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Music AND Cognition

Lousin Moumdjian, Bart Moens, Ellen Vanzeir, Beatrijs De Klerck, Peter Feys, Marc Leman
Evidence for using auditory-motor coupling in neurological rehabilitation to facilitate walking is increasing. However, the distinction between spontaneous and intended coupling and its underlying mechanisms is yet to be investigated. In this study, we include 30 persons with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy controls (HCs) in an experiment with two sessions in which participants were asked to walk to music with various tempi, matching their preferred walking cadence (PWC) up to 10% above in incremental steps of 2%...
March 13, 2019: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Zoltán Janka
Depending on the personal attitude toward a given style and performance, music can influence mental activities such as emotion, mood, motivation, psychomotor tempo and possibly cognition. Experimental data indicate that music can alter physiological parameters of somatic functions (blood pressure, heart rhythm, peripheral blood flow, respiration). However, efforts are taken in medicine and neuroscience to decipher brain physiological and morphological correlates in processing or performing music. Modern imaging techniques brought a significant advance in this respect...
March 2019: Orvosi Hetilap
Joanne E Wittwer, Margaret Winbolt, Meg E Morris
Objectives: To understand the benefits and feasibility of using supervised, home-based, music-cued training to improve gait speed and stability in community-dwelling people with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. Design: Feasibility trial incorporating a single group repeated-measures design. Setting: Human movement laboratory and participants' homes. Interventions: Two training sessions per week, conducted by experienced physiotherapists over 4 weeks. Each home training session consisted of a range of activities in standing or walking, with, and without auditory cues...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
Isabelle Buard, William B Dewispelaere, Michael Thaut, Benzi M Kluger
Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) is a novel impairment-focused behavioral intervention system whose techniques are based on the clinical neuroscience of music perception, cognition, and production. Auditory Stimulation (RAS) is one of the NMT techniques, which aims to develop and maintain a physiological rhythmic motor activity through rhythmic auditory cues. In a series of breakthrough studies beginning in the mid-nineties, we discovered that RAS durably improves gait velocity, stride length, and cadence in Parkinson's disease (PD)...
2019: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Katie Zhukov
Music performance anxiety (MPA) is a complex area with many individual factors contributing to the level of anxiety experienced by musicians during live performances. This paper provides an overview of research literature on performance anxiety, intended for music teachers, students, and professional musicians, to highlight strategies that have been suggested to manage the accompanying physical and cognitive symptoms. Treatment of MPA includes mindfulness-based approaches, physiological/physically-based therapies, cognitive/behavioural therapies, prescribed medication, music therapy, and psychotherapy...
March 2019: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Angel David Blanco, Rafael Ramirez
Current music technologies can assist in the process of learning to play a musical instrument and provide objective measures for evaluating the improvement of music students in concrete music tasks. In this paper, we investigated the effects of a sound quality visual feedback system (SQVFS) in violin learning. In particular, we studied the EEG activity of a group of participants with no previous violin playing experience while they learned to produce a stable sound (regarding pitch, dynamics, and timbre) in order to find motor learning biomarkers in a music task...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Mst Marium Begum, Md Sahab Uddin, Jannatul Ferdaush Rithy, Janisa Kabir, Devesh Tewari, Azharul Islam, Ghulam Md Ashraf
Music is strongly linked to attention and giving attention can boost intelligence. The purpose of this study was to scrutinize the impact of soft, stimulating, and depressing songs on the attention of students. The study was performed on 280 undergraduate students. Students were divided into 4 groups (i.e., control, soft, stimulating, and depressing) and subjected to 3 songs, soft (That's My Name), stimulating (Rain Over Me) and depressing (Broken Angel) songs. The Uddin's Numeral Finding (NF) and Typo Revealing (TR) tests were used to analyze the attention of the students...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Sabrina D Ford
Background: Falls are a major health care concern for our aging population. Previous research has identified impaired sustained attention as a risk factor for falls. Recently, meditation has been shown to improve different types of attention in various populations. However, there are no studies to date examining whether meditation training can improve sustained attention and mobility in older adults. Methods: We are conducting a 4-week proof-of-concept meditation intervention...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Valerie A Noel, Stephanie C Acquilano, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Robert E Drake
BACKGROUND: Mental health recovery refers to an individual's experience of gaining a sense of personal control, striving towards one's life goals, and meeting one's needs. Although people with serious mental illness own and use electronic devices for general purposes, knowledge of their current use and interest in future use for supporting mental health recovery remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify smartphone, tablet, and computer apps that mental health service recipients use and want to use to support their recovery...
February 20, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Manon Couvignou, Isabelle Peretz, Franck Ramus
This study investigated whether there is a co-occurrence between developmental dyslexia and congenital amusia in adults. First, a database of online musical tests on 18,000 participants was analysed. Self-reported dyslexic participants performed significantly lower on melodic skills than matched controls, suggesting a possible link between reading and musical disorders. In order to test this relationship more directly, we evaluated 20 participants diagnosed with dyslexia, 16 participants diagnosed with amusia, and their matched controls, with a whole battery of literacy (reading, fluency, spelling), phonological (verbal working memory, phonological awareness) and musical tests (melody, rhythm and metre perception, incidental memory)...
