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"schizoid personality disorder"

Y Levi-Belz, Y Gvion, U Levi, A Apter
BACKGROUND: Clinical and research findings have highlighted the role of interpersonal factors in suicidal behavior with high levels of intent and lethality. Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is at the extreme end of interpersonal difficulties. Thus, we aimed to understand the contribution of SPD symptoms to suicide behavior and specifically to more lethal suicide attempts. METHOD: Four groups were investigated (N = 338): medically serious suicide attempters, medically non-serious suicide attempters, psychiatric and healthy controls...
February 21, 2019: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Katie Goodlad, Maria Ioannou, Melanie Hunter
Given the challenges associated with psychopathic and personality disordered offenders, further insight is needed. One way of doing this is by looking at offending from the first-person perspective. The study investigated the criminal narrative experience (CNE) of this population during the commissioning of crimes. Twenty-two high-risk male offenders were recruited and a questionnaire design was used. The data were analysed using Smallest Space Analysis which revealed four themes consistent with Ioannou, Canter, and Youngs's CNE framework: depressed victim, distressed revenger, calm professional, and elated hero...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is a relatively common disorder that is associated with significant distress, impairment, and disability. It is a chronic disorder with an early age at onset and a lifelong impact. Yet it is underrecognized and poorly studied. Little is known regarding the most effective treatment. The impetus for research into this condition has waxed and waned, possibly due to concerns regarding its distinctiveness from other disorders, especially social anxiety disorder (SAD), schizoid personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Luis Ayerbe, Ivo Forgnone, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Esteban González, Juliet Addo, Salma Ayis
BACKGROUND: The high cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality reported for patients with psychiatric disorders may possibly be due to a poorer management of CV risk factors (CVRFs). However, these healthcare disparities remain poorly understood. In this paper, studies comparing the management of smoking, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, in patients with and without depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar or personality disorder, were reviewed. METHODS: Prospective studies comparing rates of screening, diagnosis, treatment and control of CVRFs were searched in PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo, Scopus and Web of Science (inception to January 2017)...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Medicine
F Declercq, R Meganck, K Audenaert
Although evidence with respect to its prevalence is mixed, it is clear that fathers perpetrate a serious proportion of filicide. There also seems to be a consensus that paternal filicide has attracted less research attention than its maternal counterpart and is therefore less well understood. National registries are a very rich source of data, but they generally provide limited information about the perpetrator as psychiatric, psychological and behavioral data are often lacking. This paper presents a fully documented case of a paternal filicide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
D Mété, C Dafreville, V Paitel, P Wind
INTRODUCTION: Aripiprazole, an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic, is usually well tolerated. It is an approved treatment for schizophrenia and mania in bipolar disorder type 1. Unlike the other antipsychotics, it has high affinity agonist properties for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors. It has also 5-HT1A partial agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist properties. Aripiprazole is a first or second line treatment frequently used because it has reduced side effects such as weight gain, sleepiness, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperprolactinemia and extrapyramidal symptoms...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
Ernst Kretschmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Cristina Crego, Chelsea E Sleep, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) was a five-domain, 25-dimensional trait model that would have constituted a significant part of the diagnostic criteria for each personality disorder. A primary concern with respect to the proposal was that clinicians might find such an approach to be unacceptable. This study provides results from three independent data collections that compared clinicians' clinical utility ratings for each iteration of the DSM-5 dimensional trait assignments, along with an alternative list of traits derived from the Five Factor Form (FFF)...
January 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Valentina Del Bello, Norma Verdolini, Luca Pauselli, Luigi Attademo, Francesco Bernardini, Roberto Quartesan, Patrizia Moretti
BACKGROUND: Nonfatal suicidal behaviours (NSB), including suicide ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt, constitute a serious problem for public healthcare services. Suicide gesture (SG) which refers to self-injurious behaviour with no intent to die, differs from NSB in a variety of important ways. The aim of this study was to investigate demographic and clinical characteristics of NSB and SG to examine whether self-injurers with intent to die differ significantly from self injurers without such intent...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Matthew H Rosa
This paper explores the history of aggression as a drive derivative with a particular emphasis on understanding the role that it plays in the schizoid personality. The author's hypothesis is that schizoid defenses reveal a distinction between aggression and what is commonly referred to as "hatred." Hatred is a defensive maneuver intended to control aggression. It is not a destructive force embedded within it. I propose that the schizoid person defends himself or herself by engaging in a sustained seduction away from the aggression embedded within love...
August 2015: Psychoanalytic Review
Maria Sumpf, Sebastian Jentschke, Stefan Koelsch
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that a cardiac signature of emotionality (referred to as EK, which can be computed from the standard 12 lead electrocardiogram, ECG), predicts inter-individual differences in the tendency to experience and express positive emotion. Here, we investigated whether EK values can be transiently modulated during stimulation with participant-selected music pieces and film scenes that elicit strongly positive emotion. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The phenomenon of aesthetic chills, as indicated by measurable piloerection on the forearm, was used to accurately locate moments of peak emotional responses during stimulation...
