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Feline, canine

Gabriele Gradner, Rose Kaefinger, Gilles Dupré
BACKGROUND: Several case series and case reports have been published about idiopathic hydrocephalus treatment in dogs and cats using ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS). OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk and type of complications in dogs and cats after VPS placement. ANIMALS: Sixteen papers were included. Sixty dogs and 13 cats with idiopathic hydrocephalus treated by VPS placement were identified. METHODS: The databases CAB, Scopus, and Medline were used...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Michele Capasso, Nicola Di Girolamo, Pasqualino Silvestre, Piero Laricchiuta
OBJECTIVE To investigate the performance of a portable blood glucose meter (PBGM) designed for use in humans (hPBGM) and a PBGM designed for use in dogs and cats (vPBGM) when measuring blood glucose (BG) concentration in tigers (Panthera tigris) and lions (Panthera leo). DESIGN Method comparison and diagnostic accuracy study. SAMPLES 53 blood samples from tigers (n = 27) and lions (26). PROCEDURES BG concentration was measured with 2 identical hPBGMs, 2 identical vPBGMs, and a reference laboratory analyzer...
February 1, 2019: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ala Moshiri, Rui Chen, Soohyun Kim, R Alan Harris, Yumei Li, Muthuswamy Raveendran, Sarah Davis, Qingnan Liang, Ori Pomerantz, Jun Wang, Laura Garzel, Ashley Cameron, Glenn Yiu, J Timothy Stout, Yijun Huang, Christopher J Murphy, Jeffrey Roberts, Kota N Gopalakrishna, Kimberly Boyd, Nikolai O Artemyev, Jeffrey Rogers, Sara M Thomasy
Inherited retinal degenerations are a common cause of untreatable blindness worldwide, with retinitis pigmentosa and cone dystrophy affecting approximately 1 in 3500 and 1 in 10,000 individuals, respectively. A major limitation to the development of effective therapies is the lack of availability of animal models that fully replicate the human condition. Particularly for cone disorders, rodent, canine, and feline models with no true macula have substantive limitations. By contrast, the cone-rich macula of a nonhuman primate (NHP) closely mirrors that of the human retina...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Sara Belluco, Giancarlo Avallone, Stefano Di Palma, Roberta Rasotto, Anna Oevermann
In routine diagnostic activity, pathologists may be confronted with nervous system tumors. The lack of clinical information, economic restrictions for additional testing, and the lack of expertise in neuropathology may render the diagnosis challenging. The goals of this study were to assess the agreement in diagnosing nervous system tumors in domestic carnivores among 4 board-certified surgical pathologists without particular expertise in neuropathology and a neuropathologist expert, and to investigate the utility of special stains frequently used in routine diagnostic laboratories...
January 20, 2019: Veterinary Pathology
Kimberly S Hooi, Alice M Defarges, Stipe V Jelovcic, Dorothee Bienzle
BACKGROUND: Hemosiderophages can be found in bronchoalveolar lavage samples and have been reported in association with a wide range of respiratory and cardiovascular disorders in cats and humans. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the presence of hemosiderin in canine and feline bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples. It also aimed to examine the association of BAL hemosiderin with signalment, clinical signs, and historical disease prior to BAL, with prior transthoracic fine-needle aspiration (FNA), with bronchoalveolar lavage duration, and with cytologic interpretation...
January 18, 2019: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Sarah N Gutman, Lynn F Guptill, George E Moore, Roman M Pogranichniy
We investigated, in a cross-sectional study, the prevalence of antibodies against canine influenza A virus (CIV) H3N2 in serum samples collected from dogs and cats using a commercial ELISA and a hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. Samples were obtained from 519 cats and dogs from 13 states within the United States. Data were analyzed for potential risk factors with positive sera (vs. negative sera) by logistic regression. Odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by exponentiation of the regression coefficients...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Stephanie L Shaver, Matias Larrosa, Erik H Hofmeister
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors affecting the duration of canine and feline gonadectomies performed by second-year veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 1288 gonadectomies. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred ninety-four second-year veterinary students in a 24-week veterinary surgical teaching laboratory. METHODS: Surgical and anesthetic records were analyzed and arranged by primary surgeon in chronological order...
