Read by QxMD icon Read


Shobana Gabriel, Naveed Ahmed Khan, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui
The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of free-living amoebae (FLA) in Peninsular Malaysia and to compare different methodologies to detect them from water samples. Water samples were collected from tap water, recreational places, water dispensers, filtered water, etc. and tested for FLA using both cultivation and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) via plating assays and centrifugation methods. Amoebae DNA was extracted using Instagene matrix and PCR was performed using genus-specific primers. Of 250 samples, 142 (56...
February 2019: Journal of Water and Health
Abdul Matin, Salik Nawaz, Suk-Yul Jung
Balamuthia mandrillaris is well known to cause fatal Balamuthia amoebic encephalitis (BAE). Amoebic transmission into the central nervous system (CNS), haematogenous spread is thought to be the prime step, followed by blood-brain barrier (BBB) dissemination. Macrophages are considered to be the foremost line of defense and present in excessive numbers during amoebic infections. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of macrophages alone or primed with cytokines on the biological characteristics of Balamuthia in vitro...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Miray Üstüntürk-Onan, Julia Walochnik
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are widely spread in the environment and also known to cause rare but often serious infections. The present work focuses on a local survey on FLA. It is essential to know the prevalence and distribution of these microorganisms in order to get infections caused by them under control. In this study, FLA isolated from domestic tap water samples from homes of contact lens wearers were identified by morphology and by 18S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Morphological analysis and partial sequencing of the 18S rDNA revealed the presence of Acanthamoeba genotype T4 and Vermamoeba vermiformis in the investigated tap water samples...
December 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Keenan J Piper, Haidn Foster, Daniel Susanto, Cynthia L Maree, Sean D Thornton, Charles S Cobbs
We report the case of a 69-year-old female who presented with a chronic nasal skin rash, new onset focal seizure, and a cerebral ring-enhancing lesion after a year of improper nasal irrigation. Despite aggressive and novel anti-amoebic treatment, she died as a result of a Balamuthia mandrillaris brain infection.
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Jennifer R Cope, Janet Landa, Hannah Nethercut, Sarah A Collier, Carol Glaser, Melanie Moser, Raghuveer Puttagunta, Jonathan S Yoder, Ibne K Ali, Sharon L Roy
Background: Balamuthia mandrillaris is a free-living ameba that causes rare, nearly always fatal disease in humans and animals worldwide. B. mandrillaris has been isolated from soil, dust, and water. Initial entry of Balamuthia into the body is likely via the skin or lungs. To date, only individual case reports and small case series have been published. Methods: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) maintains a free-living ameba (FLA) registry and laboratory...
September 20, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Bansidhar Tarai, Puneet Agarwal, Sivanantham Krishnamoorthi, Abhishek Mewara, Sumeeta Khurana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ayaz Anwar, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Pathogenic free-living amoebae including Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Naegleria fowleri cause infections of the central nervous system (CNS), which almost always prove fatal. The mortality rate is high with the CNS infections caused by these microbes despite modern developments in healthcare and antimicrobial chemotherapy. The low awareness, delayed diagnosis, and lack of effective drugs are major hurdles to overcome these challenges. Nanomaterials have emerged as vital tools for concurrent diagnosis and therapy, which are commonly referred to as theranostics...
September 10, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Kanako Yamanouchi, Hiroaki Arima, Yamato Sakamoto, Kazuki Kanto, Kosuke Kasai, Koichi Ito, Takashi Inaba
Balamuthia mandrillaris is a free-living amoeba that lives in soil and water near human settlements. B. mandrillaris was first isolated from a mandrill baboon that died at the San Diego Zoo Wildlife Park in California in 1986, and the first human infection was reported in 1990. Although reported B. mandrillaris infections are often not properly characterized, it appears that B. mandrillaris invades the living body from the soil and water, either via a wound or the nasal cavity. Most confirmed infections have originated in South and North America...
September 2018: Parasitology Research
Abdul Mannan Baig
Despite advances in drug discovery and modifications in the chemotherapeutic regimens, human infections caused by free-living amoebae (FLA) have high mortality rates (~95%). The FLA that cause fatal human cerebral infections include Naegleria fowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris and Acanthamoeba spp. Novel drug-target discovery remains the only viable option to tackle these central nervous system (CNS) infection in order to lower the mortality rates caused by the FLA. Of these FLA, N. fowleri causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), while the A...
April 25, 2018: Current Drug Targets
Shobana Gabriel, Abdul Khaliq Rasheed, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Jimmy Nelson Appaturi, Leo Bey Fen, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Brain-eating amoebae (Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, Naegleria fowleri) have gained increasing attention owing to their capacity to produce severe human and animal infections involving the brain. Early detection is a pre-requisite in successful prognosis. Here, we developed a nanoPCR assay for the rapid detection of brain-eating amoebae using various nanoparticles. Graphene oxide, copper and alumina nanoparticles used in this study were characterized using Raman spectroscopy measurements through excitation with a He-Ne laser, while powder X-ray diffraction patterns were taken on a PANanalytical, X'Pert HighScore diffractometer and the morphology of the materials was confirmed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM)...
June 2018: Parasitology Research
Luis Fernando Lares-Jiménez, Manuel Alejandro Borquez-Román, Rosalía Alfaro-Sifuentes, María Mercedes Meza-Montenegro, Ramón Casillas-Hernández, Fernando Lares-Villa
The presence of free-living amoebae of the genera Naegleria, Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia, which contain pathogenic species for humans and animals, has been demonstrated several times and in different natural aquatic environments in the northwest of Mexico. With the aim of continuing the addition of knowledge about immunology of pathogenic free-living amoebae, 118 sera from children and adolescents, living in three villages, were studied. Humoral IgG response against B. mandrillaris, N. fowleri and Acanthamoeba sp...
