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Exercise addiction

Alexander T Bureau, Lindsey C Blom, Jocelyn Bolin, Paul Nagelkirk
Research into the Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP) has suggested that a harmonious passion for an activity is related to more positive outcomes (e.g., higher well-being and satisfaction with life), and an obsessive passion for an activity is related to negative and less adaptive outcomes (e.g., lower self-esteem and burnout; 37, 40, 43). The current study demonstrated differences between passion types (i.e., harmonious passion, obsessive passion, no passion) in terms of physical fitness, risk of exercise addiction, frequency of exercise, and perceptions of exercise...
2019: International Journal of Exercise Science
Eric J Ip, Shadi Doroudgar, Bijal Shah-Manek, Mitchell J Barnett, Michael J Tenerowicz, Marvin Ortanez, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The majority of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) studies have focused on the general male population. Approximately 15% of gay or bisexual men are seropositive for HIV and many AASs are administered via injection. Thus, AAS use among gay and bisexual men likely poses a greater risk of spreading infectious disease. Gay and bisexual men who use AAS were compared with non-users regarding self-reported seropositivity for HIV and hepatitis B and C, sexual behaviors and injection practices, illicit drug and alcohol use, and psychiatric disorders...
February 6, 2019: American Journal on Addictions
Louis-Ferdinand Lespine, Alain Plenevaux, Ezio Tirelli
While animal research has consistently reported preventive effects of exercise against drug abuse vulnerability, little is known about the influence of the developmental stage during which exercise is displayed on addictive drugs responsiveness. This study aimed to determine whether prenatal exercise could attenuate acute cocaine reactivity and psychomotor sensitization in youth offspring. We used a split-plot factorial design where C57BL/6 J females were randomly assigned into sedentary or exercised (wheel-running) conditions before and during gestation, the wheels being removed on gestational day 18...
January 28, 2019: Behavioural Brain Research
M Underner, J Perriot, G Peiffer, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
Smoking is much higher among patients suffering from schizophrenia compared to the general population. These patients inhale the smoke more deeply and extract a significant amount of nicotine from the cigarette. They are highly addicted to tobacco and their attempts to stop smoking are more frequently marked by failures. The continuation of consumption exposes them particularly to the risk of diseases and mortality related to smoking. Various hypotheses are advanced to explain the association between schizophrenia and tobacco smoking...
January 2019: Revue Médicale de Liège
Jana Marie Havigerová, Jaroslava Dosedlová, Iva Burešová
Objective: Of the many existing health models, models of health behavior are considered optimal for research and application as they focus on concrete forms of behavior that support, maintain, or undermine one's health, and they accentuate the individual as the initiator of this behavior. Research in this area follows a broad range of concrete partial manifestations of health behavior. Is it necessary to differentiate between various types of health behavior or could these partial manifestations be combined under one common scale? Methods: Data acquisition tool: Health-Related Behavior Scale (HRBS, 42 items)...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Laura Di Lodovico, Ségolène Poulnais, Philip Gorwood
INTRODUCTION: Excessive physical exercise may evolve into physical exercise addiction, a recently identified entity with many yet unclear aspects, such as global prevalence and variability according to different types of physical exercise. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the current literature up to June 2018 to collect all studies screening exercise addiction with two of the most frequently used screening scales: the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) and the Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS)...
December 23, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Tiancheng Zhang, Fulan Zhang, Jingmei Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To understand the health risk behaviors prevalence and influencing factors of Dong and Bai Nationality adolescents in rural of Wuling mountainous area. METHODS: By the method of layered, random and total sampling, 2176 Dong and Bai Nationality adolescents were recruited from September to Octomber 2016 in rural of Wuling mountainous area. The investigation was conducted based on " The scale and evaluation method of health related/risk behaviors for adolescents in China"...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Elisa Rodríguez-Ortega, Inmaculada Cubero
Drug addiction is a chronic disorder comprising components of both impulsivity and compulsivity in the so called "addiction cycle" which develops over time from early non-dependent, repetitive, binge-consumption to later post-dependent compulsive consumption. Thus, frequent binge-like intake is a typical pattern of excessive drug intake characteristic of the pre-dependent phase of the addiction cycle, which represent an important risk factor to develop addiction in vulnerable individuals. In this framework, it is of paramount interest to further understand the earliest stage of the addiction cycle so novel approaches would emerge aimed to control repetitive episodes of binge-consumption in non-dependent subjects, protecting vulnerable individuals from transition to dependence...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Kyle W Parker, Natalie A DiPietro Mager, Benjamin D Aronson, Christopher Hart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to impact pharmacy students' personal and professional development through simulation of a board of pharmacy disciplinary hearing regarding addiction. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The mock board hearing was conducted as part of the required curriculum. Faculty obtained materials from a prior board hearing. The actual respondent, lawyer, former executive director, and a board agent participated. Students served as board members and president, asked questions of the witnesses, and deliberated per board procedure...
