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Quality of life in schizophrenia patients

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755277/atypical-antipsychotics-induce-human-osteoblasts-apoptosis-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#1
Peifan Li, Yiming Wang, Xingde Liu, Zhen Zhou, Jun Wang, Haiyan Zhou, Lei Zheng, Lixia Yang
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that atypical antipsychotics (APs) increase risk of osteoporosis in schizophrenia patients, however the mechanism is unclear. The aim of the study was to explore the molecular mechanisms about Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway underlying the osteal side effects of APs. METHODS: We cultured human osteoblast cell line hFob1. 19 (OB) treatments with olanzapine, risperidone, amisulpride, aripiprazole or resveratrol in vitro. OB cells viability was detected by cell viability assay...
February 12, 2019: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746158/quality-of-life-a-goal-for-schizophrenia-s-therapy
#2
M C Pîrlog, D O Alexandru, R E Popescu, L Balcu, L M Strunoiu, L C Duica, M M Duțescu
Quality of Life (QOL) assessment represents a good instrument to monitor the evolution of schizophrenia and the treatment's outcomes. The present study has evaluated the relationship between the level of the QOL and different socio-demographical and clinical factors. Lower QOL for schizophrenic persons was influenced by the severity of symptoms and cognitive deficits, while same low level of QOL could be considered an indicator for suicidal behavior. The correct therapeutically management of individuals with schizophrenia could lead to better outcomes in terms of life satisfaction of patients and response to the treatment's strategies...
April 2018: Current Health Sciences Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732487/cost-effectiveness-of-olanzapine-in-the-first-line-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-china
#3
Jingping Zhao, Kaida Jiang, Qingwei Li, Yanlei Zhang, Yan Cheng, Ziyi Lin, Jianwei Xuan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse 1) the cost-effectiveness of olanzapine orally disintegrating tablet (ODT) compared to olanzapine standard oral tablet (SOT) and 2) the cost-effectiveness of olanzapine-SOT compared to aripiprazole-SOT for patients with schizophrenia in China. METHODS: A microsimulation model was adapted from a healthcare payers' perspective. The model ran over a 1-year time horizon, using quarterly cycles. The costs of adverse events were acquired through a clinical expert panel...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Medical Economics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714555/neuroinflammation-and-cognition-across-psychiatric-conditions
#4
Célia Fourrier, Gaurav Singhal, Bernhard T Baune
Cognitive impairments reported across psychiatric conditions (ie, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and posttraumatic stress disorder) strongly impair the quality of life of patients and the recovery of those conditions. There is therefore a great need for consideration for cognitive dysfunction in the management of psychiatric disorders. The redundant pattern of cognitive impairments across such conditions suggests possible shared mechanisms potentially leading to their development...
February 4, 2019: CNS Spectrums
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703004/deep-neural-generative-model-of-functional-mri-images-for-psychiatric-disorder-diagnosis
#5
Takashi Matsubara, Tetsuo Tashiro, Kuniaki Uehara
Accurate diagnosis of psychiatric disorders plays a critical role in improving the quality of life for patients and potentially supports the development of new treatments. Many studies have been conducted on machine learning techniques that seek brain imaging data for specific biomarkers of disorders. These studies have encountered the following dilemma: An end-to-end classification overfits to a small number of high-dimensional samples but unsupervised feature-extraction has the risk of extracting a signal of no interest...
January 28, 2019: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682561/comparing-disease-specific-and-generic-quality-of-life-measures-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Tee Hng Gregory Tan, Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
The current study aimed to compare the use of a disease-specific and a generic quality of life (QOL) measure in a group 251 outpatients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder by examining their relationships with symptoms of schizophrenia, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, and other factors, as well as to determine which of these factors will be associated with the measurement discrepancy between the two measures. QOL was assessed with the generic Healthy Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI3) and disease-specific Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), and symptom severity was determined using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
January 11, 2019: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671966/clarifying-pathways-to-poor-psychological-health-the-mediating-role-of-psychosocial-factors-in-the-relationship-between-general-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-impairment-in-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#7
Jianlin Liu, Edimansyah Abdin, Swapna Verma, Kang Sim, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: The present study examines the latent factor structure of general psychopathology and investigates the mediating role of unmet psychosocial concerns, motivation, and medication side effects in the relationship between general psychopathology and quality of life (QOL) impairment in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 251 patients completed self-report measures of unmet psychosocial concerns, motivation, medication side effects, and physical/mental QOL impairment...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666117/attitudes-toward-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-japan
#8
Norio Sugawara, Shuhei Kudo, Masamichi Ishioka, Yasushi Sato, Kazutoshi Kubo, Norio Yasui-Furukori
Background: Long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) are regarded as an important alternative to oral medication for patients with schizophrenia. However, LAIs remain under-utilized in clinical practice. Aims: The aims of this investigation were to 1) obtain information on patients' attitudes toward LAIs and 2) assess factors associated with patients' acceptance of LAIs, and 3) identify predictors of the discrepancy between patients and referring psychiatrists' opinions regarding the appropriateness for LAIs...
