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Anticholinergic and Antispasmodic drug names

Guido N Tytgat
BACKGROUND: Being a quaternary ammonium compound derived from scopolamine, the alkaloid hyoscine butylbromide (HBB) exerts anticholinergic effects without side effects related to the central nervous system because it does not pass the blood-brain barrier. Clinical experience with this antispasmodic dates back to the 1950s and led to its registration for treating abdominal cramps/spasm and for diagnostic imaging purposes. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE: This review focuses on the therapeutic efficacy and safety of the parenteral administration of HBB for treating biliary and renal colic and acute spasm in the genito-urinary tract...
November 2008: Current Medical Research and Opinion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1960: Texas State Journal of Medicine
R Testa, L Guarneri, P Bernasconi, P Angelico, M Ibba, E Poggesi, A Meli
The antispasmodic activity of terflavoxate (CAS 86433-39-8), a flavone derivative with spasmolytic properties on the urinary tract, has been studied in vitro, in comparison to the most common drugs utilized in the therapy of overactive detrusor, namely flavoxate, oxybutynin, and terodiline. Terflavoxate showed affinity for bladder (and brain) muscarinic receptors at micromolar level, however, its activity on carbachol-induced contractions of rat bladder was clearly non competitive, indicating that the compound is devoid of functional antimuscarinic property...
February 1993: Arzneimittel-Forschung
P Cazzulani, R Panzarasa, C De Stefani, G Graziani
In order to clarify the pharmacological activity of flavoxate, its effect on the tone and spontaneous activity of the guinea-pig isolated ureter and of the muscle strip from rat urinary bladder were studied. Flavoxate, as well as papaverine, reduced all three parameters considered on the guinea-pig isolated ureter, namely: peristaltic motility, endoluminal pressure and longitudinal muscle contractility. In the same test, verapamil (a calcium antagonist), emepronium and atropine (both anticholinergic drugs) were used for comparison...
April 1985: Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Thérapie
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