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psychiatry bulimia

Alice Pallier, Anna Karimova, Adrien Boillot, Pierre Colon, Damien Ringuenet, Philippe Bouchard, Hélène Rangé
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates dental and periodontal health in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa patients. METHODS: Seventy females with eating disorders (36 anorexia nervosa) attending a public hospital Psychiatry and Addiction unit were compared with age-matched controls (n = 70). Full-mouth examination and oral hygiene behaviours were recorded for all participants. RESULTS: More frequent dental attendance and toothbrushing were observed in patients with eating disorders than in controls (p < 0...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Dentistry
Serge A Mitelman
Transdiagnostic approach has a long history in neuroimaging, predating its recent ascendance as a paradigm for new psychiatric nosology. Various psychiatric disorders have been compared for commonalities and differences in neuroanatomical features and activation patterns, with different aims and rationales. This review covers both structural and functional neuroimaging publications with direct comparison of different psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa...
January 8, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Tarek Asaad Abdou, Heba Ibrahim Esawy, Ghada Abdel Razek Mohamed, Hanan Hussein Ahmed, Mahmoud Mamdouh Elhabiby, Sherien Ahmed Khalil, Yomna Ahmed El-Hawary
OBJECTIVE: Sleep wake cycle and eating patterns undergo major changes throughout life and have been proved to be very correlated. Eating disorder prevalence is increasing and sleep problems are very common among them. The current study is concerned with investigating the sleep pattern in anorexia and bulimia female patients using both subjective and objective assessment tools. METHODS: A cross sectional study of sleep patterns using structured sleep disorder questionnaire and full night polysomnography in 23 female patients with bulimia and anorexia, patients aged 18-45 years not on any treatment for a month at least, compared to a sex and age matched control group (20 participants), all cases were collected from the Institute of Psychiatry, Ain Shams University over 18 months interval...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine
L Dell'Osso, B Carpita, C Gesi, I M Cremone, M Corsi, E Massimetti, D Muti, E Calderani, G Castellini, M Luciano, V Ricca, C Carmassi, M Maj
AIM: Increasingly data suggest a possible overlap between psychopathological manifestations of eating disorders (EDs) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of subthreshold autism spectrum symptoms, by means of a recently validated instrument, in a sample of participants with EDs, particularly comparing participants with or without binge eating behaviours. METHODS: 138 participants meeting DSM-5 criteria for EDs and 160 healthy control participants (HCs), were recruited at 3 Italian University Departments of Psychiatry and assessed by the SCID-5, the Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum) and the Eating Disorders Inventory, version 2 (EDI-2)...
February 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research on the multimodal treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry has yielded a significant increase in randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. This review aims to present relevant findings published during the last 2 years related to medical and psychological treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). RECENT FINDINGS: For anorexia nervosa, recent reports described the efficacy of different treatment settings, lengths of hospital stay and high vs...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Kristen Anderson, Erin C Accurso, Kathryn R Kinasz, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study examined physician residents' and fellows' knowledge of eating disorders and their attitudes toward patients with eating disorders. METHODS: Eighty physicians across disciplines completed a survey. The response rate for this survey across disciplines was 64.5 %. RESULTS: Participants demonstrated limited knowledge of eating disorders and reported minimal comfort levels treating patients with eating disorders. Psychiatry discipline (p = 0...
June 2017: Academic Psychiatry
Sahib S Khalsa, Rachel C Lapidus
Disrupted interoception is a prominent feature of the diagnostic classification of several psychiatric disorders. However, progress in understanding the interoceptive basis of these disorders has been incremental, and the application of interoception in clinical treatment is currently limited to panic disorder. To examine the degree to which the scientific community has recognized interoception as a construct of interest, we identified and individually screened all articles published in the English language on interoception and associated root terms in Pubmed, Psychinfo, and ISI Web of Knowledge...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Kinga Sałapa, Barbara Józefik
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between sociocultural factors and clinical eating disorders during the intensive process of Westernisation in Poland that occurred after 1989. The study population included girls diagnosed with an eating disorder according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 47 anorexia nervosa restrictive type [ANR], n = 16 anorexia binge/purge type [ANBP], n = 34 bulimia nervosa [BN], n = 19 eating disorder not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) who received consultation for the first time between 2002 and 2004 in the Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital, Kraków, Poland...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Francesca Falzon Aquilina, Anton Grech, Darleen Zerafa, Mark Agius, Valerie Voon
This paper will describe the incidence of eating disorders, with particular focus on obesity and binge eating, within the Island of Malta. The development of and 'Dar Kenn Ghal Sahhtek', the first centre for eating disorders in Malta will then be recounted, and the effective therapeutic interventions provided in it will be described. One important function of this unit is the treatment of excessive obesity. Some epidemiological data on the Obese Patients in DKS, relating to the incidence of Binge Eating Disorder in the DKS patient group will be given...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Susan G Kornstein, Paul E Keck, Barry K Herman, Rebecca M Puhl, Denise E Wilfley, Ilyse D DiMarco
BACKGROUND: Physician-patient conversations were examined to identify barriers to effective discussions about binge eating disorder (BED) arising from discrepancies in how physicians and patients communicate about BED. METHODS: Conversations between suspected or diagnosed BED patients (n = 38) and psychiatrists (n = 11) were recorded and the transcripts were reviewed for BED-related lexical terms using automated conversation analysis software. Researchers disambiguated multivalent terms and combined similar terms...
