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D Vrankovic, T Mrcela, B Mursic, B Splavski, B Dmitrovic, M Mrcela, G Blagus
During the last 10 years, 41 patients with dural tear caused by anterior cranial fossa bone fracture were treated surgically. Those treated conservatively were not included in this series. The patients' mean age was 36 years. The average time of postoperative observation was 15 months. Traffic accidents, as well as wounds caused by missiles (shell fragments or bullets), blows, and falls were the mechanisms of injury. An autogenous graft, followed by homologous (lyodura) and most recently by heterologous (lyoplant; B...
1999: Skull Base Surgery
E Kawakami, U Fagundes-Neto
There are several different oral hydration solutions of variable composition commercially available besides WHO 90. The purpose of this paper was to establish the type of solution more favorable to hydroelectrolytic transport. Water, Na and glucose transport of oral hydration solutions were measured by analysis of 728 samples from perfusions with 7 different solutions in jejunal loops of rats "in vivo". The following solutions were studied: homemade (96), Rehidrat (96), Hydrax (104), WHO 90 (104), WHO 60 (112), Pedyalite 30 (104), Pedyalite 90 (112) and a control solution (144)...
October 1993: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
B K Sandhu, F L Christobal, M J Brueton
Small intestinal perfusion studies have been carried out in animals to evaluate the role of the individual constituents of oral rehydration solution (ORS), in order to draw some conclusions relating to the optimal composition of ORS. Two commercially available ORS, Dioralyte and Rehidrat have also been compared to the World Health Organisation (WHO) standard solution. Maximum rate of water absorption occurred with the WHO solution and least with Rehidrat. The findings of the perfusion studies suggest that in the normal small intestine, optimal water absorption occurs from a solution containing 60 mmol/l of sodium and 80-120 mmol/l of glucose...
1989: Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica. Supplement
W Azabache, L Johanson
An experimental study of 20 patients with appendicitis was carried out in order to know if after the appendectomy they tolerate the hidratation with rehidratant salts by mouth in place of endovenous hydratation. The oral hydratation was indicated in all the cases immediately after the operation and only was one failure (5%). In the 95% the oral hydratation was tolerated, 45% without gastric symptoms, 35% with mild gastric symptoms and in 15% with moderate gastric symptoms. The association of gentamycin-metronidazol administered by intramuscular and oral way respectively was used in 100% of the patients...
1989: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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