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Suman Ganguly, Dipendra Narayan Goswami, Soumya Mondal, Soma Chakrabarti, Malay Mundle
Introduction: Prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) program aims at reduction of HIV transmission through vertical route. Although medical intervention reduces chance of HIV transmission substantially, several demographic factors are often contributory. Minimum literacy is required for HIV-infected individuals to understand the course of medicine and to ensure compliance to the treatment which may have impact on vertical transmission. The objective of this study is to analyze relationship between maternal education and possibility of her babies to get HIV infected...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
A G Radhika, Sonia Chawla, Sruthi Bhaskaran
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of Parent To Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV/AIDS is an integral component of AIDS control programme. PPTCT is an ongoing programme since last 15 years. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reduction in the burden of disease in newborn and infants by prevention of parents to child transmission of HIV/AIDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi from May 2002 to May 2015...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anna Tynan, Lisa Vallely, Martha Kupul, Ruthy Neo, Voletta Fiya, Heather Worth, Grace Kariwiga, Glen D L Mola, John Kaldor, Angela Kelly-Hanku
BACKGROUND: Prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) of HIV is a highly complex package of interventions, which spans services in both maternal and child health programmes. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), a commitment to ensure that all pregnant women and their partners have access to the full range of PPTCT interventions exists; however, efforts to increase access and utilisation of PPTCT remain far from optimal. The aim of this paper is to examine health care worker (HCW) perception of health system factors impacting on the performance of PPTCT programmes...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
K S Nair, L L K Piang, V K Tiwari, Sherin Raj, Deoki Nandan
Meeting the needs of HIV-positive pregnant women and their offspring is critical to India's political and financial commitment to achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. This review of the strategy to prevent vertical transmission of HIV in Mysore district, Karnataka, highlights the need to integrate prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) and reproductive and child health (RCH) services. All key officials who were involved in the integration of services at the state and district levels were interviewed by use of semistructured protocols...
April 2013: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
Preetkanwal Sibia, Manjit Kaur Mohi, Amith Kumar
INTRODUCTION: As per NACO publication there are an estimated 2.08 Million HIV/AIDS cases in India as of February 2014. The estimated adult HIV prevalence in India is 0.27%, with a gender spit of 0.32% males and 0.22% females. Estimating the seroprevalence of HIV in a low risk population such as pregnant women provides essential information for an effective implementation of AIDS control programmes. In spite of an estimated adult HIV prevalence rate of 0.18% in Punjab, there are no previous studies among antenatal women to assess seroprevalence...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rajneesh K Joshi, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Estimates of HIV burden in India are based on HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS), which has limitations such as insufficient sample size for district level analysis and ethical concerns. We analysed prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) program data, for its suitability for HIV surveillance in India. METHODS: Correlation and differences in ante-natal clinic (ANC) attendees' HIV prevalence from the last four rounds of HSS (2007-2012) and PPTCT data for the corresponding years were analysed at national, state and district levels...
July 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Beena Joshi, Gajanan Velhal, Sanjay Chauhan, Ragini Kulkarni, Shahina Begum
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Preventing unintended pregnancies among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is one of the strategies of WHO for preventing parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT). Given the limitation of only condom use, the objective of this study was to improve use of dual contraceptive methods among HIV infected women. METHODS: An experimental study among HIV positive women was conducted at two tertiary care level hospitals in Mumbai. Linking HIV with family planning services was the focus of intervention at one site and standard level of care was maintained at the control site...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Supriya Mayur Paranjpe, Purva Pankaj Sarkate, Nayana Avinash Ingole, Shweta Sadanand Raut, Preeti Rajeev Mehta
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the demographic profiles of human immunodifficiency virus (HIV) infected anti-retroviral therapy (ART) naïve children in our hospital and their relations to the clinical, immunological and nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an Integrated Counselling and Testing Center (ICTC) at a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai. ART naïve HIV positive children were enrolled in the study. The demographic profiles, clinical features, immunological (CD4%/CD4 count) and nutritional status of these children were recorded...
November 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
R V Mohite, V R Mohite
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is widely spread across the state of Maharashtra with high prevalence among antenatal women. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT) services in rural Tertiary Health Care Centre of Western Maharashtra, India and to address the weaknesses in functioning of PPTCT services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC) of a rural tertiary health center located in rural area of Western Maharashtra over a period of 10 years from 2003 to 2012...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
Subramani Seenivasan, Natarajan Vaitheeswaran, Viswanathan Seetha, Selvaraj Anbalagan, Ramesh Karunaianantham, Soumya Swaminathan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV program in an urban Southern Indian setting. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART) Centers/ Integrated Counseling and Testing Centers (ICTC) at four government Obstetrics Institutes in an urban area. PARTICIPANTS: 100 HIV-positive pregnant women and their infants delivered in the study centers...
