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Vasculitis and mixed connective disease

Ross Varma, Sandor Szilagyi, Manju Harshan
To date, mammographic involvement in mixed connective tissue disease has not been described in the literature to the authors' knowledge. In addition, only 2 case reports have described panniculitis in mixed connective tissue disease. We present a patient with mixed connective tissue disease with coarse sheet-like calcifications on mammography bilaterally, which increased over time corresponding to rise in levels of anti-dsDNA. Biopsy showed fat necrosis with calcifications, chronic inflammation and fibrosis, vasculitis, as well as CD3, CD4, and CD8+ T cells and CD20+ B cells...
April 2019: Radiology Case Reports
Luis A Sardiña, George Jour, Melissa P Piliang, Wilma F Bergfeld
BACKGROUND: Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) is a rare vasculitis with variable clinical presentation which diagnosis can be challenging. Herein we want to describe the clinicopathological spectrum of findings in five cases of EED. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed five cases in a single institution collected over a period of 27 years. The clinical history was collected and all the slides were examined to determine the histopathological characteristics of the lesions...
February 2019: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
April M Jorge, Na Lu, Sarah F Keller, Sharan K Rai, Yuqing Zhang, Hyon K Choi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD) are associated with an increased risk of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. We examined the potential survival benefit of statin use among patients with SARD in a general population setting. METHODS: We conducted an incident user cohort study using a UK general population database. Our population included patients with a SARD as determined by Read code diagnoses of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Sjögren syndrome, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, mixed connective tissue disease, Behçet disease, or antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies-associated vasculitis between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2014...
December 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Eduardo Martín-Nares, Diego Zuñiga-Tamayo, Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola
We aimed to estimate the frequency of overlap of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) with systemic autoimmune diseases. Retrospective single-center study to identify patients with AAV diagnosis and concomitant autoimmune systemic diseases, simultaneously, before or after the diagnosis of AAV. Sociodemographic characteristics, such as comorbidities; follow-up time; type of AAV; disease duration; relapses; treatment and response; clinical, serological, and histological characteristics; disease activity and damage; prognosis; dialysis requirements, and death were assessed...
July 14, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Lourdes Mozo, Patricia López, Elena Nikiphorou, Ana Suárez
Introduction: Impaired high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and antioxidant functionality of HDL, mainly attributed to a decreased paraoxonase-1 (PON1) functionality, have been described in autoimmune conditions. In this setting, a role for humoral response in cardiovascular disease is emerging. This study evaluates the role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against HDL and disease-related autoantibodies on HDL dysfunction in immune-driven diseases. Methods: Serum IgG anti-HDL antibodies, PON1 activity, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were quantified in 381 patients with different immune-driven diseases [18 mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), 35 primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), 38 systemic sclerosis (SSc), 33 ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), 60 diabetes mellitus 1, 29 autoimmune B12 deficiency/pernicious anemia, 29 primary biliary cirrhosis, 46 IBD/Crohn, 54 IBD/UC, and 39 celiac disease (CD)] and 138 healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Bradley Postlethwaite, Henry G Wynn, Debendra Pattanaik, Shelley Ost, Charles B MacDonald, R Christopher Walton, Seunghyun Kim, Linda K Myers, Monica Brown Lobbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rossella Talotta, Fabiola Atzeni, Maria Chiara Ditto, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
OBJECTIVE: To provide a narrative review of the most recent data concerning the involvement of the microbiome in the pathogenesis of connective tissue diseases (CTDs) and vasculitides. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched for articles using combinations of words or terms that included systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, autoimmune myositis, Sjögren's syndrome, undifferentiated and mixed CTD, vasculitis, microbiota, microbiome, and dysbiosis. Papers from the reference lists of the articles and book chapters were reviewed, and relevant publications were identified...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
Masaru Ando, Akihiko Goto, Mari Yamasue, Yuko Usagawa, Hiroaki Oka, Takehiko Shigenaga, Jun-Ichi Kadota
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a systemic disease characterized by necrotizing, granulomatous vasculitis of the upper and lower respiratory tracts and glomerulonephritis, and is classified as a classical or limited form. The classical form of GPA demonstrates the involvement of the upper respiratory tract, sinuses, lungs and kidneys, whereas the limited form is characterized by the lack of the renal involvement with female predominance. On the other hand, mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) shows the clinical and laboratorial features of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis and polymyositis, along with high titers of anti-ribonucleoprotein antibodies and is characterized by good response to corticosteroid therapy and favorable prognosis...
June 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Genovefa Kolovou
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a recently developed noninvasive, nonradiating, operator-independent technique that has been successfully used for the evaluation of congenital heart disease, valvular and pericardial diseases, iron overload, cardiomyopathies, great and coronary vessel diseases, cardiac inflammation, stress-rest myocardial perfusion, and fibrosis. Rheumatoid arthritis and other spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory myopathies, mixed connective tissue diseases (CTDs), systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis are among CTDs with serious cardiovascular involvement; this is due to multiple causative factors such as myopericarditis, micro/macrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and finally heart failure...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
Victoria K Shanmugam, Divya Angra, Hamza Rahimi, Sean McNish
OBJECTIVE: Chronic wounds are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Approximately 20% to 23% of nonhealing wounds that are refractory to vascular intervention have other causes, including vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and other autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this article was to review the literature across medical and surgical specialties with regard to refractory chronic wounds associated with vasculitis and autoimmune diseases and to delineate clinical outcomes of these wounds in response to vascular and other interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Amandine Tubery, Françoise Fortenfant, Bernard Combe, Isabelle Abreu, Xavier Bossuyt, Pascale Chretien, Sophie Desplat-Jégo, Nicole Fabien, Sophie Hue, Catherine Johanet, Daniela Lakomy, Thierry Vincent, Claire I Daïen
We report here the case of a 50-years-old man treated for mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) positive for anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein (U1RNP) antibodies who secondarily developed a granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) associated with anti-proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (PR3-ANCA). We then evaluated the frequency of the association between anti-U1RNP and anti-PR3-ANCA antibodies by a systematic retrospective study in ten European hospitals. Overall, out of 11,921 samples analyzed for both auto-antibodies, 18 cases of anti-U1RNP and anti-PR3-ANCA double positivity were found and only one patient presented with both MCTD and GPA symptoms...
