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Emily Mary O'Brien, David Law, David Celermajer, Peter Watson Grant, Jon Waites
OBJECTIVE: The number of adults with congenital heart disease has increased with improvements in surgical and medical management, posing a challenge for regional and rural settings, which might have difficulties accessing specialised professionals with congenital heart disease services. This study aims to ascertain the demographics and management of adults with congenital heart disease seen by a cardiology practice in regional Australia to better understand the needs of regional adults with congenital heart disease...
November 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Amy E Taylor, George Davey Smith, Marcus R Munafò
AIMS: To evaluate the utility of coffee-related genetic variants as proxies for coffee consumption in Mendelian randomization studies, by examining their association with non-alcoholic beverage consumption (including subtypes of coffee and tea) and a range of socio-demographic and life-style factors. DESIGN: Observational study of the association of genetic risk scores for coffee consumption with different types of non-alcoholic beverage consumption. SETTING: UK general population...
January 2018: Addiction
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world, due to its unique aroma and stimulant properties. Although its health effects are controversial, moderate intake seems to be beneficial. The present work deals with the characterization and quantification of polyphenols and methylxanthines in four Arabica green coffee beans from different geographical origins. The antioxidant activity was also evaluated. Forty-three polyphenols (cinnamic acid, cinnamoyl-amide, 5 cinammoyl-glycosides, and 36 cinnamate esters) were identified using LC-MS(n)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Anke Luyten, Laura Bruneel, Iris Meerschman, Evelien D'haeseleer, Mara Behlau, Camille Coffé, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) in the Flemish population without self-perceived voice disorders using the VTD scale and to examine the relationship between vocal load and VTD symptoms. In addition, consistency between the VTD scale and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and the Corporal Pain scale was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 333 participants completed the VTD scale, the VHI, and the Corporal Pain scale...
May 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Li-Fang Zhang, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Zhen-Hai Wang, Yan-Hui Du, Zhi-Xu He, Chuanhai Cao, Shu-Feng Zhou
There is an increasing prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which has become a public health issue. However, the underlying mechanisms for the pathogenesis of AD are not fully understood, and the current therapeutic drugs cannot produce acceptable efficacy in AD patients. Previous animal studies have shown that coffee (Coff), caffeine (Caff), and melatonin (Mel) have beneficial effects on AD. Disturbed circadian rhythms are observed in AD, and chronotherapy has shown promising effects on AD. In this study, we examined whether a combination of Coff or Caff plus Mel produced a synergistic/additive effect on amyloid-β (Aβ) generation in Neuro-2a (N2a)/amyloid precursor protein (APP) cells and the possible mechanisms involved...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Peter K K Wong, Laura Christie, Jenny Johnston, Alison Bowling, Diane Freeman, Fred Joshua, Paul Bird, Karen Chia, Hanish Bagga
The aim of this study was to assess health literacy (word recognition and comprehension) in patients at a rural rheumatology practice and to compare this to health literacy levels in patients from an urban rheumatology practice.Inclusion criteria for this cross-sectional study were as follows: ≥18-year-old patients at a rural rheumatology practice (Mid-North Coast Arthritis Clinic, Coffs Harbour, Australia) and an urban Sydney rheumatology practice (Combined Rheumatology Practice, Kogarah, Australia). Exclusion criteria were as follows: ill-health precluding participation; poor vision/hearing, non-English primary language...
November 2014: Medicine (Baltimore)
Geneviève Bricheux, Loïc Morin, Gwenaël Le Moal, Gérard Coffe, Damien Balestrino, Nicolas Charbonnel, Jacques Bohatier, Christiane Forestier
Despite the recent and significant increase in the study of aquatic microbial communities, little is known about the microbial diversity of complex ecosystems such as running waters. This study investigated the biodiversity of biofilm communities formed in a river with 454 Sequencing™. This river has the particularity of integrating both organic and microbiological pollution, as receiver of agricultural pollution in its upstream catchment area and urban pollution through discharges of the wastewater treatment plant of the town of Billom...
June 2013: MicrobiologyOpen
Karin Nordström, Christian Coff, Håkan Jönsson, Lennart Nordenfelt, Ulf Görman
In personalized nutrition, food is a tool for good health, implying an instrumental relationship between food and health. Food receives a secondary value, while health would appear to be a descriptive biological concept. This article gives an introduction to cultural understandings of food and health. The wider definition of food and health is explored in relation to the commonly used scientific approach that tends to take a more reductionist approach to food and health. The different discourses on food and health are being discussed in relation to ethical aspects of personalized nutrition...
July 2013: Genes & Nutrition
Geneviève Bricheux, Gwenaël Le Moal, Claire Hennequin, Gérard Coffe, Florence Donnadieu, Christophe Portelli, Jacques Bohatier, Christiane Forestier
River biofilms are assemblies of autotrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms that can be affected by pollutants such as those found in watersheds and wastewater treatment plants. In the laboratory, experimental biofilms were formed from river water, and their overall composition was investigated. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and cytometry were used to assess the richness and diversity of these communities. The software Cytostack (available on request) was developed to treat and analyze the cytometric data...
February 2013: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Mariska van der Horst, Hilde Coffé
This article explores how friendship network characteristics influence subjective well-being (SWB). Using data from the 2003 General Social Survey of Canada, three components of the friendship network are differentiated: number of friends, frequency of contact, and heterogeneity of friends. We argue that these characteristics shape SWB through the benefits they bring. Benefits considered are more social trust, less stress, better health, and more social support. Results confirm that higher frequency of contacts and higher number of friends, as well as lower heterogeneity of the friendship network are related to more social trust, less stress, and a better health...
