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Journal of trauma practice

Tjitte Verbeek, Hans Arentsen, Evert Jan Breet, Machiel M Kuipers, Pieter H W Lubbert, Huibert Burger
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis and treatment of fractures and dislocations are mostly performed in hospital settings. However, equal care for patients with non--complex fractures or dislocations ('minor trauma care') may be provided in general practice. While substitution of care from secondary to primary care settings is stimulated by governments and insurers, it is unknown what the effects are on patient satisfaction level. Therefore, our primary objective is to determine the effect of minor trauma care delivered in a general practice as compared with a hospital on patient satisfaction...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
Julian M Rüwald, Cornelius Jacobs, Sebastian Scheidt, Christof Burger, Dieter C Wirtz, Frank A Schildberg
MINI: Overview of laser-based techniques for the noninvasive cutaneous microcirculatory perfusion assessment, their technological aspects, comparative advantages, current, and future applications in the field of orthopedic and trauma surgery.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal...
January 15, 2019: Annals of Surgery
Kyung Moo Park, Ji Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is caused by surgical trauma and poses a significant challenge for health care providers. Opioid analgesics are commonly used to control postoperative pain. However, these drugs are associated with a number of negative side effects. This review will assess the clinical evidence for and against the use of herbal medicine formulas as a treatment for postoperative pain, especially after musculoskeletal surgery. METHODS: Twelve databases will be searched from inception to March 2019...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Annemarie Abbing, Anne Ponstein, Susan van Hooren, Leo de Sonneville, Hanna Swaab, Erik Baars
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are one of the most diagnosed mental health disorders. Common treatment consists of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy. In clinical practice, also art therapy is additionally provided to patients with anxiety (disorders), among others because treatment as usual is not sufficiently effective for a large group of patients. There is no clarity on the effectiveness of art therapy (AT) on the reduction of anxiety symptoms in adults and there is no overview of the intervention characteristics and working mechanisms...
2018: PloS One
Gaoxing Luo, Zhiqiang Yuan, Yizhi Peng, Yuesheng Huang, Jun Wu
There is no national referral criteria for burns in China till now, which brings inconvenience and confusion. Based on the oversea experiences and the actual situation in China, many famous experts in burns discussed and developed this Chinese burn referral criteria (2018 version ). We hope these referral criteria will be helpful in clinical practice of burns and can be improved continuously through application.
November 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Y H Sun
In 1958, with the national steelmaking, the number of burn victims greatly increased. With general surgery, trauma, and plastic surgeons as the core, a burn rescue group formed through multi-disciplinary cooperation, which gradually developed into an independent discipline. With great love and responsibility, the vast number of medical and nursing staff of burn discipline learned and discussed in practice, who were constantly improving and daring to break through and innovate. At that time, Qiu Caikang, the steel-making worker, with 89% total body surface area (TBSA) of total burn area and 23% TBSA of full-thickness burn, was rescued in Shanghai Guangci Hospital (now known as Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine), which was the first to succeed, rewriting the world record, followed by successful reports from hospitals in Chongqing, Xi'an, Beijing, and other places...
November 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
G X Luo, Z Q Yuan, Y Z Peng, J Wu, Y S Huang
There is no national referral criteria for burns in China till now, which brings inconvenience and confusion. Based on the oversea experiences and the actual situation in China, many famous experts on burns discussed and developed this Chinese burn referral criteria (2018 version). We hope these referral criteria will be helpful in clinical practice in burn field and can be improved continuously during application.
November 9, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
LaDrea Ingram, Shan Qaio, Xiaoming Li, Morgan Deal
Women with HIV are more likely to have a history of traumatic and stressful life experiences. The current study examines experiences of traumatic and stressful life events, issues co-occurring with experiences of trauma, and intergenerational family dynamics regarding trauma and psychological well-being in women with HIV. The study was guided by the theoretical approach of an integrative translational model that incorporates trauma-related factors into a psychosocial framework. Data were collected from interviews with 20 women with HIV and analyzed for thematic categories...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Markus Rupp, Lydia Anastasopoulou, Elke Wintermeyer, Deeksha Malhaan, Thaqif El Khassawna, Christian Heiss
Predatory publishing is a major threat to contemporary publishing, as it offers 'to unaware scientist's', a quick open-access publication against fees without peer-review procedures.. Lack of peer-review leads to unethical practices, as plagiarism, publication of unscientific falsified data, and even unsafe clinical practices. As these journals threaten the credibility of academic publishing, significant work has been done from many scientific teams, in the last years, in establishing discriminating criteria between predatory and legitimate publishing...
October 4, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Anthony N Hage, Ravi N Srinivasa, Jacob J Bundy, Joseph J Gemmete, Evan J Johnson, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Nishant Patel, Mamdouh Khayat, Dawn Coleman, Steven D Abramowitz, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
BACKGROUND: To characterize the vascular surgery Twitter network. METHODS: A total of 20,841 consecutive tweets by 8,282 unique Twitter accounts regarding vascular surgery from October 23, 2014 to January 15, 2018 were analyzed. Twitter analytics, including activity metrics, content analysis, user characteristics, engagement, and network analysis were performed using Symplur Signals, a health care social media analytics platform. RESULTS: Vascular surgery tweets, the number of users tweeting about vascular surgery, and vascular surgery tweet impressions have increased by an annual average of 77...
