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prostata cancer

N Giménez, X Filella, M Gavagnach, J A Allué, D Pedrazas, F Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: It is currently recommended to provide individualised information on benefit-risk balance and shared decision-making in prostate cancer screening using prostate-specific antigen (PSA). AIM: To determine the usual practice and the views of general and laboratory practitioners in the screening of prostate cancer using PSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire and on PSA screening requests from Primary Health Care (PHC) in men older than 49 years with no prostatic symptoms...
September 2018: Semergen
J Etxeberria, M Guevara, C Moreno-Iribas, R Burgui, I Delfrade, Y Floristán, M Montesino, E Ardanaz
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies among males worldwide. In this study, overall and age-specific incidence and mortality trends are analyzed in order to present the past and current epidemiological situation of the disease in Navarre (Spain). METHODS: Population-based incidence data from the 1975-2010 period, provided by the Cancer Registry of Navarre and prostate cancer specific mortality data for 1975-2013, provided by the Spanish Statistical Office, were used in the analysis...
April 30, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
R Schaffert, U Dahinden, T Hess, A Bänziger, P Kuntschik, F Odoni, P Spörri, R T Strebel, J Kamradt, G Tenti, A Mattei, M Müntener, S Subotic, H-P Schmid, P Rüesch
BACKGROUND: Due to the multitude of therapy options, the treatment decision after diagnosis of localized prostate cancer is challenging. Compared to printed booklets, web-based information technology offers more possibilities to tailor information to patients' individual needs. OBJECTIVES: To support the decision-making process as well as the communication with patients, we developed an online tutorial in a systematic process in the German-speaking part of Switzerland and then tested it in a pilot study...
February 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Alexander D J Baur, Thomas Henkel, Manfred Johannsen, Thomas Speck, Lothar Weißbach, Bernd Hamm, Frank König
BACKGROUND: In patients with suspected prostate cancer (PCa) according to current guidelines systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy of the prostate is performed to verify or rule out PCa. However, TRUS-guided biopsy can result in underdetection of clinically significant cancers as well as diagnosis of clinically insignificant cancers. Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) might improve the diagnostic pathway and help to avoid unnecessary biopsies. DESIGN AND METHODS: The PROKOMB (Prostata - Kooperatives MRT-Projekt Berlin) study is a prospective two-arm multicentre study designed to evaluate the potential role of mpMRI as a triage test before biopsy...
May 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Thais Caldara Mussi, Yves Bohrer Costa, Marcos Takeo Obara, Marcos Roberto Gomes de Queiroz, Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia, José Antonio Domingos Cianciarulo Longo, Gustavo Caserta Lemos, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
Objective: To describe the imaging findings of prostatic tumors nonadenocarcinoma on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A total of 200 patients underwented multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate for screening for prostate cancer, from August 2013 to September 2014, followed by biopsy with ultrasound/magnetic resonance imaging fusion. Results: We found three pathologic proved cases of prostatic pure leiomyomas (0...
July 2016: Einstein
Pedro Nazareth Aguiar, Gustavo Trautman Stock, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Michelle Samora de Almeida, Hakaru Tadokoro, Bárbara de Souza Gutierres, Douglas Antônio Rodrigues
Objective: To assess aspects related to cancer in indigenous population. Methods: This is a retrospective study developed in a public university hospital. We included patients with 18 or more years of age, diagnosed with solid tumors, and followed between 2005 and 2015. Clinical features were assessed by descriptive statistics, and survival was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression. Results: Fifty patients were included...
July 2016: Einstein
Victor Kuete, Joachim K Dzotam, Igor K Voukeng, Aimé G Fankam, Thomas Efferth
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells rapidly acquire resistance leading to treatment failures. In the present study, we have evaluated the cytotoxicity of 17 methanol extracts from 11 Cameroonian medicinal plants against the sensitive leukemia CCRF-CEM cells and the best ones were further tested on a panel of 8 other human cancer cell lines, including various MDR phenotypes as well as against the normal AML12 hepatocytes. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of the extracts was determined using a resazurin reduction assay meanwhile flow cytometry was used to measure cell cycle, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and reactive oxygen species...
2016: SpringerPlus
R Sánchez-Salas, E Linares Espinós
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
J M Martínez-Jabaloyas, A Castelló-Porcar, A C González-Baena, J M Cózar-Olmo, B Miñana-López, F Gómez-Veiga, A Rodriguez-Antolín
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine which cancer and demographic criteria influence the indication for surgery (radical prostatectomy) or radiation therapy (external or brachytherapy) in the treatment of prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of the 2714 patients of the 2010 National Prostate Cancer Registry treated with curative intent. The analysed variables were age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume, the number of biopsy cores, the percentage of positive cores, the stage, Gleason score, the type of pathologist, the presence of perineural invasion and the study centre...
