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Julia M P Poritz, Heather B Taylor, Gerard Francisco, Shuo-Hsiu Chang
OBJECTIVE: To provide the results of a robotic exoskeleton user satisfaction questionnaire completed by participants utilizing two robotic exoskeletons. METHOD: Seven individuals with physical disabilities engaged in two exoskeleton-assisted training phases with the REX and the Ekso 1.1 (Ekso), after which they completed a user satisfaction questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of structured items with a Likert scale, which were averaged and compared, as well as free response questions, which were interpreted thematically...
February 20, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Emma M Smith, Krista L Best, William C Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of a bootcamp training approach on students' self-efficacy for assessing, training, spotting, documenting, and performing manual and power wheelchair skills. METHODS: In a pre-post design, students in their final year of an entry-to-practice master of occupational therapy program completed a two-day manual (6.5 h) and power (6.5 h) wheelchair skills bootcamp. Outcomes for self-efficacy (in assessing, training, spotting and documenting manual and power wheelchair skills; primary) and capacity (manual and power wheelchair skills; secondary) were collected at baseline and immediately after the bootcamp...
February 18, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Marghalara Rashid, Vera Caine, Amanda S Newton, Helly R Goez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to understand healthcare providers' perspective and responsivity to families' needs in rehabilitative care delivery for children with Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). METHODS: Three focus group sessions were conducted to explore and understand multidisciplinary healthcare professionals' (Hcps) perspectives about the care they deliver to parents of children with ABI. Convenience sampling was used to recruit healthcare providers (total sample size = 15) from a large rehabiliation centre of an urban setting in western Canada...
2018: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Maria Ranner, Susanne Guidetti, Lena von Koch, Kerstin Tham
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study was conducted in the context of a client-centred activities of daily living (CADL) intervention aiming to enable agency in daily activities and participation in everyday life after stroke. The intervention was based on the principles of client-centred occupational therapy and then further developed based on empirical research findings. OBJECTIVE: To identify what from the clients' perspective characterises the lived experience and meaning of participating in a CADL intervention after stroke...
July 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Aurelijus Domeika, Ieva Aleknaite-Dambrauskiene, Vytautas Poskaitis, Vidmantas Zaveckas, Vytautas Grigas, Ausra Zvironiene
BACKGROUND: The main position of the working population is becoming sitting. Immobile prolonged sedentary time may cause negative effects including reduced intervertebral discs nutrition. Main ways of mitigating them are regular position changes and exercising. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate influence of the short term training on unstable training machine on balance control and trunk muscles activity in patients with lower back pain. METHODS: Participants (n=16) experiencing lower back pain were trained on an unstable sculling machine "Rehabili"...
2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Wang Xiu-Zhen, Ye-Ying Ge, Guang-Yao Ye, Jing-Wei Zhang, Wei-Hu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of ultrasound guided inter-scalene brachial plexus block and patient-controlled infraclavicular brachial plexus block for postoperative pain and surgical efficacy in patients with terrible tyriad of the elbow. METHODS: From March 2015 to August 2016, 60 patients with terrible tyriad of the elbows were treated in Ningbo No.6 Hospital with ASA I to II internal fixation. There were 32 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 70 years old, with a mean age of (55...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ping He, Xu Wen, Xiangyang Hu, Rui Gong, Yanan Luo, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of hearing aid acquisition in Chinese older adults. METHODS: We obtained data from a population-based survey on ear and hearing disorders, which was conducted in 4 provinces of China in 2014 to 2015. Trained examiners conducted pure tone audiometry and audiologists further ascertained for hearing loss. We relied on hearing conditions and audiologists' recommendations to identify 1503 participants who needed to wear hearing aids...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Weronika Woźniak-Czekierda, Kamil Woźniak, Anna Hadamus, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Proprioception and body balance after knee arthroplasty have a considerable impact on restoration of joint function and a normal gait pattern. Kinesiology Taping (KT) is a method that may be able to influence these factors. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of KT application on sensorimotor efficiency, balance and gait in patients undergoing rehabili-ta--tion after knee replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 120 male and female patients (mean age was 69 years) after total knee repla-cement...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
A F Chernousov, T V Khorobrykh, F P Vetshev, N M Abdulkhakimov, S V Osminin, A V Dulova
AIM: To analyze the first experience of laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer at the Burdenko Clinic of Faculty Surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 2011 27 laparoscopic and 2 robot-assisted operations for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer have been performed in our hospital. Mean age of patients was 62.1±10 years. There were 19 men and 10 women. RESULTS: There were 11 gastrectomies with abdominal esophageal resection and 18 Billroth I subtotal resections...
2017: Khirurgiia
Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Negar Pourbordbari, Martin Bach Jensen, Jens Lykkegaard Olesen
Patellofemoral pain is a debilitating condition which affects one in 14 adolescents and a similar number of adults. It is characterized by peri- or retropatellar pain during loaded bending of the knee. The purpose of this review is to provide a short, up-to-date review of the diagnostics, differential diagnostics and evidence-based treatment for both adolescents and adults with patellofemoral pain. The key message is that treatments of patellofemoral pain should include a combination of patient education to support self-management and exercises to strengthen the hip and knee muscles...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Devina S Kumar, Darcy S Reisman, James C Galloway
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of involving traumatic brain injury survivors in a novel "enriched rehabilitation environment" in which physical, cognitive, social and speech impairments are simultaneously addressed during training within a functioning business. METHOD: Participant was a 34-year old with a history of a severe head injury 17 years ago due to a motor vehicle accident. A novel intervention was provided within the Go Baby Go Café at the University of Delaware during her two hour shifts, three times a week for 2 months...
