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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772047/primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-ongoing-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Anca Matei, Gabriele Saccone, Joshua P Vogel, Anthony B Armson
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions aimed at preventing PTB can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of systematic reviews on the effectiveness and safety of primary and secondary preterm birth prevention interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search of the Cochrane, PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was conducted on 2 September 2015, and updated on 21 November 2016...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704451/probiotics-and-vaginal-microecology-fact-or-fancy
#2
Laura Buggio, Edgardo Somigliana, Alessandra Borghi, Paolo Vercellini
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, should confer a health benefit to the host. Media sources tend to present probiotics as an appealing health promotion method able to prevent or treat a wide variety of clinical conditions. In obstetrics and gynaecology, Lactobacilli species are mainly used to restore the physiologic vaginal microbiota in order to treat bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and prevent preterm birth...
January 31, 2019: BMC Women's Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685805/accuracy-of-the-bd-max%C3%A2-vaginal-panel-in-the-diagnosis-of-infectious-vaginitis
#3
Amaia Aguirre-Quiñonero, I Sáez de Castillo-Sedano, F Calvo-Muro, A Canut-Blasco
The aim of this study was to evaluate the BD MAX™ vaginal panel in the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), and trichomoniasis by comparing it with conventional methods: (i) combination of Hay criteria and presence of clue cells with predominant growth of Gardnerella vaginalis, (ii) yeast culture, and (iii) combination of culture, wet mount microscopic examination, and an alternative molecular assay. One thousand vaginal samples of women ≥ 14 years were analyzed; 5% of the samples belonged to pregnant women...
January 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673134/prevalence-of-oral-mucosal-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
João Victor Silva Bett, Elis Ângela Batistella, Gilberto Melo, Etiene de Andrade Munhoz, Carolina Amália Barcellos Silva, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, André Luís Porporatti, Graziela De Luca Canto
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of oral mucosal disorders during pregnancy. METHODS: Observational studies were selected by two reviewers in a two-phase process. Search strategies were applied at CINAHL, LILACS, LIVIVO, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Open Grey, and ProQuest. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute's Critical Appraisal Checklist for Studies Reporting Prevalence Data. Synthesis of results was calculated by the software R Statistics version 3...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629655/marked-reduction-in-fertility-among-african-women-with-urogenital-infections-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
K Perslev, O A Msemo, D T R Minja, S L Møller, T G Theander, J P A Lusingu, I C Bygbjerg, B B Nielsen, C Schmiegelow
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on risk factors for reduced fertility in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with fertility among women in rural north eastern Tanzania. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 1248 non-pregnant women was followed with urine pregnancy testing every third month or more regularly if they reported a missed menstrual period. Pregnancy was confirmed with trans-abdominal ultrasound. Information regarding general health, socioeconomic status and obstetric-gynaecological history was collected...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467614/aerobic-vaginitis-in-late-pregnancy-and-outcomes-of-pregnancy
#6
Cha Han, Huiyang Li, Lulu Han, Chen Wang, Ye Yan, Wenhui Qi, Aiping Fan, Yingmei Wang, Fengxia Xue
The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors and pregnancy outcomes for aerobic vaginitis (AV) in late pregnancy. A total of 624 pregnant women who were treated in the perinatal unit at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and 365 nonpregnant women who were evaluated at a health management center from January 2015 to June 2016 were recruited for this case-control study. A questionnaire covering personal hygiene habits and sociodemographic factors was administered to pregnant women to analyze risk factors for AV...
November 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30283706/quercus-brantii-lindl-vaginal-douche-versus-clotrimazole-on-vaginal-candidiasis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Zeinab Moshfeghy, Khadegeh Asadi, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Atefeh Zare, Tahereh Poordast, Masoumeh Emamghoreishi, Fatemeh S Najib, Mehrab Sayadi
Objectives: Vaginal Candidiasis with an approximate prevalence of 30% is the second cause of vaginal infections. Antifungal azole is the first treatment for Vaginal Candidiasis ; however, some side effects have been reported for this chemical medicine. Based on the antifungal activity of Inner Stratum of Quercus Brantii ( Q. Brantii ), the aim of our study was to compare the effects of vaginal douche of Q. Brantii extract and clotrimazole on vaginal candidiasis symptoms before and after the treatments, in women...
September 2018: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30142788/association-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-abnormal-vaginal-flora-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#8
Xinhong Zhang, Qinping Liao, Fengying Wang, Dan Li
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between GDM and abnormal vaginal flora, and the association between abnormal vaginal flora and adverse pregnancy outcomes.This was a prospective study of pregnant women who visited Xuanwu Hospital of the Capital Medical University (Beijing, China) between February and October 2015. All women were screened for GDM according to the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) recommendations...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30065240/analysis-of-the-vaginal-microecological-status-and-genital-tract-infection-characteristics-of-751-pregnant-women
#9
Fan Yu, Yuan-Ting Tang, Zheng-Qiang Hu, Xiao-Neng Lin
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in vaginal microecological factors and genital tract infections among pregnant women of different ages. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study included 751 pregnant women from West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, China, from January 2015 to April 2017. After gram staining, the vaginal microecological factors of these cases were observed, including vaginal cleanliness, lactobacillus number, bacterial density, flora diversity, dominant bacteria, pH, clue cells, Candida species, and Trichomonas vaginalis...
