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cancer proteomics

Lévêque Romain, Corbet Cyril, Aubert Léo, Guilbert Matthieu, Lagadec Chann, Adriaenssens Eric, Duval Jérémy, Finetti Pascal, Birnbaum Daniel, Magné Nicolas, Chopin Valérie, Bertucci François, Le Bourhis Xuefen, Toillon Robert-Alain
ProNGF expression has been linked to several types of cancers including breast cancer, and we have previously shown that proNGF stimulates breast cancer invasion in an autocrine manner through membrane receptors sortilin and TrkA. However, little is known regarding TrkA-associated protein partners upon proNGF stimulation. By proteomic analysis and proximity ligation assays, we found that proNGF binding to sortilin induced sequential formation of the functional sortilin/TrkA/EphA2 complex, leading to TrkA-phosphorylation dependent Akt activation and EphA2-dependent Src activation...
February 13, 2019: Cancer Letters
Deepak B Thimiri Govinda Raj, Niamat Ali Khan, Srisaran Venkatachalam, Dinh Toi Chu
Here, we elaborate our detailed protocol for synthesis, functionalization, and application of superparamagnetic nanoparticle (SPMNP) for plasma membrane and lysosome isolation. We used standard thermal decomposition-based synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3 O4 ) core SPMNP 1.0. Using ligand addition methodology, we surface functionalized SPMNP 1.0 with phospholipids and generated phospholipid-SPMNP 2.0. Further we used NH2 -phospholipid-SPMNP 2.0 to isolate plasma membrane. Using our SPMNP subcellular fractionation protocol, we are able to isolate high-pure-high-yield plasma membrane using NH2 -phospholipid-SPMNP 2...
February 16, 2019: Methods in Molecular Biology
Daniel Ansari, William Torén, Qimin Zhou, Dingyuan Hu, Roland Andersson
Pancreatic cancer remains the most fatal human tumor type. The aggressive tumor biology coupled with the lack of early detection strategies and effective treatment are major reasons for the poor survival rate. Collaborative research efforts have been devoted to understand pancreatic cancer at the molecular level. Large-scale genomic studies have generated important insights into the genetic drivers of pancreatic cancer. In the post-genomic era, protein sequencing of tumor tissue, cell lines, pancreatic juice, and blood from patients with pancreatic cancer has provided a fundament for the development of new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers...
February 15, 2019: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Haonan Lu, Mubarik Arshad, Andrew Thornton, Giacomo Avesani, Paula Cunnea, Ed Curry, Fahdi Kanavati, Jack Liang, Katherine Nixon, Sophie T Williams, Mona Ali Hassan, David D L Bowtell, Hani Gabra, Christina Fotopoulou, Andrea Rockall, Eric O Aboagye
The five-year survival rate of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is approximately 35-40% despite maximal treatment efforts, highlighting a need for stratification biomarkers for personalized treatment. Here we extract 657 quantitative mathematical descriptors from the preoperative CT images of 364 EOC patients at their initial presentation. Using machine learning, we derive a non-invasive summary-statistic of the primary ovarian tumor based on 4 descriptors, which we name "Radiomic Prognostic Vector" (RPV)...
February 15, 2019: Nature Communications
Teresa Druck, Douglas G Cheung, Dongju Park, Francesco Trapasso, Flavia Pichiorri, Marco Gaspari, Tiziana Palumbo, Rami I Aqeilan, Eugenio Gaudio, Hiroshi Okumura, Rodolfo Iuliano, Cinzia Raso, Kari Green, Kay Huebner, Carlo M Croce
Fhit protein is lost in cancers of most, perhaps all, cancer types; when restored, it can induce apoptosis and suppress tumorigenicity, as shown in vitro and in mouse tumor models in vivo. Following protein cross-linking and proteomics analyses, we characterized a Fhit protein complex involved in triggering Fhit-mediated apoptosis. The complex includes the heat-shock chaperonin pair, HSP60/10, which is likely involved in importing Fhit into the mitochondria, where it interacts with ferredoxin reductase, responsible for transferring electrons from NADPH to cytochrome P450 via ferredoxin, in electron transport chain complex III...