2019: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618473/a-case-of-hyper-sexuality-probably-associated-with-clozapine
#9
Sereen Rose Thomson, Navin Patil, Balaji Ommurugan, Rajesh Krishna Bhandary
Introduction: Schizophrenia treatment needs to cover several psychological interventions and pharmacological treatment for stabilizing the disease course and decreasing relapses. Sexual side effects are a major hindrance to patients and lead to decreased adherence to therapy and reduced quality of life. Recently, several studies outlined that sexual dysfunction is one of the most distressing side effects of antipsychotics and a major cause of a poor quality of life. We hereby report a case of hypersexuality probably associated with clozapine in a middle-aged woman with schizoaffective disorder...
June 20, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614850/hyoscine-for-clozapine-induced-hypersalivation-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#10
Aviv Segev, Anthony Evans, John Hodsoll, Eromona Whiskey, Rebecca S Sheriff, Sukhi Shergill, James H MacCabe
Clozapine is the only evidence-based antipsychotic for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, it has considerable side effects, limiting its usability and reducing patients' adherence. One of the most common and distressing side effects is hypersalivation, which can be debilitating, stigmatizing and potentially dangerous through its association with aspiration pneumonia. There is a paucity of evidence guiding possible treatment strategies for hypersalivation. This study aims to examine the efficacy of hyoscine (scopolamine) for clozapine-induced hypersalivation...
January 4, 2019: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611958/objective-psychosocial-function-vs-subjective-quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia-within-5-years-after-diagnosis-a-study-from-southern-india
#11
Matthew M Kurtz, Subhashini Gopal, Sujit John, R Thara
There is increasing interest from treaters and patients alike in subjective quality-of-life (sQOL) and objective psychosocial function as indices of treatment outcome in studies of schizophrenia. With the emergence of evidence-based treatment protocols (e.g., NIMH-funded Recovery after Initial Schizophrenia Episode Initiative) these outcomes are of particular significance in treatment studies of samples early in the course of their illness. Few studies have investigated demographic, clinical and cognitive factors associated with sQOL in samples early in the course of their illness and compared these factors to objective measures...
December 29, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30607876/differences-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-multicentric-study-from-three-latin-america-countries
#12
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Alfonso Urzúa, Koen de Munter, María J Viveros, Laurent Boyer
The aim of the study is to explore the variation on patient's Quality of Life (QoL) across three Latin-Americans countries. The study included 253 stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia from three Mental Health Services in Bolivia (N = 83), Chile (N = 85) and Peru (N = 85). Patients' were assessed using Schizophrenia Quality of Life Questionnaire (SQoL18). We collected socio-demographic information and clinical data, while recognizing the cultural complexity/dynamics of each country, and the influence of cultural contexts on how people experience the health systems...
January 3, 2019: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589635/effects-of-medication-nonadherence-and-comorbidity-on-health-resource-utilization-in-schizophrenia
#13
Raj Desai, Rajesh Nayak
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence to antipsychotic drugs, which is commonly seen in patients with schizophrenia who have comorbidities, not only affects the quality of life of individuals suffering from the condition, but can also lead to worsening of disease condition, adverse outcomes, excessive use of health care resources, and higher medical costs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of nonadherence to antipsychotics and related disease comorbidities on medical care utilization with respect to inpatient hospital visits, outpatient visits, office visits, and emergency room (ER) visits...
