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electrical stimulation for wound healing

Rachel Lai-Chu Kwan, Song Lu, Harry Ming-Chun Choi, Luther C Kloth, Gladys Lai-Ying Cheing
We have systematically assessed published cell studies and animal experimental reports on the efficacy of selected biophysical energies (BPEs) in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. These BPEs include electrical stimulation (ES), pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF), extracorporeal shockwave (ECSW), photo energies and ultrasound (US). Databases searched included CINAHL, MEDLINE and PubMed from 1966 to 2018. Studies reviewed include animal and cell studies on treatment with BPEs compared with sham, control or other BPEs...
January 16, 2019: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tiantian Yan, Xupin Jiang, Guoan Lin, Di Tang, Junhui Zhang, Xiaowei Guo, Dongxia Zhang, Qiong Zhang, Jiezhi Jia, Yuesheng Huang
Endogenous wound electric fields (EFs), an important and fundamental occurrence of wound healing, profoundly influence the directed migration of keratinocytes. Although numerous studies have unveiled the signals responsible for EF-biased direction, the mechanisms by which EFs promote keratinocyte motility remains to be elucidated. In our study, EFs enhanced the directed migratory speed of keratinocytes by inducing autophagic activity, thereby facilitating skin barrier restoration. Initially, we found that electrical signals directed keratinocytes to the cathode with enhanced motility parameters [ i...
December 3, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Yin Long, Hao Wei, Jun Li, Guang Yao, Bo Yu, Dalong Ni, Angela Lf Gibson, Xiaoli Lan, Yadong Jiang, Weibo Cai, Xudong Wang
Skin wound healing is a major health care issue. While electric stimulations have been known for decades to be effective for facilitating skin wound recovery, practical applications are still largely limited by the clumsy electrical systems. Here, we report an efficient electrical bandage for accelerated skin wound healing. On the bandage, an alternating discrete electric field is generated by a wearable nanogenerator by converting mechanical displacement from skin movements into electricity. Rat studies demonstrated rapid closure of a full-thickness rectangular skin wound within 3 days as compared to 12 days of usual contraction-based healing processes in rodents...
November 29, 2018: ACS Nano
Wenfu Zheng, Xingyu Jiang
In native tissues, various cell types organize and spatiotemporally function and communicate with neighboring or remote cells in a highly regulated way. How can we replicate these amazing functional structures in vitro? From the view of a chemist, the heterogeneous cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) could be regarded as various chemical substrate materials for "synthetic" reactions during tissue engineering. But how can we accelerate these reactions? Microfluidics provides ideal solutions. Microfluidics could be metaphorically regarded as a miniature "biofactory", whereas the on-chip critical chemical cues such as biomolecule gradients and physical cues such as geometrical confinement, topological guidance, and mechanical stimulations, along with the external stimulations such as light, electricity, acoustics, and magnetics, could be regarded as "catalytic cues" which can accelerate the "synthetic reactions" by precisely and effectively manipulating a series of cell behaviors including cell adhesion, migration, growth, proliferation, differentiation, cell-cell interaction, and cell-matrix interaction to reduce activation energy of the "synthetic reactions"...
November 20, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Hyeon-Ki Jang, Jin Young Oh, Gun-Jae Jeong, Tae-Jin Lee, Gwang-Bum Im, Ju-Ro Lee, Jeong-Kee Yoon, Dong-Ik Kim, Byung-Soo Kim, Suk Ho Bhang, Tae Il Lee
Electrical stimulation (ES) is known to affect the wound healing process by modulating skin cell behaviors. However, the conventional clinical devices that can generate ES for promoting wound healing require patient hospitalization due to large-scale of the extracorporeal devices. Herein, we introduce a disposable photovoltaic patch that can be applied to skin wound sites to control cellular microenvironment for promoting wound healing by generating ES. In vitro experiment results show that exogenous ES could enhance cell migration, proliferation, expression of extracellular matrix proteins, and myoblast differentiation of fibroblasts which are critical for wound healing...
October 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Craig R Bottoni
The use of silver in various forms has been advocated for its antibacterial properties for centuries, because its toxicity to human cells is considerably lower than its toxicity to bacteria. The Greek historian Herodotus recounted how the king of Persia, before going to war, among his provisions included boiled water stored in flagons of silver, ostensibly to mitigate the risk of foodborne infections in his troops. Additionally, recent studies support the use of silver to generate an electrical stimulation for promotion of wound healing...
