivo neutron activation analysis (IVNAA). Furthermore, overhydration is common in cirrhosis and its effect on muscle area measurement remains unknown...
July 24, 2018: Liver Transplantation
Yasuyuki Tamai, Motoh Iwasa, Yuya Kawasaki, Naohiko Yoshizawa, Suguru Ogura, Ryosuke Sugimoto, Akiko Eguchi, Norihiko Yamamoto, Kazushi Sugimoto, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Yoshiyuki Takei
AIM: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with sarcopenia have a poor survival, but there are no predictive markers for survival relating to muscle mass and liver function. Therefore, we investigated whether the ratio between estimated glomerular filtration rates of serum creatinine (Scre) and serum cystatin C (Scys) (eGFRcre/eGFRcys) can be used as a predictive marker of survival in HCC patients. METHODS: First, the correlation between Scre/Scys ratio and muscle mass was examined in 50 patients with chronic liver disease...
July 13, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Maria Kalafateli, Andreas Karatzas, Georgios Tsiaoussis, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Paraskevi Tselekouni, Nikolaos Koukias, Christos Konstantakis, Stelios Assimakopoulos, Charalambos Gogos, Konstantinos Thomopoulos, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Christos Triantos
Background: Ongoing evidence suggests that sarcopenia adversely affects outcomes in cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle fat infiltration as a component of sarcopenia and its prognostic value in this setting. Methods: In 98 consecutive patients with cirrhosis, muscle density was measured during a computed tomography scan at the level of the fourth to fifth lumbar (L4) vertebrae. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to determine predictors of survival...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Akiko Tanaka, Harleen K Sandhu, Zainulabdeen Al Rstum, Rana O Afifi, Charles C Miller, Kristofer M Charlton-Ouw, Maria E Codreanu, Naveed U Saqib, Hazim J Safi, Anthony L Estrera
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia may be an indicator of frailty. We used the total psoas area index (TPAI) to identify sarcopenia and evaluated the effect of preoperative TPAI on outcomes after descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA) repair. METHODS: Patients with DTAA between 2007 and 2015 who were undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and open surgical repair (OSR) with available preoperative imaging were analyzed. Sarcopenia was defined as TPAI <6...
November 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Annefleur E M Berkel, Joost M Klaase, Feike de Graaff, Marjolein G J Brusse-Keizer, Bart C Bongers, Nico L U van Meeteren
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the relation between skeletal muscle measurements (muscle mass, radiation attenuation, and sarcopenic obesity), postoperative morbidity, and survival after treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: This explorative retrospective study identified 99 consecutive patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgery between January 2007 and May 2012. Skeletal muscle mass was measured as total psoas area and total abdominal muscle area (TAMA) at 3 anatomical levels using the patient's preoperative computed tomography scan...
June 13, 2018: Digestive Surgery
William H Jin, Eric A Mellon, Jessica M Frakes, Gilbert Z Murimwa, Pamela J Hodul, Jose M Pimiento, Mokenge P Malafa, Sarah E Hoffe
Background: Total psoas area (TPA), a marker of sarcopenia, has been used as an independent predictor of clinical outcomes in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers as a proxy for frailty and nutritional status. Our study aimed to evaluate whether TPA, in contrast to traditional measurements of nutrition like body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA), was predictive of outcomes in borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) and locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) patients receiving stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Andrew J Benjamin, Mary M Buschmann, Shuang Qin Zhang, Kristen Wroblewski, Hedy L Kindler, Kevin K Roggin, William Dale
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is associated with poor outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, few studies have assessed changes in sarcopenia during multimodality therapy or its effect on overall survival (OS). METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) total psoas area index (TPAI) and weighted average Hounsfield units (HU) were measured at each treatment interval in patients with resectable PDAC. Four cohorts were compared: 1...
July 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Martin Gaillard, Hadrien Tranchart, Sophie Maitre, Gabriel Perlemuter, Panagiotis Lainas, Ibrahim Dagher
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the primary procedure for many bariatric teams and staple-line leak represents its most feared complication. Sarcopenic obesity combines the risks of obesity and depleted lean mass leading possibly to an inferior surgical outcome after abdominal surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the existence of a potential link between radiologically determined sarcopenic obesity and staple-line leak risk after SG...
August 2018: Obesity Surgery
Sohgo Tsutsumi, Takashi Kawahara, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Masahiro Yao, Hiroji Uemura
The aging population is becoming a primary global problem. The most important alteration that occurs in the body with age, is the loss of skeletal muscle. Previously, sarcopenia, which is associated with the loss of skeletal muscle, has been reported to be associated with the prognosis of cancer and complications. The present study investigated the importance of sarcopenia with regard to the prognosis or postoperative complications of upper urothelial cancer patients who underwent nephro-ureterectomy. A total of sixty patients (male, n=44; female, n=16) underwent nephro-ureterectomy for upper urothelial carcinoma...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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