January 2019: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585413/effect-of-an-emotion-management-programme-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-quasi-experimental-design
#14
Minju Cho, Sun Joo Jang
One of the goals of psychiatric social rehabilitation treatment is to improve patients' emotion recognition, emotional expression, and empathetic abilities. In this study, we used a quasi-experimental, nonrandomized design to examine the effect of an emotion management programme on the emotion recognition (emotion attention and emotion clarity), emotional expression (positive expressivity, negative expressivity, and impulse strength), and quality of life (QoL) of a sample of patients with schizophrenia in South Korea...
December 25, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30583125/five-year-diagnostic-stability-among-adolescents-in-an-inpatient-psychiatric-unit
#15
Ana Blázquez, Ana E Ortiz, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Astrid Morer, Inmaculada Baeza, Esteve Martínez, Luisa Lázaro
INTRODUCTION: In childhood, diagnoses made at the first admission to a psychiatric unit are frequently unstable and temporary. In this study, we examined the stability of DSM-IV-TR disorders and groups of disorders among adolescents followed-up for 5 years after hospitalization. METHOD: All inpatients admitted for the first time between 2007 and 2008 were included and contacted after 5 years for re-evaluation. The final sample comprised 72 patients. At admission, diagnoses were based on the DSM-IV-TR criteria, Fourth Edition...
November 24, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581291/the-debate-regarding-maintenance-treatment-with-antipsychotic-drugs-in-schizophrenia
#16
Michael Davidson
Several large meta-analyses of maintenance trials have confirmed that patients who suffer from chronic schizophrenia, randomized to placebo, are likely to experience earlier symptomatic worsening than patients randomized to a dopamine (DA)-blocking drug. These findings led expert groups to issue treatment guidelines, which recommend treatment with DA-blocking drugs for periods ranging from several years to indefinitely. The recommendations were accepted by the majority of, but not all, the experts, some of whom proposed a targeted or intermittent therapy approach by which DA-blocking drugs are discontinued upon symptomatic remission, to be renewed in case of symptom re-emergence...
September 2018: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30575703/predicting-predischarge-anhedonia-among-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-disorders-a-large-scale-analysis
#17
Michael S Ritsner, Yael Ratner
This study sought to evaluate predischarge anhedonia level and its predictors in 125 inpatients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. Consecutively admitted inpatients were assessed before discharge from the hospital using the Specific Loss of Interest and Pleasure Scale (SLIPS) and a battery of measures for clinical and psychosocial variables. When symptoms, distress, and social anhedonia scores were controlled, the SLIPS score inversely correlated with self-constructs, social support, quality of life, recovery, and unmet needs...
January 2019: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30572373/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-plus-standard-care-versus-standard-care-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#18
REVIEW
Christopher Jones, David Hacker, Jun Xia, Alan Meaden, Claire B Irving, Sai Zhao, Jue Chen, Chunhu Shi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychosocial treatment that aims to re-mediate distressing emotional experiences or dysfunctional behaviour by changing the way in which a person interprets and evaluates the experience or cognates on its consequence and meaning. This approach helps to link the person's feelings and patterns of thinking which underpin distress. CBT is now recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as an add-on treatment for people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
December 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566417/comparison-of-paliperidone-palmitate-and-second-generation-oral-antipsychotics-in-terms-of-medication-adherence-side-effects-and-quality-of-life
#19
Demet Sağlam Aykut
PURPOSE: Although schizophrenia can be treated effectively, acute aggravations and relapses occur often. Antipsychotic drug therapies are fairly effective for decreasing the rate of relapses in patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to compare paliperidone palmitate and the second-generation oral antipsychotic drugs used to treat patients with schizophrenia in terms of medication adherence, side effects, and quality of life. METHODS: The study included 33 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia who were treated with paliperidone palmitate and 51 patients who were treated with second-generation oral antipsychotics...
January 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559802/negative-repercussions-of-caregiving-burden-poor-psychological-well-being-and-depression
#20
Neelam Ehsan, Nigar Johar, Tamkeen Saleem, Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Samia Ghauri
Objectives: To compare depression and psychological well-being between caregivers of schizophrenic patients and non-caregivers and to study the burden of caregiving as a relative risk for depression and psychological well-being. Methods: This cross sectional comparative study was conducted at International Islamic university Islamabad from January to September 2017. Fifty informal caregivers of schizophrenic patients from 19 to 55 years of age were included in the study...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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