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mri, usg, ct,

Kesici Ugur
Solitary cecal diverticulum was first described by Potier in 1912. Although it is a rare condition, however, there is an increased prevalence in Asian populations. The cecal diverticula are usually asymptomatic, however, 10-20% of the cases become symptomatic due to complications. The most common diverticulum-related complication is diverticulitis. Other complications include perforation, hemorrhage, and rarely intestinal obstruction. To conclude, cecal diverticulum is a rare condition that usually presents itself with complications...
February 2019: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Piotr Szumowski, Saeid Abdelrazek, Łukasz Żukowski, Małgorzata Mojsak, Monika Sykała, Katarzyna Siewko, Katarzyna Maliszewska, Anna Popławska-Kita, Janusz Myśliwiec
BACKGROUND: The most frequently used methods of assessing Graves' orbithopathy (GO) include: Clinical Activity Score (CAS), ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There exists another, slightly forgotten, imaging method: single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the use of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid tagged with 99m Tc (99m Tc-DTPA). These days it is possible to conduct a SPECT examination fused with a CT scan (SPECT/CT), which increases the diagnostic value of the investigation...
January 18, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Ahmet Sevencan, Abdulhamit Misir, Hanifi Ucpunar, Mehmet Bülent Balioğlu, Volkan Gür, Suayıp Akinci
AIM: This study aimed to report the incidence and interrelationship of concomitant anomalies in congenital scoliosis (CS) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Whole-spine computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, echocardiography, and renal ultrasonography (USG) evaluations of 231 patients with CS were reviewed. Additionally, intraspinal pathologies and structural cardiac and renal anomalies were recorded. RESULTS: The incidence of intraspinal pathology was 53...
September 17, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
Kun Hwang, Joon Soo Jung, Hun Kim
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance (accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value) of plain film (PF), ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing nasal bone fractures (NBFs). Methods: In a search of PubMed and Scopus, "nasal bone fracture" AND "X-ray OR CT OR USG OR MRI" were searched. Among the 369 titles from PubMed and 379 titles from Scopus, 257 duplicate titles were excluded and 491 titles were reviewed...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Murat Uçar, Ercan Baş, Ali Akkoç, Murat Topçuoğlu
Background: Fibroepithelial polyps of the urothelial system are rare and are considered to be benign tumors. Ultrasonography (USG), contrast-enhanced CT, and contrast-enhanced MRI can be used for detecting fibroepithelial polyps in the urothelial system. These polyps can be treated by performing open exploration and endoscopic or laparoscopic resection. Previous studies have also reported the frequent use of laser treatment for treating fibroepithelial polyps located in the proximal ureter. Case Presentation: A 54-year-old female patient presented to our clinic with right flank pain...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Amarjeet Kumar, Chandni Sinha, Ajeet Kumar, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Harsh Vardhan, Kranti Bhavana, Ditipriya Bhar
Background and Aims: The preservation of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is an essential part of thyroid surgery. The various methods to test the normal functionality of vocal cords (VCs) include direct visualisation under the fiber bronchoscope, indirect laryngoscopy, laryngeal muscles electromyography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to assess the usefulness of ultrasound (USG) in the examination of VC morphology and movement. Methods: After Institutional Ethical Committee (IEC) clearance, 65 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II patients between the age group 18 and 60 years scheduled for thyroid surgery were enrolled in this observational study...
August 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Hyo-Jin Kang, Jung Hoon Kim, Sang Min Lee, Hyun Kyung Yang, Su Joa Ahn, Joon Koo Han
PURPOSE: To determine the value of CEUS for real-time, fusion-guided, percutaneous biopsies of focal liver lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and written informed consents were obtained for this study. Forty patients with focal liver lesions identified on CT/MRI were prospectively enrolled. For biopsy planning, real-time fusion of CT/MRI with USG (USG-Fusion) was performed, and subsequently real-time CEUS was fused with CT/MRI (CEUS-Fusion)...
December 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Prakash Hebbulse Shivalingaiah, Pradeep Kumar, Suyash Bajoria
Adrenal schwannomas are very rare tumors accounting for only 0.2% of the adrenal tumors. These are very difficult to diagnose preoperatively and usually present as incidental non-secreting adrenal masses in asymptomatic patients or in patients with non-specific complaints. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are required to aid the diagnosis, but adrenal schwannomas cannot be distinguishably confirmed on the basis of imaging alone. Histopathological examination (HPE) is essential for accurate diagnosis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Tomasz Klatkiewicz, Krzysztof Gawriołek, Małgorzata Pobudek Radzikowska, Agata Czajka-Jakubowska
BACKGROUND The increased prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) requires searching for new, easily accessible diagnostic methods. In addition to routine clinical examination, various methods of imaging temporomandibular joints are available, such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography scans, or scintigraphy. Ultrasound imaging, due to short examination time, low cost, and non-invasiveness, should be recommended as a routine diagnostic procedure. The aim of the study was to investigate whether ultrasound imaging can be used in the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders...
February 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Israt Jahan
Medial knee pain can originate from both osseous and non-osseous soft tissue structures including medial collateral ligament (MCL), creating a raft for patients' sufferings. Previously published works demonstrated MCL calcification as a rare medial knee pain entity. Alongside physical examination, radio-imaging techniques, namely conventional X-ray, CT/MRI scanning, etc. have been reported to be useful in recognizing MCL calcification. The present study demonstrates MCL calcification in a 60-year-old Asian-Bangladeshi woman, using high frequency diagnostic ultrasonogram and is the first reported study in the literature...