February 15, 2019: Cell Death & Disease
Zhanjun Ma, Xue Cui, Li Lu, Guohu Chen, Yang Yang, Yan Hu, Yubao Lu, Zhangqi Cao, Yan Wang, Xuexi Wang
BACKGROUND: Exosomes are nanoscale membrane vesicles secreted by both normal and cancer cells, and cancer cell-derived exosomes play an important role in the cross-talk between cancer cells and other cellular components in the tumor microenvironment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have tropism for tumors and have been used as tumor-tropic vectors for tumor therapy; however, the safety of such therapeutic use of MSCs is unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of glioma cell-derived exosomes in the tumor-like phenotype transformation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms...
February 15, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Kathrin E Witzke, Frederik Großerueschkamp, Hendrik Jütte, Melanie Horn, Florian Roghmann, Nicolas von Landenberg, Thilo Bracht, Angela Kallenbach-Thieltges, Heiko Käfferlein, Thomas Brüning, Karin Schork, Martin Eisenacher, Katrin Marcus, Joachim Noldus, Andrea Tannapfel, Barbara Sitek, Klaus Gerwert
Histopathological differentiation between severe urocystitis with reactive urothelial atypia and carcinoma in situ (CIS) can be difficult, particularly after a treatment that deliberately induces an inflammatory reaction, such as intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guèrin. However, precise grading in bladder cancer is critical for therapeutic decision making and thus requires reliable immunohistochemical biomarkers. Herein, an exemplary potential biomarker in bladder cancer was identified by the novel approach of Fourier transform infrared imaging for label-free tissue annotation of tissue thin sections...
February 9, 2019: American Journal of Pathology
Catia Giovannini, Anna Maria Salzano, Michele Baglioni, Monica Vitale, Andrea Scaloni, Nicola Zambrano, Ferdinando Antonio Giannone, Francesco Vasuri, Antonia D'Errico, Gianluca Svegliati Baroni, Luigi Bolondi, Laura Gramantieri
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is the first targeted agent proven to improve survival of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and it has been used in first line treatments with heterogeneous response across patients. Most of the promising agents evaluated in first-line or second-line phase III trials for HCC failed to improve patient survival. The absence of molecular characterisation, including the identification of pathways driving resistance might be responsible for these disappointing results...
February 15, 2019: British Journal of Cancer
Carolina Moller, William Clay Davis, Evan Clark, Anthony De Caprio, Frank Mari
The phospholipase A2 (PLA2 s) superfamily are ubiquitous small enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of phospholipids at the sn-2 ester bond. PLA2 s in the venom of cone snails (conodipines, Cdpi) are composed of two chains termed as alpha and beta subunits. Conodipines are categorized within the group IX of PLA2 s. Here we describe the purification and biochemical characterization of three conodipines (Cdpi-P1, -P2 and -P3) isolated from the injected venom of Conus purpurascens. Using proteomics methods, we determined the full sequences of all three conodipines...
February 14, 2019: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Manesh Kumar Panner Selvam, Ashok Agarwal, Peter N Pushparaj
Testicular cancer (TC) represents the most common cancer affecting men within the reproductive age and is often accompanied by major disturbances in semen parameters. Cryopreservation is recommended in these patients before initiating cancer treatment. Currently, there are no studies reporting the molecular mechanisms associated with altered semen quality in these men. The main objective of this study was to compare the sperm proteome of normozoospermic (motility >40%) and asthenozoospermic (motility <40%) TC patients with normozoospermic infertile men without cancer (control group)...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Bethtrice Elliott, Ana Cecilia Millena, Lilya Matyunina, Mengnan Zhang, Jin Zou, Guangdi Wang, Qiang Zhang, Nathan Bowen, Vanessa Eaton, Gabrielle Webb, Shadyra Thompson, John McDonald, Shafiq Khan
JunD, a member of the AP-1 family, is essential for cell proliferation in prostate cancer (PCa) cells. We recently demonstrated that JunD knock-down (KD) in PCa cells results in cell cycle arrest in G1 -phase concomitant with a decrease in cyclin D1, Ki67, and c-MYC, but an increase in p21 levels. Furthermore, the over-expression of JunD significantly increased proliferation suggesting JunD regulation of genes required for cell cycle progression. Here, employing gene expression profiling, quantitative proteomics, and validation approaches, we demonstrate that JunD KD is associated with distinct gene and protein expression patterns...
