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Sol Jaworowski, Jean-Louis Golmard, Morag Engelberg, Sarah Prijs, Lital Twizer, Cornelius Gropp, Joseph Mergui
BACKGROUND: A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a variety of physical and psychiatric illnesses, including ischemic heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of past CSA and re-traumatization among hospital psychiatric consultations and to determine whether a CSA group in a hospital setting shared characteristics with community samples described in the literature. METHODS: We divided 228 consecutive psychiatric consultations into two groups...
February 2019: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Antonio Hernández-Martínez, Julian Rodríguez-Almagro, Milagros Molina-Alarcón, Nuria Infante-Torres, Miriam Donate Manzanares, Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstetric variables and postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and its influence on quality of life (QoL), have scarcely been studied. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of PTSD at postpartum weeks 4 and 6, and its relation with perinatal variables and quality of life METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 2990 Spanish puerperal women in Spain. Data were collected on socio-demographic and obstetric variables, and on newborns...
February 10, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Marie Mennesson, Emilie Rydgren, Tatiana Lipina, Ewa Sokolowska, Natalia Kulesskaya, Francesca Morello, Evgueni Ivakine, Vootele Voikar, Victoria Risbrough, Juha Partanen, Iiris Hovatta
NETO1 and NETO2 are auxiliary subunits of kainate receptors (KARs). They interact with native KAR subunits to modulate multiple aspects of receptor function. Variation in KAR genes has been associated with psychiatric disorders in humans, and in mice, knockouts of the Grik1 gene have increased, while Grik2 and Grik4 knockouts have reduced anxiety-like behavior. To determine whether the NETO proteins regulate anxiety and fear through modulation of KARs, we undertook a comprehensive behavioral analysis of adult Neto1-/- and Neto2-/- mice...
February 15, 2019: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
T A Motz, C L Currie
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impacts of housing discrimination experienced by Indigenous postsecondary students on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology and perceptions of university stress. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were gathered via in-person surveys completed by 142 Indigenous students between 2015 and 2017. Associations were analyzed using phi coefficients and linear regression models adjusted for confounders...
February 12, 2019: Public Health
Cathy Meng Fei Li, Lawrence Russell Robinson, Alan Ka Ho Tam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sascha Halvachizadeh, Henrik Teuber, Florin Allemann, Anna Theresa Luidl, Roland von Känel, Boris Zelle, Simon Tiziani, Katrin Rauen, Hans-Christoph Pape, Roman Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Information on long-term psychiatric sequelae after severe trauma is sparse. We therefore performed a survey addressing several symptoms related to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients that sustained multiple injuries more than 20 years after trauma. METHODS: Patients injured between January 1, 1973 and December 31, 1990 were contacted at least 20 years later. We included multiply injured patients aged between 3 and 60 years of age from a single level I Trauma center...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Nicolás Pereira, Álvaro Cámbara, Matías Kufeke, Ricardo Roa
Post-traumatic lymphedema is poorly understood. It is rarely considered in limb reconstruction decision-making approach. We report a case of a 41-year-old female who presented with right upper extremity lymphedema after degloving injury and split thickness skin graft, successfully treated with a superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) free flap restoring the lymphatic drainage. Right upper extremity had an excess of 258.7 mL or an excess volume of 27.86% compared to the healthy contralateral limb...
February 15, 2019: Microsurgery
Zachariah Pinter, Rucker Staggers, Sung Lee, Shelby Bergstresser, Ashish Shah, Sameer Naranje
PURPOSE: Posterior capsular contracture is a potential consequence of osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, and surgical procedures of the knee. Many patients who undergo TKA will be found to have some degree of flexion contracture intraoperatively, which necessitates posterior capsular release. There is no information in the literature about the safety of posterior capsular release done during TKA. The present cadaveric study investigates the safety of posterior capsular release during TKA...
February 14, 2019: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Peter L Fisher, Angela Byrne, Louise Fairburn, Helen Ullmer, Gareth Abbey, Peter Salmon
Background: Adult cancer survivors often experience substantial psychological morbidity following the completion of acute cancer treatment. Unfortunately, current psychological interventions are of limited efficacy. This study explored if metacognitive therapy (MCT); a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention was potentially efficacious and could be delivered effectively to adult cancer survivors with psychological morbidity. Methods: An open trial with 3- and 6-month follow-up evaluated the treatment effects of MCT in 27 consecutively referred individuals to a clinical psychology health service specializing in psycho-oncology...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Xingchen Peng, Yonglin Su, Wenxia Huang, Xiaolin Hu
Post-traumatic growth in cancer patients refers to perceived positive changes following cancer diagnosis and treatment. Little is known about the status and factors related to posttraumatic growth among Chinese patients with lung cancer.To investigate the status and factors of posttraumatic growth among Chinese patients with lung cancer.A cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. Patients (N = 173) from the oncology unit at one teaching hospital in Sichuan were recruited. Posttraumatic growth, depression, anxiety, and coping style were self-reported by the patients...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Siri Thoresen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Filip K Arnberg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Ines Blix
BACKGROUND: Trauma and traumatic bereavement have well-known consequences for mental health, but little is known about long-term adjustment, particularly with respect to health-protective factors.AimsTo assess the levels of anxiety/depression and perceived social support among the survivors and the bereaved 26 years after the Scandinavian Star ferry disaster compared with expected levels from the general population. METHOD: Anxiety/depression and social support were assessed in face-to-face interviews with the survivors and the bereaved (N = 165, response rate 58%)...
