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Pharmacist interventions

Marie-Caroline Loustalot, Sarah Berdot, Pierre Sabatier, Pierre Durieux, Germain Perrin, Alexandre Karras, Brigitte Sabatier
AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study assesses clinical interventions by pharmacists prospectively collected from medical and surgical wards, notably the acceptance of interventions, computerised physician order entry (CPOE)related problems, the potential impact of interventions on patient safety evaluated by a multidisciplinary committee, and their evolution over the 10 years since a first assessment. METHODS: A prospective observational study covering 13 months was conducted in a French teaching hospital with a patient information system that integrates an electronic health record (EHR) with a CPOE...
February 11, 2019: Swiss Medical Weekly
Waleed Alharbi, Jennifer Cleland, Zoe Morrison
Objective: Adverse events which result from medication errors are considered to be one of the most frequently encountered patient safety issues in clinical settings. We undertook a qualitative investigation to identify and explore factors relating to medication error in an adult oncology department in Saudi Arabia from the perspective of healthcare professionals. Methods: This was a qualitative study conducted in an adult oncology department in Saudi Arabia. After obtaining required ethical approvals and written consents from the participants, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were carried out for data collection...
February 2019: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Sarah Solano, Jordan Dow, Terry Audley, Nitish Bangalore
Background: In 2013, formulary medications were aligned among the three hospitals within our health system. However, as formulary medication restrictions were not aligned, the three hospitals continued to have inconsistent medication restrictions. This led to confusion among prescribers and pharmacists about which medications were restricted, what the restrictions were, and where to access information about the restrictions. To alleviate this confusion, we set out to align formulary restrictions and to provide medication restriction details at the points of entering and verifying medication orders...
January 2019: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Emre Kara, Ahmet Çağkan İnkaya, Duygu Aydın Haklı, Kutay Demirkan, Serhat Ünal
Background/aim: The HIV-infected population is aging, and the concomitant comorbidities increase the likelihood of polypharmacy. There is a scarcity of data for determining drug-related problems in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out between 1 September 2015 and 1 July 2016. All patients underwent a face-to-face interview with a clinical pharmacist. PCNE Classification V 7.0 was used classify incident drug-related problems (DRPs)...
February 11, 2019: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Matej Stuhec, Katja Gorenc, Erika Zelko
BACKGROUND: The population of developed countries is aging, leading to an increase in the use of medication in daily practice, which can lead to serious treatment costs and irrational polypharmacy. A collaborative care approach, such as providing medication review service provided by a clinical pharmacist (CP), is a possible way to reduce drug-related problems and irrational polypharmacy. The aim of this study was to determinate whether a CP's medication review service can improve the quality of drug prescribing in elderly patients treated with polypharmacy in primary care...
February 13, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
Min Jung Geum, Ji Hyune Ahn, Jae Song Kim, Soo Hyun Kim, Eun Sun Son, Youn Jung Hu, Hye Jin Choi, Sandy Jeong Rhie
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact on pain management by multidisciplinary palliative care team (mPCT) and the team pharmacist. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to palliative care unit (PCU) for at least 7 days between April 2014 and December 2015 were included. The mPCT consisted of a physician, a pharmacist, nurses, and non-clinical support staff. The team was on charge of pain management of patients who were admitted to PCU. Pain intensity was assessed at 3 time points in each patient; 1 week before PCU admission (day -7), on the day of admission (day 0), and 1 week after admission (day 7) using 0 to 10 numerical rating scale (NRS)...