2015: PloS One
Gabi Koller, Ullrich Preuss, Osman Lü, Michael Soyka, Oliver Pogarell
METHODS: We compared personality traits of 27 persons with multiple substance dependence with personality data of 52 alcohol-dependent persons regarding their personality traits and disorders (obtained by using SCID-II, TCI and NEO FFI). Both patient groups were free of any other mental disorder. RESULTS: In SKD-II, we found significant differences in the male group in dependent and scizotypic personality disorder. There were no significant differences in the female group, but sample was very small...
July 2015: Journal of Addiction Medicine
David B Arciniegas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychosis is a common and functionally disruptive symptom of many psychiatric, neurodevelopmental, neurologic, and medical conditions and an important target of evaluation and treatment in neurologic and psychiatric practice. The purpose of this review is to define psychosis, communicate recent changes to the classification of and criteria for primary psychotic disorders described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and summarize current evidence-based approaches to the evaluation and management of primary and secondary psychoses...
June 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Benjamin Hummelen, Geir Pedersen, Theresa Wilberg, Sigmund Karterud
This study sought to evaluate the construct validity of schizoid personality disorder (SZPD) by investigating a sample of 2,619 patients from the Norwegian Network of Personality-Focused Treatment Programs by a variety of statistical techniques. Nineteen patients (0.7%) reached the diagnostic threshold of SZPD. Results from the factor analyses indicated that SZPD consists of three factors: social detachment, withdrawal, and restricted affectivity/ anhedonia. Overall, internal consistency and diagnostic efficiency were poor and best for the criteria that belong to the social detachment factor...
June 2015: Journal of Personality Disorders
Talitha C Ford, David P Crewther
Behavioral and cognitive dysfunction, particularly social and communication impairments, are shared between autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, while evidence for a diametric autism-positive schizophrenia symptom profile is inconsistent. We investigated the shared phenotype at a personality trait level, particularly its resemblance to schizoid personality disorder, as well as differential aspects of the autism-schizophrenia model. Items of the autism spectrum quotient (AQ) and schizotypal personality questionnaire (SPQ) were pseudo-randomly combined, and were completed by 449 (162 male, 287 female) non-clinical participants aged 18-40...
2014: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Peter Tyrer, Mike Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Helen Tyrer, Sylvia Cooper, Chris Muller-Pollard, Polyxeni Christodoulou, Maria Zauter-Tutt, Katerina Miloseska-Reid, Gemma Loebenberg, Boliang Guo, Min Yang, Duolao Wang, Scott Weich
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare ICD-10 and putative ICD-11 classifications of personality disorder in different clinical populations. DESIGN: Prospective recording of ICD-10 and ICD-11 personality disorder classifications was carried out in (1) an anxious medical population, (2) an acute psychiatric in-patient population and (3) a retrospective recording of a mixed anxiety depression cohort in which all baseline data were scored from baseline information using the ICD-11 classification and compared with the original ICD-10 assessments...
October 2014: Personality and Mental Health
Leslie E Horton, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Paul J Silvia, Thomas R Kwapil
Paranoia is a dimension of clinical and subclinical experiences in which others are believed to have harmful intentions. Mild paranoid concerns are relatively common in the general population, and more clinically severe paranoia shares features with social anxiety and is a key characteristic of schizotypy. Given that subclinical manifestations of schizotypy and paranoia may predict the occurrence of more severe symptoms, disentangling the associations of these related constructs may advance our understanding of their etiology; however no known studies to date have comprehensively evaluated how paranoia relates to social anxiety and schizotypy...
2014: PloS One
I V Pluzhnikov, M A Omelchenko, E S Krylova, V G Kaleda
Seventy male patients with non-psychotic mental disorders of youthful age (mean age 19.2±3.7), were studied using A.R. Luria neuropsychological syndrome analysis. Patients were stratified into 3 groups by diagnosis: cyclothymia (20 patients), pubertal decompensation of schizoid personality disorder (30 patients) and schizotypal personality disorder (20 patients). It has been shown that the neuropsychological changes indicate the dysfunction of the amygdale/temporal region in patients of the first group and frontal/thalamic/parietal connections in the patients of two other groups...
2013: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
T K Meleshko, V P Kritskaia, O E Sergeeva, V G Kaleda
A systemic study of personality features and cognitive processes based on the conception of pathopsychological syndrome has been conducted in patients with the first episode of juvenile endogenous psychosis. The association between characteristics of a pathopsychological syndrome and clinically determined premorbid features has been identified. The highest expression of schizotypal features (reduced selectivity, social perception) and cognitive impairment (motivation, mental activity regulation, adequate self-esteem, emotional reaction to success/failure) were characteristic of a group named "deficit variant of pseudopsychopathy" which contained a large number of passive schizoids...
2013: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Michael Kerins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
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