June 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Alexandre Taravaud, Myriam Ali, Bernard Lafosse, Valérie Nicolas, Cédric Féliers, Sylvie Thibert, Yves Lévi, Philippe M Loiseau, Sébastien Pomel
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are ubiquitous organisms present in various natural and artificial environments, such as drinking water storage towers (DWST). Some FLA, such as Acanthamoeba sp., Naegleria fowleri, and Balamuthia mandrillaris, can cause severe infections at ocular or cerebral level in addition to being potential reservoirs of other pathogens. In this work, the abundance and diversity of FLA was evaluated in two sampling campaigns: one performed over five seasons in three DWST at three different levels (surface, middle and bottom) in water and biofilm using microscopy and PCR, and one based on the kinetics analysis in phase contrast and confocal microscopy of biofilm samples collected every two weeks during a 3-month period at the surface and at the bottom of a DWST...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Larisa M Lehmer, Gabriel E Ulibarri, Bruce D Ragsdale, James Kunkle
Soil and freshwater-dwelling amoebae may opportunistically infect the skin and evoke a granulomatous dermatitis that camouflages their underlying morphology. Amoebic infestations are incredibly rare in the U.S., predominantly occurring in the young, elderly, and immunocompromised. Sadly, because diagnosis is difficult and unsuspected, most cases are diagnosed at autopsy. The following case is of a healthy 84-year-old man with a non-healing nodulo-ulcerative cutaneous lesion on his left forearm that appeared following a gardening injury...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Kentarou Takei, Masaya Toyoshima, Masashi Nakamura, Mineshige Sato, Hiroshi Shimizu, Chihiro Inoue, Yoshio Shimizu, Kenji Yagita
A 74-year-old woman who exhibited drowsiness was referred to our hospital. Enhanced head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple ring-enhancing lesions and lesions showing partial mild hemorrhaging. The patient gradually progressed to a comatose condition with notable brain deterioration of unknown cause on follow-up MRI. On day nine, the patient inexplicably died, although brain herniation was suspected. Autopsy and histopathology revealed numerous amoebic trophozoites in the perivascular spaces and within the necrotic tissue...
May 1, 2018: Internal Medicine
Abdul Mannan Baig, Nuzair Waliani, Saiqa Karim
Neurotropic parasitic amoebal infections have imposed an enormous challenge to chemotherapy in patients who fall victims to the infections caused by them. Conventional antibiotics that are given to treat these infections have a low patient compliance because of the serious adverse effects that are associated with their use. Additionally, the growing incidence of the development of drug resistance by the neurotropic parasites like Naegleria fowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Acanthamoeba spp has made the drug therapy more challenging...
February 21, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Ehsan Saburi, Toktam Rajaii, Asma Behdari, Mohammad Hasan Kohansal, Hossein Vazini
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are a group of protozoa with the capabilities of growth in the environment and invasion to the human body which have been isolated from different water sources. Acanthamoeba , Naegleria , and Balamuthia are the most important FLA. These cause a variety of severe complications of eye and central nervous system. Despite the fact that various studies have demonstrated the prevalence of FLA in different parts of Iran, there is no comprehensive evaluation and conclusion regarding the pollution of various water sources in Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Kareem W Shehab, Khalid Aboul-Nasr, Sean P Elliott
Balamuthia mandrillaris is a recently described ameba known to cause a subacute to chronic central nervous system infection called granulomatous amebic encephalitis. Evidence suggests that apparently immunocompetent persons are at risk for disease and show a similar nonspecific presentation to that of immunodeficient persons. However, evidence of hematogenous dissemination, which has been found in immunodeficient patients, has been lacking in immunocompetent patients. Here, we describe a previously healthy patient with B mandrillaris-associated granulomatous amebic encephalitis in whom both central nervous system and renal disease were found during autopsy, which suggests hematogenous dissemination...
August 17, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Naveed Ahmed Khan, Ayaz Anwar, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui
Brain-eating amoebae (Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Naegleria fowleri) can cause opportunistic infections involving the central nervous system. It is troubling that the mortality rate is more than 90% despite advances in antimicrobial chemotherapy over the last few decades. Here, we describe urgent key priorities for improving outcomes from infections due to brain-eating amoebae.
November 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Ehsan Javanmard, Maryam Niyyati, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Zohreh Lasjerdi, Hamed Behniafar, Hamed Mirjalali
The present study tested 80 samples of municipal, geothermal and recreational water samples for the occurrence of waterborne free living amoebae (FLA) including Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandrillaris, Vahlkampfiids and Vermamoeba in Semnan province, North half of Iran. Four sets of primers including JDP1,2 primers, ITS1,2 primers (Vahlkampfiids), 16S rRNABal primers (Balamuthia mandrillaris) and NA1,2 primers (Vermamoeba) were used to confirm the morphological identification. From the 80 water samples tested in the present study, 16 (20%) were positive for the outgrowth of free living amoebae based on the morphological page key...
December 2017: Experimental Parasitology
Katarzyna Król-Turmińska, Alina Olender
[b]Abstract Introduction[/b]. Among free-living amoebae that are widely distributed in nature only four genera/species are known as agents of human infections:[i] Acanthamoeba spp., Naegleriafowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris[/i] and[i] Sappiniapedata[/i]. These amoebae are not well adapted to parasitism, and could exist in the human environment without the need for a host. Infections due to these amoebae, despite low morbidity, are characterized by relatively high mortality rate and pose serious clinical problems...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"