February 11, 2019: Cancer Letters
Anna Kurpińska, Joanna Suraj, Emilia Bonar, Agnieszka Zakrzewska, Marta Stojak, Magdalena Sternak, Agnieszka Jasztal, Maria Walczak
INTRODUCTION: The tumor-promoting rearrangement of the lungs facilitates the process of cancer cell survival in a foreign microenvironment and enables their protection against immune defense. The study aimed to define the fingerprint of the early rearrangement of the lungs via the proteomic profiling of the lung tissue in the experimental model of tumor metastasis in a murine 4 T1 mammary adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studies were performed on 7-8-week-old BALB/c female mice...
February 11, 2019: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Georgina D Barnabas, Keren Bahar-Shany, Stav Sapoznik, Limor Helpman, Yfat Kadan, Mario Beiner, Omer Weitzner, Nissim Arbib, Jacob Korach, Tamar Perri, Guy Katz, Anna Blecher, Benny Brandt, Eitan Friedman, David Stockheim, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Ram Eitan, Shunit Armon, Hadar Brand, Oranit Zadok, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Michal Harel, Tamar Geiger, Keren Levanon
High-grade ovarian cancer (HGOC) is the leading cause of mortality from gynecological malignancies, due to diagnosis at a metastatic stage. Current screening options fail to improve mortality due to the absence of early-stage-specific biomarkers. We postulated that a liquid biopsy, such as utero-tubal lavage (UtL), may identify localized lesions better than systemic approaches of serum/plasma analysis. Furthermore, while mutation-based assays are challenged by the rarity of tumor DNA within non-mutated DNA, analyzing the proteomic profile, is expected to enable earlier detection, as it reveals perturbations in both the tumor as well as in its microenvironment...
February 13, 2019: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Chris H Wendt, Brian J Sandri, Laia Masvidal, Carl Murie, Margarita Bartish, Svetlana Avdulov, LeeAnn Higgins, Todd Markowski, Mark Peterson, Jonas Bergh, Ping Yang, Charlotte Rolny, Andrew H Limper, Timothy J Griffin, Peter B Bitterman, Ola Larsson
RATIONALE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an independent risk factor for lung cancer, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. We hypothesized that stromal cells comprising the COPD lung contain pathological gene expression programs supporting oncogenesis. OBJECTIVES: To identify molecular mechanisms operating in the lung stroma that support the development of lung cancer. METHODS: Study subjects included patients with COPD with (n = 30) or without (n = 30) lung cancer across a spectrum of COPD severity...
December 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Serena Carra, Simon Alberti, Justin L P Benesch, Wilbert Boelens, Johannes Buchner, John A Carver, Ciro Cecconi, Heath Ecroyd, Nikolai Gusev, Lawrence E Hightower, Rachel E Klevit, Hyun O Lee, Krzysztof Liberek, Brent Lockwood, Angelo Poletti, Vincent Timmerman, Melinda E Toth, Elizabeth Vierling, Tangchun Wu, Robert M Tanguay
Small Heat Shock Proteins (sHSPs) evolved early in the history of life; they are present in archaea, bacteria, and eukaryota. sHSPs belong to the superfamily of molecular chaperones: they are components of the cellular protein quality control machinery and are thought to act as the first line of defense against conditions that endanger the cellular proteome. In plants, sHSPs protect cells against abiotic stresses, providing innovative targets for sustainable agricultural production. In humans, sHSPs (also known as HSPBs) are associated with the development of several neurological diseases...