January 12, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
A E Paniz Mondolfi, A Colmenares Garmendia, Y Mendoza Pérez, Carlos E Hernández-Pereira, C Medina, F Vargas, D Sandoval, J Agüero, D Román, M Forlano-Riera, Y Salas, M Peraza, P Romero, F Aldana, T Castillo, S Santeliz, G Perez, María J Suarez-Alvarado, R J Morales-Panza, H Kato
Leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by intracellular protozoa of the Leishmania genus that are spread and transmitted by sandflies. Natural infection and clinical disease in domestic cats and dogs appear to be rare or perhaps largely under-reported in endemic areas. However, previous reports on infected domestic animals usually implicate the same Leishmania species that affect humans in tropical and subtropical areas of the world suggesting a potential role for zoonotic transmission. In the present study we assessed a representative sample of cats and dogs from endemic urban / suburban areas of Lara state in central western Venezuela...
January 8, 2019: Acta Tropica
M Mohebali, E Moradi-Asl, Y Rassi
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important parasitic disease which is endemic in different parts of Iran; and domestic and wild canines are principal reservoir hosts of the disease. The objective of this study was to review the spatial distribution of canine VL (CVL) caused by Leishmania infantum in domestic and wild canines in different geographical areas of Iran. An extensive literature search was conducted in different international and national databases, including Cochrane, MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Iran Medex to find articles with the words "visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" in their titles and "canine visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" or "feline visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" or "accidental reservoir hosts of visceral leishmaniasis in Iran" in their subtitles, irrespective of the type and duration of study...
July 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Mark E Epstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2019: Veterinary Record
Carol Reinero
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), also called diffuse parenchymal lung diseases, are a large heterogenous group of non-infectious, non-neoplastic disorders characterized by varied patterns of inflammation and fibrosis (Travis et al., 2002). In humans, accurate classification of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) requires multidisciplinary collaboration between clinicians, radiologists and pathologists. The same is likely to be true for canine and feline ILDs; however, this collaborative approach is rarely taken, leading to a paucity of knowledge of ILDs in small animal species...
January 2019: Veterinary Journal
Georgia Diakoudi, Gianvito Lanave, Paolo Capozza, Federica Di Profio, Irene Melegari, Barbara Di Martino, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Gabriella Elia, Alessandra Cavalli, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Canio Buonavoglia, Krisztián Bányai, Vito Martella
A novel protoparvovirus species was identified in domestic cats. The virus was distantly related to the well-known feline (feline panleukopenia virus) and canine (canine parvovirus type 2) parvoviruses, sharing low nucleotide identities in the capsid protein 2 (less than 43%). The virus was genetically similar (100% at the nucleotide level) to a newly identified canine protoparvovirus, genetically related to human bufaviruses. The feline bufavirus appeared as a common element of the feline virome, especially in juvenile cats, with an overall prevalence of 9...
January 2019: Veterinary Microbiology
Bruno de Cássio Veloso de Barros, Elaine Nunes Chagas, Luna Wanessa Bezerra, Laila Graziela Ribeiro, Jose Wandilson Barboza Duarte Júnior, Diego Pereira, Edvaldo Tavares da Penha Junior, Julia Rezende Silva, Delana Andreza Melo Bezerra, Renato Silva Bandeira, Helder Henrique Costa Pinheiro, Sylvia de Fátima Dos Santos Guerra, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E Guimarães, Joana D'Arc Pereira Mascarenhas
Acute gastroenteritis is one of the main causes of mortality in humans and young animals. Domestic and mainly wild animals such as bats, small rodents and birds are highly diversified animals in relation to their habitats and ecological niches and are widely distributed geographically in environments of forest fragmentation in some areas of the Amazon, being considered important sources for viruses that affect humans and other animals. Due to the anthropical activities, these animals changed their natural habitat and adapted to urbanized environments, thus representing risks to human and animal health...