July 23, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Priya M Mathews, Kristina Lindsley, Anthony J Aldave, Esen K Akpek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this focused review was to explore the etiologies of corneal blindness worldwide and compare them with the indications and type of keratoplasties (eg, full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty, anterior lamellar keratoplasty, or endothelial keratoplasty) performed. METHODS: A literature search of the articles published in the top 10 journals (based on the Altmetrics score) relevant to corneal transplantation within the past 20 years was performed to determine how the focus within corneal transplantation has changed over time...
September 2018: Cornea
Juul Achten, Karan Vadher, Julie Bruce, Jagdeep Nanchahal, Louise Spoors, James P Masters, Susan Dutton, Jason Madan, Matthew L Costa
INTRODUCTION: Patients with closed high-energy injuries associated with major trauma have surprisingly high rates of surgical site infection in incisions created during fracture fixation. One factor that may reduce the risk of surgical site infection is the type of dressing applied over the closed surgical incision. In this multicentre randomised clinical trial, negative-pressure wound therapy will be compared with standard dressings with outcomes of deep infection, quality of life, pain and disability...
June 7, 2018: BMJ Open
Clare Pye, Robin Chatters, Judith Cohen, Kate Brian, Ying C Cheong, Susan Laird, Lamiya Mohiyiddeen, Jonathan Skull, Stephen Walters, Tracey Young, Mostafa Metwally
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial trauma commonly known as endometrial scratch (ES) has been shown to improve pregnancy rates in women with a history of repeated implantation failure undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF), with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). However, the procedure has not yet been fully explored in women having IVF/ICSI for the first time. This study aims to examine the effect of performing an ES in the mid-luteal phase prior to a first-time IVF/ICSI cycle on the chances of achieving a clinical pregnancy and live birth...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Ailbhe White-Gibson, Barry O'Neill, David Cooper, Michael Leonard, Brendan O'Daly
BACKGROUND: Scientific research is an essential aspect in the ongoing development of medical education and improved patient care. Dissemination of findings is a pivotal goal of any health research study. The number of citations that a published article receives is reflective of the importance that paper has on clinical practice. To date, it is unknown which journals are most frequently cited as influencing the management of pelvic trauma. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the top 50 publications relating to the management of pelvic trauma...
May 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Ailbhe White Gibson, Kevin Clesham, Oisin Tully, John F Quinlan
INTRODUCTION: Research is fundamental to bridging theory, practice and education in orthopaedics. Following the restructuring of the surgical training pathway in Ireland, the opportunity to undertake clinical- or lab-based research has fallen. AIMS: Our aim was to investigate the trends of research in orthopaedics and the implications there. METHODS: We reviewed the trend in publications by Irish trauma and orthopaedic (T&O) trainees over the past 20 years across three different classes of journal...
May 4, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Babatunde Aremu, Pamela D Hill, Joanne M McNeal, Mary A Petersen, Debbie Swanberg, Kathleen R Delaney
Addressing tense and escalating situations with noncoercive measures is an important element of inpatient psychiatric treatment. Although restraint rates are frequently monitored, the use of pro re nata (PRN) intramuscular (IM) injections to address agitation is also an important indicator. In 2015, at the current study site, a significant increase was noted in PRN IM medication use despite unit leadership's efforts to build a culture of trauma-informed care (TIC). The purpose of the current quality improvement project was to educate staff on methods to incorporate TIC into daily practice and the use of brief solution-focused therapy techniques in escalating situations...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Mohammad-Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Fatemeh Rafeei, Razieh Amini, Massoud Saidijam
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells that have the potential of proliferation, high self-renewal, and the potential of multilineage differentiation. The differentiation potential of the MSCs in vivo and in vitro has caused these cells to be regarded as potentially appropriate tools for wound healing. After the burn, trauma or removal of the tumor of wide wounds is developed. Although standard treatment for skin wounds is primary healing or skin grafting, they are not always practical mainly because of limited autologous skin grafting...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Paul Beckett, Douglas Holmes, Monique Phipps, Declan Patton, Luke Molloy
A growing body of evidence highlights that trauma is the single most significant predictor that an individual will need support from mental health services. Yet despite this association, mental health services have been slow to provide approaches to care and treatment that deal directly with trauma. Embedding the principles of trauma-informed care and practice (TICP) in acute inpatient ward practice can lead to practice improvement and cultural change over a number of areas. The current service evaluation highlights how these principles can inform practice and the positive affect this has on areas such as seclusion and restraint, therapeutic engagement, and ward routines...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Weizhong Liang, Zuojun Zhao, Shu Liu, Tingmin Gu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of cross vertical mattress suturing with basilar tightening during the correction of inverted nipple. METHODS: Thirty patients with inverted nipples underwent cross vertical mattress suturing with basilar tightening. The postoperative results were recorded. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for 6 months to 2 years. The results of 28 cases were satisfactory, and there was no recurrence. Two patients relapsed, and a mild depression was formed...
August 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
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