September 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mahnaz Rakhshan, Leyla Ansari, Zahra Molazem, Najaf Zare
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine physical and heart rhythm management device malfunction complications after participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program intervention compared with usual care. METHOD: This study was a clinical trial of 100 patients. After randomization, intervention group patients received 8 cardiac rehabilitation program sessions for 8 weeks and follow-up phone calls. Each session consisted of exercise training, education, and psychological interventions...
May 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Wei Zhu, Jonathan K George, Volker J Sorger, Lijie Grace Zhang
3D printing has shown promise for neural regeneration by providing customized nerve scaffolds to structurally support and bridge the defect gap as well as deliver cells or various bioactive substances. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) exhibits positive effects on rehabiliation of degenerative nerves and neural disorders. With this in mind, we postulate that 3D printed neural scaffold coupling with LLLT will generate a new strategy to repair neural degeneration. To achieve this goal, we applied red laser light to stimualte neural stem cells on 3D printed scaffolds and investigated the subsequent cell response with respect to cell proliferation and differentiation...
April 12, 2017: Biofabrication
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Anthony Martyr, Huw Lloyd-Williams, Andrew Brand, Petra Gutting, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Linda Clare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Trials
Rachelle A Robinson, Virginia A Simms, Elizabeth C Ward, Molly K Barnhart, Sophie J Chandler, Robert I Smee
BACKGROUND: Studies support using intraoperative voice prosthesis insertion performed at the time of primary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) during laryngectomy. However, none have compared intraoperative voice prosthesis insertion with delayed voice prosthesis insertion. The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine patient, services, and cost benefits of intraoperative versus delayed voice prosthesis placement. METHODS: Voice prosthesis use, duration to the first voice prosthesis change, early communication, and costs were compared between 14 patients who underwent a laryngectomy and who received intraoperative voice prosthesis placement, and 10 patients who underwent initial catheter stenting and then delayed voice prosthesis insertion...
June 2017: Head & Neck
Bjørg Christiansen, Marte Feiring
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To shed light on how nurses perceive particular challenges that they experience in encounters with patients in rehabilitation wards. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation is a tailor-made process that allows someone with impairment to live well. Many rehabilitation institutions embrace strong beliefs in patient participation as well as awareness of and listening to the needs and wishes of patients. To our knowledge, few studies have investigated the challenges encountered by nurses from patients in rehabilitation contexts and how these challenges might influence their roles as nurses...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sharon Kibble, Debra Gray, Merce Prat-Sala, Kirsty Ross, Karen Johnson, Jane Packer, Elizabeth Shire, Rhian Cross, Beverley Harden
Our patient, carer, and staff feedback clearly tells us that elderly patients are frequently disempowered by acute care provision, environments, and attitudes. This debilitates individuals mentally and physically, reducing their independent functioning, and may mean that they require prolonged care or are unfit to return home. We developed the concept of "recovery coaching" to support acute inpatient elderly care rehabilitation. We designed a training intervention to achieve "coaching conversations" between our staff and our patients...
2014: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Jennifer R Tomasone, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Eva Pila, Marie-Eve Lamontagne, Isabelle Cummings, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, François Routhier
PURPOSE: In Canada, two counseling services are offered to facilitate physical activity participation among persons with physical disabilities, yet both have encountered concerns related to the recruitment and retainment of clients. The purpose of this paper is to explore factors related to service adoption among nonusers, and the barriers and facilitators to maintaining service participation among adopters. METHODS: Individuals who had never enrolled in the services (nonusers, n = 13) as well as current/previous service clients (adopters, n = 26) participated in interviews based on the Theoretical Domains Framework...
June 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Helen Killaspy, Louise Marston, Nicholas Green, Isobel Harrison, Melanie Lean, Frank Holloway, Tom Craig, Gerard Leavey, Maurice Arbuthnott, Leonardo Koeser, Paul McCrone, Rumana Z Omar, Michael King
BACKGROUND: Mental health rehabilitation services in England focus on people with complex psychosis. This group tend to have lengthy hospital admissions due to the severity of their problems and, despite representing only 10-20 % of all those with psychosis, they absorb 25-50 % of the total mental health budget. Few studies have investigated the effectiveness of these services and there is little evidence available to guide clinicians working in this area. As part of a programme of research into inpatient mental health rehabilitation services, we carried out a prospective study to investigate longitudinal outcomes and costs for patients of these services and the predictors of better outcome...
April 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Anthony Martyr, Huw Lloyd-Williams, Andrew Brand, Petra Gutting, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Linda Clare
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in developing non-pharmacological treatments to address the cognitive deficits apparent in Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Cognitive rehabilitation is a goal-oriented behavioural intervention which focuses on improving everyday functioning through management of cognitive difficulties; it has been shown to be effective in Alzheimer's disease. To date, no studies have assessed its potential efficacy for addressing the impact of cognitive impairment in people with Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies...
March 22, 2016: Trials
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