February 12, 2019: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Tanya du Plessis, Genevieve Walls, Anthony Jordan, David J Holland
Background: Inaccurate allergy labelling results in inappropriate antimicrobial management of the patient, which may affect clinical outcome, increase the risk of adverse events and increase costs. Inappropriate use of alternative antibiotics has implications for antimicrobial stewardship programmes and microbial resistance. Methods: All adult inpatients labelled as penicillin allergic were identified and screened for eligibility by the study pharmacist. An accurate allergy and medication history was taken...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Elizabeth Donovan, Patricia Case, Jeffrey P Bratberg, Janette Baird, Dina Burstein, Alexander Y Walley, Traci C Green
Drug overdose is the leading cause of unintentional death in the USA and the majority of deaths involve an opioid. Pharmacies are playing an increasingly important role in getting naloxone-the antidote to an opioid overdose-into the community. The aim of the current study was to understand, from the perspective of those who had obtained naloxone at the pharmacy, whose drug using status and pain patient status was not known until the interviews were conducted, as well as those who had not obtained naloxone at the pharmacy but were at risk for overdose, factors that impact the likelihood of obtaining pharmacy-based naloxone (PBN)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Ashley M Campbell, Kim C Coley, Jason M Corbo, Teresa M DeLellis, Matthew Joseph, Carolyn T Thorpe, Melissa S McGivney, Patricia Klatt, Lora Cox-Vance, Vincent Balestrino, Heather Sakely
Background: Drug therapy problems, which are adverse events involving medications that can ultimately interfere with a patient's therapeutic goals, occur frequently in older adults. If not identified, resolved, and prevented through clinical decision-making, drug therapy problems may negatively affect patient health outcomes. Objective: To quantify the impact of pharmacist interventions on the care of older adults by identifying the most common drug therapy problems, the medications most often involved in these problems, and the actions taken by pharmacists to resolve these problems...
December 2018: American Health & Drug Benefits
Kerstin Bitter, Christina Pehe, Manfred Krüger, Gabriela Heuer, Regine Quinke, Ulrich Jaehde
BACKGROUND: The benefit of medication reviews for long-term care (LTC) residents has been generally recognized throughout health care systems. Whereas many studies showed the impact of comprehensive medication reviews performed by specialized clinical pharmacists, little is known about the impact of medication reviews performed by community pharmacists. Involving them in the provision of medication reviews may help satisfy the increasing demand for ensuring medication safety. METHODS: Community pharmacists supplying drugs to the LTC facilities performed a medication review for German LTC residents aged at least 65 years and taking five or more drugs per day based on the patients' medication only...
February 11, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
Yu-Ying Huang, Shou-Hsia Cheng
Due to the increasing prevalence of multimorbidity, the percentage of heavy users of health care services increased rapidly. To contain inappropriate outpatient visits and improve better medication management of high utilizers, the National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan launched a community pharmacist home visit (CPHV) project for high utilizers in 2010. We employed a natural experimental design to evaluate the preliminary effects of the CPHV project. The intervention group consisted of patients enrolled in the CPHV project during 2010 and 2013...
January 30, 2019: Health Policy
Magdalena Cerbin-Koczorowska, Lucja Zielinska-Tomczak, Magdalena Waszyk-Nowaczyk, Michal Michalak, Agnieszka Skowron
Pharmaceutical care was legally introduced as an interprofessional service in Poland in 2009. However, a collaboration between physicians and pharmacists remains incidental. Proper education at the undergraduate level is necessary to shape the attitudes of students toward establishing interprofessional relations. The aim of the study was to assess the perception of physician-pharmacist collaboration among final-year medical and pharmacy students through questionnaires with both closed-ended and open-ended questions...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Eman Ahmed Casper, Lamiaa Mohmed El Wakeel, Mohamed Ayman Saleh, Manal Hamed El-Hamamsy
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and negatively impacts health care costs, productivity and quality of life. Poly-morbidity and poly-pharmacy predispose ACS patients to medication discrepancies between cardiologist-prescribed medication and drug use by the patient, drug-related problems (DRPs) and inadequate drug adherence. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of clinical pharmacist-provided services on the outcome of ACS patients. This was a prospective, randomised, controlled study on ACS patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program...
