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Spine And Trauma

João Pedro Jorge, Nelson Carvalho
Isolated bilateral pedicle stress fractures of the lumbar spine are rare events, and few cases are reported in the literature. Their occurrence is commonly related to post-operative complications of spine instrumentation but can also be associated with stress-related activities, degenerative spine conditions, trauma and other miscellaneous causes. The authors report a case of adjacent bi-level bilateral pedicle fracture that developed 5 years after an instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion. We believe that this has never been described before, and we reviewed the current literature pertaining this subject...
February 19, 2019: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Kunal Shah, Akshay Gadiya, Abhay Nene
Neglected cervical spine trauma is rare with very few case series reported in literature. There are no clear guidelines for its treatment. If operative treatment is sought, the role of skull traction, type of approach (anterior only, posterior only, or combined), sequence of surgery, type of instrumentation, etc., have to be considered. Hence, the treatment is challenging. Autostabilization has been described in the natural history of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. As a result, many patients are treated nonoperatively, obviating need of surgery...
October 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Sravisht Iyer, Han Jo Kim, Alexander Theologis, Venu M Nemani, Todd J Albert, Lawrence G Lenke, Shane Burch, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Vedat Deviren, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Justin S Smith, Justin K Scheer, Jun Mizutani, Eric O Kleinberg, Christopher P Ames
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: Determine the indications, complications, and clinical outcomes in patients requiring fusions from the cervical spine to the pelvis. Several investigators have examined fusions from the thoracic spine to the sacrum, but no similar study has been performed for cervical-to-pelvis fusions. Methods: Patients from 2003 to 2014 with an upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) in the cervical spine (any level) and a lower instrumented vertebrae (LIV) in the sacrum or pelvis were included in the study...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Nikunj N Trivedi, Julian Gatta, Anne Y Ning, Chang-Yeon Kim, R Justin Mistovich
Childhood non-accidental trauma (NAT) is the second most common cause of death in children. Despite its prevalence, NAT is frequently unreported due to provider misdiagnosis or unawareness. The purpose of this study was to determine current risk factors and injury patterns associated with NAT. A retrospective review of the Kids' Inpatient Database was performed for the years 2009 and 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the statistically significant risk factors for NAT. In 2009 and 2012, 174 442 children were hospitalized for fractures...
February 16, 2019: Clinical Pediatrics
Todd P Pierce, Daniel Ermann, Anthony J Scillia, Anthony Festa, Arash Emami, Vincent K McInerney
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess United States data to determine if there were changes in the number of adult cases that graduating orthopaedic surgery resident logged. DESIGN: We assessed the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education data from 2010 to 2016 to identify the number of cases that were reported by graduating orthopaedic surgery residents through the United States. Specifically, we analyzed the mean total number of adult cases per graduating resident...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Surgical Education
Peter Kaiser, David Sailer, Anna Spicher, Rohit Arora, Michael Zegg
INTRODUCTION: "Blobbing" is a modern outdoor activity where a participant sits on the end of a partially inflated air bag ("blobber") and is launched into the water when another participant jumps onto the air bag from a platform on the opposite side ("jumper"). This is the first study to evaluate the injury patterns associated with blobbing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was conducted based on 86 patients who sustained blobbing injuries between January 2011 and December 2016...
February 8, 2019: Injury
Pierre Grobost, Mehdi Boudissa, Gaël Kerschbaumer, Sébastien Ruatti, Jérôme Tonetti
AND BACKGROUND DATA: Many authors have demonstrated the necessity of reconstruction of the anterior column in spinal trauma with vertebral body collapse or nonunion. There is no publication comparing the result depending on the time between trauma and anterior reconstruction of the vertebral body. OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term clinical and radiological results between early and late anterior vertebral body reconstruction with expandable cages in patients with thoracic and lumbar spine trauma...
February 11, 2019: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Helen Fagerlind, Lara Harvey, Stefan Candefjord, Johan Davidsson, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that the pattern of injuries exceeding a certain severity threshold is not easily recognizable in the field. The present study aims to examine whether the injury patterns of major road trauma patients are associated with trauma centre transport decisions in Sweden, controlling for the distance from the crash to the nearest trauma centre and other patient characteristics...
February 13, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Frank V Bensch, Elina A Varjonen, Tuomo T Pyhältö, Seppo K Koskinen
PURPOSE: BCVI may lead to ischemic stroke, disability, and death, while being often initially clinically silent. Screening criteria for BCVI based on clinical findings and trauma mechanism have improved detection, with Denver criteria being most common. Up to 30% of patients do not meet BCVI screening criteria. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of augmented Denver criteria on detection, and to determine the relative risk for ischemic stroke. METHODS: Denver screening criteria were augmented by any high-energy trauma of the cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, or pelvis...
February 12, 2019: Emergency Radiology
M K Ahsan, N Zaman, J Islam
Spine injuries, a common component in Polytrauma are usually affects the young people and is a major cause of morbidity and poses a significant health care expenditure and considerable threats to survival and quality of life. We retrospectively assess the demographics, incidence, mode of trauma, associated spine injuries, complications, neurological improvement and mortality. Records of total 1695 admitted patients, spinal injuries were 262 patients. Among them 30(11.45%) patients were associated with Polytrauma victims...
