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canadian journal of psychiatry

Nadiya Sunderji, Allyson Ion, Dan Huynh, Paul Benassi, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Adriana Carvalhal
OBJECTIVE: Integrated or collaborative care is a well-evidenced and widely practiced approach to improve access to high-quality mental health care in primary care and other settings. Psychiatrists require preparation for this emerging type of practice, and such training is now mandatory for Canadian psychiatry residents. However, it is not known how best to mount such training, and in the absence of such knowledge, the quality of training across Canada has suffered. To guide integrated care education nationally, we conducted a systematic review of published and unpublished training programs...
August 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Emmanuel Stip
OBJECTIVE: Neuroleptics were introduced into North America 60 years ago. The credit for this advance is generally accorded to Heinz Lehmann. I sought to explore whether Lehmann really was the first North American psychiatrist to study the effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and to provide a more balanced view of its application in a clinical context. METHOD: I searched for historical documents and published articles in several libraries and interviewed psychiatrists active from 1952-1970...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Johanne Collin, Marcelo Otero
Pharmaceuticalisation is a complex phenomenon, co-constitutive of what scholars identify as a pharmaceutical regime, comprised of networks of actors, institutions and artefacts as well as cognitive structures that underlie the production, promotion and use of medications. The aim of this paper is to explore the linkages between different components of this pharmaceutical regime through the analysis of psychotropic drug advertising in Canadian medical journals between 1950 and 1990. Advertisements stand at the nexus of macro-level processes related to the development, regulation and marketing of new drug treatments and of micro-level processes related to the use of these drug treatments, both by clinicians and lay persons...
April 2015: Social Science & Medicine
Donald Addington, Sandy Berzins, Maryann Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public's level of mental health literacy for psychosis. METHOD: A cross-sectional telephone survey using a random phone number selection procedure was conducted to identify a sample of 1685 participants comprised of youth at risk (aged 15 to 39 [corrected] years) and parents of youth at risk of psychosis (aged 35 to 59 years). The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry regrets the error and any inconvenience it might have caused. [corrected]. Participants were asked about their awareness of symptoms and causes of schizophrenia and psychosis, treatment options, and preferred channels for obtaining information about health and mental health...
June 2012: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Catherine Duprey
Psychiatry opens to the world at a time when the very basis of psychiatric practice, namely the asylum, is called into question. Studies appear in Quebec and Canadian journals concurrent to the introduction of new formulas for care, such as the delivery of psychiatric services in general hospitals and clinics, that allow patients to be treated outside the walls of psychiatric hospitals. In addition, postwar psychiatry takes an optimistic view toward the future of children with impairments through the creation of specialized schools and workshops...
2011: Histoire Sociale. Social History
Mark Attridge, Laura Ghali
OBJECTIVE: This paper introduces the special issue of the Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry on the theme of how multiple factors in early brain and biological development can influence a variety of outcomes in mental health and addictions in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. METHOD: In Part 1, we preview three papers in this issue. In Part 2, we highlight two recent innovative knowledge-transfer symposia featuring the application of the science in early development and addictions...
November 2011: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Tuong-Vi Nguyen, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Annette Granich, Peter Chan, Susan Abbey, Guillaume Galbaud du Fort
BACKGROUND: Psychosomatic medicine (PM) is recognized as a psychiatric subspecialty in the US, but continues to be considered a focused area of general psychiatric practice in Canada. Due to the unclear status of PM in Canada, a national survey was designed to assess the perception of and training experiences in PM among psychiatry residents. METHODS: Residents enrolled at one of 13 psychiatry programs in Canada participated in the study. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the effect of PM training experiences and career interest in PM on the perception of PM, controlling for number of months already completed in PM, training level, and residency program...
July 2011: Psychosomatics
Colleen Anne Dell, Maureen Seguin, Carol Hopkins, Raymond Tempier, Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Debra Dell, Randy Duncan, Karen Mosier
First Nations and Inuit youth who abuse solvents are one of the most highly stigmatized substance-abusing groups in Canada. Drawing on a residential treatment response that is grounded in a culture-based model of resiliency, this article discusses the cultural implications for psychiatry's individualized approach to treating mental disorders. A systematic review of articles published in The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry during the past decade, augmented with a review of Canadian and international literature, revealed a gap in understanding and practice between Western psychiatric disorder-based and Aboriginal culture-based approaches to treatment and healing from substance abuse and mental disorders...