December 2016: Immunologic Research
Haruka Takeshige, Yuji Ueno, Koji Kamagata, Fuyuko Sasaki, Kazuo Yamashiro, Ryota Tanaka, Shigeki Aoki, Nobutaka Hattori
BACKGROUND: Midbrain infarction shows diverse patterns of ophthalmoplegia; however, the association of ophthalmoplegia with a precise microanatomy has not been fully studied. Here, we report a patient with characteristic ophthalmoplegia and explore the associated pathologic fiber tracts using diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: A 21-year-old woman with an 11-year history of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) abruptly developed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) with upward gaze and convergence palsies...
November 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Atsushi Sugiura, Nobusada Funabashi, Koya Ozawa, Yoshio Kobayashi
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationship of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and LV mass index (LVMI) against pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic autoimmune disease (SAD). METHODS: A total of 84 SAD patients (68 females; 53±17years; systemic lupus erythematosus, 27%; scleroderma, 17%; vasculitis, 16%; mixed connective tissue disease, 13% and polymyositis/dermatomyositis complex, 10%) without significant pericardial effusion (PE) on TTE (Vivid E9, GE) were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Zaixing Yang, Yingpeng Ren, Donghong Liu, Feng Lin, Yan Liang
It is necessary and useful to explore prevalence of various systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) in patients with suspicion of having SARDs and to characterize antinuclear antibodies (ANA) profile for identifying different populations (SARDs and non-SARDs). A total of 5024 consecutive patients with available medical records were investigated, whose sera had been tested for ANA profile, including ANA, anti-dsDNA and anti-extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) antibodies, between 31 January 2012 and 26 March 2014...
September 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Atsushi Sugiura, Nobusada Funabashi, Koya Ozawa, Yoshio Kobayashi
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune disease (SAD) frequently affects the pericardium, and pathology is characterized by both immunological and inflammatory processes. We hypothesized that these processes simultaneously influence mitral-valve (MV) deterioration and left-ventricular (LV) wall thickening in SAD subjects. METHODS: 101 SAD subjects were selected (76 female; 53±17years; systemic-lupus-erythematosus, 26%; vasculitis, 20%; scleroderma, 14%; polymyositis/dermatomyositis complex, 10%; mixed connective tissue disease, 11% and rheumatoid-arthritis, 2%)...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
P Elfving, O Marjoniemi, H Niinisalo, A Kononoff, L Arstila, E Savolainen, J Rutanen, O Kaipiainen-Seppänen
Objective of the study was to evaluate the annual incidence and distribution of autoimmune connective tissue diseases and vasculitides during 2010. All units practicing rheumatology in the Northern Savo area, Finland, participated in the study by collecting data on newly diagnosed adult patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease or vasculitis over 1-year period. Seventy-two cases with autoimmune connective tissue disease were identified. The annual incidence rates were as follows: systemic lupus erythematosus 3...
July 2016: Rheumatology International
Mariano A Menezes, Fernando A M Herbella, Marco G Patti
Different connective tissue diseases (CTDs), such as dermatomyositis, mixed CTD, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis, lupus, and Behçet's, may affect the esophagus, impairing its motor function. The muscular atrophy and fibrosis caused by the autoimmune vasculitis and neuronal dysfunction affect the esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter, leading to a clinical presentation of dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The belief that the impaired esophageal motility may negatively affect surgical outcome has led to the common recommendation of avoiding laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) for fear of creating or worsening dysphagia...
April 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Sandra Soro Marín, Enrique Júdez Navarro, Antonio Salvador Alamillo Sanz, Ginés Sánchez Nievas
Cryoglobulins are immunoglobulins that precipitate at cold temperatures. Their presence can be related to a type of vasculitis referred to as cryoglobulinemia. This condition, especially mixed cryoglobulinemia, has been associated with viral infections like hepatitis C virus in 60%-90% of cases, but it has also been reported in relation to connective tissue diseases, usually resulting in a more severe course. We describe the case of a patient with seronegative polyarthritis who developed acute arterial ischemia in association with cryoglobulinemia, with a good response to rituximab therapy...
March 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Kaname Ohyama
Our immune system resembles an intelligent security system, which continually monitors for foreign invaders (infectious diseases); however, in some cases, this system recognizes healthy parts as something harmful or foreign and then attacks them (autoimmune diseases). The defining characteristics of an autoimmune disease are the existence of T- and B-cell autoreactivity against self proteins (autoantigens). In addition to autoimmune diseases, aberrant host proteins that occur during a certain state of diseases (e...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Dorota Jasinska, Jerzy Boczon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to illustrate the potential viability of MCTD as an underlying aetiology of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. The case is probably the first description available in the literature of the Melkersson-Rosenthal as an early manifestation of mixed connective tissue disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome consists of a triad of recurrent lip and/or face swelling, fissured tongue, and intermittent facial palsy. Mixed connective tissue disease is a multisystemic disorder with overlapping features of systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and polymyositis, and is differentiated from them by a high titer of antibodies to ribonucleoprotein...
December 23, 2015: European Journal of Medical Research
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