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captopril nursing

Riana Rahmawati, Beata V Bajorek
INTRODUCTION: Obtaining an adequate supply of medicines is an important step in facilitating medication adherence. This study aimed to determine (1) how people with hypertension in rural villages in Indonesia obtain their supply of anti-hypertensive medications, (2) the type of hypertension medication taken and (3) factors associated with where and how people obtain their medicines supplies. METHOD: Data pertaining to people with hypertension (age ≥45 years) were collected from eight rural villages in the Bantul district, Yogyakarta province, Indonesia, using a researcher-administered questionnaire...
August 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Sousan Valizadeh, Mehri Rasekhi, Hamed Hamishehkar, Malihe Asadollahi, Hadi Hamishehkar
OBJECTIVE: Considering the inability of neonates to swallow oral drugs in the form of solid tablets, the lack of appropriate dosage forms for infants, and the necessity to prepare some pills for neonates, the current study investigated dosage accuracy in drugs for neonates prepared from tablets by analyzing the concentrations of final products. METHODS: Captopril and spironolactone, oral dosage forms that are not suitable for infants, were chosen as the drug model for this study...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Márcio Galvão Oliveira, Antônio Carlos Beisl Noblat, Lúcia Noblat, Luiz Carlos Passos
One of the most common complications of Systemic Arterial Hypertension is the hypertensive crisis(1) characterized by a symptomatic elevation of blood pressure (BP) with or without involvement of target organs, which may lead to immediate or potential risk to life. The hypertensive crisis may manifest itself as hypertensive emergency or urgency. In the emergency there is fast deterioration of target organs and immediate risk to life, a situation that does not occur in hypertensive urgency. On the other hand, situations in which the patient presents elevated BP due to an emotionally charged, painful or uncomfortable event, with no evidence of lesion of target organs or immediate risk to life, characterize the hypertensive pseudo-crisis, a condition that does not require the use of emergency antihypertensive therapy...
December 2008: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Heidi M Wood, Michael E Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). DATA SOURCES: Biomedical literature was accessed through July 2006 via PubMed, the Iowa Drug Information System (IDIS), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Plus. PubMed database terms included Raynaud's disease, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers [pharmacological action]; IDIS terms included hypotensive agents-ace inhib 24080200, raynaud's syndrome 443...
November 2006: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Ralph F Johnson, Terry G Beltz, Robert L Thunhorst, Alan Kim Johnson
To examine the behavioral and neural control of body fluid homeostasis, water and saline intake of C57BL/6 mice was monitored under ad libitum conditions, after treatments that induce water or salt intake, and after ablation of the periventricular tissue of the anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V). Mice have nocturnal drinking that is most prevalent after the offset and before the onset of lights. When given ad libitum choice, C57BL/6 mice show no preference for saline over water at concentrations up to 0.9% NaCl and a progressive aversion to saline above that concentration...
August 2003: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
L Bowman, B C Carlstedt, C D Black
This study was a prospective observational study of ADR occurrence and evaluation in adult internal medicine inpatients conducted over a 120-day period. Clinical pharmacists screened for ADRs at a county hospital in Indianapolis, IN. Patient information was reviewed on admission, every four days during hospitalization, and at discharge. ADRs occurring after hospital admission were assessed for causality, severity, pharmacological type (i.e., augmented pharmacology versus idiosyncratic reaction) and affected organ system...
October 1994: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
D E Forman, R B Chander, K L Lapane, P Shah, J Stoukides
BACKGROUND: Despite their well noted therapeutic benefits for heart failure (HF), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may be underprescribed and underdosed among older nursing home patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of ACE inhibitor therapy in older (> or =70 years) nursing home residents with systolic heart failure (HF). DESIGN: A cross-sectional, retrospective analysis. SETTING: Five long-term care facilities in Providence, Rhode Island...
December 1998: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
B Bielan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1994: Dermatology Nursing
J H Kosier, M Newton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1994: Urologic Nursing
K M Wilson, W Magargal, K H Berecek
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of the angiotensin I (Ang I) converting enzyme inhibitor captopril in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Drinking responses, peripheral vascular reactivity, and angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor binding in both the brain and vascular smooth muscle were examined in control and captopril-treated SHR. Pregnant and nursing dams were treated with oral captopril (100 mg/kg). After weaning, offspring were maintained on captopril (50 mg/kg)...
February 1988: Hypertension
K H Berecek, J M Wyss, B H Swords
The effects of lifetime captopril treatment on vasopressin (VP) were assessed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Pregnant and nursing dams were treated with oral Captopril (100 mg/kg/day). After weaning, the pups were maintained on Captopril (50/kg/day) for 19-20 wks. Blood pressures of Captopril-treated SHR were in the normotensive range and significantly lower (p less than .001) than SHR control rats. Control and Captopril-treated SHR were perfused and brains were sectioned for immunohistochemical staining with a polyclonal antibody directed against vasopressin (VP)...
1991: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. Part A, Theory and Practice
(no author information available yet)
The fundamental aim of the International Studies of Infarct Survival (ISIS) collaborative group is to assess reliably the balance of any benefits and risks for widely practicable treatments that might produce moderate but worthwhile mortality reductions in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. Substantial numbers of lives might be saved by such treatments, but benefits of the size that can realistically be expected may be reliably detected only by randomized trials involving some tens of thousands of patients...
November 18, 1991: American Journal of Cardiology
M Kuhn
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors available today include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), enaloprilat (Vasotec IV), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), benazepril (Lotensin), fosinopril (Monopril), and ramipril (Atace). These drugs are used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. They also are used in treating renovascular hypertension not amenable to surgery and are being studied to decrease left ventricular size after infarction and to determine whether they slow the rate of internal hyperplasia...
May 1992: AACN Clinical Issues in Critical Care Nursing
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