February 2011: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Colin A Ross
The author reviewed a two-part critique of dissociative identity disorder published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. The two papers contain errors of logic and scholarship. Contrary to the conclusions in the critique, dissociative identity disorder has established diagnostic reliability and concurrent validity, the trauma histories of affected individuals can be corroborated, and the existing prospective treatment outcome literature demonstrates improvement in individuals receiving psychotherapy for the disorder...
March 2009: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Philippe Lucas
This paper is a sociological examination of policies and practices in Health Canada's Marihuana Medical Access Division (MMAD) that presume the illicit intentions and inherent "guilt" of medical cannabis users, hampering safe access to a medicine to which many are legally entitled, and raising doubts about this federal programme's overall effectiveness and constitutional legitimacy. Beginning with a brief historical overview of Canada's federal medical cannabis programme, this paper examines the failure of the MMAD to meet the needs of many sick and suffering Canadians through Hunt's [Hunt, A...
July 2009: International Journal on Drug Policy
Mary Kay Nixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2006: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Amy Sedgwick, Lynn Cockburn, Barry Trentham
PURPOSE: This historical study focused on understanding the influence of mental health concepts and practices on the profession of occupational therapy in Canada during the first part of the 20th century. METHODS: The authors examined early editions of the Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy (CJOT) and other primary works from 1925-1950 to identify key events and themes. RESULTS: Analysis of these key historical documents revealed four themes: (1) Idle hands, emotional mischief, social unrest; (2) The grand vision; (3) Practical reality: Disparity between theory and practice; and (4) Understanding occupation: Approaches and methods to promote mental health...
December 2007: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Quentin Rae-Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2005: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Edward Kingstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2005: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Tom N Tombaugh
The present study explored several different procedures for determining the amount of change that occurred on the Mini-Mental State Exam [MMSE; Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., & McHugh, P. R. (1975). "Mini-Mental State": A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189-198] and Modified Mini-Mental State Exam [3MS; Teng, E. L., & Chui, H. C. (1987). The Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 48, 314-318] over short and extended test-retest intervals...
June 2005: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Sandra C Paivio, Kenneth M Cramer
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine (1) the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire [CTQ; Bernstein, D., Fink, L., Handelsman, L., Foote, J., Lovejoy, M., Wenzel, K., Sapareto, E., & Ruggiero, J. (1994). Initial reliability and validity of a new retrospective measure of child abuse and neglect. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1132-1136; Bernstein, D., & Fink, L. (1993). Manual for the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Unpublished manuscript. Bronx, NY: VA Medical Center] in an undergraduate sample and (2) the prevalence of abuse and neglect in this sample...
August 2004: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sarah E P Munce, Emma K Robertson, Stephanie N Sansom, Donna E Stewart
The purpose of our study was to determine who is portrayed in psychotropic drug advertisements across time in three national psychiatric journals. All psychotropic drug advertisements portraying people were collected from the American Journal of Psychiatry, the British Journal of Psychiatry, and the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry at three time intervals (1981, 1991, and 2001). The advertisements were classified according to patient demographics, patient portrayal, and product information. Chi-square analysis was used to test for statistically significant associations among the variables...
April 2004: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
J Paris
OBJECTIVE: To examine the evolution of the epistemological basis of Canadian psychiatry over the last 50 years. METHOD: A comparison of the content of The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry in its early years, then known as the Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, with publications from recent years, shedding light on broader trends in psychiatric theory and practice. RESULTS: A dramatic change has occurred in Journal content, from clinical inference to an evidence-based approach, reflecting stronger biological orientations, as well as empirical psychosocial research...
February 2000: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
J Lexchin
OBJECTIVE: To examine how changes in outcomes are reported in drug advertisements in medical journals. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Advertisements from a convenience sample of 38 issues of Canadian Family Physician, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Canadian Medical Association Journal, and the New England Journal of Medicine. MAIN MESSAGE: Method of reporting changes in clinical outcomes (relative risk reduction [RRR], absolute risk reduction [ARR], number needed to treat [NNT]), name of product, and company marketing product were sought...
May 1999: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
E K Silberman, D A Snyderman
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the extent and characteristics of published psychiatric research from U.S. and Canadian medical schools that was carried out without external funding. METHOD: They reviewed reports of unfunded research in 14 psychiatric journals, tabulating methodological factors and topics of study. They surveyed first authors about their academic duties and resources used in the studies. RESULTS: Unfunded studies represented 26% of research reports, were usually prospective, most commonly dealt with phenomenology/epidemiology or psychopharmacology, used low levels of technology, and were accomplished on a modest budget of time and money...
August 1997: American Journal of Psychiatry
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