February 20, 2019: Cognitive Neuropsychology
Tess Allegra Forest, Alessandra Lichtenfeld, Bryan Alvarez, Amy S Finn
In synesthesia activation in one sensory domain, such as smell or sound, triggers an involuntary and unusual secondary sensory or cognitive experience. In the present study, we ask whether the added sensory experience of synesthesia can aid statistical learning-the ability to track environmental regularities in order to segment continuous information. To investigate this, we measured statistical learning outcomes, using an aurally presented artificial language, in two groups of synesthetes alongside controls and simulated the multimodal experience of synesthesia in non-synesthetes...
February 11, 2019: Cognition
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai
Patients undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy experience neurotoxic changes in the central and peripheral nervous system. These neurotoxic changes adversely affect functioning in the sensory, motor, and cognitive domains. Thereby, considerably affecting autonomic activities like gait and posture. Recent evidence from a range of systematic reviews and meta-analyses have suggested the beneficial influence of music-based external auditory stimulations i.e., rhythmic auditory cueing and real-time auditory feedback (sonification) on gait and postural stability in population groups will balance disorders...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
Regina K Studer, Carole Nielsen, Petra L Klumb, Horst Hildebrandt, Urs M Nater, Pascal Wild, Raphaël Heinzer, José Haba-Rubio, Brigitta Danuser, Patrick Gomez
OBJECTIVE: Subjective health complaints (SHC) are frequent in musicians. These complaints may be particularly distressing in this population because they are performance relevant. This paper aims at testing a model positing that (a) perseverative cognition (PC) predicts sleep duration/quality, (b) sleep duration/quality predicts SHC and (c) mood is a mediator of these associations. DESIGN: Participants were 72 music students (mean age (SD): 22.7 (3.0) years), and the assessment period consisted of seven consecutive days, with a solo performance on the fifth day...
February 12, 2019: Psychology & Health
Styliani Douka, Vasiliki I Zilidou, Olympia Lilou, Magda Tsolaki
One of the major problems that elderly people are facing is dementia. For scientist's dementia is a medical, social and economic problem, as it has been characterized as the epidemic of the 21st century. Prevention and treatment in the initial stages of dementia are essential, and community awareness and specialization of health professionals are required, with the aim of early and valid diagnosis of the disease. Activities are recommended to the senior citizens to improve their physical and mental health. Dance has been suggested as an appropriate recreational activity for the elderly that brings functional adjustments to the various systems of the body, psychological benefits, and makes exercise to seem interesting and entertaining as it combines the performance of multiple animations with musical accompaniment...
2019: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Teresa Wenhart, Eckart Altenmüller
Absolute pitch, the ability to name or produce a musical tone without a reference, is a rare ability which is often related to early musical training and genetic components. However, it remains a matter of debate why absolute pitch is relatively common in autism spectrum disorders and why absolute pitch possessors exhibit higher autistic traits. By definition absolute pitch is an ability that does not require the relation of tones but is based on a lower-level perceptual entity than relative pitch (involving relations between tones, intervals, and melodies)...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Qiong-Bin Zhu, Ai-Min Bao, Dick Swaab
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by decreased neuronal activity and atrophy, while hyperactivity of neurons seems to make them resistant to aging and neurodegeneration, a phenomenon which we have paraphrased as 'use it or lose it'. Our hypothesis proposes that (1) during their functioning, neurons are damaged; (2) accumulation of damage that is not repaired is the basis of aging; (3) the vulnerability to AD is determined by the genetic background and the balance between the amount of damage and the efficiency of repair, and (4) by stimulating the brain, repair mechanisms are stimulated and cognitive reserve is increased, resulting in a decreased rate of aging and risk for AD...
February 5, 2019: Neuroscience Bulletin
Masumi Wakita
One of the essential linguistic and musical faculties of humans is the ability to recognize the structure of sound configurations and to extract words and melodies from continuous sound sequences. However, monkeys' ability to process the temporal structure of sounds is controversial. Here, to investigate whether monkeys can analyze the temporal structure of auditory patterns, two common marmosets were trained to discriminate auditory patterns in three experiments. In Experiment 1, the marmosets were able to discriminate trains of either 0...
February 1, 2019: Behavioural Processes
Laura Crocco, Patricia McCabe, Catherine Madill
INTRODUCTION: Classical singing is a complex and multifaceted skill that requires the amalgamation of multiple cognitive, perceptual and motor functions. The teaching of classical singing is consequently a unique skill that holds further complexity. The singer is required to achieve and maintain consistently high performance development of a specific motor activity, much like the sports athlete. This pilot study examines a method of using the principles of motor learning to more objectively and reliably investigate the teaching behaviors of classical singing teachers...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Sheryl R Haut, Jonathan M Gursky, Michael Privitera
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Behavioral intervention describes multiple modalities of treatments which are of increasing interest in epilepsy. This review addresses recent behavioral clinical trials in epilepsy including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), and self-management. Results and conclusions from updated Cochrane reviews and the recent International League Against Epilepsy Psychology task force are presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent large randomized controlled trials (mindfulness and progressive muscle relaxation) reported improved seizure frequency with behavioral treatments...
April 2019: Current Opinion in Neurology
Manuel F Gonzalez, John R Aiello
Researchers have documented various (sometimes conflicting) effects of music on cognitive task performance, and have highlighted several mechanisms through which these effects may occur (e.g., arousal, mood, attention). To further understand these effects, we consider interactions between music-based, task-based, and performer-based characteristics. Specifically, we drew from the distraction-conflict theory of social facilitation and research on boredom proneness to hypothesize that music-along with its complexity and volume-facilitates simple task performance and impairs complex task performance, and that one's preference for external stimulation (a dimension of boredom proneness) moderates these effects...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
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