January 2019: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Xaver Feichtinger, Roland Kocijan, Rainer Mittermayr, Andreas Baierl, Jakob Schanda, Robert Wakolbinger, Heinrich Resch, Christian Fialka, Christian Muschitz
INTRODUCTION: Multiple fractures are of high clinical relevance, as a significant increase in mortality rate has been described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in age and gender distribution in multiple fractures dependent on severity of trauma. Furthermore, affected anatomic regions and frequently associated fracture regions were investigated. METHODS: Patients who had sustained multiple fractures between 2000 and 2012 were included in this study...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
C Joubert, S Gazzola, A Sellier, A Dagain
Acute spinal cord compression usually results from trauma, infection, or cancer. Spinal subdural hematoma is an uncommon cause of spinal cord compression that occurs after spine trauma or spinal invasive procedure, especially in context of coagulopathy. In the following reported case, an 82-year-old woman with a history of rapidly progressive paraparesis after a sudden middle back pain, with no previous trauma or coagulopathy, due to an acute spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma. In fact, the main difficulty was to determine, in an emergency situation, the right strategy to identify both the lesion and its cause to adapt therapeutics...
February 8, 2019: Neuro-Chirurgie
Sebastian A Ahmadi, Hosai Sadat, Kai-Michael Scheufler, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Beate Weber, Thomas Beez
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of anonymized malpractice claims. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery is considered a high-risk specialty with regards to malpractice claims. However, limited data is available for Germany. We analyzed the rate, subject and legal outcome of malpractice claims faced by spine surgeons in one of the largest Medical Council coverage areas in Germany, representing 60,000 physicians and a population of 10 million. METHODS: Analysis of all malpractice claims regarding spinal surgeries completed by the Review Board (RB) of the North Rhine Medical Council (NRMC) from 2012-2016...
February 8, 2019: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Suresh Pillai
Introduction: Pathological fractures resulting from trivial trauma may be overlooked, especially, when it is after a road traffic accident. Case Report: A 56-year-old male was operated elsewhere for burst fracture L3 vertebra following a trivial road traffic accident. Due to the persistence of symptoms, he was reevaluated. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed infection at the operated site. The implants were removed, pus drained, and a transpedicular biopsy was taken from L3 vertebral body along with bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest, suspecting a pathological fracture...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Alison M Thomas, Daniel K Fahim
BACKGROUND: Kyphoplasty is commonly employed in the treatment of compression fractures in the elderly and is increasingly utilized in the treatment of adult trauma along with concomitant instrumentation. Although kyphoplasty with instrumentation has been reported in pediatric patients, concerns regarding retardation of spinal growth and iatrogenic spinal deformity have been raised. The utilization of kyphoplasty without instrumentation has yet to be reported in the case of pediatric patients...
February 7, 2019: World Neurosurgery
Philipp Schleicher, Matti Scholz, Frank Kandziora, Andreas Badke, Marc Dreimann, Harry W Gebhard, Erol Gercek, Oliver Gonschorek, René Hartensuer, Jan-Sven Gilbert Jarvers, Sebastian Katscher, Philipp Kobbe, Holger Koepp, Stefan Matschke, Sven Mörk, Christian W Müller, Georg Osterhoff, Ferenc Pécsi, Miguel Pishnamaz, Maximilian Reinhold, Gregor Schmeiser, Klaus John Schnake, Kristian Schneider, Ulrich Josef Albert Spiegl, Bernhard Ullrich
In a consensus process with four sessions in 2017, the working group on "the upper cervical spine" of the German Society for Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery (DGOU) formulated "Therapeutic Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Fractures to the Upper Cervical Spine", incorporating their own experience and current literature. The following article describes the recommendations for the atlas vertebra. About 10% of all cervical spine injuries include the axis vertebra. The diagnostic process primarily aims to detect the injury and to determine joint incongruency and integrity of the atlas ring...
February 5, 2019: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Ann Mallory, Jason Stammen, Motao Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Motor vehicle occupants aged 8 to 12 years are in transition, in terms of both restraint use (booster seat or vehicle belt) and anatomical development. Rear-seated occupants in this age group are more likely to be inappropriately restrained than other age groups, increasing their vulnerability to spinal injury. The skeletal anatomy of an 8- to 12-year-old child is also in developmental transition, resulting in spinal injury patterns that are unique to this age group. The objective of this study is to identify the upper spine injuries commonly experienced in the 8- to 12-year-old age group so that anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) representing this size of occupant can be optimized to predict the risk of these injuries...
February 4, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
Wen Jie Choy, William C H Parr, Kevin Phan, William R Walsh, Ralph J Mobbs
Age-related degenerative changes and non-spondylotic pathologies of the cervical spine such as trauma and tumor can lead to compression of neurological structures and result in substantial alteration of the structural anatomy. The end-goal of surgical intervention is to decompress the neural structures which can be achieved via an anterior or a posterior approach, and stabilization of segments to restore stability and alignment. Three-dimensional printing (3DP or Additive Manufacturing) has been applied to the field of medicine, in particular orthopedics and neurosurgery...
December 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Sami AlEissa, Suhail Saad AlAssiri, Rayed Meshal AlJehani, Faisal Mohammedsaleh Konbaz, Mohammed Jassim AlSalman, Majed Abaalkhail, Mohammed Hassan AlShehri, Ibrahim Alfaris, Suliman Abdulah Alghnam
BACKGROUND: A traumatic spinal fracture (TSF) is a serious condition that has a tremendous impact on patients and their families. Understanding the causes and patterns of TSF is critical in developing prevention programs. OBJECTIVES: Identify causes and patterns of TSF and explore predictors of neurological disability in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center in Riyadh...
January 2019: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Whitney A Ratliff, Ronald F Mervis, Bruce A Citron, Brian Schwartz, Vardit Rubovitch, Shaul Schreiber, Chaim G Pick
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) continues to be a signature injury of our modern conflicts. Due in part to increased use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), we have seen blast trauma make up a significant portion of TBIs sustained by deployed troops and civilians. In addition to the physical injury, TBI is also a common comorbidity with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research suggests that PTSD is often associated with increased signaling within the amygdala, leading to feelings of fear and hyperarousal...
January 31, 2019: Experimental Neurology
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