November 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Dana Badau, Adela Badau
Background : The study was focused on identifying the relationship between the incidence of exercise dependence attitudes, the level of body perception, and preferences for use of fitness technology monitoring. Methods: We investigated 241 students from physical education and sports specializations. We used a questionnaire structured in 5 parts: personal information (age, gender, weight, height, and institutional membership), Exercise Dependence Scale-R (EDS-21), the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Body perception questionnaire, and Fitness Monitoring Technology...
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Carolyn J Heckman, Marissa Manning
A systemic review was conducted to better understand the relationship between indoor tanning and body mass index (BMI), physical activity, or dietary practices. Articles included in this review were obtained via a systematic search of PubMed following PRISMA guidelines. Available articles were published between September, 2003 and May, 2017 and contained data regarding indoor tanning and BMI, physical activity, or dietary practices. Sixteen publications met final inclusion criteria. Results of this review indicate significant positive associations between indoor tanning and high physical activity levels, playing sports, and both unhealthy and healthy diet and weight control practices...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sarah E Dowd, Martina L Mustroph, Elena V Romanova, Bruce R Southey, Heinrich Pinardo, Justin S Rhodes, Jonathan V Sweedler
Recent research suggests that exercise may help facilitate abstinence from cocaine addiction, though the mechanisms are not well understood. In mice, wheel running accelerates the extinction of conditioned place preference (CPP) for cocaine, providing an animal model for evaluating potential neurological mechanisms. The objective of this study was to quantify dynamic changes in endogenous peptides in the amygdala and dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in mice exposed to a context paired with the effects of cocaine, and in response to exercise...
October 31, 2018: ACS Omega
Reiji Kojima, Miri Sato, Yuka Akiyama, Ryoji Shinohara, Sonoko Mizorogi, Kohta Suzuki, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Zentaro Yamagata
AIM: There have been concerns about the increase in problematic Internet use (PIU) and its impact on lifestyle habits and health-related symptoms, given the rapid spread of smartphones. This study aimed to clarify PIU prevalence over 3 years in the same area and investigate lifestyle and health-related factors related to PIU among junior high-school students in Japan. METHODS: Each year during 2014-2016, a survey was conducted with junior high-school students from a rural area of Japan (2014, n = 979; 2015, n = 968; 2016, n = 940)...
October 29, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Hugo Sarmento, Vânia Loureiro, Élvio R Gouveia, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
BACKGROUND: Exercise dependence (EXD) can be considered an addictive behaviour because it presents signs typical of other addictive behaviours. Despite possible health problems related to EXD, the prevalence of risk for EXD has never been systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to systematically review the prevalence of risk for EXD. METHODS: Studies were identified from searches in the ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science electronic databases up to June 2018...
October 29, 2018: Sports Medicine
Abdullah Hussain, Rohina Khizer Mufti, Maryam Shahid
OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency and determinants of patients preferring complementary and alternative medicine over registered medical doctors.. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Services Hospital, Mayo Hospital and Jinnah Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan, from June 8 to August 20, 2017.A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. . RESULTS: Of the 385 subjects, 200(51...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Bo Gong, Sadiq Naveed, Dawood M Hafeez, Khalid I Afzal, Salman Majeed, Jonathan Abele, Savvas Nicolaou, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extensive research has been conducted to find neuroimaging biomarkers for psychiatric disorders. This study aimed at identifying trends of the 100 most highly cited articles on neuroimaging in primary psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The most highly cited original research articles were identified and analyzed, following searches of MEDLINE and Web of Science All Databases. RESULTS: The top 100 articles ranked by yearly citation (from 137...
January 2019: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
Maayan Levit, Ayelet Weinstein, Yitzhak Weinstein, Dana Tzur-Bitan, Aviv Weinstein
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between exercise addiction, abnormal eating attitudes, anxiety, and depression among competitive and amateur athletes. METHODS: Participants were 100 athletes of mean age 28.3 years (18-62), of which there were 67 males and 35 females. The sample consisted of competitive and amateur athletes who participated in individual and group sports. They filled in the Exercise Addiction Inventory, Body Shape Questionnaire, a questionnaire assessing Eating Attitudes Test, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Richard D Lennox, Marie Cecchini-Sternquist
Objective Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients. Methods This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre. Results Data from medical charts, client self-reports and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) responses indicated that the Hubbard sauna detoxification method was well tolerated, with a 99% completion rate, including one human immunodeficiency virus and nine hepatitis C positive clients...
September 13, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Jose A Piña, Mark D Namba, Jonna M Leyrer-Jackson, Gabriella Cabrera-Brown, Cassandra D Gipson
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. The number of new smokers, specifically among adolescents, has risen rapidly in recent years. Thus, understanding the role of social influences on patterns of nicotine and tobacco use is important. Clinical studies have addressed the impact social relationships such as family members and peers have on smoking acquisition and susceptibility. As well, preclinical animal models have examined the impact of social factors on drug intake, acquisition, maintenance, and relapse...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
So-Hyung Kang, Wi-Young So
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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