February 13, 2019: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Patricia Dauer, Nikita S Sharma, Vineet K Gupta, Brittany Durden, Roey Hadad, Santanu Banerjee, Vikas Dudeja, Ashok Saluja, Sulagna Banerjee
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling have been shown to be dysregulated in multiple cancer types. Glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), the master regulator of the UPR, plays a role in proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) make up a crucial component of the tumor heterogeneity in pancreatic cancer, as well as other cancers. "Stemness" in pancreatic cancer defines a population of cells within the tumor that have increased therapeutic resistance as well as survival advantage...
February 12, 2019: Cell Death & Disease
Felicitas Bossler, Bianca J Kuhn, Thomas Günther, Stephen J Kraemer, Prajakta Khalkar, Svenja Adrian, Claudia Lohrey, Angela Holzer, Mitsugu Shimobayashi, Matthias Dürst, Arnulf Mayer, Frank Rösl, Adam Grundhoff, Jeroen Krijgsveld, Karin Hoppe-Seyler, Felix Hoppe-Seyler
Hypoxia is linked to therapeutic resistance and poor clinical prognosis for many tumor entities, including human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cancers. Notably, HPV-positive cancer cells can induce a dormant state under hypoxia, characterized by a reversible growth arrest and strong repression of viral E6/E7 oncogene expression, which could contribute to therapy resistance, immune evasion and tumor recurrence. The present work aimed to gain mechanistic insights into the pathway(s) underlying HPV oncogene repression under hypoxia...
February 12, 2019: MBio
Raúl García-Vázquez, Laurence A Marchat, Erika Ruíz-García, Horacio Astudillo-de la Vega, Abelardo Meneses-García, Claudia Arce-Salinas, Enrique Bargallo-Rocha, Ángeles Carlos-Reyes, José Sullivan López-González, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, Rosalío Ramos-Payán, Maribel Aguilar-Medina, César López-Camarillo
Almost 55% to 80% of patients with breast cancer have an unfavorable pathological complete response to chemotherapy. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs involved in cancer progression; however, their utility as predictors of pathological complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is unclear. Here, we investigated if miR-143 could discriminate between pathological complete response and no-polymerase chain reaction of patients with locally advanced triple negative breast cancer that have received a fluorouracil-cisplatin/paclitaxel-based neoadjuvant treatment...
January 1, 2019: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Amandeep Kaur, Elizabeth J New
The availability of electrons to biological systems underpins the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) that powers living cells. It is little wonder, therefore, that the sufficiency of electron supply is critical to cellular health. Considering mitochondrial redox activity alone, a lack of oxygen (hypoxia) leads to impaired production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the major energy currency of the cell, whereas excess oxygen (hyperoxia) is associated with elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from the interaction of oxygen with electrons that have leaked from the ETC...
February 12, 2019: Accounts of Chemical Research
Bing Bai, Yanyan Lin, Jinjing Hu, Haiping Wang, Lu Li, Sheng Zhao, Jinduo Zhang, Wenbo Meng, Ping Yue, Zhongtian Bai, Xun Li
It has been revealed by our previous proteomic study that the expression profile is different between well‑differentiated and poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Among those differently expressed proteins, peroxiredoxin2 (PRDX2) was our protein of interest. The present study aimed to further investigate the value of PRDX2 as a prognostic factor in HCC. Tissue microarrays were used to investigate the expression difference between HCC tissues and their adjacent normal liver tissues. The expression of PRDX2 at both mRNA and protein levels was examined by q‑RT‑PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemical assessment in HCC tissues and cell line HCCLM3...
January 22, 2019: Oncology Reports
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