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Pulmonar bypass

Aluisio Stoll, Leandro Rosin, Mariana Fernandes Dias, Bruna Marquiotti, Giovana Gugelmin, Gabriela Fanezzi Stoll
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery...
2016: Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery: ABCD
Elder Dos Santos Cavalcante, Rosmeiri Magario, César Augusto Conforti, Gerson Cipriano Júnior, Ross Arena, Antonio Carlos C Carvalho, Enio Buffolo, Bráulio Luna Filho
Background: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a standard surgical option for patients with diffuse and significant arterial plaque. This procedure, however, is not free of postoperative complications, especially pulmonary and cognitive disorders. Objective: This study aimed at comparing the impact of two different physiotherapy treatment approaches on pulmonary and cognitive function of patients undergoing CABG. Methods: Neuropsychological and pulmonary function tests were applied, prior to and following CABG, to 39 patients randomized into two groups as follows: Group 1 (control) - 20 patients underwent one physiotherapy session daily; and Group 2 (intensive physiotherapy) - 19 patients underwent three physiotherapy sessions daily during the recovery phase at the hospital...
November 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Wanewman Lins Andrade, José Ricardo Amoretti
BACKGROUND: Minimal-access valve repair was introduced in the 1990s and is becoming an accepted option for patients undergoing valve surgery. Minimally invasive surgical valve repair reduces the degree of surgical insult, produces less postoperative pain, uses less blood, and is associated with better cosmetic results. METHODS: Between July 2008 and February 2009, 17 cardiac surgical patients were treated with minimally invasive valve repair at 3 different institutions (Royal Spanish Hospital, Portuguese Hospital, and Cardio Pulmonar Institute, Salvador, Brazil)...
June 2010: Heart Surgery Forum
W M Zapol, M T Snider
We repeatedly assessed pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics in 30 patients undergoing therapy for severe acute respiratory failure of diverse causes. Pulmonary-artery hypertension and elevated pulmonar vascular resistance were observed in all patients after correction of systemic hypoxemia. Increasing pulmonary blood flow by isoproterenol infusion or decreasing pulmonary blood flow by partial bypass of the right side of the heart minimally altered pulmonary-artery pressure. Although neither elevated pulmonary vascular resistance nor low cardiac index reliably predicted death, survivors had preogressive decreases of pulmonary vascular resistance with time, whereas nonsurvivors tended to maintain or increase pulmonary vascular resistance...
March 3, 1977: New England Journal of Medicine
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