November 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
Jing Ma, Ruan Biao, Fan Lou, Ken Lin, Ying-Qin Gao, Mei-Lan Wang, Yan-Li Yang, Tie-Song Zhang
The treatment of lymphatic malformations (LMs) represents a great clinical challenge. The present study reported on the treatment of 68 infants with cervical macrocystic LMs using surgical resection. The cases were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent pre-operative ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Ultrasonograms showed that 24 cases were monolocular, 44 were multilocular, 16 had no echo, 20 had a uniform low-level echo and 32 had a non-uniform low-level echo...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anil Mani, Priyank Yadav, Vimal Kumar Paliwal, Hira Lal
Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all adult malignancies. Usual sites of metastasis are lymph nodes, lungs, bone, liver and brain. We describe a patient who presented with complaints of holocranial headache and diplopia. MRI of the head showed a clival-based lesion with associated bony erosion. With suspicion of a metastatic lesion, an ultrasonogram of the abdomen was done which showed a left renal mass that enhanced on contrast-enhanced CT. There were no other metastatic foci. Patient underwent radiotherapy for the clival lesion...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Sundaramoorthy Vijayganapathy, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Jayaram Sreenivas
Wunderlich Syndrome (WS) is an uncommon condition where acute onset of spontaneous bleeding occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces. It can prove fatal if not recognized and treated aggressively at the appropriate time. A 32-year-old male diagnosed elsewhere as acute renal failure presented with tender left loin mass, fever and hypovolemic shock with serum creatinine 8.4 mg/dl. He was started on higher antibiotics and initiated on haemodialysis. Ultrasonogram (USG), Non-Contrast Computed Tomography (NCCT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed bilateral perirenal subcapsular haematomas - right 3...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Deb Kumar Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Barun K Sharma, Arjun Prakash, Dhabal D Dhingani, Karobi Bora
INTRODUCTION: Isolated chest wall tuberculosis though a rare entity, the incidence of it has been on rise among immunocompromised population making it an important challenging diagnosis for the physicians. Its clinical presentation may resemble pyogenic chest wall abscess or chest wall soft tissue tumour. Sometimes it is difficult to detect clinically or on plain radiograph. AIM: The present study was conducted with an aim to evaluate the common sites and varying appearances of isolated chest wall tuberculosis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Aynur Ozen, Serdar Altinay, Ozgul Ekmekcioglu, Ramazan Albayrak, Ali Muhammedoglu, Hakan Yigitbas, Eylem Bastug, Atilla Celik
The aims of this retrospective study were to consider the diagnostic role of dual-time (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in detection of breast carcinoma and axillary lymph node (ALN) status and to evaluate the primary tumor (18)F-FDG uptake pattern. Preoperative staging was performed by (18)F-FDG PET/CT in 78 female patients with breast carcinoma. Conventional imaging results were evaluated by breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 79 lesions in 78 patients, bilateral mammography (MMG) of 40 lesions in 40 patients, and breast ultrasonography (USG) of 47 lesions in 46 patients...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ji Min Kim, Shin Young Kim, Mee Hye Oh, Jong Eun Lee
Invasive apocrine carcinoma (IAC) of the breast is a rare subtype of breast malignancy. Its incidence is not well known, but it is approximately less than 1% to 4%. For these reasons, there are few reports and little information on the radiologic appearance of IAC. Furthermore, most of the case reports show malignant features which are similar to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). We present a rare case of IAC without typical malignant feature on mammography, and ultrasonography (USG). Imaging findings on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT are also presented...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Pooja Mehta, Mahesh Prakash, Niranjan Khandelwal
Hydatid disease (HD) is endemic in many parts of the world. HD can affect virtually any organ system in body and should be kept as differential diagnosis of cystic lesion. HD is mostly asymptomatic; however, it demonstrates a variety of characteristic imaging findings depending on the site of involvement, stage of growth, mass effect, complications, or hematogenous spread, which helps in diagnosis. Radiography, ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used imaging modalities...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
Kyu Sung Choi, Young Hun Choi, Jung-Eun Cheon, Woo Sun Kim, In One Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of the relative position of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in diagnosing intestinal malrotation in situs anomaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2004 to April 2015, 33 patients with situs anomalies were enrolled in this study who underwent abdominal USG, CT or MRI as well as upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS) or surgery: situs inversus (n=16), left isomerism (n=10), and right isomerism (n=7); age 21...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Deb K Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Barun Kumar Sharma, D R Boruah
INTRODUCTION: Gall Bladder (GB) perforation, a rare but dreaded complication of acute cholecystitis and is associated with high mortality rate. Early detection of acute cases of GB perforation reduces the risk of biliary peritonitis and hence the associated mortality and morbidity. AIM: The purpose of the study was to make a comparative evaluation of the role of Cross-sectional imaging in GB perforation with base line investigation like sonography. Finally both modalities were compared in determining the type of perforation according to Niemeier's classification...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Deniz Alis, Cesur Samanci, Yesim Namdar, Fethi Emre Ustabasioglu, Elif Yamac, Onur Tutar, Burak Ucpinar, Bulent Onal
Appendicovesical fistula (AVF) is an uncommon type of enterovesical fistula and a very rare complication of acute appendicitis. Herein, we report a case of 39-year-old male patient who presented with persistent urinary tract infection, recurrent abdominal pain, and pneumaturia. Imaging techniques including ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed to identify the abnormality. However, definitive diagnosis of AVF was made by cystoscopy.
2016: Case Reports in Urology
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