September 2015: Indian Pediatrics
Mariam Khanam, Sebanti Goswami, Partha Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Although interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection are being increasingly implemented as a part of national guideline, the prevalence of pediatric HIV remains high. There is remarkable increase in survival if HIV-infected children have access to early infant diagnosis (EID) and treatment. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical College, Kolkata from July 2011 to February 2014 after obtaining approval from the institutional ethics committee...
October 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Anbarasi Subramaniyan, Sonali Sarkar, Gautam Roy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan
BACKGROUND: Tamil Nadu comes under group I high-prevalence state, with <1% prevalence of HIV infection in ante-natal women but above 5% prevalence in high-risk group. One of the ways to control HIV/AIDS in India is through prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT), the success of which lies in the utilization of services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the status of utilization of PPTCT services by rural HIV-positive mothers, in the Gingee Block of Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
Arvind Kumar, Bir Singh, Yadlapalli S Kusuma
The study aims to assess the counselling services provided to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) under the Indian programme of prevention of parent-to-child transmission of HIV (PPTCT). Five hospitals in Delhi providing PMTCT services were randomly selected. A total of 201 post-test counselled women were interviewed using a modified version of the UNICEF-PPTCT evaluation tool. Knowledge about HIV transmission from mother-to-child was low. Post-test counselling mainly helped in increasing the knowledge of HIV transmission; yet 20%-30% of the clients missed this opportunity...
March 2015: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Devendra Arora, R M Gupta, S P S Kochar
BACKGROUND: Prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT) program was initiated in Armed Forces to reduce the vertical transmission of HIV by instituting single dose Nevirapine (sdNVP) in untreated HIV positive mothers in labour. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of sdNVP to decrease viral load of HIV infected mother during labour and its efficacy in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. METHODS: Thirty antenatal women tested positive for HIV at our PPTCT centre and delivered between Jan 2006 and May 2008 were evaluated...
October 2014: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Suchitra V Bindoria, Ramesh Devkar, Indrani Gupta, Virupax Ranebennur, Niranjan Saggurti, Sowmya Ramesh, Dilip Deshmukh, Sanjeevsingh Gaikwad
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this paper are: (1) to study the feasibility and relative benefits of integrating the prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) component of the National AIDS Control Program with the maternal and child health component of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) by offering HIV screening at the primary healthcare level; and (2) to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio to understand whether the costs are commensurate with the benefits...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Rakesh Gupta, R Praveen, Mukti Sharma
BACKGROUND: Parent-to-child transmission (PTCT) is the commonest mode of acquiring HIV in more than 90% children. The risk during pregnancy varies from 20 to 45% and with specific interventions in mother and baby; it can be reduced to less than 2%. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of comprehensive PPTCT programme. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital, from Jan 2008 till Jul 2010. 32 HIV-positive pregnant mothers were enrolled in the study...
July 2013: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Anbarasi Subramaniyan, Sonali Sarkar, Gautam Roy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan
CONTEXT: Tamil Nadu comes under group I high prevalence state, with less than 1% prevalence of HIV infection in antenatal women but above 5% prevalence in high risk group. One of the ways to control HIV/AIDS in India is through Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT), the success of which lies in identifying pregnant women with HIV infection. But due to the stigma against HIV/AIDS among health care providers, HIV positive patients face discrimination in the health sector. AIMS: To explore the difficulties faced by rural HIV positive mothers during the intra-natal period...
October 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mrudula N Dravid, Arun Moray, Ravindra K Khadse, Suwarna U Phute
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
Meenakshi Bendle, Smrati Bajpai, Ashwini Choudhary, Amar Pazare
In India, parent to child transmission is the most important source of HIV infection in children below fifteen years of age. Transmission of HIV from mother to child can occur even at low or undetectable HIV virus levels. CD4 count or HIV RNA levels should not be the determining factor when deciding whether to use antiretroviral drugs for prevention of perinatal transmission of HIV. Use of single dose nevirapine during labour, in prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT) programme for pregnant females with CD4 count > 250 cells/cumm has less efficacy in reducing perinatal transmission...
December 2012: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Shuvankar Mukherjee, Santanu Ghosh, Dipendra Narayan Goswami, Amrita Samanta
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) services are an integral part of National AIDS Control Programme and their critical appraisal is necessary for improving quality care. The present study was conducted to evaluate the performance of PPTCT services in West Bengal during April, 2008 - March 2009 and April 2009 - March 2010 and identify gaps in service delivery for making suitable recommendations. METHODS: Data were collected from the Computerized Management Information System and validated by cross-checking records at each district...
December 2012: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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