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Intimate relationship

Gustavo Delucchi, Elizabeth León Mayer, Jorge Folino
The deleterious effect of dating violence motivates the empirical exploration of the influential factors that may be targets of prevention. The aims of this study are to investigate violence in couples of university students and explore their relationship with jealousy and other correlates. Method: with a cross-sectional design, we surveyed 84 medical students from the National University of La Plata, Argentina. The instruments used were the Conflict in Adolescents Dating Relationships Inventory, the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale and the DSM 5 Cross-cutting level 2: Substance use and ad hoc items...
November 2018: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Pedro C Marijuán, Raquel Del Moral, Sungchul Ji, Marta Gil Lacruz, Juan David Gómez-Quintero, Jorge Navarro
In whatever domain of life, from cells to organisms to societies, communicative exchanges underlie the formation and maintenance, and decay, of the emerging collective structures. It can be clearly seen in the human social world. The different classes of social bonds in a complex society revolve around, and are intimately related with, the communicative relationships that every individual entertains-essentially via face-to-face conversation. In the present work we have investigated the fundamental metrics of both social bonds and communicative exchanges along the development of the "sociotype" construct...
February 16, 2019: Bio Systems
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Amy A Conroy, Alexander C Tsai, Manali Nekkanti, Sheri D Weiser
Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is an important public health concern globally, including in Nepal. Food insecurity (being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food) has been associated with IPV, but no known studies have explored this relationship in South Asia, or Nepal specifically. Women's level of empowerment is an important factor to consider when understanding the relationship between food insecurity and IPV. Methods: Using data from the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, we explore the relationship between different levels of food insecurity (none, mild, moderate, severe) and three types of IPV: physical, sexual and emotional...
June 2019: Journal of Global Health
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rotem Eisner
OBJECTIVES: We identify and describe the meanings of loneliness among older persons, the kinds of relationships they are seeking in order to alleviate it, and the barriers they face in developing these connections. METHOD: Study participants were 35 older persons between the ages of 66 and 92 years from Tel Aviv, Israel, who participated in an intervention which involved group activities and individual meetings. The transcriptions of the individual meetings in which participants described their loneliness and explored potential solutions formed the data for thematic analysis...
February 17, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Maggie L Syme, Paul E Johnson, Meghan Fager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approaches to sexual expression in nursing homes are often devoid of person-centered components, such as resident choice. Little is known about residents' preferences for sexual and intimate expression across different situations. To evaluate future resident preferences, a convenience sample of 389 midlife and older adults in the United States were assessed for their perceptions of appropriateness of sexual and intimate activity among couples in nursing homes, given certain situational factors (e...
February 17, 2019: Gerontologist
Liat S Kriegel
BACKGROUND: Prisoners with mental illnesses (MI) are released from prison into environments where they are under-treated and under-supported by our criminal justice, social service, and health systems. Public space and interactions within those spaces have been shown to have positive effects in similar populations, including individuals with MI. This qualitative study explored the role different interactions play during the course of reentry. The study aimed to understand the more everyday relational dynamics that former prisoners with MI experience in public and private spaces...
February 14, 2019: Health & Place
José I Rojas Echenique, Sergey Kryazhimskiy, Alex N Nguyen Ba, Michael M Desai
Screens for epistatic interactions have long been used to characterize functional relationships corresponding to protein complexes, metabolic pathways, and other functional modules. Although epistasis between adaptive mutations is also common in laboratory evolution experiments, the functional basis for these interactions is less well characterized. Here, we quantify the extent to which gene function (as determined by a genome-wide screen for epistasis among deletion mutants) influences the rate and genetic basis of compensatory adaptation in a set of 37 gene deletion mutants nested within 16 functional modules...
February 15, 2019: PLoS Genetics
Precious Esie, Theresa L Osypuk, Sidney R Schuler, Lisa M Bates
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is highly prevalent globally, and is associated with adverse health outcomes, including depression. Though women living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face a larger burden of IPV, little is known about whether IPV increases the risk of depression among non-pregnant women and in contexts of high prevalence. Within the setting of rural Bangladesh, this study examined the relationship between the severity of marital IPV against women and the risk of depression...
April 2019: SSM—Population Health
Luisa De Sordi, Marta Lourenço, Laurent Debarbieux
The intestinal microbiota is intimately linked to human health. Decoding the mechanisms underlying its stability in healthy subjects should uncover causes of microbiota-associated diseases and pave the way for treatment. Bacteria and bacteriophages (phages) are the most abundant biological entities in the gastrointestinal tract, where their coexistence is dynamic and affixed. Phages drive and maintain bacterial diversity by perpetuating the coevolutionary interactions with their microbial prey. This review brings together recent in silico, in vitro, and in vivo work dissecting the complexity of phage-bacteria interactions in the intestinal microbiota, including coevolution perspectives...
February 13, 2019: Cell Host & Microbe
Kalysha Closson, Abigail Hatcher, Yandisa Sikweyiya, Laura Washington, Smanga Mkhwanazi, Rachel Jewkes, Kristin Dunkle, Andrew Gibbs
Qualitative research suggests that men's inability to achieve dominant forms of masculinity may be related to HIV-risk behaviours and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Using clustered cross-sectional data, we assessed how young men's gender role conflict was associated with HIV-risk behaviours in urban informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Gender Role Conflict and Stress (GRC/S) was measured using a South African adaptation of the GRC/S scale comprising three sub-scales: subordination to women; restrictive emotionality; and success, power and competition...