October 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Afra Khiralla, Ietidal E Mohamed, Tzvetomira Tzanova, Hervé Schohn, Sophie Slezack-Deschaumes, Alain Hehn, Philippe André, Gaëlle Carre, Rosella Spina, Annelise Lobstein, Sakina Yagi, Dominique Laurain-Mattar
In this study, we isolated 15 endophytic fungi from five Sudanese medicinal plants. Each fungal endophytic strain was identified by sequencing of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA. Ethyl acetate extracts were prepared from each endophyte cultivated in vitro and tested for their respective antibacterial activities and antiproliferative activities against human cancer cells. Antibacterial screening was carried out against two bacterial strains: Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, by the broth dilution method...
June 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
B Miñana, A Rodríguez-Antolín, F Gómez-Veiga, C Hernández, J F Suárez, J M Fernández-Gómez, M Unda, J Burgos, A Alcaraz, P Rodríguez, C Moreno, E Pedrosa, J M Cózar
OBJECTIVES: To describe the established therapies for localised prostate cancer (PC) in Spain and to assess compliance with the 2010 UAE guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an epidemiological, observational, prospective and multicentre study. Of the 3,918 patients diagnosed with PC during 2010, only those patients with localised PC were included. Follow-up was ultimately conducted for a minimum of one year from the diagnosis for 3,713 patients (94.77%). The treatment groups assessed were as follows: radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, brachytherapy, active surveillance or observation and experimental local treatment (cryotherapy or other treatment)...
May 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
H Soto, M Marquez, K Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
A Lara, D Godinez, A Fonseca, F Lemus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
R Timana-Ruiz, A Sobrevilla-Ricci, R Mosqueira-Lovón, A Gutierrez-Aguado, S Escobedo-Palza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
A Yepes Correa, R Gómez Wolff, J P Jiménez Ochoa, C Lopera Carvajal, J Picó Guzmán, H I García García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
J C Villa, J Espinosa, R Gomez, V Sanchez, R Lopez, R Galan, M D Pineda, M Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
M Daniaux, T Auer, T De Zordo, D Junker, W Santner, M Hubalek, W Jaschke, F Aigner
UNLABELLED: Typically both breast and prostate cancer present as tissue with decreased elasticity. Palpation is the oldest technique of tumor detection in both organs and is based on this principle. Thus an operator can grade a palpable mass as suspicious for cancer. Strain elastography as modern ultrasound technique allows the visualization of tissue elasticity in a color coded elastogram and can be understood as technical finger. The following article shows similarities and differences of ultrasound strain elastography in the diagnosis of breast and prostate cancer...
March 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
F Herranz Amo, C Hernández Fernández, J M Cózar Olmo, B Miñana López, F Gómez-Veiga, A Rodríguez-Antolín, E Pedrosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adherence to the recommendations of the 2009 clinical guidelines in the implementation of lymphadenectomy during radical prostatectomy and analysis of the variables that influence this decision in the 2010 National Prostate Cancer Registry. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Analysis of 1,272 patients who underwent prostatectomy in 25 national hospitals. Patient classification according to the pathological node-positive (pN+) risk criteria included in the clinical guidelines of the European Association of Urology (EAU) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)...
November 2015: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Joan Morote, Xavier Maldonado, Rafael Morales-Bárrera
The Vall d'Hebron multidisciplinary prostate cancer (PC) team reviews recent advances in the management of this neoplasm. Screening studies with long follow-up show a reduction in mortality, whereas active surveillance is emerging as a therapeutic approach of non-aggressive cancers. New markers increase the specificity of PSA and also allow targeting suspected aggressive cancers. Multiparametric magnetic resonance (mMRI) has emerged as the most effective method in the selection of patients for biopsy and also for local tumor staging...
February 5, 2016: Medicina Clínica
H Akdere, K M Burgazli, T Aktoz, A Acikgoz, M Mericliler, A S Gozen
INTRODUCTION: In our study, the efficiency and reliability of lidocaine (1 cc/1%) application during transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) prostate biopsy to levatores prostate was studied. Levatores prostate was visualized on a cadaver dissection previously. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty outpatients with lower urinary tract complaints or were suspected clinically to have prostate cancer were submitted to TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. The ages of outpatients were ranging from 45 to 81...
November 2013: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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