2018: PloS One
Rebecca Langhorn, Jacob D Yrfelt, Claus S Stjernegaard, Liselotte B Christiansen, Lisbeth H Olsen, Lise N Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins are gold-standard biomarkers of myocardial injury. There is a need for validation of assays with higher availability and lower costs in veterinary medicine. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present study was to perform an analytical validation of the IMMULITE 2000 TnI assay for use in dogs and cats. A secondary aim was to evaluate its agreement with the previously validated and sensitive Siemens ADVIA Centaur TnI-Ultra assay. METHODS: Intra- and inter-assay variation, detection limits, the linearity under dilution, and a sample addition study (modified spike-and-recovery analysis) were investigated to assess analytical performance in 15 canine and 15 feline serum samples...
December 11, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Amanda Santarossa, Jacqueline M Parr, Adronie Verbrugghe
Nutritional assessment guidelines recommend that veterinary teams assess the body composition of pets at every visit. The objective of this study was to determine how veterinary teams in Ontario, Canada assess body composition in cats and dogs. An online survey was distributed to veterinary teams, with questions on how often body composition is assessed, what methods are used, and demographics. The results demonstrated that 66.7% of respondents reported always assessing body composition. Of those, body condition scoring (99...
December 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Jean A Hall, Dale A Fritsch, Dennis E Jewell, Patricia A Burris, Kathy L Gross
A prospective, randomised, 6-month feeding trial was performed in 28 adult cats with International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) stage 1 and 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD). All cats were assigned to either a control food: Royal Canin Renal Support A Feline, dry or a test food: Hill's Prescription Diet k/d Feline with chicken, dry. Food intake was recorded daily; body weight weekly; and serum, urine, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and body condition assessments were performed at 0, 1, 3 and 6 months...
February 9, 2019: Veterinary Record
Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Laia Solano-Gallego
Bartonellosis is a vector-borne zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution that can infect humans and a large number of mammals including small companion animals (cats and dogs). In recent years, an increasing number of studies from around the world have reported Bartonella infections, although publications have predominantly focused on the North American perspective. Currently, clinico-pathological data from Europe are more limited, suggesting that bartonellosis may be an infrequent or underdiagnosed infectious disease in cats and dogs...
December 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Annalisa M Hernandez, Graham E A Bilbrough, Dennis B DeNicola, Celine Myrick, Suzanne Edwards, Jeremy M Hammond, Alex N Myers, Johanna C Heseltine, Karen Russell, Marco Giraldi, Mary B Nabity
BACKGROUND: Microscopic evaluation of urine is inconsistently performed in veterinary clinics. The IDEXX SediVue Dx® Urine Sediment Analyzer (SediVue) recently was introduced for automated analysis of canine and feline urine and may facilitate performance of urinalyses in practice. OBJECTIVE: Compare the performance of the SediVue with manual microscopy for detecting clinically relevant numbers of cells and 2 crystal types. SAMPLES: Five-hundred thirty urine samples (82% canine, 18% feline)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Valentina Stefanetti, Agnese Compagnone, Chiara Sordini, Fabrizio Passamonti, Elisa Rampacci, Livia Moscati, Maria Luisa Marenzoni
Abortion and neonatal mortality are events that can occur in breeding bitches and queens. It has been reported that up to 55% and 33% of these cases remain without a known cause, respectively, in canine and feline pregnancies. Unusual abortigenic and potentially zoonotic agents, including Coxiella burnetii and Leptospira spp., may be involved in these cases. C. burnetii is able to cause reproductive disorders in cattle, sheep and goats, and cases of abortion have been observed in dogs and cats. Moreover, several outbreaks of C...
December 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Jiangting Niu, Shushuai Yi, Hualei Wang, Guoying Dong, Yanli Zhao, Yanbing Guo, Hao Dong, Kai Wang, Guixue Hu
In this study, we investigated the presence of canine bocaviruses (CBoVs) in fecal samples from 105 cats with diarrhea and 92 asymptomatic cats in northeast China. One fecal sample, 17CC0312, collected from an asymptomatic cat, was found to be positive for canine bocavirus 1 (CBoV1). The nearly complete genome of this virus was cloned and sequenced. The viral genome was 5,069 nucleotides (nt) in length and combined four open reading frames (ORFs) in the order 5'-NS1-ORF4-NP1-VP1/VP2-3'. The 17CC0312 virus shared more than 90...
November 28, 2018: Archives of Virology
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