October 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Denise R Cooper, Chunyan Wang, Rehka Patel, Andrea Trujillo, Niketa A Patel, Jamie Prather, Lisa J Gould, Mack H Wu
Objective: Chronically ill patients heal recalcitrant ulcerative wounds more slowly. Human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) play an important role in tissue regeneration and exosomes secreted by hADSC contribute to their paracrine signaling. In addition to cytokines, lipids and growth factors, hADSC secrete mRNA, miRNA, and long noncoding (lnc) RNA into exosomes. In this study we examined the role of lncRNA MALAT1 (metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1), an abundant lncRNA in exosomes from conditioned media (CM), on cell migration and ischemic wound healing...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
Sara García-Pérez, Ma Carmen García-Ríos, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Rosa María Tapia-Haro, Manuel Albornoz-Cabello, Marie Carmen Valenza, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) device typically used for pain suppression (analgesia) during pressure injury (PI) healing, peripheral vascularization, and secondary pain in older adults with chronic PIs and cognitive impairment. DESIGN AND SETTING: This pilot clinical trial followed patients from 6 nursing homes. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: Twenty-two patients with PIs in the distal third of their lower limbs (7 men, 15 women) were included in this study...
October 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Youngbin Cho, Minjeong Son, Hyuntae Jeong, Jennifer H Shin
During wound healing, cells migrate with electrotactic bias as a collective entity. Unlike the case of the electric field (EF)-induced single-cell migration, the sensitivity of electrotactic response of the monolayer depends primarily on the integrity of the cell-cell junctions. Although there exist biochemical clues on how cells sense the EF, a well-defined physical portrait to illustrate how collective cells respond to directional EF remains elusive. Here, we developed an EF stimulating system integrated with a hydrogel-based traction measurement platform to quantify the EF-induced changes in cellular tractions, from which the complete in-plane intercellular stress tensor can be calculated...
September 15, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Elise B Nguyen, Jeremy Wishner, Katarzyna Slowinska
Electrical stimulation of tissues has many uses in pain management, antibacterial treatment, and wound healing. The electric field stimulates epidermal migration and increases fibroblast cell proliferation. Here we show the effects of electrical field (EF) stimulation of human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) on the expression of collagen, elastin, and collagenase (MMP1; matrix metalloproteinase 1). The effects of EF stimulation are evaluated in terms of changes in cell morphology and extracellular matrix (ECM) protein expression, defined as intracellular concentration of collagen, elastin, and MMP1...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Albrecht Molsberger, Colin D McCaig
There is a high medical need to improve the effectiveness of the treatment of pain and traumatic soft tissue injuries. In this context, electrostimulating devices have been used with only sporadic success. There is also much evidence of endogenous electrical signals that play key roles in regulating the development and regeneration of many tissues. Transepithelial potential gradients are one source of the direct current (DC) electrical signals that stimulate and guide the migration of inflammatory cells, epithelial cells, fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells to achieve effective wound healing...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Chloe Lallyett, Ching-Yan Chloé Yeung, Rie Harboe Nielson, Leo A H Zeef, David Chapman-Jones, Michael Kjaer, Karl E Kadler
OBJECTIVE: Targeted electrical energy applied to wounds has been shown to improve wound-healing rates. However, the mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify genes that are responsive to electrical stimulation (ES) in healthy subjects with undamaged skin. METHODS: To achieve this objective, study authors used a small, noninvasive ES medical device to deliver a continuous, specific, set sequence of electrical energy impulses over a 48-hour period to the skin of healthy volunteers and compared resultant gene expression by microarray analysis...
July 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Xueying Huang, Dan Wang, Zhangyi Yuan, Wensheng Xie, Yixin Wu, Rongfeng Li, Yu Zhao, Deng Luo, Liang Cen, Binbin Chen, Hui Wu, Hangxun Xu, Xing Sheng, Milin Zhang, Lingyun Zhao, Lan Yin
Biodegradable transient devices represent an emerging type of electronics that could play an essential role in medical therapeutic/diagnostic processes, such as wound healing and tissue regeneration. The associated biodegradable power sources, however, remain as a major challenge toward future clinical applications, as the demonstrated electrical stimulation and sensing functions are limited by wired external power or wireless energy harvesters via near-field coupling. Here, materials' strategies and fabrication schemes that enable a high-performance fully biodegradable magnesium-molybdenum trioxide battery as an alternative approach for an in vivo on-board power supply are reported...