August 1, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29957751/prevalence-of-candidemia-and-associated-candida-subtypes-following-severe-sepsis-in-non-neutropenic-critically-ill-patients
#10
Arefeh Kashiha, Neda Setayesh, Yunes Panahi, Arezoo Ahmadi, Mohammad Soltany-Rezaee-Rad, Atabak Najafi, Mohammad Reza Rouini, Atefeh Namipashaki, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh
BACKGROUND: Invasive candidiasis management through the rapid initiation of appropriate antifungal therapy has been shown to be associated with the better prognosis, improved clinical outcome and reduced mortality in critically ill patients. Therefore, selection of  an appropriate antifungal therapy should be based on the distribution of candida species and the pattern of antifungal resistance. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of candidemia and associated subtypes following severe sepsis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29908032/prevalence-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-candida-species-among-pregnant-women-attending-a-school-maternity-at-natal-brazil
#11
L D S Brandão, D Boniek, M A Resende Stoianoff, F M R da Mata, P R M de Azevedo, J V Fernandes, V S Andrade
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an inflammatory disease of the vulva and vagina caused by different yeasts of the genus Candida which is responsible for infection in pregnant patients who attended Maternidade Escola Januário Cicco, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. From 41 samples, 19 yeasts were identified phenotypically as Candida albicans and one as Candida glabrata which is reported as the non-albicans species most frequently isolated from vulvovaginitis. The susceptibility to selected antifungal agents (flucytosine, fluconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B, caspofungin and micafungin) was determined, and the association between patient-related signs and symptoms aided the construction of an epidemiological profile...
September 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29889347/topical-azoles-in-pregnancy-commentary-on-drug-use-dilemma
#12
T Boutsikou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29685081/longitudinal-trajectory-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-trichomoniasis-and-bacterial-vaginosis-during-pregnancy-as-well-as-the-impact-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-preliminary-study
#13
Cheng-Yang Hu, Feng-Li Li, Xiao-Guo Hua, Wen Jiang, Xiu-Jun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe the course of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in pregnancy and to explore the association between these longitudinal changes and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A total of 793 pregnant women were enrolled at the first trimester of pregnancy and were followed prospectively twice at the second and third trimester. VVC, trichomoniasis, and BV were evaluated at each trimester of pregnancy...
June 3, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#14
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29656416/women-infected-with-hiv-and-the-impact-of-associated-sexually-transmitted-infections
#15
REVIEW
Somaia Reda, Fernanda Aguiar Gonçalves, Melissa Mello Mazepa, Newton Sérgio De Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To review the relationship between concomitant sexually transmitted infections in women infected with HIV. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched for articles published in English and Portuguese between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2015, using relevant keywords, including AIDS, HIV, female genital diseases, and sexually transmitted infections. Articles that associated sexually transmitted infections with HIV-infected women were selected for inclusion...
August 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29628769/antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-vulvovaginal-candida-species-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-peshawar
#16
Maria Khan, Jawad Ahmed, Amina Gul, Aamer Ikram, Farida Khurram Lalani
Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is considered as a pervasive gynecological problem among women worldwide. Owing to this fact, in the current study, we aimed at assessing the prevalence rate of Candida spp. causing VVC in symptomatic pregnant women and their antifungal susceptibility pattern. Methods: This study was carried out in the tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar during the period of July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The study group included 450 pregnant women in the age group of 17-44 years with symptoms of excessive vaginal discharge, pain and pruritis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29548876/-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-pregnant-women-in-the-m%C3%A3-re-et-enfant-hospital-center-in-nouakchott-mauritania
#17
O Sy, K Diongue, C B Ahmed, O Ba, F C Moulay, B Lo, D Ndiaye
AIM: To determine the prevalence and the associated risk factors of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnant women in Mauritania. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study was carried out at the laboratory of the Mère et Enfant Center in Nouakchott, from November 1, 2016 to February 5, 2017. It concerned all pregnant women in the third trimester that came to the natal consultation at the gynecology service. These women must have given their informed consent in written form. After completing the survey to collect epidemiological and clinical data, a sample was collected to perform fresh direct examination and culture on Sabouraud-Chloramphenicol media...
June 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29225365/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-and-side-effects-of-fluocinolone-acetonide-0-1-in-the-treatment-of-oral-mucosal-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Kobkan Thongprasom
Topical steroids have been widely used in the treatment of symptomatic oral lesions to reduce pain and inflammation. Potent topical steroids such as clobetasol propionate, fluocinolone acetonide (FA), and fluocinonide have been widely used in the treatment of severe oral mucosal lesions. Many reports have demonstrated that these steroids were effective in treating oral lesions with only minor side-effects. This review describes the effectiveness and side-effects of using FA 0.1% in the treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid drug reaction (OLDR), oral pemphigus, and herpes associated erythema multiforme (HAEM)...
September 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29168557/probiotics-for-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-non-pregnant-women
#19
REVIEW
Huan Yu Xie, Dan Feng, Dong Mei Wei, Ling Mei, Hui Chen, Xun Wang, Fang Fang
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is estimated to be the second most common form of infection after bacterial vaginosis. The ability of probiotics in maintaining and recovering the normal vaginal microbiota, and their potential ability to resist Candidas give rise to the concept of using probiotics for the treatment of VVC. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of probiotics for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in non-pregnant women...
November 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28939305/prevalence-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-pregnancy-at-three-health-centers-in-burkina-faso
#20
I Sangaré, C Sirima, S Bamba, A Zida, M Cissé, W W Bazié, S Sanou, B Dao, H Menan, R T Guiguemdé
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women are more susceptible to vaginal colonization and infection by yeast. The role of Candida colonization in the occurrence of preterm birth is well established. The knowledge of local epidemiology and identification of risk factors for preterm birth is important for the prevention and management strategies. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of Candida sp. in vaginal swabs of pregnant women. METHODS: Pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits in three primary health centres in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) were enrolled into a cross-sectional study carried out from February to April 2015...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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