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Japanese people and diabetes predisposition

Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kei Nakajima, Kaname Suwa
BACKGROUND: Numerous etiologies are implicated in the complications of diabetes. A link between diabetes and the predisposition to certain cancers, including colon cancer, has been established during the last decade. However, the relationship between fecal occult blood test (FOBT), a screening method used principally for detection of colon cancer, and diabetes has not been explored. METHODS: We investigated the association of positive FOBT with HbA1c of 5.70-6.49% (prediabetes) and HbA1c of ≥6...
January 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
Vasudha Ahuja, Takashi Kadowaki, Rhobert W Evans, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Samar R El Khoudary, Akira Fujiyoshi, Emma J M Barinas-Mitchell, Takashi Hisamatsu, Abhishek Vishnu, Katsuyuki Miura, Hiroshi Maegawa, Aiman El-Saed, Atsunori Kashiwagi, Lewis H Kuller, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Sekikawa
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: At the same level of BMI, white people have less visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and are less susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes than Japanese people. No previous population-based studies have compared insulin resistance and insulin secretion between these two races in a standardised manner that accounts for VAT. We compared HOMA-IR, HOMA of beta cell function (HOMA-β%) and disposition index (DI) in US white men and Japanese men in Japan. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study, comprising 298 white men and 294 Japanese men aged 40-49 years without diabetes...
February 2015: Diabetologia
Feng Xu, Yaning Sun, Rui Shang, Minghua Li, Lianqun Cui, Zhaoqiang Cui, Yuguo Chen
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death, and its genetic mechanism has been always a major research concern. Recently, increasing evidence has indicated that the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphism, known as Glu504Lys (rs671), may contribute to CAD development. ALDH2 has been well known as a key enzyme in alcohol metabolism, and subjects with *504Lys allele exist in 30-50% of the East Asian population (6% of the world's population). However, recent studies have indicated that the *504Lys allele of the ALDH2 gene may be associated with the pathogenesis of CAD in a given number of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people...
October 2014: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Y Yamada, K Kato, M Oguri, T Fujimaki, K Yokoi, H Matsuo, S Watanabe, N Metoki, H Yoshida, K Satoh, S Ichihara, Y Aoyagi, A Yasunaga, H Park, M Tanaka, Y Nozawa
BACKGROUND: Although several environmental factors influence the development of myocardial infarction (MI), genetic factors have been shown to contribute to individual susceptibility to this condition. OBJECTIVE: To identify gene polymorphisms that confer susceptibility to MI in order to allow assessment of genetic risk for this condition. METHODS: 3433 unrelated Japanese people (1931 men, 1502 women) were entered into the study. These comprised 1328 subjects with MI (1036 men, 292 women) and 2105 controls (895 men, 1210 women)...
April 2008: Journal of Medical Genetics
Hideaki Kaneda, Minoru Ohno, Junichi Taguchi, Masako Togo, Hideki Hashimoto, Ken Ogasawara, Tadanori Aizawa, Nobukazu Ishizaka, Ryozo Nagai
OBJECTIVE: Heme oxygenase (HO) is important in the defense against oxidative stress and as a factor in an antiatherogenic mechanism. Compared with long (GT)(n) repeats, short (GT)(n) repeats in the human HO-1 gene promoter were shown to have higher transcriptional activity in response to oxidative stress. There is a strong link between oxidative stress and the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We screened the allelic frequencies of (GT)(n) repeats in the HO-1 gene promoter in 577 patients who underwent coronary angiography...
October 1, 2002: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
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