January 2019: BJPsych Open
Nhung T Quach, Reza Ehsanian, Benjamin Dirlikov, Samantha Sechrist, Jyodi Mohole, Stephen McKenna, Linda Isaac, Thao T Duong
Post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) is characterized by a state of disorientation and confusion following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Few studies have looked at the effect of prolonged PTA on the functional outcomes beyond 1 year post-injury. This study aims to evaluate the burden of care in individuals with extremely severe PTA (esPTA; PTA >28 days) from acute inpatient rehabilitation admission to 5 years post-injury as well as the association between intracranial hypertension (ICH; Intracranial pressure (ICP) ≥20 mmHg) and esPTA status...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
Jinhee Baek, Sukchan Lee, Taesup Cho, Seong-Wook Kim, Minsoo Kim, Yongwoo Yoon, Ko Keun Kim, Junweon Byun, Sang Jeong Kim, Jaeseung Jeong, Hee-Sup Shin
A psychotherapeutic regimen that uses alternating bilateral sensory stimulation (ABS) has been used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. However, the neural basis that underlies the long-lasting effect of this treatment-described as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing-has not been identified. Here we describe a neuronal pathway driven by the superior colliculus (SC) that mediates persistent attenuation of fear. We successfully induced a lasting reduction in fear in mice by pairing visual ABS with conditioned stimuli during fear extinction...
February 13, 2019: Nature
Kiyoshi Azakami, Masaya Miyazaki
An 80-year-old woman who was hospitalized due to small subarachnoid hemorrhaging caused by a bruise in the left temporal region of the brain. Nausea/vomiting and malaise appeared after dinner on the fourth day of the illness. Head computed tomography showed that the post-traumatic status was almost normal; however, the sodium ion (Na+ ) level was 114 mEq/L, indicating severe hyponatremia. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) following a head injury was initially suspected, and water restriction and saline fluid replacement were initiated...
2019: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Ty Lees, Jaymen L Elliott, Simon Gunning, Phillip J Newton, Tapan Rai, Sara Lal
Law enforcement is inherently stressful, and police officers are particularly vulnerable to mental and physical disorders. As such, researchers are currently assessing intervention strategies that may combat or manage these psychological, physical and mental issues. To review most recent information regarding anxiety, PTSD, and sleepiness and fatigue and identify the interventions and treatments proposed to overcome work related stressors and associated mental illnesses inflicting law enforcement officers. The EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were canvassed for articles investigating anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleepiness, and fatigue...
February 13, 2019: Industrial Health
Mitul Kapadia, Alison Scheid, Eric Fine, Rachel Zoffness
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-concussion syndrome (PCS), when the patient's concussion symptoms last longer than 4-6 weeks, affects 10-30% of concussion patients. PCS presents a significant source of morbidity to patients and a management challenge to providers. In this review, we present the current evidence and best management approaches for pediatric PCS. RECENT FINDINGS: There is limited high-quality evidence in pediatric PCS. There is some evidence supporting pharmaceutical management of post-traumatic headaches, cognitive symptoms, and emotional symptoms...
February 13, 2019: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Amanda P B Evans, Jennifer S Mascaro, Jordan N Kohn, Avi Dobrusin, Alana Darcher, Steven D Starr, Linda W Craighead, Lobsang T Negi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Dibyadeep Datta, Sheng-Tao Yang, Veronica Galvin, John Solder, Fei Luo, Yury M Morozov, Jon Arellano, Alvaro Duque, Pasko Rakic, Amy Arnsten, Min Wang
Noradrenergic (NE) α1-adrenoceptors (α1-AR) contribute to arousal mechanisms, and play an important role in therapeutic medications, e.g. for treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, little is known about how α1-AR stimulation influences neuronal firing in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), a newly evolved region that is dysfunctional in PTSD and other mental illnesses. The current study examined the effects of α1-AR manipulation on neuronal firing in dlPFC of rhesus monkeys performing a visuospatial working memory task, focusing on the "Delay cells" that maintain spatially-tuned information across the delay period...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Philip R Szeszko, Rachel Yehuda
The earliest neuroimaging studies in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) utilized positron emission tomography (PET) to examine the brain's response to glucocorticoid administration given predominant neurobiological models of the stress response focusing on that neuroendocrine system. This work revealed that the anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala, which is now considered part of the salience network, play a role in treatment response, and set the stage for subsequent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies focused on understanding the role of the salience network in the neurobiology of treatment response in PTSD...
February 2, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Giandomenico Logroscino, Fabrizio Donati, Vincenzo Campana, Michela Saracco
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective case-control study is to evaluate clinical and radiographic results of short stems compared with traditional hip prostheses. METHODS: 46 short stems (SS) and 50 traditional stems (TS) were selected. All the stems were implanted by the same surgeon using posterior approach because of primary osteoarthritis, post-traumatic osteoarthritis and avascular necrosis. All the patients were compared clinically by Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), visual analogue scale (VAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12F/M) and radiographically (offset, CD angle, limb length discrepancy, cup inclination, subsidence, osseointegration, heterotopic ossification)...
November 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
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