July 2012: Social Indicators Research
Marina Telonis-Scott, Madeleine Gane, Sarah DeGaris, Carla M Sgrò, Ary A Hoffmann
The ability to counter periods of low humidity is an important determinant of distribution range in Drosophila. Climate specialists with low physiological tolerance to desiccation stress are restricted to the tropics and may lack the ability to further increase resistance through evolution. Although the physiological adaptations to desiccation stress are well studied in Drosophila and other ectotherms, factors underlying evolutionary responses remain unknown because of a paucity of genetic data. We address this issue by mapping evolutionary shifts in D...
May 2012: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Hilde Coffe, Catherine Bolzendahl
A substantial literature has studied gender differences in political participation in Western industrialized democracies, but little is known about such gaps in sub-Saharan African nations. Using 2005 Afrobarometer data, this paper presents a systematic investigation of the gender gap in political participation across 18 sub-Saharan African countries. In line with cultural isomorphism, patterns in gender gaps across different types of participation generally mirror those of Western democracies, with small to no gender gaps in registration to vote, but substantial gaps in less institutionalized types of participation...
June 2011: Social Indicators Research
Gillian Gould, Kerri Viney, Michele Greenwood, John Kramer, Paul Corben
OBJECTIVE: To describe a multidisciplinary primary healthcare clinic for newly arrived humanitarian entrants in regional New South Wales and report health problems and issues encountered during the initial period of operation. METHODS: A quality assurance study of the Coffs Harbour Refugee Health Clinic (a collaboration between the Area Health Service and general practitioners) was undertaken from February to December 2006. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients received a comprehensive health assessment: 69 of these within 12 months of arrival...
June 2010: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Hilde Coffé, Catherine Bolzendahl
We investigate gender gaps in political participation with 2004 ISSP data for 18 advanced Western democracies (N: 20,359) using linear and logistic regression models. Controlling for socio-economic characteristics and political attitudes reveals that women are more likely than men to have voted and engaged in 'private' activism, while men are more likely to have engaged in direct contact, collective types of actions and be (more active) members of political parties. Our analysis indicates that demographic and attitudinal characteristics influence participation differently among men and among women, as well as across types of participation...
March 2010: Sex Roles
Hilde Coffé, Tanja van der Lippe
Research on Eastern Europe stresses the weakness of its civil society and the lack of political and social involvement, neglecting the question: What do people themselves think it means to be a good citizen? This study looks at citizens' definitions of good citizenship in Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Hungary, using 2002 European Social Survey data. We investigate mean levels of civic mindedness in these countries and perform regression analyses to investigate whether factors traditionally associated with civic and political participation are also correlated with citizenship norms across Eastern Europe...
May 2010: Social Indicators Research
Frances Gibson
Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission...
December 2009: Journal of Law and Medicine
Catherine Bolzendahl, Hilde Coffé
Previous research has suggested that men are more engaged as citizens than are women. Yet, little is known about gender cleavages across a variety of citizenship norms. To what extent do men and women define citizenship differently? To address that question, this study examines the importance men and women assign various citizenship rights and responsibilities using 2004 ISSP data from 18 Western, industrialized nations. Using a disaggregated approach to understanding definitions of citizenship, we examine political, civil, and social rights and responsibilities...
December 2009: British Journal of Sociology
O Thom, D M Taylor, R E Wolfe, J Cade, P Myles, H Krum, R Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) cannot reliably be estimated by clinical examination. We aimed to measure the agreement between CO measurements using a supra-sternal Doppler monitor (USCOM, Coffs Harbour, Australia) and the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). METHODS: The study was conducted in the intensive care unit of a tertiary teaching hospital. All patients with PAC in situ were eligible. Simultaneous CO readings were taken when clinically indicated. Investigators and clinicians were blinded to each other's results...
December 2009: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Sascha Meyer, David Todd, Bruce Shadboldt
BACKGROUND AND STUDY PURPOSE: The ultrasonic cardiac output monitoring (USCOM, USCOM Pty Ltd, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia) device provides a new method of non-invasively assessing cardiac output (CO). It has been successfully used in adults, but there have been few studies in neonates. AIMS: To study the inter-operator reliability, and to compare the aortic (systemic) CO and pulmonary CO in a neonatal population. PATIENT AND METHODS: In a study using the USCOM device, we have determined: (i) the inter-operator (rater) agreement for aortic (left ventricular output) and pulmonary (right ventricular output) CO; and (ii) by combining the measurements of aortic and pulmonary CO from each operator to obtain average aortic and pulmonary CO in neonates admitted to the neonatal unit during the first 8 days of life...
July 2009: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Jorge Espinoza Ríos, Jorge Huerta-Mercado Tenorio, Jorge Huerta-Mercado Tenorio, Mayra Lindo Ricce, Carlos García Encinas, Sathya Rios Matteucci, Sandro Vila Gutierrez, José Pinto Valdivia, Raúl De Los Rios Senmache, Alejandro Piscoya Rivera, Alejandro Bussalleu Rivera
INTRODUCTION: The present study intends to validate the Rockall Score in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) in our current medical setting and to find the value that best discriminates between patients with high or low risk of mortality, rebleeding and the need of more than two units of packed red blood cells (PRBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive prospective study was made from patients who arrived to Cayetano Heredia Hospital's emergency department between February 2007 and January 2008 due to UGB symptoms (hematemesis, coffe ground remit melena or hematoquezia)...
April 2009: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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