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Konan Constant N Zi, Youssouf Traoré, Médé Roger Dindji, Yapo Blaise Acho, Jean-Sylvain Bonny
Objectif: This study describes the management of medical waste at the University Hospital of Cocody, and appreciates the biological risk for care and cleaning staff. METHODS: From August 1st to 21st, 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in intensive care units, gynecology-obstetrics, pediatrics-neonatology and anatomy-pathology. Care and cleaning staff filled in a standardized questionnaire. Empirical data was obtained on professional characteristics and management policy; treatment of biomedical waste and biological risk...
September 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Lijuan Xiao, Baolin Li, Lijun Zheng, Fang Wang
Sexual objectification is very common in modern Western societies, especially toward women. Previous research has suggested that in Western cultures, social power could lead to objectification. Specifically, power activates an approaching tendency toward useful targets, in turn leading to instrumental objectification and sexual objectification of targets. However, previous research has mostly focused on Western cultures, and the neural correlates underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. To examine whether the effects of power can be generalized to Chinese cultural contexts and how power promotes the objectification of sexualized bodies, we conducted two studies using Chinese samples...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Laurent Auzoult
Objectification at work reflects instrumentality and denial of humanness in work relationships. These relationships have deleterious consequences for workplace health. One of the consequences of this type of relationship is self-objectification in which the self is perceived as a non-person or as an object. This phenomenon leads to perceiving oneself without mental states (i.e., dementalization) or as an instrument (i.e., instrumentalization) and as a nonperson (i.e., loss of humanness). However, few studies have considered how to reduce these consequences...
February 2, 2019: Psychological Reports
Melanie E Brewster, Brandon L Velez, Aaron S Breslow, Elizabeth F Geiger
Synthesizing both objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) and minority stress theory (Meyer, 2003), the present study used a pantheoretical model of dehumanization (Moradi, 2013) to examine body image concerns and disordered eating symptomatology with 205 transgender women from the United States. Objectification theory constructs (i.e., sexual objectification, internalization of sociocultural standards of attractiveness, body surveillance, body dissatisfaction) and minority stress-related variables (i...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Marika Tiggemann, Kristy Hage
Positive body image is a multidimensional construct referring to love, respect, and acceptance of one's body, including aspects inconsistent with sociocultural ideals. The aim of the present study was to investigate potential pathways leading from religion and spirituality to positive body image. Participants were 345 women who completed questionnaire measures of engagement with formal religion, spirituality, gratitude, self-objectification, and positive body image. Both engagement with formal religion and spirituality were found to be positively associated with positive body image...
January 18, 2019: Body Image
Jaclyn A Siegel, Rachel M Calogero
This study investigated the association between the endorsement of feminine gender role norms and self-objectifying beliefs and behaviors in self-identified feminist and non-feminist women. One hundred and ninety-seven predominantly White heterosexual cisgender women attending a large university in southwestern Canada completed the study questionnaires for course credit. A one-way ANOVA demonstrated no differences in self-objectification between self-identified feminist and non-feminist women. Compared to non-feminist women, however, feminist women were less likely to endorse feminine norms for sexual fidelity, romantic relationships, and domesticity...
January 16, 2019: Body Image
Lee Shepherd
Women may respond to being sexual objectified in different ways, such as confronting the perpetrator, ignoring the action, blaming oneself or considering the action as flattering. However, there has been little research looking at what predicts each of these different responses. The present research assessed the role of emotions in promoting and deterring different anticipated responses to sexual objectification. In both Studies 1 ( n  = 189) and 2 ( n  = 187), female participants were asked to imagine themselves in a situation where they received an inappropriate sexual comment...
2019: Sex Roles
Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Ashton Gerding Speno, Hilary Gamble
The present experimental study tested the effects of appearance framing of health advice on adolescent girls' state self-objectification, appearance anxiety, and preference for appearance-enhancing products. The stimuli consisted of informative YouTube-style videos about doing yoga, drinking water, or using sunscreen, and these videos were either appearance-framed (experimental condition) or health-framed (control condition). In total, 154 adolescent girls (Mage  = 15.67, SD = 1.07) participated in the experiment...
January 16, 2019: Health Communication
F Maccari, A-C Fougerousse, E Esteve, L Frumholtz, J Parier, C Hurabielle, C Cassius, C Taieb
BACKGROUND: While some information on psoriasis impact on pregnancy is available, very little is known on the preoccupations of women afflicted by the disease or on the dermatologists' (D) positioning as to psoriasis and pregnancy. The "Objectifs Peau" project demonstrated a 4.7% prevalence of psoriasis in women aged 18-45 years in France. OBJECTIVE: This project sought to further address these issues in view of a targeted action plan. METHODS: A questionnaire was made available to 361 D of different types...
January 11, 2019: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Lisa Kiang, Marianna Broome, Michele Chan, Gabriela L Stein, Laura M Gonzalez, Andrew J Supple
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the experience of foreigner objectification is relevant given the possibility of ethnocentrism, xenophobia, and mistrust of immigrants in the United States. The present study examines main and interactive effects of objectification and English proficiency on developmental outcomes among immigrant mothers and children. METHOD: Our study includes 173 youth from Latinx backgrounds (52% female, M age = 12.86 years, SD = .68; 87% United States-born) and their mothers ( M age = 38...