July 2018: Small
Harikrishna K R Nair
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim is to assess the efficacy of microcurrent, a form of electrical stimulation, as an adjunct therapy in accelerating healing in chronic wounds by reducing wound size and pain level. The secondary aim is to assess the qualitative changes in these parameters: inflammatory symptoms, vasodilation, sleep quality, gait and frequency of bowel movement. METHOD: Eligible patients with chronic wounds were enrolled between March and June 2016, from the Wound Care Unit, Hospital Kuala Lumpur in this consecutive case series...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
Baolin Guo, Peter X Ma
Electrically conducting polymers such as polyaniline, polypyrrole, polythiophene, and their derivatives (mainly aniline oligomer and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)) with good biocompatibility find wide applications in biomedical fields including bioactuators, biosensors, neural implants, drug delivery systems, and tissue engineering scaffolds. This review focuses on these conductive polymers for tissue engineering applications. Conductive polymers exhibit promising conductivity as bioactive scaffolds for tissue regeneration, and their conductive nature allows cells or tissue cultured on them to be stimulated by electrical signals...
June 11, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Hollie A Ryan, Shinji Hirakawa, Enbo Yang, Chunrong Zhou, Shu Xiao
Nanosecond electric pulses are an effective power source in plasma medicine and biological stimulation, in which biophysical responses are governed by peak power and not energy. While uniphasic nanosecond pulse generators are widely available, the recent discovery that biological effects can be uniquely modulated by reversing the polarity of nanosecond duration pulses calls for the development of a multimodal pulse generator. This paper describes a method to generate nanosecond multiphasic pulses for biomedical use, and specifically demonstrates its ability to cancel or enhance cell swelling and blebbing...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Karl H Schoenbach
This article is based on my presentation at the D'Arsonval Ceremony at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society and the European BioElectromagnetics Association in Hangzhou, China, in June of 2017. It describes the pathway from the first studies on the effects of intense, nanosecond pulses on biological cells to the development of medical therapies based on these effects. The motivation for the initial studies of the effects of high voltage, nanosecond pulses on mammalian cells was based on a simple electrical circuit model, which predicted that such pulses allow us to affect not just the plasma membrane but also the subcellular structures...
May 2018: Bioelectromagnetics
Anna Polak, Cezary Kucio, Luther C Kloth, Malgorzata Paczula, Ewa Hordynska, Tomasz Ickowicz, Edward Blaszczak, Ewa Kucio, Krystian Oleszczyk, Krzysztof Ficek, Andrzej Franek
The use of electrical stimulation (ES) should be considered for treating nonhealing pressure ulcers (PUs), but optimal ES wound treatment protocols have yet to be established. A randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cathodal and anodal high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC) on periwound skin blood flow (PSBF) and size reduction of Stage 2 to Stage 4 PUs of at least 4 weeks' duration. Persons >18 years of age, hospitalized with neurological injuries, at high risk for PU development (Norton scale <14 points; Waterlow scale >15 points), and with at least 1 Stage 2 to Stage 4 PU were eligible to participate in the study...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Rosana C Gomes, Elaine C O Guirro, Adriana C Gonçalves, Jayme A Farina Junior, Luiz O Murta Junior, Rinaldo R J Guirro
INTRODUCTION: Severe burns benefit from skin grafting, and grafting surgery is of great importance in the treatment of these injuries. As a result, there is formation of an additional wound at the donor site, which is painful and susceptible to infection. However, the therapeutic approach to these problems at donor sites for skin grafting is insufficiently explored in the literature. AIM: To evaluate electrical stimulation of the donor sites of burn patients treated by grafting surgery...
May 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Abdullah A Mosabbir, Kevin Truong
Magnetoreception can be generally defined as the ability to transduce the effects of a magnetic field into a cellular response. Magnetic stimulation at the cellular level is particularly attractive due to its ability for deep penetration and minimal invasiveness, allowing remote regulation of engineered biological processes. Previously, a magnetic-responsive genetic circuit was engineered using the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and the iron containing ferritin protein (i.e., the TF circuit)...
February 16, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
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