February 14, 2019: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Felix Broecker, Karin Moelling
Virus-derived sequences and transposable elements constitute a substantial portion of many cellular genomes. Recent insights reveal the intimate evolutionary relationship between these sequences and various cellular immune pathways. At the most basic level, superinfection exclusion may be considered a prototypical virus-mediated immune system that has been described in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. More complex immune mechanisms fully or partially derived from mobile genetic elements include CRISPR-Cas of prokaryotes and the RAG1/2 system of vertebrates, which provide immunological memory of foreign genetic elements and generate antibody and T cell receptor diversity, respectively...
2019: Frontiers in Microbiology
Benjamin Kilborne
This paper explores the relation of concepts of the unconscious to notions of the imagination, and both to the dynamics of shame. In this discussion dreams occupy a central place, since they are so intimately related to human relationships and to the human imagination. What is seen, not seen, concealed, relied upon for others not to understand, and what is imagined in the responses of others and of oneself-these are essentially shame dynamics, since our identity is determined by relationships.
February 12, 2019: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Muhannad Abu-Remaileh, Monther Abu-Remaileh, Rania Akkawi, Ibrahim Knani, Shiran Udi, Micheal E Pacold, Joseph Tam, Rami I Aqeilan
OBJECTIVE: WWOX, a well-established tumor suppressor, is frequently lost in cancer and plays important roles in DNA damage response and cellular metabolism. METHODS: We re-analyzed several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using the Type 2 Diabetes Knowledge Portal website to uncover WWOX's association with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Using several engineered mouse models, we studied the effect of somatic WWOX loss on glucose homeostasis. RESULTS: Several WWOX variants were found to be strongly associated with MetS disorders...
January 31, 2019: Molecular Metabolism
Marisa V Cervantes, Jennifer Sherman
This study examines low-income women's cycles of lifelong violence victimization. A qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with 24 low-income women living in Eastern Washington State illustrates the complexity of abusive interpersonal relationships, and the decision-making processes that abused women utilize to escape violence. The data illustrate patterns of a discursive process of normalization, wherein early experiences of violence socialized women to treat abuse as a normal and expected component of adult intimate unions...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Maria Luisa Mondolfi Miguel, Margarita Rosa Pino-Juste
In Spain, a country of great cultural diversity, there is an increasing demand for psychosocial care for victims of gender-based violence. The objective is to describe the psychosocial profile of these women residing in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. In a sample (n = 40) of victims of intimate partner violence, it was found a high incidence of PTSD, depression, and low self-esteem associated with greater severity of PTSD and depression. A prolonged relationship increases the types of violence experienced, which is associated with particular psychosocial conditions that are analyzed quanti-qualitatively in order to recommend interventions consistent with the problems detected...
February 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Lucia F O'Sullivan, Kathleen Hughes, France Talbot, Rice Fuller
Breakups are common but often one of the most distressing experiences that young people can have. Poor adjustment to relationship loss is linked to depressive symptoms and rumination. This study assessed traits that reflect resiliency and that might comprise protective factors that ameliorate depressive symptoms and rumination. Online survey participants included 866 male and female late adolescents (18-22 years; Mean age = 20.7; 62% female; 82% White/Caucasian; 7% Asian/Southeast Asian; 6% Black/African American) who recently had experienced the breakup of a romantic relationship...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
João Dinis, Miguel Bragança
Background: Nowadays, sleep-related problems are a prevalent occurrence among university students. Poor sleep quality is one of the most studied aspects of sleep complaints, affecting from 10% to 50% of this population. Poor sleep quality consequences are many and have a profound impact in the student's psychobiological health. University students live through a period of psychological challenge and adaptation, since the transition from high school to professional life. Abrupt autonomy challenges students to deal with many choices, from their academic and social life to their intimate habits...
July 2018: Sleep Science
Camille Burnett, Jolie Crowder, Loraine J Bacchus, Donna Schminkey, Linda Bullock, Phyllis Sharps, Jacquelyn Campbell
The Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation (DOVE) intervention used in the Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting Intervention Enhanced With mHealth Technology (RCT: R01HD071771) is a nurse-lead evidenced-based intervention that has been shown to decrease violence overtime. This summative mixed-methods impact evaluation is intended to provide insight to enhance the DOVE IPV protocol for screening and intervention by (a) identifying which core aspects of DOVE facilitated or inhibited its success and what was most critical to optimal IPV (intimate partner violence) screening and intervention practices, (b) informing how DOVE IPV screening and intervention were influenced by the experiences of home visitor (HV), and (c) identifying policy considerations and best practice recommendations for the DOVE protocol...
February 10, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sarah Treves-Kagan, Alison M El Ayadi, Jessica L Morris, Laurie M Graham, Jessica S Grignon, Lebogang Ntswane, Jennifer M Gilvydis, Scott Barnhart, Sheri A Lippman
Intimate partner violence, nonpartner sexual violence, and physical and sexual violence against children are significant public health issues in South Africa. Theory suggests that experiencing violence in childhood plays a role in propensity to perpetrate violence or vulnerability to violence in adulthood. Most research to date on this topic has been conducted in high-resource countries or within urban or high-risk populations. We explore the relationship between violence in childhood and violence in adulthood in a community-based sample of 18- to 49-year-old adults in rural South Africa using data from a population-based survey ( N = 1,044) in North West province in 2014...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M W Hughto, Jennifer Potter, Madeline B Deutsch, Sari L Reisner
Intimate partner violence (IPV) takes on unique dimensions when directed against transgender individuals, with perpetrators leveraging transphobia to assert power and control. Standard IPV measurement tools do not assess this type of IPV. Four questions to assess transgender-related IPV (T-IPV) were developed: (a) being forced to conform to an undesired gender presentation or to stop pursuing gender transition; (b) being pressured to remain in a relationship by being told no one would date a transgender person; (c) being "outed" as a form of blackmail; and (d) having transition-related hormones, prosthetics, or clothing hidden or destroyed...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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