2015: Postgraduate Medicine
Mark S Gold, Rajendra D Badgaiyan, Kenneth Blum
This article focuses on the shared molecular and neurogenetics of food and drug addiction tied to the understanding of reward deficiency syndrome. Reward deficiency syndrome describes a hypodopaminergic trait/state that provides a rationale for commonality in approaches for treating long-term reduced dopamine function across the reward brain regions. The identification of the role of DNA polymorphic associations with reward circuitry has resulted in new understanding of all addictive behaviors.
September 2015: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Peter Fonagy
This paper provides a comprehensive review of outcome studies and meta-analyses of effectiveness studies of psychodynamic therapy (PDT) for the major categories of mental disorders. Comparisons with inactive controls (waitlist, treatment as usual and placebo) generally but by no means invariably show PDT to be effective for depression, some anxiety disorders, eating disorders and somatic disorders. There is little evidence to support its implementation for post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, cocaine dependence or psychosis...
June 2015: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Christina Mohr Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To study recent time trends in the incidence of diagnosed anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) based on nationwide psychiatric register data. METHOD: The Danish Psychiatric Central Research Registry was used to identify the incidence of diagnosed cases with AN and BN at the ages of 4-65 years from 1995 to 2010. Age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 person-years were calculated and were adjusted for time trends in the total number of people diagnosed in psychiatry...
November 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillipa Hay, David Chinn, David Forbes, Sloane Madden, Richard Newton, Lois Sugenor, Stephen Touyz, Warren Ward
OBJECTIVES: This clinical practice guideline for treatment of DSM-5 feeding and eating disorders was conducted as part of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) Project 2013-2014. METHODS: The CPG was developed in accordance with best practice according to the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. Literature of evidence for treatments of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), other specified and unspecified eating disorders and avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was sourced from the previous RANZCP CPG reviews (dated to 2009) and updated with a systematic review (dated 2008-2013)...
November 2014: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Hunna J Watson, Ann Von Holle, Cecilie Knoph, Robert M Hamer, Leila Torgersen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Camilla Stoltenberg, Per Magnus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to internally validate previously reported relations (Knoph Berg et al., Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 42, 396-404, 2008) between psychosocial factors and bulimia nervosa (BN) outcomes during pregnancy. METHOD: This study is based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Participants were women enrolled during pregnancy (N = 69,030). Internal validity was evaluated by way of bootstrapped parameter estimates using the overall sample and a split sample calibration approach...
September 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
U Bailer, M De Zwaan, S Kasper
In the literature there is evidence that a substantial proportion of patients with bulimia nervosa can be helped by cognitive behavioural self-help manuals. As there are no specific recommendations or strategies for the treatment of males with eating disorders we were therefore especially interested in the way a man might deal with such a self-help manual. In this case the book Getting better bit(e) by bit(e) by Treasure and Schmidt (also available in German translation) was given to a young man with an atypical eating disorder (atypical anorexia nervosa according to ICD-10)...
1999: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Claudia Unikel, Ietza Bojorquez
The objective of this paper is to summarize research findings on eating disorders and the current state of the field in Mexico. Papers published in indexed journals and graduate dissertations were retrieved, using "eating disorders," "anorexia nervosa," "bulimia nervosa," "body image," "binge eating," "restrained eating," "weight and shape concern," and "dieting" as keywords. These were combined with the Boolean operator "AND" with "Mexico" and "Latin America." Findings are presented for epidemiology, the validity of assessment instruments, comorbidity, and risk factors...
February 2007: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Piyoosh Kumar Singh, Rajnish Kumar Singh, Amitabh Biswas, V R Rao
BACKGROUND: Cases of suicide documented earlier all over the world reflect the presence of suicide behavior in primitive world at a higher rate compared to general urban population. The cause of such behavior is thought to be different among tribes and mental health was rarely presumed to be associated. In India, several ethnographic narratives described instances of suicides among several tribes, but evaluation of psychological traits were lacking. The present study on Idu Mishmi is an attempt to further validate earlier report of high rate of suicides among them and to evaluate psychological traits...
November 2013: Journal of Affective Disorders
William R Jones, Saeideh Saeidi, John F Morgan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the eating disorder mental health literacy of psychiatrists. METHOD: A sample of psychiatrists completed a questionnaire measuring knowledge of and attitudes towards eating disorders. Knowledge questions were based on the academic literature, standard diagnostic criteria and national guidelines on the management of eating disorders. Attitude items covered beliefs about the aetiology and treatment of eating disorders, confidence levels in diagnosis and management and the use of compulsory measures in anorexia nervosa...
January 2013: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Patrycja Cygankiewicz, Dorota Solecka, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Barbara Józefik
AIM: The article discusses the preliminary results of a follow-up study carried out in 2009-2010 on former patients with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, first seen in 2001-2004 at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow. At that time they had been taking part in a research project, whose aim was to define the relationships among the psychopathological picture of eating disorders, self-image and family relations and also the influence of socio-cultural factors...
March 2012: Psychiatria Polska
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