February 9, 2019: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Sarah Perreault, Dayna McManus, Noffar Bar, Francine Foss, Lohith Gowda, Iris Isufi, Stuart Seropian, Maricar Malinis, Jeffrey E Topal
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend adding vancomycin to empiric treatment of FN in patients who meet specific criteria. After 48 hours, the guidelines recommend discontinuing vancomycin if resistant Gram-positive organisms are not identified. Based on these recommendations, a vancomycin stewardship team defined criteria for discontinuation of vancomycin at 48 hours and increased surveillance of vancomycin usage through a multimodal approach. The purpose of this retrospective analysis is to assess the impact of this multimodal approach on the discontinuation of empiric vancomycin at 48 hours in FN...
February 8, 2019: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Adam Sutherland, Darren M Ashcroft, Denham L Phipps
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors contributing to prescribing error in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) using a human factors approach based on Reason's theory of error causation to support planning of interventions to mitigate slips and lapses, rules-based mistakes and knowledge-based mistakes. METHODS: A hierarchical task analysis (HTA) of prescribing was conducted using documentary analysis. Eleven semistructured interviews with prescribers were conducted using vignettes and were analysed using template analysis...
February 8, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Ali M K Hindi, Ellen I Schafheutle, Sally Jacobs
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use marketing theory to examine the views of patients, pharmacists and general practitioners (GPs) on how community pharmacies are currently used and to identify how community pharmacy services may be better integrated within the primary care pathway for people with long-term conditions (LTCs). METHODS: A qualitative research design was used. Two focus groups were conducted with respiratory patients (n = 6, 5) and two with type 2 diabetes patients (both n = 5)...
February 8, 2019: BMC Family Practice
Joanna Hikaka, Carmel Hughes, Rhys Jones, Martin J Connolly, Nataly Martini
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist involvement in medicines reviews for older adults can improve prescribing and reduce adverse drug reactions. Māori experience poorer health outcomes than non-Māori resulting, in part, from inequitable access to and quality of medicine-related care. Despite international data showing benefit, it is unclear whether pharmacist-led medicines review services can improve outcomes for Māori older adults. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to describe pharmacist-led medicines review services for community-dwelling adults in New Zealand, assess effectiveness of these interventions and identify their effect on health equity for Māori and older adults...
January 14, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Tania Santina, Sophie Lauzier, Hélène Gagnon, Denis Villeneuve, Jocelyne Moisan, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Laurence Guillaumie
Objective: To describe the development of a community pharmacy-based intervention aimed at optimizing experience and use of antidepressants (ADs) for patients with mood and anxiety disorders. Methods: Intervention Mapping (IM) was used for conducting needs assessment, formulating intervention objectives, selecting change methods and practical applications, designing the intervention, and planning intervention implementation. IM is based on a qualitative participatory approach and each step of the intervention development process was conducted through consultations with a pharmacists' committee...
May 2, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
C K Howell, Jesse Jacob, Steve Mok
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the time required for antimicrobial stewardship (AS) activities at a small community hospital (SCH) as well as barriers to remote AS to satisfy The Joint Commission (TJC)'s AS standard. Methods: This was a prospective chart review and time study conducted in patients identified by a clinical decision support application as potential opportunities for antimicrobial therapy modification at a SCH between December 12, 2016, and March 31, 2017. Potential interventions were communicated electronically to the clinical pharmacy specialist, who would then communicate the recommendations to the patient's provider...
February 2019: Hospital Pharmacy
Elsie Rizk, Joshua T Swan, Ohbet Cheon, A Carmine Colavecchia, Lan N Bui, Bita A Kash, Sagar P Chokshi, Hua Chen, Michael L Johnson, Michael G Liebl, Ezekiel Fink
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to develop a set of valid and feasible quality indicators used to track opioid stewardship efforts in hospital and emergency department settings. Methods: Candidate quality indicators were extracted from published literature. Feasibility screening excluded quality indicators that cannot be reliably extracted from the electronic health record or that are irrelevant to pain management in the hospital and emergency department settings...
February 1, 2019: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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