December 20, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Ashli D Watt, Candace A Konnert
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between body satisfaction and self-esteem among older women is understudied, in particular the potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. The purpose of this study was to investigate social and temporal comparisons and self-objectification, their relationship to body satisfaction and self-esteem, and the extent to which they mediated the relationship between body satisfaction and self-esteem. METHOD: Women (N = 180) between the ages of 55 and 91 (mean age = 66 years) completed questionnaires assessing body satisfaction, self-esteem, social and temporal comparisons, and self-objectification...
December 27, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Ober Julian, Haubruck Patrick, Nickel Felix, Walker Tilman, Friedrich Mirco, Müller-Stich Beat-Peter, Schmidmaier Gerhard, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing need for objective and validated educational concepts. This holds especially true for surgical procedures like chest tube insertion (CTI). Thus, we developed an instrument for objectification of learning successes: the assessment scale based on Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS) for chest tube insertion, which is evaluated in this study. Primary endpoint was the evaluation of intermethod reliability (IM). Secondary endpoints are 'indirect' interrater reliability (IR) and construct validity of the scale (CV)...
December 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Alessandro Bosco, Justine Schneider, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Paul Higgs, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The stigma associated with dementia may be influenced by how the condition has been socially constructed throughout history. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review tracing the historical representations of dementia, from the perspectives of cultural transmission theory and social constructivism. METHODS: A systematic search was run on five electronic databases: Wellcome Library, PsycINFO, CINAHL, IBSS, and EMBASE. Articles were screened and analysed through deductive content analysis...
February 2019: Maturitas
Molly R Franz, Michelle Haikalis, Abigail R Riemer, Dominic J Parrott, Sarah J Gervais, David DiLillo
Official crime statistics and self-reports of sexual aggression perpetration are limited by various factors (e.g., lack of reporting, social desirability bias), as well as an inability to use these measures in experimental studies of sexual aggression. To address these issues, Nagayama Hall et al. (1994) developed a laboratory analog measure of sexual aggression, which has received empirical support as a valid measure of sexual aggression proclivity. Here, we seek to replicate these findings and further validate the paradigm by examining sexually aggressive responses in relation to a range of recently emerging predictors of sexual aggression (e...
June 2018: Violence and Victims
María Lameiras-Fernández, Susan T Fiske, Antonio González Fernández, José F Lopez
Objectification of the female body is generating much research. Nevertheless, this has revealed little about whether women's evaluations depend on the level of psychological intimacy with the perpetrator of that objectification. Intimacy theory predicts that objectifying comments would seem more acceptable coming from a close partner, especially for sexist women. The present study begins to fill these gaps by analyzing responses from 301 heterosexual/bisexual adult women in the United States ( M age = 37.02, range = 18-72) to appearance and sexual body comments made by four different male perpetrators: strangers, colleagues, friends, or partners...
August 2018: Sex Roles
Christine Toledo, Rosina Cianelli
To increase the overall rate of breastfeeding initiation and duration, factors involved in a mother's decision to breastfeed must be identified. Self-objectification in the context of breastfeeding was a concept selected for exploring factors associated with negative views of breastfeeding. A concept analysis following the eight-step Walker & Avant method provides clarity and context to the concept of self-objectification in the context of breastfeeding. The antecedents of self-objectification in the context of breastfeeding include living in a culture of sexualization and objectification of women and the internalization of the values of objectification...
December 12, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Anna M Bardone-Cone, Katherine A Thompson, Alexandra J Miller
In our review, we focus on self-related constructs in the context of eating disorders with four aims. First, we examine a variety of self-related constructs that have been theoretically and empirically linked to the development and course of eating disorders. In addition to the more well-researched constructs of self-esteem and self-efficacy, we also report on findings related to selflessness, contingent self-worth, self-objectification, ego-syntonicity, self-concept clarity, self-compassion, social comparison, self-oriented perfectionism/self-criticism, and narcissism...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Personality
Rosemary Basson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Ayush Chawla, Raees Abdurahiman, Venkatakarthikeyan Chokkalingam
To evaluate the role of video head impulse test in the diagnosis of peripheral vestibular disorders, we performed an observational study in the outpatient department in a tertiary setup in which the clinical head impulse test and the video head impulse test were performed on 45 patients with clinically suspected peripheral vestibular disorders, and their results were correlated. To analyse our results, each ear was counted individually and hence, among 45 patients, 12 out of 90 ears showed abnormal clinical head impulse test for lateral semicircular canals and 27 out of 90 ears showed abnormal video head impulse test for lateral semicircular canals...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Paulina Krasnodębska, Wiktor Krasnodębski, Agata Szkiełkowska
The work assessed the clinical utility of open quotients measured during laryngovideostroboscopy and electroglottography. Values of the parameters were analyzed according to clinical diagnosis. An algorithm based on direct and indirect mucosal wave measurement is presented, which allows for differentiation of voice disorders. The method developed for the objectification of glottal functions in various voice pathologies is characterized by high sensitivity and specificity.
June 20, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
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